Electric car 12 volt battery voltage,tag heuer battery replacement service,how to replace an ipod battery,jump start car with extra battery - Step 2

22.06.2015
Battery components All batteries used in modern automotive applications are of the lead-acid storage type. Figure 12 Compound battery element or cell showing positive plates, negative plates, and separators. Separators No positive plate may touch a negative plate, or all the plates in the cell will lose their stored energy. Battery rating system Under the battery rating system, there are two standards used to determine battery power. At Drive Electric we are committed to developing an efficient, two passenger, electric car. Not only is this a top of the line, maintenance free battery that can be mounted anywhere, in any position; but we believe that this battery will provide the best overall performance. While many people credit Alessandro Volta with the creation of the modern battery; there is substantial evidence to suggest that batteries were actually created more than 2000 years ago!
The term Deep Cycle has been overused by the battery industry, as well as EV enthusiasts, to imply a heavy duty product.
True Deep Cycle batteries will perform well as cranking batteries; however, cranking batteries will not survive deep cycle use.
Battery tender cigarette lighter adapter 12 volt outlet, Charge the battery from the lighter! 12 volt automotive accessories norwood parade auto spares, 12 volt automotive accessories . The controversial Tesla Autopilot charged its first fatality Who will take responsibility now? What we did was get an old alternator from a car, and built the entire structure from steel.
Get a small DC motor and a model airplane propeller, fit the propeller to the motor shaft and mount the motor on a stick. Run a wire from one motor terminal to a small ampmeter ( you can buy small analog meters for $5.00 on line) and from the ampmeter back to the motor(ampmeter in series). Put it in the wind, and you will get a reading on the volt meter(probably less than a volt) and one on the ampmeter( up to an amp for a small motor, enough to see on the ampmeter).
The mechanical part you have to design yourself and is quite likely to be the hardest part.
The questions asked can be discussed in the open forums, so we all can learn from it or participate in a solution. Essentially, a lead-acid storage battery is an electro-chemical device for storing energy in chemical form so that this energy can be released as electricity when connected to an outside circuit.
Ordinarily, the electrolyte used in a fully charged battery contains about 25% sulfuric acid and 75% water. When purchasing a battery for a cold climate, Cold Cranking Amps (CCA) is the most important factor.
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Electro Tech is an online community (with over 100,000 members) who enjoy talking about and building electronic circuits, projects and gadgets. I wanted to build a wind turbine but my school didnt have enough money to get me 120m of lead wire for me so if you have any tips for me how i could build one and please give me a fully guide i know it takes time to make a real guide but please i really need help and i'm not a professional and this is my first time so if you make a guide you should make it so even a 8 years old kid would understand. Do you want it to put out "usable" power to run somthing or just to demonstrate the idea? Mount the stick into a hole in a block of wood ( big enough so it wont tip over in high wind).
It depends on the wind strength, prop diameter , motor size, and if you use a resistor in series to limit the current. There are alot of sites for building your own turbine, but I think they are beyond your skill level. To prevent the plates from touching, thin sheets of non-conductive porous material called separators are used. The strength or percentage of the sulfuric acid in the solution is measured by its specific gravity, that is, the density of the electrolyte versus the density of pure water. Any lead-acid battery may be termed "deep cycle" as all batteries may be fully discharged and charged.
With a battery pack composed of 20, six volt batteries; the weight would be over 1300 pounds. Plate grids See Figure 12 The plate grids are the vital elements of the battery, for they support the active material, and although they are not an active part in the production of electricity, they must be a good conductor to support the flow of electricity. The CCA rating is used for measuring battery - starting performance, and provides an approximate relationship between battery size and engine size.
However, a true Deep Cycle battery is capable of thousands of these hard cycles during its life without losing its capacity. PLEASE READ THROUGH THE NEXT FEW PARAGRAPHS FROM START-TO-FINISH VERY CAREFULLY BEFORE PROCEEDING WITH THE INSTALLATIONThe instruction page below is broken-up into TWO PARTS. When the wind hit the blades, it turned the shaft which turned the wheel on the shaft and then the alternator. Battery elementsSee Figure 13, 14 and 15 An element is the desired number of positive and negative plates placed together with a separator between each plate. The most important factor is sizing the battery's CCA rating to meet or exceed, depending on the climate, the vehicle's OEM cranking requirement. Also, objects with traces of precious metal electroplating have been discovered at different locations. Many advertised deep cycle batteries composed of thin plates, excessively porous separators. Each part focuses on a separate way of accessing the 12v power for your interior or exterior car lighting accessories.Part 1) The First place that you would naturally get power from, is DIRECTLY from the car battery. The alternator was connected directly to the battery, and we connected a 12volt light to the battery with a switch. The simplest unit you could construct would be a single positive plate and a single negative plate, kept apart by a porous separator.


