Dissolving car battery corrosion,battery life in hybrid cars,how to recondition nicad batteries usps,used batteries nampa id weather - How to DIY

17.02.2015
While details are yet scarce, yesterday Phinergy CEO and Founder, Aviv Tzidon confirmed talks with Renault-Nissan are tentatively set for a proposed series production electric car due in 2017 using its range-extending aluminum-air battery.
In any case, Phinergy is ready for this customer and all others, and initially, Tzidon divulged, he did not even expect an automaker would be first to adopt aluminum-air. Thus, if things go according to plan, Phinergy hopes its aluminum-air battery may prove to be the greatest thing for transportation – and other industries – since sliced bread. But unlike bread slices you would eat, the company has developed a carbon-neutral electric car battery which slowly consumes slices of aluminum and yields several-times more energy density than the best lithium-ion batteries.
Based on work begun in Israel in 2008, the company is collaborating with Alcoa on this cost-effective and safe energy source. Almost that amazing, Phinergy’s aluminum-air battery combines de-ionized (drinkable) water into an alkaline electrolyte solution and breathes in air to create a chemical reaction that dissolves aluminum plates to produce electricity. Aluminum is the most abundant metal in the earth’s crust and Phinergy’s durable technology reliably extracts 8.1 kilowatt-hours of energy – half of which is electricity, and half byproduct heat – per kilogram.
The notion of aluminum-air and other metal-air batteries is not new, but Phinergy has worked out the bugs and is ready to put it into production – not just for cars, but consumer electronics, stationary energy storage, defense, industrial – all sorts of applications. While aluminum is normally thought of as a structural material, it contains much electrical potential.
What’s more, after the aluminum-air battery chemically extracts stored electrical energy from the ever-diminishing aluminum plates, it leaves a recyclable byproduct in liquid that can be easily processed back into fresh aluminum. Technically, consumers would only be buying the energy stored in aluminum, not so much the aluminum itself which merely dissolves to a different form and is taken away as a valuable byproduct.
If any of this sounds unclear, we’ll explain how it works further below, but the takeaway is the company is past the “proof of concept” stage. In other words, its C1-based test mule operates a lot like an extended-range electric Chevy Volt, albeit without gas engine. Thus, Phinergy’s prototype car is primarily powered by a rather ordinary lithium-ion battery and motor and its aluminum-air pack can recharge it on the go. As its aluminum “cartridges” or plates slowly dissolve away over months to eventually nothing, the plan is they’ll be replaced by service personnel. The exact composition of the aluminum is proprietary, and Alcoa’s alliance with Phinergy puts it in line to profit from the exclusive arrangement.
According to Alcoa Project Manager Hasso Wieland, the well-to-wheel analysis is actually better than carbon neutral because of valuable byproducts of the battery’s process of oxidizing aluminum.
As great as it sounds, this means Phinergy is not proposing its new technology replace lithium-ion, but rather, says Aviv Tzidon, it’s a complement. However, lithium-ion battery packs are useful to create powerful, quick cars that recharge from plugging into the grid or by regenerative braking. Citing statistics once used to make a case for the Chevy Volt, Tzidon said that a driver who travels 12,000 miles per year on average only drives 33 miles per day.
A 30-50 mile-range EV – more or less – would meet the daily need, but what about when the driver wants to go farther on the odd occasion? Unlike other batteries, aluminum can be stored for decades without degradation or needing maintenance charging. Phinergy’s ideal scenario is the driver use the regular lithium-ion batteries day to day, and when needed expend some aluminum and water. A typical usage scenario would see the cartridges expended maybe once a year, more or less. In simplified terms, the cross-section of the battery (see graphics below) shows where a chemical reaction takes place to release electrons and thus generate electricity.
The 10mm-thick aluminum plate is the battery’s anode, and the cathode is a semi-permeable membrane using the same technology as Gore-Tex.
