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This means that if an automaker sells one hybrid car that gets 60 mpg (3.92 liters per 100 km), it can then sell four big, expensive luxury cars that only get 20 mpg (11.76 liters per 100 km)! As the pump clicked past $20 or $30, maybe you thought about trading in car for something that gets better mileage. The key to a hybrid car is that the gasoline engine can be much smaller than the one in a conventional car and therefore more efficient. We might wonder why anyone would build such a complicated machine when most people are perfectly happy with their gasoline-powered cars.
The key thing here is that the amount of pollution allowed does not depend on the mileage of the car gets. The gasoline-electric hybrid car is just that -- a cross between a gasoline-powered car and an electric car. Gasoline engine - The hybrid car has a gasoline engine much like the one you will find on most cars. Fuel tank - The fuel tank in a hybrid is the energy storage device for the gasoline engine. Generator.- The generator is similar to an electric motor, but it acts only to produce electrical power.
Batteries - The batteries in a hybrid car are the energy storage device for the electric motor. Transmission - The transmission on a hybrid car performs the same basic function as the transmission on a conventional car.
Electric Drive - As the Hybrid car accelerates from a stop, it does so under electric power. Regenerative Braking - Whenever we apply the brakes on a car, the kinetic energy of the car's movement is dissipated as heat.
Electric Assisted Cruising - At highway cruising speeds (roughly 50 to 70 mph or 80 to 110 kph), the gasoline engine does most of the work. The power split device also allows the car to operate like a series hybrid -- the gasoline engine can operate independently of the vehicle speed, charging the batteries or providing power to the wheels as needed.
The generator is connected to the sun gear of the gear set, and the engine is connected to the planet carrier.
I already highlighted one really interesting electric vehicle chart over on EV Obsession, one showing that electric cars often cost less than gasoline or conventional hybrid cars on a total cost basis. As you can see, plug-in car salesĀ have been growing much more quickly than conventional hybrid car sales did during the same stageĀ in their market availability.
Electric cars offer so many benefits over gasoline cars that I’m convinced electric cars will replace gasoline cars in short order. Keep an eye on monthly electric car sales in the US via our monthly sales and exclusive charts. Zach is the director of CleanTechnica, the most popular cleantech-focused website in the world, and Planetsave, a world-leading green and science news site. Aside from his work on CleanTechnica and Planetsave, he's the founder and director of Solar Love, EV Obsession, and Bikocity. Hybrid car pollution and fuel use may be reduced up to 42% compared to similar gas powered cars. The Hybrid Car and Resources:Another big consideration is resource use, mainly crude oil and gasoline. Bottom line: reducing CO2 output by 36% or so is good, but still leaves in a lot of carbon in the atmosphere.

This is an improvement over the electric car, which uses gasoline engine along with electric motor powered by batteries.
But a car that burns twice as much gas to go a mile will generate approximately twice as much pollution.
The government does not regulate it, but scientists suspect that it contributes to global warming. However, the engine on a hybrid is smaller and uses advanced technologies to reduce emissions and increase efficiency.
Unlike the gasoline in the fuel tank, which can only power the gasoline engine, the electric motor on a hybrid car can put energy into the batteries as well as draw energy from them. The car runs on electric-only while you're at a stoplight or waiting in line at the drive-thru. Electric motors are good at generating torque at lower rpm ranges, so they're perfect for this purpose. In a hybrid car, the brakes take some of that energy and, using the electric motor as a generator, put power back into the batteries. This is a clever gearbox that hooks the gasoline engine, generator and electric motor together.
It also acts as a continuously variable transmission (CVT), eliminating the need for a manual or automatic transmission. The speed of the ring gear depends on all three components, so they all have to work together at all times to control the output speed.
Even though that's not a huge percentage of the more than 17 million new cars and trucks that are sold in the U.S. Joshua Hill also highlighted the general findings from the report and potential electricity savings from renewables in an article on CleanTechnica. Others are not so convinced, but I really don’t see how they could miss the writing on the wall. He has been covering green news of various sorts since 2008, and he has been especially focused on solar energy, electric vehicles, and wind energy since 2009. The average pollution reduction for 29 current hybrids shown on the list below is however about 23%. As it is shown on the hybrid car statistics page, the current hybrid fleet can reduce gasoline use by around 8,500,000 barrels per year. This carbon will continue to build up over time, especially as more and more cars come onto the road.
In the series system of the hybrid car engine driven generator is employed to recharge the batteries while the electric motor drives the car. The emissions standards dictate how much of each type of pollution a car is allowed to emit in to atmosphere.
Since it is not regulated, a car has no devices for removing CO2 from the exhaust, so a car that burns twice as much gas adds twice as much CO2 to the atmosphere.
For example, a mo-ped (a motorized pedal bike) is a type of hybrid because it combines the power of a gasoline engine with the pedal power of its rider. We have diesel-electric trains -- these can draw electric power from overhead wires or run on diesel when they are away from the wires.
For example, it takes about 1,000 pounds of batteries to store as much energy as 1 gallon (7 pounds) of gasoline. For example, when it needs to, it can draw energy from the batteries to accelerate the car.

The car then performs a series of checks to determine if it can switch to electric-only operation: It checks to see if the batteries are charged, if the operating temperatures are okay and if interior climate control settings are in the appropriate range (the air conditioning's maximum setting requires the gasoline engine to run). The hybrid put a lot of effort into making the gasoline engine on-off cycles as smooth and seamless as possible, but testers reported a discernible shudder in the vehicle when the engine went on or off.
But because the Hybrid car has a small, four-cylinder engine, it needs a little help when passing.
It allows the car to operate like a parallel hybrid -- the electric motor can power the car by itself, the gas engine can power the car by itself or they can power the car together. Finally, because the power split device allows the generator to start the engine, the car does not need a starter.
But there are two more charts from the report related to electric vehicles that I wanted to highlight. They are more efficient than conventional gas cars, saving drivers money and doing less harm to the environment. So decreasing the fuel consumption of the car is one of the surest ways to decrease emissions.
This means that if an automaker sells one hybrid car that gets 60 mpg (3.92 liters per 100 km).
If everything checks out, the engine will then shut off, leaving the car running under electric-only power.
When a speed boost is called for, the electric motor kicks in and adds its horsepower to that of the gasoline engine. So, whatever speed the electric motor and ring gear spin at determines the speed of the car. Analysts suggest that the market this year, alone, could muster up the sales of the past four combined.
While any decrease in resource use is better than an increase at this time, the decrease is not significant to global oil supply over a long time. Three hybrid cars are now available at present -- the Honda Civic Hybrid, the Honda Insight and the Toyota Prius. Plug-in, battery-electric cars, on the other hand, have excellent acceleration, offer owners much greater convenience and time savings than with gas cars, and are often much cheaper in the long term. As the chart below shows for example hybrid sales or increased driving miles only need to increase by an average of 23% to offset all CO2 savings. Hybrid Car Pollution CO2:Manufacturers provide CO2 as well as other pollutant data for their vehicles.
This rate of use is only rising, but is very likely nearing a peak, and possible decline soon. However, as time goes on, more and more important mainstream scientists and policy makers are adopting the notion of an ocean of oil depletion.
One of the main ways to mitigate oil depletion electrify transport, as has been  recommended by some well informed people, and recently backed by the likes of Sir Robert Branson.
Using these figures, you have to do the math to get an idea of just how much the Prius pollutes per year for example. Kuwait of all places has recently completed a mathematical analysis of Middle East fields (among others) and reached similar conclusions.

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