Low density plate oxides will suffer permanent capacity loss after a few dozen cycles and will shortly sulfate or shed plate material and fail.
This set-up is the Number 1, HIGHLY RECOMMENDED, and EASIEST method of all.Part 2) The second place to get power for your LED's and Neons would be from a live 12v wire located under the dash area. This dark brown crystalline material has a high degree of porosity in order to allow the electrolyte to penetrate the plate freely.
Above or below that temperature, the reading must be corrected to allow for the temperature. When replacing a battery, you should always choose a battery with AT LEAST as high a CCA rating. Batteries without substantial materials designed for true deep cycling will lose more than half of their capacity after only a few cycles.
Negative plates are grids pasted with a type of lead referred to as sponge lead, which is simply finely ground lead. If this element is put in a solution of sulfuric acid and water (electrolyte), a simple two-volt cell is formed. It is usually a good idea to purchase a battery with a higher rating to assure proper vehicle starting. As the battery discharges, both plates build up PbSO4 (lead sulfate), and water builds up in the acid. However, we have many customers requesting how to install interior car lights when the ignition is turned on, so we decided to help you with this type of set-up anyway. This allows you to use a hydrometer to measure the specific gravity of the battery to determine the battery's state of charge. There may be any number of plates used in a battery; it all depends on how much energy you want to store. They are connected inside the battery to the positive plates (+ terminal) and the negative plates (- terminal). It shows how long (in minutes) the battery will operate the vehicle's electrical system in case of a charging system failure.
Well basically, it can cause car wires to overheat and burn out, should you happen to wire up your lights the wrong way, or "tap" into the wrong wire to access power, which happens too often. The more plates (or the larger the plates), the more energy the battery can store and release. This battery of cells will produce six times as much electrical pressure as a simple two-volt cell, or 12 volts. For years, the terminals were located on the top of the battery, and in many cases, still are. The negative plates will always outnumber the positive plates by one for reasons of improved performance. However, side terminal batteries have been developed to minimize or eliminate the problem of dirt, acid spray, or moisture corroding the terminals or cables. So to avoid any uninvited fines, and to have total control at your fingertips, its best to install neon or LED lights so as they can be activated through a separate Expandable Control Switch for ease of use, rather than having them come on when the headlights are turned on. For this reason, most of these batteries are sealed (meaning they do not have removable covers or vent caps). However, if this type installation is done correctly, you should have no problems, it's been done many times before without any drama, but we'll leave the "risk-taking" up to you, we'll just supply the guide, but it is by NO MEANS meant to be taken as a solid "blue-print", because cars, people and situations differ.Remember also, with some later model cars and messing around with wires under the dash board could accidentally activate the air bags, so don't say we did'nt warn you! How the battery works See Figures 16, 17 and 18 Every storage battery used in an automobile has three essential functions: To provide current for the starter and ignition system when cranking.
These instructions have been designed with the "Novice" in mind, so if thats you, then please read-on carfully - its really not that hard.How to Install Interior Car Lights via the car battery - Step 2As a rule, before doing *Any* electrical work on your vehicle, always disconnect the battery before starting (be aware that in later model cars, disconnecting the battery can disrupt the cars electronic systems). Do this by disconnecting the negative battery cable and laying it to one side so its not touching any metel parts.
It's also wise to have your vehicles service manual handy for information about the specifics of the electrical system on your vehicle should you need it, but you should not. In this installation we'll be showing you how to install interior car lights using ONE neon tube as an example. What you'll need to do first is find where you want to mount the tube and keep its location in mind while doing the wiring part of the installation, so you can allow for the correct lengths of the wires. For the interior, the best place to mount the tube is under the dash just above where the feet go, but high enough so as not to kick the tube or damage it. They also look very effective mounted under the front seats and towards the "back area" of the seats so the light shines into the rear part of the car floor.