These plates can be added as needed, and each plate provides about enough energy for 20 miles. In general terms, one kilogram of aluminum requires one kilogram of oxygen and one liter of water for the reaction to take place. Sandwiched between the aluminum and air cathode is the water-based alkaline electrolyte containing potassium hydroxide. Several technologies make this long-known lab concept commercially viable, and Phinergy and its PhD-laden staff has applied for or received over 22 patents. The air cathode uses a Teflon-based material that lets ambient air (thus oxygen) through from the environment, but it prevents the water-based electrode from seeping out. On the cathode side, three elements laminated into a thin layer are used to make the cathode effective. Immediately in contact with the electrolyte is a nanoporous silver structure patented by Phinergy, and based on work done at Bar Ilan University in Israel. Laminated to the nanoporous layer is a current collector to gather electrons – electrical energy – liberated in the chemical reaction between the alkaline electrolyte and bare aluminum. The air cathode uses Teflon (like Gore-Tex) to keep water in, and let air pass through as well.
The chemical reaction involves oxidizing the bare aluminum which forms a layer of aluminum hydroxide – kind of like an aluminum rust. Here we see aluminum hydroxide (Al(OH)3 – oxidation – building on the aluminum’s surface.
The trick is to oxidize the aluminum enough that electricity is given off but no so badly that the entire reaction stops. This incredible difficulty of this process – and contamination of the air cathode in previous experimental attempts by carbon dioxide – has been what relegated aluminum-air batteries to a lab experiment until now.
The controlled dissolving away of the aluminum is what makes the system viable, not to mention the recyclability of the electrolyte.
Maintenance would involve car owners needing to periodically refill the battery with tap water that’s been run through a simple de-ionizing process. Since releasing formerly confidential info last month, the company is gaining the attention of the public, as it has behind-the-scenes talks underway with European automakers. President Obama asked Tzidon whether Phinergy was talking with American companies and Tzidon asked in turn with a smile whether the president had any connection with GM or Ford?
At this, Obama laughed, saying he thought he did, as Phinergy continues to work toward further proving its tech, and bringing it toward production.
The simplest definition for a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is one that relies on two different power sources. Yea, although HF is a weak acid, it can break down the calcium in the body which is why it is the preferred choice.
A: The way to do this right is—to the extent possible—eliminate potential problems and issues ahead of time.
Radiator hoses that are going bad usually feel soft and mushy; deteriorating fuel hoses tend to get hard and stiff.
Assume all fluids have been contaminated with water, corrosion, or general age deterioration.
If the car’s been sitting for years, there’s a good chance the battery terminals are corroded. Using a test light or multimeter, check that the ignition coil's positive terminal has voltage with the key on. Assuming the engine did start OK, monitor the gauges and check for leaks as it comes up to temperature. Dakota Digital's Electronic Cable Drive (PN ECD-100) is a new, self-contained box that calibrates with a remotely mounted switch. Another guide created by mike from Michigan on how to Rejuvenate Lead Acid Car or Truck batteries.
I have many different types of eqquipment from backhoes to gas powered air compressors, cars and trucks.
This Lead Acid Battery Rejuvenation Guide will show you how to use water and a good battery charger to remove the Hard Crystals and restore the battery to “take a charge” again. This will not fix every battery, batteries wit hshorted cells or broken internal bus bars cannot be fixed.


Crystalline cells have the industry’s highest conversion efficiency, providing maximum power while taking up less space. A 10 foot, outdoor-rated power cable is included which gives you more flexibility to place your solar panel and connects directly to your battery or charge controller. Its flexibility makes it ideal for either flat or gently curved surfaces even in harsh environments. The unit comes with a blocking diode, all-weather holder and fuse, battery eyelets, and a cigarette lighter adapter (solder-free connex). Note: Due to its blocking diode, a voltage regulator (controller) is NOT needed for batteries rated over 35AH.
