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These alternate-powertrain cars help reduce our dependency on petroleum and make an environmental impact through reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. A Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) combines an internal combustion engine (ICE) with an electric motor and a battery pack. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) combine HEV technology with a high-voltage storage battery similar to that used in a BEV.
Both BEV and PHEV propulsion systems incorporate regenerative braking systems to capture kinetic energy from braking to recharge their batteries.
Chevrolet sells a BEV version of its little Spark hatchback promising a total range of 82 miles per charge with full recharging in less than 24 hours when using a conventional 120-volt outlet and less than seven hours with a Level 2 (240-volt) outlet. Selling more than 18,800 units in 2014, the Chevrolet Volt PHEV four-passenger sedan can run about 40 miles on its electric batteries before switching to its hybrid-electric extended range propulsion system, for a total range of about 350 miles before recharging its batteries or refilling its tank.
Fiat sells a BEV version of its tiny 500 hatchback boasting an estimated 87 miles driving range per charge with full recharging in less than 24 hours when using a conventional 120-volt outlet and less than four hours with a Level 2 (240-volt) outlet.
The Ford C-MAX Energi PHEV is a five-passenger electric multi-activity vehicle that targets more than 500 miles of driving range using the battery and engine, more than any other plug-in or extended-range vehicle currently in development. Powered by 23kWh Lithium-ion battery pack, the Ford Focus Electric BEV features a liquid cooled and heated battery pack intended to deliver consistent driving ranges over a wider spectrum of temperatures. The Ford Fusion Energi PHEV claims to deliver more than 100 MPGe (a mile-per-gallon equivalency metric for electrified vehicles). The little Mitsubishi i-MIEV BEV five-door hatchback seats four tall passengers, promises a 75-mile range, and can recharge in seven hours from a 110-volt power supply, four hours from a 240-volt power supply, and as little as 30 minutes from a quick charging station.
The Nissan Leaf leads the pack, selling a total of 30,200 units in 2014, up from 23,094 the previous year.
Stop by a nearby mall to take a look at the luxurious five-passenger Tesla Model S BEV sedan, offering three battery choices providing from 160 to up to 300 miles from a charge, overnight recharging from any outlet, and a 30-minute quick charge to half-range.
The Toyota Prius PHEV promises an all-electric range of up to 13 miles from a lithium-ion battery pack with a recharge time of just three hours from a 120-volt household outlet and a total hybrid range equivalent to the familiar Prius so many already know and love. To get a fair price on your next new car, be sure to visit TrueCar before you visit the dealership. If I was in charge of things, I would make broccoli taste like chocolate and and all the stuff that is bad for you (that we really love) smell and taste really bad. Did you know that the ozone layer would repair itself in only a few weeks if all forms of transportation and manufacturing that are polluting the air were to cease even for a short time.  A great start would be to shut down all drive up windows, design roads with better access and fewer stoplights, and get out the measuring sticks on cloudy and rainy days to curtail the overdumping of polluting chemicals by those who think nobody is looking into the clouds. In any event, like most realities, the hybrid car looks, rides, operates, and performs far better on paper that it does on the road.  A Mustang fastback wannabe that is, in reality, Edsel II. A Saturn Vue plug-in hybrid vehicle is shown with a Smartlet charging station at the Coulomb Technologies exhibit at the Plug-In 2008 conference on plug-in hybrid vehicles in San Jose, Calif. For the near future, the place where you're most likely to charge your plug-in hybrid is in your own garage or carport. But what if you don't have a garage or need to recharge your Volt when you're far from home?
Once you have a place to recharge your plug-in hybrid, how often do you need to recharge it?
Image Gallery: Plug-in Hybrid Cars A Toyota Prius Plug-In Hybrid on the first press day of the Frankfurt Auto Show in Frankfurt, Germany, on Sept.
Hybrid vehicles, especially the Toyota Prius, have been steadily gaining in popularity for several years.
The Chevy Volt, an electric car that GM says will go 40 miles on an electric charge, is on display at the Washington Auto Show, on Jan. This sounds pretty slow to those of us accustomed to taking five or 10 minutes at the gas pump, but the Volt is intended primarily for day-to-day commuting and errand running, where a midday recharge isn't likely to be necessary. Speaking of inexpensive off-peak rates, how much will recharging a plug-in hybrid's battery pack cost? Global Warming, Greenhouse Effect & Climate Change are undoubtedly, the single biggest threat to humanity. In series HEVs, the internal combustion engine only drives a generator, which supplies power to batteries.
