Lead acid battery vs lithium battery fire,how much does an empty car battery weigh,12v deep cycle battery 55ah agm 2014 - 2016 Feature

Many electric skateboard companies still use Lead Acid (SLA) batteries, but their excessive weight, short cycle life, low power output, and outdated technology make them far inferior to Metroboard’s High Power Lithium (LiFePO4) batteries. While SLA batteries are far cheaper than LiFePO4, these big and heavy batteries significantly add to the overall weight, and in some cases the boards reach upwards of 50 lbs.
When it comes to cycle life, SLA batteries pale in comparison to LiFePO4, which have approximately 13 times the number of recharge cycles! SLA batteries are large and cumbersome, and in most instances extend so far from the board that they almost touch the ground. Yes, LiFePO4 batteries cost more up front, but in the long run they not only save you money compared to SLA batteries, but they also provide more power, less weight, and less size. John used an Optimate battery tester during the test, and swears by it as a brilliant tool for checking the state of a battery, as well as the charging circuit, on any bike (or car). Signup for the newsletterEnter your details below to receive the MoreBikes newsletter by email.
With the ever demanding motion to make everything more efficient and for vehicles to be “greener” and more environmentally friendly new technologies have arose to help automakers make more efficient vehicles. The numerous materials to make a Li-NCM battery comes from all over the globe, with each leaving their own impact. The lead-acid batteries have very few components in them and they do not come from very far away. Each component of a Li-NCM battery is manufactured separately and then assembled (EPA, 2013).
Every component of the Li-NCM battery is sent to the battery manufacturer (AESC) where it is assembled into the final product. Lead-acid batteries are assumed to be produced in the United States where the lead, lead oxide, sulfuric acid, and casing are put together and assembled at East Penn Manufacturing co., inc.
Li-NCM batteries in the automotive world are primarily used for electric vehicles (EV) so they are discharged and recharged from the electrical grid every day if they are used on a day to day basis.
Lead-acid batteries are always being recharged by an alternator when in use in a vehicle that uses an internal combustion engine. Li-NCM batteries currently have very little regulations for disposal but there is an incentive to collect the batteries for recycling (EPA, 2013). Currently 96%-98% (EPA, 2012) (Battery Council International, 2013) of lead-acid batteries are collected and recycled completely.
After taking into consideration the amount of transportation required to move all the raw materials to the battery manufacturer to complete the final product, and the amount of CO2 emissions during transport from the manufacturer to Arcata, CA, the energy consumption for each stage as well as the products' use which is the main contributor, in this instance the Deka lead-acid batteries are more environmentally friendly than AESC lithium-ion batteries.
It was some eighteen months ago, that PSA Peugeot-Citroen unveiled its first hybrid-air concept, a Citroen C3.

Some car manufacturers have forgotten it, but there’s no better way to reduce fuel consumption than to reduce weight. This means you can use your Metroboard year after year without having to worry about doling out hundreds of dollars to swap out the battery. These high tech cells offer high power performance throughout the entirety of their charge, even when the battery is ? depleted.
LiFePO4 batteries are the best choice for high end electric skateboards, and that’s why Metroboard has chosen them as our standard battery of choice. Packed with news, in-depth reviews, new and used bike tests, products, events, adventure stories and riding tips. Among these new technologies are the highly efficient lithium-ion batteries and in this case Automotive Energy Supply Corporation (AESC) Lithium-ion Nickel Cobalt Manganese (Li-NCM) batteries (Figure 1). For the cathode: lithium is mined using brine pools in Chile, Cobalt and Nickel are mined and are assumed to be coming from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Aluminum foil from Europe (EPA, 2013). 60%-80% (EPA, 2012) of lead and lead oxide in a typical lead acid battery is recycled and the rest is assumed to come from China. The anode is made using the battery-grade graphite from China wrapped in a copper foil with a binder to hold the graphite slurry on the copper foil (EPA, 2013). The anode, cathode, and separator are layered and are then rolled into a cylindrical or rectangular shape (EPA, 2013). The battery life is difficult to assume because of multiple factors, but a range can be assumed to be 6 months-4years (Waste 360, 2006).
The world's lithium demand will continue to increase with the number of electric vehicles (Waste Management World). The lead and polyethylene is recycled to make more batteries (Battery Council International, 2013) (Waste 360, 2006). Compare that to the LiFePO4 batteries used in Metroboard electric skateboards, which weigh in at as little as 15 lbs, and it’s easy to see that bigger doesn’t necessarily mean better. This efficiency allows you to quickly accelerate and power up hills from the beginning of your ride to the end. I will be comparing this new technology compared to an old technology of Deka's lead-acid batteries (Figure 2) using a Life Cycle Assessment to assess the environmental impact of each. For the anode: battery-grade graphite is assumed to come from China, Copper is mined or recycled in the United States, and a binder to stick the two materials together (EPA, 2013). The casing is made out of 60%-80% (EPA, 2012) recycled polyethylene assumed to come from the United States. For the anode the same process takes place but its active components (nickel, cobalt, manganese) are wrapped in aluminum foil (EPA, 2013).

The role is then added to the electrolyte which is applied with a thin coating and allowed to dry before it is placed in the casing (EPA, 2013). Although the value of recovering cobalt has risen greatly due to demand (Waste Management World). The sulfuric acid is neutralized and discharged into sewers or is processed into sodium sulfate (Battery Council International, 2013) Waste 360, 2006). I will quantitatively analyze each stage of each battery's life cycle (from material extraction to end of life) to determine which product is more environmentally friendly.
The electrolyte, sulfuric acid, is produced in the United States through one of two processes: lean chamber, or contact (Columbia University Press, 2012). The polyolefin separator is cut for the specific battery while the steel or aluminum casing is cast and cut to the desired shape. This entire process takes place in Japan at AESC where each cell is placed into a battery pack. The metals are recovered by two methods; direct recycling process, hydrometallurgical, and pyrometallurgical (high temperature) (EPA, 2013). I will measure the CO2 emitted during transportation of the products from the products' manufacturer to Arcata, California. The casing is made out of steel or aluminum which must be combined with ores in a forge or mined (EPA, 2013). The lean chamber process releases multiple harmful gases such as sulfur dioxide and trioxide, and nitrogen oxides (Columbia University Press, 2012).
Both hydrometallurgical (breakdown of battery components) and pyrometallurgical are highly effective but consume great amounts of energy (EPA, 2013). The more environmentally friendly battery will be the one with the least amount of harmful by-products emitted during each stage of the product's life. The electrolyte is a combination of lithium salt and ethylene carbonate as an organic solvent which are both assumed to be produced in the United States (EPA, 2013).
What is not recovered from the battery is incinerated or thrown in a landfill (EPA, 2013).

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Comments Lead acid battery vs lithium battery fire

  1. rayon_gozeli
    Another query I was asked was; I know burns resulted in stricture at all time do not use or store them.
  2. Dont_Danger
    But is done third parties to assist them.
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  4. Janna
    Port lacks the clever sliding door to keep dust and wheels drive.