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02.02.2014
Cheaper, more efficient energy storage would be a big boost for alternative energy technologies. The team previously made a prototype all-liquid battery filled with magnesium and an element called antimony. The team even conducted a durability test, charging and discharging the liquid battery for 1,800 hours.
Engineers have long known about how important storage is to solar and wind energy, given their unreliable natures. Still, California is the nation's most populous state, home to 1 in 8 Americans, so its green efforts are followed closely. California is in the dead middle -- 25th out of 50 states -- in renewable energy deployment, according to the DOE.
Grid storage is particularly important in the state, which typically only uses around 17 Gigawatts of power during the winter months, but sees peak power draw soar to 51 Gigawatts during the hot summer months as air conditioners roar alive. California became the first state to pass a major grid storage effort, promising 1.3 GWh by 2020. The recently passed piece of legislation [AB 2514] anchoring that effort (approved by a 41-28 vote) is making a splash as it's the first major piece of grid storage legislation with teeth. Despite the failure of several prominent firms backed by government loans, venture capitalists seem particularly bullish on grid storage these days. GE meanwhile has a double play, offering both direct integration of a backup battery into a renewable energy-generating device, and a novel battery formulation. While novel battery formulations are gaining ground, the market's predominant technology -- lithium ion batteries -- is also seeing gains. Tesla Motor Company CEO Elon Musk is using his company's battery packs for solar grid storage.
The technology is co-designed by Tesla's battery cell provider, veteran Japanese manufacturer Panasonic Corp.
Others -- following in Beacon Power's line -- are aiming to ditch batteries entirely, lofting mechanical storage schemes. Farzad Ghazzagh, an analyst working on the unfinished study, says that the cost of the promised storage will likely range from $1B USD to $3B USD depending on the rate of technology advances -- or about $79 USD per Calif. Still, backup storage is on the verge of being cost-equal with fossil fuel backup power, if it can only push a bit lower. If the storage sector can find a way to ease itself off government reliance, while continuing to reward loyal VC investors like Mr. A mature grid storage industry is good news for the electronics and automotive sectors, as well.
The existing lithium-ion battery technology has serious limitations, such as not being as energy-dense, long time to charge, getting hot and degredation. This battery technology replaces the anode and the cathode of the battery with plain carbon, which is fairly inert.
The company plans to begin producing an initial run of batteries this year, for use primarily in medical equipment. Metal-air is a nonspecific category of batteries whose metal electrodes react with air instead of liquid.
IBM is seeing lithium-air as an eventual holy grail of battery technology, as it is expected to improve energy density tenfold, dramatically increasing the amount of energy these batteries can generate and store, for Boeing’s Dreamliner airplane.


Currently, grids aren’t capable of storing electricity, so power utilities have to play a sort of guessing game when it comes to supply and demand, which makes for a highly inefficient system. MIT Professor Donald Sadoway, who fathered the concept, told the BBC that such a battery would require 50-100 fewer individual cells than a standard battery cell array, making it commercially practical. Unlike batteries, which produce current through an electrochemical reaction, capacitors merely store energy.
RECENT POSTSThe Internet of things are changing your life5 Tech related travel Questions and answers.If your iPhone can’t charge,how to fix itWhy battery sucks? The effectiveness of liquid battery has long been known, but scientists are now looking how to make them cheap.
Scientists at MIT has known for a long time now that the battery of liquid metal are very effective, because they can contain high capacity and they can very easy generate energy. Since the main problem of this technology is in expensive materials, the same scientist with the help of members of his team tried to find a way that could allow the creation of cheap and universally available batteries of liquid metal, and it seems, that he now managed to do that. Scientists in their recent paper in Nature Communications publication, presented a battery pack that is used around the common and cheap calcium element, and at the same time for the negative electrode layer and the intermediate layer in three-layer sandwich battery, consisting of molten salts.
To enable the use of calcium, the researchers had to solve several major problems related to the properties of that element.
Scientists were first addressed with other problem, the merger of calcium with other low-cost metal magnesium, which has a melting point much lower, so they have for 300 degrees reduce the operating temperature compared to pure calcium, while at the same time maintained the advantage in maintaining a high voltage which enables the element. Another final innovation was the formation of salt used in the middle layer of the battery, the electrolyte, or chemical compound that is electrically conductive or it becomes in dissolved or molten state, because it contains or creates movable ions that can carry an electric charge. Now we can only hope that we will not need to wait another 10 years to get this calcium batteries on the market. A team of MIT researchers has built an all-liquid battery prototype that's designed to store excess energy from solar and wind power plants.
It would help solar panels and wind turbines provide grids with steady electricity—instead of surges during sunny or windy times—so it's always there in case of high demand. With this latest version, the team has made a battery with lithium and antimony mixed with lead.
From that data, it predicts that the battery would lose 15 percent of its capacity after 10 years of daily use.
For example, evenings can be a high-demand time for electricity, but they're not particularly sunny. Department of Energy (DOE) California actually is not a leader in renewable energy, despite being somewhat above average. You have the entire internet with all the world’s information contained in it and yet you choose to be dumb.
Now, a company called “Power Japan Plus” thinks it has a solution, in the form of a “dual-carbon” battery. The result is a battery which doesn’t store dramatically more energy than lithium-ion technology, but can charge twenty times faster than lithium-ion batteries, don’t produce heat, and upgrade for about three thousand cycles.
These electrodes may be built from a number of different metals, each of which interacts with oxygen in the air to produce an electrical current, the most promising ones are lithium and sodium.
It has a lower theoretical energy capacity but is more stable and easier to build—and still more efficient than today’s lithium-ion batteries. Here’s how it works: Two liquid-metal electrodes—one low-density negative and one high-density positive—are separated by a molten-salt electrolyte.


