Difference between deep cycle and car battery price,fix battery hp laptop keyboard,car battery trickle charger price canada - Test Out

01.05.2014
People who own or operate Recreational Vehicles, boats and solar power systems know about deep cycle batteries. The main difference between the deep cycle batteries and the lead-acid car batteries is the amount of current passed over a certain period of time. The deep cycle battery, on the other hand, can provide a power surge but not as much as a car battery can. Car batteries are designed to produce a huge amount of current over a short period of time. In most cases, deep cycle batteries will have 2-3 times the RC of car batteries, but will only be able to deliver one half to three quarters CCA.
Please be sure you have an account setup with Bongo International if you live outside the USA including Alaska, Canada, Hawaii, and Mexico. In the 1800s, before the invention of the electrical generator (the generator was not invented and perfected until the 1870s), the Daniell cell (which is also known by three other names -- the "Crowfoot cell" because of the typical shape of the zinc electrode, the "gravity cell" because gravity keeps the two sulfates separated, and a "wet cell," as opposed to the modern "dry cell," because it uses liquids for the electrolytes), was extremely common for operating telegraphs and doorbells. The electrons flow through the wire and combine with hydrogen on the carbon rod, so hydrogen gas begins bubbling off the carbon rod. The electrons go to the trouble to move to the carbon rod because they find it easier to combine with hydrogen there.
In any battery, the same sort of electrochemical reaction occurs so that electrons move from one pole to the other. The cell has one plate made of lead and another plate made of lead dioxide, with a strong sulfuric acid electrolyte in which the plates are immersed.
As the battery discharges, both plates build up PbSO4 (lead sulfate), and water builds up in the acid.
Zinc-carbon battery - Also known as a standard carbon battery, zinc-carbon chemistry is used in all inexpensive AA, C and D dry-cell batteries. Normally, when you buy a pack of batteries, the package will tell you the voltage and current rating for the battery.
People who have recreational vehicles (RVs) and boats are familiar with deep cycle batteries.
Both car batteries and deep cycle batteries are lead-acid batteries that use exactly the same chemistry for their operation.
A car's battery is designed to provide a very large amount of current for a short period of time. Typically, a deep cycle battery will have two or three times the RC of a car battery, but will deliver one-half or three-quarters the CCAs.
Based on your system voltage, you must first decide which battery is needed and how many to use in order to meet your requirements.
Make sure there is enough space between batteries to allow for minor battery expansion that occurs during use and to allow proper airflow to keep battery temperature down in hot environments. When choosing your battery model, first consider your battery compartment space as this may limit your options. TIP: If you do not know what battery to use, contact your equipment manufacturer for their recommended battery specification. Finally determine which terminal option best meets your needs based on the type of cable connections you plan to use. TIP: Make sure you use the proper cable size when connecting your batteries so that you do not overheat your connections. What is the difference between a deep cycle battery, a starting battery, and a dual-purpose battery?A deep cycle battery has the ability to be deeply discharged and charged many times during its service life. Can I use my Deep Cycle battery as a starting battery?Deep cycle batteries can be used for engine starting but starting batteries should not be used for deep cycle applications. How can I tell if a battery is bad?To determine if the battery system is experiencing a problem, fully charge the batteries then shut off the charger and remove all electrical loads. A deep cycle battery has the ability to be discharged again and again (that would destroy a car battery fast!) Deep cycle batteries achieve this by using thicker plates in their construction. The Daniell cell is a wet cell consisting of copper and zinc plates and copper and zinc sulphates. By understanding the chemical reaction going on inside this battery, you can understand how batteries work in general. The zinc atoms on the surface of the zinc rod loses two electrons (2e-) to become Zn++ ions. The actual metals and electrolytes used control the voltage of the battery -- each different reaction has a characteristic voltage.
The characteristic voltage is about 2 volts per cell, so by combining six cells you get a 12-volt battery.
If you apply current to the battery at the right voltage, lead and lead dioxide form again on the plates so you can reuse the battery over and over. The electrodes are zinc and carbon, with an acidic paste between them that serves as the electrolyte. You normally group them together serially to form higher voltages, or in parallel to form higher currents. For example, my digital camera uses four nickel-cadmium batteries that are rated at 1.25 volts and 500 milliamp-hours for each cell.