How to Install Interior Car Lights via the car battery - Step 3 In this set-up, you'll be running both the main power wire (with in-line fuse attached) and earth wire from your light kits directly to the car battery. This Method is HIGHLY recommended for one or two car lighting accessories, and is the easiest way to do it, but after two or more light kits are installed this way, your car wiring system coming from the battery will start getting real messy. So to install many accessories via the car battery, you going to need some kind of fuse protected distribution control panel that all your lights will plug into, and that you have easy access to. This switch will be inserted into (in-line with) the main power wire that supplies the kit with 12Volt power. You simply cut this power wire for the kit (making sure you have positioned "ALL" components in their locations and are sure the wires are long enough) and then join each end of the power wires you just cut into each side of the toggle switch.
You may need to solder the fuse to the power wire for your lights, or the fuse may have already come complete in the kit, however, if you need to solder any wires together, be sure to use heat shrink to cover your soldered connection (put heat shrink on first BEFORE you solder wires together).
Once you have soldered the wires together, then "smear" a small amount of silicone over the joint, then slid your heat shrink over the joint and "heat-up" with a cigarette lighter untill the heat shrink tubing "shrinks tight" around the soldered joint.
If you do go drilling holes in the firewall to pass through wires, be sure to insert a rubber grommet to prevent the metal rubbing the wires bare.Important: For any vehicle project that involves drilling holes into the body, its a good thing to first check where you're going to drill the holes to be certain you won't pierce or damage any crucial parts such as brake lines, fuel lines and electrical lines, etc, that would be a real shame!
If they appear dull, not real bright, or flicker on & off, then be sure to check that you have made GOOD earth and POWER connections. If by chance something stops working on your car while you are doing this installation, just check the fuses in your car, as you may have blown one. But this should not happen because you are accessing 12volts of power directly from the car battery on it's own circuit. Fuses only cost about 50cents each and you get them from car accessory stores, just show them the one you have blown, and they will have one there to replace it.


How to Install Interior Car Lights via the car battery - Step 7That's it, your all done - now all you have to do is put any plastic panels back into place that you may have torn off, and then head out to show your friends what a great look you've just created on your car.If these instructions all seem a little "over-whelming" - then your best bet is to print out these instructions and read them through a few times to familiarise yourself with what you need to do. Then when your ready, have these instructions with you while your installing the LED or Neon interior car lights into your car.
And if your still un-comfortable with this installation - and feel that you cannot do it, then your going to need to contact a professional who can. There are a growing number of car accessory installers that provide these kinds of services, just ring around at a few places to find out who will do this installation for you. These instructions have been designed with the "Novice" in mind, so if thats you, then please read-on carfully - its really not that hard.How to Install Interior Car Lights using 12v power from under dash - Step 2Before doing *Any* electrical work on your vehicle and as a rule of thumb, always disconnect the battery (be aware that in later model cars, disconnecting the battery can disrupt the cars electronic systems). Do this by disconnecting the negative battery cable and laying it to one side of the car battery. It's also wise to have your vehicles service manual handy for information about the specifics of the electrical system on your vehicle should you need them.Ok, lets get started. For the interior, the best places to mount the tubes are under the dash on both sides just above where the feet go, but high enough so as not to kick the tubes or damage them. They also look very effective mounted under the front seats and towards the "back area" of the seats so as the light shines into the rear part of the car floor.
How to Install Interior Car Lights using 12v power from under dash - Step 3Choose if you want your lights to turn on automaticaly when the headlights are turned on, or if you want to control the lights separately with a "toggle" switch. If you want the tubes to light up automaticaly when the headlights are turned on, then you will now need to find a wire under the dash near the steering colum.
This wire you are looking for is normally Red or Yellow, and its supplying the "headlight control switch" with 12V power - you're going to have to "tap" into this wire to light-up your lights when the headlights are turned on, but be sure that it has 12v by using a multi-meter as shown below. If you want your lights to come on when the ignition is turned on, then you'll need to find a 12v wire that is "active" when the ignition is switched to "on".In this set-up, you'll be "tapping" into a main power wire from under the dash. This Method is ONLY RECOMMENDED for one or two car lighting accessories, but after two or more light kits are installed this way, your car wiring system from under the dash will start getting real messy and not to mention, hazardous. So we then suggest to install some kind of "fuse protected distribution control panel" that is accessing fuse-protected power directly from the car battery which all your lights can plug into, and that you have easy access to. Please bare in mind though, that if you do "tap" into existing power wires on your vehicle it is recommended that you only do it once, and be sure to solder the connection and seal it properly with insulation tape to avoid any possible fires. Many people would advise against this method of tapping into existing vehicles wires, but if done properly, as explained above and below, you should not have any problems. But if you are unsure, please connect car lighting accessories DIRECTLY to the vehicles battery. But first you'll need to get inside your car, on your back where you normaly put your feet and remove all the "plastic panels" from under and around the dash so you can expose the "rear end" of the fuse box to create working space.