Chances are you imagined some sleek sports car, or a massive pickup rumbling with diesel power.
Therefore, the company Ambri from Cambridge will soon have to commercialize the first such battery based on the research of Professor Donald Sadoway from MIT.
For example, calcium is easily dissolves in salt, which is a big problem, given that the layers in the battery must remain separated, and the basic principle of the current battery is that all three ingredients must create separate layers that are based on different densities of materials. The new form of salts developed by MIT, is composed of a mixture of lithium chloride and calcium chloride, because it was found that the calcium and magnesium alloys do not dissolve well in this type of salt to solve another problem of using calcium. When the sun isn't shining, or the wind isn't blowing, future versions of this battery could release energy captured during more productive times into nations' power grids. It also might make sun- and wind-produced electricity cheaper; by storing extra energy that isn't being used, less electricity is wasted in the long run. As solar facilities get larger, solid batteries get more expensive and less efficient, compared to how much energy the whole facility makes. Additionally, there can be an overproduction of solar energy during daylight hours, meaning valuable electricity goes to waste frequently.
The government’s intervention in the market decreases the incentive to innovate and increases the incentive to use the political process and lobby for handouts. While much more expense (I’m assuming) to build, they are much more compact to at least Pumped Hydroelectric Storage so in areas that are concerned about space, the flywheels are a good idea.If the batteries that are being used to store power are old EV car batteries (should still have ~70% on them) this can work too. Researchers have also made strides with aluminum- and zinc-air devices, the latter of which is already on the market and can be found in hearing aids. A recent “accidental” discovery by a student in the Kaner Lab at UCLA showed how graphene can be cheaply manufactured using existing consumer technology. Another problem is that calcium has a high melting point, which made the liquid battery operation at 900 degrees Celsius. The MIT team thinks an all-liquid battery, filled with searingly hot, molten metals, might be a good alternative.
Research groups are working on a number of storage schemes to fix these issues, from flywheels to liquid nitrogen and oxygen. Loan guarantees promote cronyism that rewards political connectedness over market viability.
The discovery prompted the creation of a short documentary that went viral and became a finalist in GE’s Focus Forward competition. Liquid batteries may be easier (and thus cheaper) to manufacture in larger sizes, and they're expected to last longer than solid ones. With a few notable exceptions, electric cars have the well-earned reputation for being slow and range-crippled. They’re, big heavy, expensive, slow to recharge, and hold just a fraction of the energy you can find in a gas tank of the same volume or weight. These drawbacks are deal-killers for those of us used to the five-minute fill-ups and 400-mile range we get from our gas burners.Enter the semi-solid flow cell battery.
Research into solutions, funded in large part by a grant from the federal governments Advanced Research Projects Agency, is ongoing.Of course, history is littered with promising battery technology that never quite made it into primetime.



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Comments Liquid battery for cars cost

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