The BatteryMINDer SCC-015 Solar Charging System is made by VDC Electronics, Inc. which was founded in 1993 and is a privately held company headquartered in Englewood, New Jersey. With its included microprocessor, this charger actively monitors your battery’s voltage any time it is receiving sunlight. An internal program adjusts its output several times a second, based on its monitoring reading, to quickly and correctly charge your battery while dissolving damaging sulfate. Its long-term float (maintenance) stage can add years of service to your 12V lead-acid, maintenance-free, marine deep cycle and sealed AGM batteries.
VDC guarantees all its products unconditionally for one (1) full year from date of sale to retail customers. Long 20 foot DC solar panel connection and 4 foot DC cord with quick connector allows you to place the solar panel where you need to.
Fully Automatic: At the end of the regular charger cycle, every Battery Tender® battery charger automatically switches its output voltage to a safe, storage or float level that eliminates the need to constantly check on the conditions of the battery.
Compact, Lightweight Construction: At any given power level, Battery Tender® battery chargers offer some of the highest charging power density in the industry. Battery Tender solar panels are the only panels available with a built-in charge controller to prevent overcharging. It’s 100% portable and ideal for battery charging and maintenance, and for storage spaces without power access. Located in Santa Fe Springs, CA.  Instapark specializes in laser modules, laser pointers and voltage converters.
The solar panel provides 15 watts of power output to charge and maintain any 12 volt lead-acid battery.
High efficiency mono-crystalline solar cells will give you as much as 80% efficiency even after 25 years of continuous use. Unlike amorphous solar panels, which only last about 5-7 years of continuous use, mono-crystalline panels are much more efficient and thus smaller in size while producing higher wattage.
They also have a power warranty that guarantees a power output greater than 80% of the minimum peak power as specified within 25 years from the date of delivery.
Sunforce Products Inc., maker of the Sunforce 50033 15-Watt Solar Charging Kit is a leader in the renewable energy industry, manufacturing and distributing both solar and wind powered products.
Amorphous solar panels are created by spraying silicon on to glass in very thin layers, and are commonly known as thin film solar panels. It includes one 15-Watt amorphous solar panel, a 7-Amp solar charge controller, and a wiring kit with accessories for easy installation. With built-in blocking diode technology, this solar charging kit is designed to protect against battery discharge at night. You can use this kit to maintain the charge on any 12-Volt battery for clean, silent operation of various electronics, such as deer feeders and landscaping pumps. It is also a great choice for automobiles, recreational vehicles, tractors, all-terrain vehicles, boats, cabins, electric fences, telemetry, backup power, remote power, and more. I hope this article has given you some important information to help you choose your solar 12 volt battery charger. Mark is an avid car nut and writer who loves to research and provide helpful information on popular topics to help consumers make better buying and care decisions. It’s being proposed as a range extender – not a primary propulsion battery – to automakers, including Renault-Nissan.
The car covered a several-hour-long demonstration drive without recharging – and actually the car can go 1,850-2,500 miles on 100 kg of aluminum. We were told very little about the 2017 European Renault-Nissan mentioned in a video not widely disseminated, but will explain the concept behind Phinergy’s vision for its technology.
While this is a radical improvement over a 265-mile Tesla, as mentioned, Phinergy envisions the best use for its tech as a range extender – or actually an on-board recharging system. In Phinergy’s case, the aluminum-air battery charges the lithium-ion battery and gives off heat that can be shed, or captured by a heat exchanger to warm the cabin as needed. Tzidon, said Phinergy’s approach is “humble” enough to see the strengths and weaknesses of the aluminum-air battery. Here is where the driver could tap into the on-board aluminum in the supplemental aluminum-air battery system.
Costs – while still fuzzy at this stage – are projected to be cheaper than present solutions. So, 50 plates – or aluminum-air battery cells – would offer 1,000 miles of extended-range driving. Air freely flows in, while aqueous alkaline electrolyte is retained despite pressure and heat. The fluid electrolyte in contact with it serves as a conductive layer, a solvent, and temperature evacuator as it extracts oxygen from the air cathode.