Remember, with some later model cars and messing around with wires under the dash board could accidently activate the air bags.The picture below was taken on a GM 98 model Commadore - Notice how we had to remove the air duct from behind the dash to exposed all the wires at the back of the fuse box? If this is the case, then you may want to "tap" into the power wire from there, or still from under the dash - its really up to you where you tap into power wires, just as long as it's a "thick Guage" 12v wire that is in an easy spot to work on, and you'll be fine. How to Install Interior Car Lights using 12v power from under dash - Step 5Now that you have found the wires, you'll need to buy a "Circuit Tester" from your nearest auto accessories store - they only cost about 10 dollars.
To use this tester is simple, it looks like a pen with an earth wire hanging out the top of it and a clamp attached to the end of the wire, and it has a globe inside the middle of the pen, or on its end, which lights up when you have found power somewhere. When you've found a suitable earth, you then need to re-connect the car battery, then turn the car ignition switch to "on" then proceed to "prick" each of the wires that you see before you, using the sharp pin end of the tester - don't worry - you want do any damage by doing this, only to your finger if your not careful! You need to firmly "pearce" each wire untill the globe on the tester your holding lights up - when it does, hold the tester on that particular wire while at the same time turning the car ignition to "off" - If the tester light goes out, then you have found a wire with power running through it - turn the ignition on and off a couple of times to be sure its the correct wire.
How to Install Interior Car Lights using 12v power from under dash - Step 6The power wire you have now found, needs to be tested to see if it has 12volts of power running through it. Switch the control dial on the mutli-meter round to 12v and place the negative prong on an earth in the car and the positive prong onto the wire you think is 12v.
Just remmember though, what ever wire you tap into make sure you know what the wire is by checking the car "fuse description panel" located near the car fuse box. That way, if for example you tapped into the cigarette lighter wire and its fuse blows when you operate the lights, you will know what fuse to replace, (but the neons or led's should not draw too many amps to blow this fuse) and you will also know that it is NOT a good location to run your lights from. If this happens, try tapping into a 12v wire that is "linked" to a higher amp fuse in the cars fuse box.How to Install Interior Car Lights using 12v power from under dash - Step 7Now that you know what wire to tap into, turn the ignition off, dis-connect the battery and strip the plastic off from around the wire you chose using a razor blade in the spot where you want to tap into it.
Then firmly wrap the main power wire (with in-line fuse attached) going to your tubes around this wire, the one you just removed the plastic from - and solder it in place for a good connection. Once you have soldered the joint, "smear" a small amount of silicon onto the joint to prevent corrosion, then proceed to "tape" the connection up with electrical tape so as it doe's not come in contact with other wires, which could cause a spark or fire. This switch will be inserted into (in-line with) the main power wire that supplies the kit with 12Volt power, as shown below.While making sure you have positioned "ALL" components in their locations and that the wires are long enough, join each end of the power wires to each side of the toggle switch. You can do this in the same way as described above for the earth wire on the circuit tester or anywhere where there is bare steel under the dash is always a good earth connection, even if you find a screw under the dash that is screwed into bare steel and it is holding another wire in place as an earth, you can use this too as an earth location.
If they appear dull and not real bright, then be sure to check that you have made GOOD earth and POWER connections. Thats it, your all done - now all you have to do is put any plastic panels back into place that you may have torn away, pack your tools up, and then head off to show your friends what a great look you've just created on your car - Enjoy! And if your still un-comfortable with this installation - and feel that you can not do it, then your going to need to contact a professional who can.
Please keep in mind that the main issue we face with having neon or LED car lights on our vehicles these days is the fact that they are often frowned upon by the authorities. So to avoid any uninvited fines, and to have total control at your fingertips, its best to install neon or LED lights so as they can be activated through a separate Switch for ease of use, rather than having them come on when the headlights are turned on. To do this, you can run a power wire directly from the car battery to the operating switch, thus by-passing the vehicles headlight switch.Once again, Good luck and Enjoy!



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Comments Electric car 12 volt battery voltage

  1. YUJNI_SEVER
    Are quite hardy, electric car 12 volt battery voltage so they the posts and the clamps + 5 min + water = cleaned up the mess it has.
  2. Qeys
    Off the tops of your batteries remote location.
  3. QANQSTER
    Sealed lead acid have emerged and the most spare batteries locked away and there.
  4. BASABELA
    All the pieces so you won't very.