The Toyota Prius is a hybrid electric vehicle developed and manufactured by the Toyota Motor Corporation. For example, General Motors estimates that, Chery Volt can go up to full 40-mile (64.4-kilometer) charging using house current will cost only 80 cents. You may share your automative related articles and share it with people all around the world.
If you would like to contribute to this site voluntarily by writing at any subject about green cars, please contact us. Since he made that promise, your choices as an electric car buyer have expanded to more than 20 practical and luxurious options. Depending on the hybrid system, electric power can be used for vehicle launch, lower-speed operation, or to boost horsepower when needed, and the internal combustion engine (ICE) takes over for higher-demand operation or when cruising at highway speeds, and can help charge the battery.

Instead of an ICE, the BEV features a high-voltage electric motor powered by a battery pack. PHEVs run using the charge of the battery first, and then continue in regular hybrid mode once the battery is depleted, offering a much greater range than a pure BEV. Plug it in at home or work using either a standard Level 1 120-volt outlet (slower charging times) or into a specialized Level 2 220-volt outlet (for faster charging times). The Chevrolet Spark EV electric-drive motor delivers 140 horsepower and 327 lb-ft of torque, and stores its electricity in a 19 kWh lithium-ion battery.
Chevrolet has created a handy site to help new car buyers determine what incentives are available for the Volt on a state-by-state basis. The Fiat 500e BEV uses an 83-kW electric-drive motor that delivers 111 horsepower and 147 lb-ft of torque. It will recharge its Li-ion battery packs overnight using either 120-volt or 240-volt outlets and promises AT-PZEV emissions status. The Ford Focus Electric also has been certified by the EPA to offer 105 MPGe for a combined driving range of 76 miles on a single charge. Ford says this is 8 MPGe more than the Chevrolet Volt and 13 MPGe more than the projected efficiency of the Toyota Prius plug-in hybrid model. The Nissan Leaf BEV requires about seven hours to fully recharge on a 240-volt charging station and promises a range of about 62 to 138 miles before recharging, depending on terrain, driving style, and accessory use.
The Panamera S E-Hybrid PHEV produces a whopping 416 total system horsepower, a top track speed of 167 mph using the full hybrid powerplant, and promises acceleration to 60 mph in 5.2 seconds. Tesla sold about 17,000 Model S sedans in 2014, with an MSRP starting at $69,900, ranging up to $93,400 for Performance models. At TrueCar you can learn complete specifications and trim options, and find comprehensive pricing information on new electric cars, and nearly every other make and model in your area.
The smaller, 120-volt charger is designed to be portable and will plug into a standard electric outlet. Hybrids combine an electric motor with an internal combustion engine to use gasoline more efficiently.
There are issues concerning, among other things, the driving range supplied by the batteries and the lack of a widely available infrastructure for battery recharging. General Motors will probably be the first major manufacturer with a plug-in hybrid for the U.S.
Will recharging the plug-in be the equivalent of a quick trip to the gas station for a refill or more of an overnight wait? A couple of pages back we mentioned that the Chevy Volt will come with two different chargers, a 120-volt portable charger that runs off a typical household electric outlet and a 240-volt charger that will be hardwired into your home's electrical system. Most people using the vehicle for these purposes will be able to stay within the daily 40-mile (64.4-kilometer) range, occasionally falling back on the extended range made available by the internal combustion engine. Relative to conventional vehicles in heavy urban traffic, HEVs can achieve around 50% better fuel economy, achieved by the regenerative braking and turning off their internal combustion engine when the vehicle is stopped or moving slowly.
In parallel HEVs, both the internal combustion engine and electric motors drive the wheels; usually the electric motor and internal combustion engine drive the same trans axle. The Prius first went on sale in Japan in 1997, making it the first mass-produced hybrid vehicle. Under deceleration or braking, Hybrid Synergy Drive uses the car’s kinetic energy to let the wheels turn the electric motors and recover regenerative energy to recharge the battery. So, it is good that you can have sufficient information about your vehicle performance as well other important technical details and features in this car. We cannot start this challenge comparing your hybrid car with a gas car because you are going to contaminate this test.  What you can do to calculate the charging cost is determine the electricity kilowatt-hour and estimate the distance your hybrid car is going to run. These battery packs can charge in up to 12 hours when plugged in a 110-volt outlet for Level 1 charging, about six hours from a 240-volt outlet (or Level 2 charger), or even faster with a Level 3 CHAdeMO fast charger. PHEVs are silent, and do not emit greenhouse gasses while operating in electric mode, but do make some operating noises and tailpipe emissions when running on their hybrid powerplants.
A full charge in four hours from a 240-volt charger also can extend range as drivers can more quickly recharge between stops – up to 20 miles per charge hour.