The electrolyte bath can be flushed as needed by a pump, and in doing so, it wipes clean the oxidation exposing again a fresh surface of aluminum. So, the system flushes through the electrolyte solution as required at a rate that exposes aluminum just enough to repeat the oxidation, and not so aggressively as to prematurely erode the aluminum. The system’s electrolyte bath flushes upwards taking away the oxidized surface and exposing new to repeat the process. This would be as required – perhaps every month or two depending on usage – and the electrolyte would enable the chemical reaction.
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After an ugly divorce, moving countless times, and the kids grown and gone, I finally have a place and the time to take up where I left off.
But after so many years in storage, it's a good idea to just replace all the hoses and belts—rubber goes away. Be sure to inspect the radiator and fuel tank for leaks, especially around the seams—that's a sure sign of corrosion. Currently in long-term storage, the car sports a later 360ci small-block with 3x2 Six Pak induction, as well as AAR ’Cuda suspension components. Spray some engine-starting fluid (such as Valvoline PN 602373 or equivalent) into the carburetor venturis. The waterproof case permits mounting the unit in the cabin, under the hood, or even inside a fenderwell. Fortunately, you need to go the other way (VSS to mechanical)—and there are several products that do this, permitting retention of the existing cable-driven speedometer. Industry-standard "measured-mile" calibration as well as speed adjustment while driving based on a GPS signal or other known-speedometer reading is said to keep setup and calibration ultra-simple. However, if you are running the computer, besides the usual power-on and ground wires for the new adapter boxes as shown in the kit instructions, you also need to locate the factory computer terminal that normally outputs to the late-model electric speedo and run a wire from the adapter box to that terminal.
Dakota supplies a 36-inch-long cable with the correct speedo-end connection to mate with the most popular speedometers in use. Mike rejuvenates many Car & Truck batteries for his battery bank which he uses to power his house since he loves Off The Grid.
This if more for the batteries that sit for extended periods nd will no longer charge or will have diminished capacity! Their products range from solar panels and wind turbines to system components such as charge controllers and inverters, as well as solar lawn and garden and security products.


This process allows them to generate electricity in all lighting conditions, including cloudy or shady environments. Phinergy’s controlled reaction releases the electricity in a process with the reverse effect of smelting.
Its strength is vastly improved energy storage to make range limitations no longer a concern. Phinergy’s microcontroller and battery management system monitor temperature, chemical composition, and oxidation rate.
Either the battery simply needs to be replaced or perhaps the battery drained when you left your lights on overnight.
Also check the trans, the rearend, the steering box and (if applicable) the power-steering pump, the brake master cylinder, and drum brake wheel cylinders or disc brake calipers, and (as applicable) any hydraulic clutch master and slave cylinders. This incudes the engine coolant, the fuel system, automatic transmission fluid, power steering, rearend, brakes, and the hydraulic clutch system.
Careful prep putting the car into storage and meticulous checks before placing the car back into service should minimize any serious problems. This is easier to do with an electric fuel pump and a bucket; otherwise, the tank and lines must be pressurized to push out all the fuel. Do you have brake pressure, and does depressing the pedal smoothly apply and release the brakes? If you're doing this in the dead of winter in an unheated garage, try to keep the battery as warm as possible. Most bearing, cam-lobe, and lifter wear occurs during the first 30 seconds or so of engine operation.
Inspect the primary wiring at the distributor ballast and coil for loose or corroded connections.
They accept VSS electronic input at one end and output to a conventional speedometer cable at the other end. Abbott Enterprises' Cable-X box is similar, but you need to manually set dip switches according to the calculations contained in the instructions. Terminal pinout location and stock wire colors vary per manufacturer, make, and model year.
These crystals are hard and severely resist re-dissolving into the electrolyte when recharging, this is what keeps the battery from recharging.
They pride themselves on excellent quality and construction of their products.  They have started into the mono-crystalline solar panel market with some great introductions including the Instapark SPCC-15W. Sunforce is a privately held company established in 2003, and their products can be found at retailers worldwide.
On a Chevy, you can use a dummy distributor shaft for prepriming; one source is Powerhouse Products (PN POW101150). Expect there will be some things that need fixing on a car that's been in storage as long as yours has.
A high-quality battery is crucial to the performance of your vehicle especially when you live in a climate where you experience extreme cold and hot temperatures.For instance, us Canadians usually pick the Canadian Energy brand as they have experience in making the best sealed lead acid battery on the market and are more likely to hold up in adverse weather conditions. It was running when it was put away, so I was wondering what I should do before starting it up without having to dismantle it just yet. Ordinary baking soda diluted in water is one method for cleaning off battery acid and calcium deposits. Using a breaker bar and socket on the balancer bolt, carefully rotate the engine by hand to loosen up the pistons and rings.
If you encounter significant resistance, there may be a stuck ring, a hung valve, or a bottom-end bearing problem; don't brute-force it, it'll only make things worse.
As a last resort, use the starter to spin the motor over with no load on it (fuel lines disconnected, no spark plugs installed). This can be especially difficult if you live in a region where the temperatures get very high. The engine has been successfully primed when pressure registers on the oil-pressure gauge, and (with the valve covers removed) you can see that oil is getting to the rocker arms.
But not to worry my friends, you can combat this by purchasing a thermal battery wrap or blanket. Although not immediately necessary to get the car running, also check for proper external light and turn-signal operation. Careful visual checks plus basic diagnostic tools such as a multimeter, a vacuum gauge, a compression gauge, and a fuel-pressure gauge can diagnose most problems on a precomputer car. Any price and availability information displayed on the merchant site at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product. The thermal wrap will insulate the battery from the heat found under the hood of your vehicle. Once a month, you should carefully pry off the caps with a screwdriver and check the levels in the individual cells. If the electrolyte level does not reach the lip at least ? of an inch below the cap seal, you can add distilled water or store purchased electrolyte to the proper level. Here in Canada, people use powered thermal blanket with heating elements to help protect their car battery from freezing and sub-freezing temperatures.Keep an Eye on Voltage LevelsYou should regularly use a car battery tester which puts the battery under a heavy load for a short period of time (usually 30 seconds), while checking the output voltage level.
You can scrub them clean using a toothbrush and using a mixture of three tablespoons of baking soda and one tablespoon of warm water.
Wipe the terminals off with a wet towel and dry with another fresh towel.The acid properties of carbonated drinks will also help to eliminate corrosion from your car battery. Almost all carbonated drinks contain carbonic acid, which help in removing stains and dissolving rust deposits. Applying petroleum jelly to the terminals will prevent future corrosion and help keep the battery cranking during the cold winter months. Low temperatures increase the electrical resistance and also thicken engine oil, which in turn makes the battery work harder. Corrosion on the terminals will also increase resistance and might lead to a failing battery.Aspirin? Even Cars Have HeadachesOkay, maybe cars don’t have headaches but they certainly can give owners one. If you ever happen to discover that your car battery is dead, no one else is around to help, and have some handy aspirin laying around then you’re set.
In this highly unlikely situation, you may be able to get your car started by dropping two aspirin tablets into the battery itself.
If there are any other tips or tricks, please feel free to comment below and share with the Unfinished Man community.Published on May 8, 2016.
These tips and simple maintenance for your car battery will definitely help to prolong the life of your car battery. My car battery was giving trouble in winter season and after putting a battery warmer its performance has increased. Thanks for sharing these ideas.Reply Leave a Reply Cancel replyYour email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *CommentComment Rules: Keep it civil, and please do not use your site URL in either your name or the comment text. Please instead use your own name, initials, or handle, as the the former comes off as spam.
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