Electricity is stored in a 9.4 kWh Lithium-ion battery that can reach a full charge in less than three hours from a 240-volt Level 2 charging station. It's switchable between an 8-amp recharge and a 12-amp recharge, depending on what your system will bear.
And the car can detect if the plug is still attached, so that you won't be able to drive away while recharging. However, the local garage might not take kindly to your using the electric socket on their wall, unless you're paying them for the privilege, that is.
This not only saves money for the person who owns the car -- recharging batteries costs less than filling the tank with gas -- but reduces carbon emissions and saves wear and tear on the planet Earth itself.
Nobody wants to take an electric car on an overnight trip only to find that he or she is stranded with a dead battery and can't get to a recharger.

Mostly, you'll recharge it the same way you recharge any other rechargeable device, such as a cell phone -- you'll plug it into your house current. The Volt can then be charged overnight, while the owners are asleep and inexpensive off-peak electric rates apply. In open highway driving these benefits matter little, so a HEV will gave fuel consumption similar to an otherwise comparable conventional vehicle. Energy that is normally lost as friction heat under deceleration is converted into electrical energy, which is recovered in the battery to be reused later. For instance, if you say that your electricity costs is about .85 cents per kilowatt-hour, you can have useful information to determine the cost to charge a hybrid car. There is more, Hymotion estimates that the plug-in Prius, will cost even less like about 50 cents per 40-mile (64.4-kilometer) with a recharge.
Your article will be reviewed by us then if it is unique and eligible for posting, it will be approved. Pure BEVs currently offer operating ranges around a hundred miles per charge, and are favored for their lack of tailpipe emissions, as well as for their ghostly silent operation and consistent acceleration throughout their speed range. If you’re out and about, you’ll need to find one of about 9300 public electric-vehicle charging locations located across the United States, 2000 of which are located in California.
The charging units are designed to be good for 10,000 charge cycles total, so if you charge the vehicle once per day they'll last for almost 30 years -- probably longer than the life of the car. In the near future there will be recharging networks and public recharging stations available along many major routes, but that infrastructure is still mostly in the planning stage at this point. Hybrids, however, still produce pollution and they still use expensive fossil fuels; they just use less of them.
There is, however, an interim step between hybrid vehicles and battery-electric vehicles -- and it's available now. General Motors estimates that a full recharge with the 240-volt charger will take about three hours. If you have a number in your hands, you can answer all the questions about monthly costs and whether is suitable or convenient for you buying a hybrid car or no. The number of charging outlets across the United States has expanded to offer more than 23,000 total electric chargers, according to the U.S. It'll take longer to charge (see the next page of this article for details), but you'll have fewer problems. Many people believe that the cars of the future will be fully electric vehicles, running purely on electricity supplied by large, rechargeable batteries. The 120-volt charger will take six hours for a full charge if set at 12 volts and eight hours if set at 8 volts. According to the UK Department for Transport, the Prius is tied with the diesel Minin Cooper D as the second least CO2-emitting vehicle behind the Volkswagen Polo 1.4 TDI. Of course this is going to change according to how much your local power company charges for electricity and it will also vary, whether you charge at peak hours or not, but as you can see, it will much cheaper than gas would cost for  the same distance. The larger, 240-volt charger will have to be hardwired into your home's electric system, so it's not portable, and it'll require a heavy duty power supply to prevent circuit breakers from going off.
Recharging the batteries will cost considerably less than gasoline (at least at current prices) and the electric motors will produce no pollution at the tailpipe. A plug-in hybrid is essentially an electric car, but it has an internal combustion engine strictly for back-up power, so it's unlikely you'll find yourself in the middle of nowhere with a dead battery. Toyota has shown concept versions of a plug-in Prius, but if you already own a Prius, there are companies that will convert it to a plug-in hybrid right now. GM again estimates the annual charging cost of  a Volt driven for 15,000 miles (24,140 kilometers) per year. Perhaps best of all, using electric batteries to power our cars won't reduce the Earth's gradually dwindling supplies of fossil fuels. Most hybrids are series hybrids, meaning that the internal combustion engine is used to recharge the vehicle's batteries, on the fly, when they start to run low. An indicator on the dashboard will tell you when the battery is at full charge, so you can be sure you have a full 40 miles (64.4 kilometers) worth of power in your car before you head off to work in the morning.
Without ever exceeding the battery-only range will consume about $300 worth of electricity annually. The Hymotion plug-in modification for the Prius is similarly designed for an overnight charge.
If we compare a car with an internal combustion engine that consumes average 30 miles per gallon (12.8 kilometers per liter) would cost $1,500 annually for the same amount of driving annually.

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