For one thing, all batteries have a maximum current they can produce -- a 500 milliamp-hour battery cannot produce 30,000 milliamps for 1 second, because there is no way for the battery's chemical reactions to happen that quickly. These batteries are also common in golf carts and large solar power systems (the sun produces power during the day and the batteries store some of the power for use at night). Once your voltage requirements are met, if space allows you can double the batteries in a parallel connection—thereby doubling your battery capacity. Trojan Battery also offers outstanding technical support provided by full-time applications engineers to help you select your ideal batteries.
A deep cycle battery may have less cranking amps per pound than a starting battery, but in most cases a deep cycle battery is still more than adequate for the purpose of starting an engine.
Generally, gel and AGM batteries have about 20% less capacity, cost about two times more, and have a shorter cycle life than comparable flooded lead acid batteries.
The state of charge of a lead acid battery is most accurately determined by measuring the specific gravity of the electrolyte. A properly sized charger takes into account battery capacity and the time interval between charges. You can of course go slightly higher or lower depending on what is available on the market.
You see, solar power is produced by the sun during the day and stored by the deep cycle solar battery for use at night. However, the deep cycle battery can produce a steady amount of current over a long period of time.
Both types of batteries are lead-acid batteries based on the same physics and chemistry to work. Once started and the car is running, the alternator takes over to provide the car’s power, in such a way that a car battery can last its entire life without charging down less than 20% of its capacity. If you attach a wire to the top and bottom of the pile, you can measure a voltage and a current from the pile. Then a zinc plate is hung in the jar as shown and a zinc sulfate solution poured very carefully into the jar.
You will see hydrogen gas bubbles forming on the zinc, and the rod and acid will start to heat up.
You can power a light bulb or similar load using the electrons flowing through the wire, and you can measure a voltage and current in the wire.
Lead dioxide, hydrogen ions and SO4 ions, plus electrons from the lead plate, create PbSO4 and water on the lead dioxide plate.
In a zinc-carbon battery, there is no easy way to reverse the reaction because there is no easy way to get hydrogen gas back into the electrolyte.
Alkaline battery - Used in common Duracell and Energizer batteries, the electrodes are zinc and manganese-oxide, with an alkaline electrolyte.
The milliamp-hour rating means, theoretically, that the cell can produce 500 milliamps for one hour. And at higher current levels, batteries can produce a lot of heat, which wastes some of their power. Once the engine starts, the alternator provides all the power that the car needs, so a car battery may go through its entire life without ever being drained more than 20 percent of its total capacity.
The size of your battery compartment, your performance requirements and costs may limit your options. For example, you can use a T-605, T-105 or T-125 in the same space, as they are the exact same physical size. If your old battery provided enough energy, it can be replaced with a similar capacity battery. An automotive or starting battery is designed for brief bursts of high current and cannot withstand more than a few deep discharges before failure.
However, Gel and AGM batteries do not need watering, are safer (no acid spilling out), can be placed in a variety of positions, have a slower self-discharge characteristic, and are more efficient in charging and discharging than flooded batteries (see table below). This means that you do not have to deep discharge or completely discharge a battery before recharging it.
The rate of self-discharge depends on the type of battery, the age of the battery, and the storage temperature the batteries are exposed to. Manual chargers, although equally effective at charging batteries, require a greater level of attention.
In applications where cycling is infrequent, such as weekend RV users, or infrequent or seasonal trolling motor usage, a charger with an output current rating between 10 and 13% of the battery’s rated 20-hour capacity will suffice.
However, if the electrolyte level is extremely low or the plates are exposed to air, add some water to cover the plates before starting the charge cycle. For example, the weekend fisherman may find he only needs to water the batteries in his boat once a month. A lot of people think that deep cycle batteries and normal lead-acid car batteries can be used in place of each other.
A car battery works by providing one big spurt of power to start the car, after which the alternator provides all the additional power that the car needs.
Because of this major difference, car batteries have thin plates while deep cycle batteries use thick plates for their charging and discharging purposes.


This way car batteries can last several years, and this is achieved by using thinner plates to increase overall surface area. The pile can be stacked as high as you like, and each layer will increase the voltage by a fixed amount.
Copper sulfate is denser than zinc sulfate, so the zinc sulfate "floats" on top of the copper sulfate. The electrons from the zinc atoms combine with the hydrogen ions in the acid to create H2 molecules (hydrogen gas). Lithium photo battery - Lithium, lithium-iodide and lead-iodide are used in cameras because of their ability to supply power surges. Also, many battery chemistries have longer or shorter than expected lives at very low current levels. This is why it is unable to start your car if you accidentally leave the lights on more than a couple of times. Gel batteries are more suitable for deep cycling applications whereas AGM batteries are more for light cycling and engine-starting applications.
Battery voltage also indicates the level of charge when measured in an open circuit condition.
For optimum life and performance, we generally recommend a discharge of 20 to 50% of the battery’s rated capacity even though the battery is capable of being cycled to 80%. In applications where battery recharge must be accomplished within 8 to 10 hours, a three stage, automatic charger, rated at 20% of the battery capacity, may be required.
While a maintenance supervisor for a golf course might need to service the batteries in their golf cars every week. While they use the same chemistry to operate, they have pertinent differences in how they optimize the use of their parts. In fact, a car battery can last all its lifetime without ever losing more than 20% of its power. Obviously, this arrangement does not work very well in a flashlight, but it works fine for stationary applications.
Lead-acid battery - Used in automobiles, the electrodes are made of lead and lead-oxide with a strong acidic electrolyte (rechargeable).
A 500 milliamp-hour battery could produce 5 milliamps for 100 hours, or 10 milliamps for 50 hours, or 25 milliamps for 20 hours, or (theoretically) 500 milliamps for 1 hour, or even 1,000 milliamps for 30 minutes. To achieve a large amount of current, a car battery uses thin plates to increase its surface area. For applications where both engine starting and light deep cycling are required, a dual-purpose battery is often used. If you have access to zinc sulfate and copper sulfate, you can try making your own Daniell cell. Nickel-cadmium battery - The electrodes are nickel-hydroxide and cadmium, with potassium-hydroxide as the electrolyte (rechargeable).
Using the amp-hour rating, you can roughly estimate how long the battery will last under a given load.
A deep cycle battery is designed to provide a steady amount of current over a long period of time.
This type of battery is neither a starting nor a deep cycle battery but rather a compromise between the two so it performs both functions adequately. For an accurate voltage reading, the battery should also be allowed to rest for a period sufficient to let the voltage stabilize.
It is best to check your new batteries regularly as this will give you a good feel for how often your application will require battery watering.
When the voltage spread indicates a problem, confirmation is accomplished by taking electrolyte specific gravity readings using a hydrometer. Nickel-metal hydride battery - This battery is rapidly replacing nickel-cadmium because it does not suffer from the memory effect that nickel-cadmiums do (rechargeable). A deep cycle battery can provide a surge when needed, but nothing like the surge a car battery can. If the specific gravity readings show a spread greater than .030 (30 points), give the batteries an equalization. Lithium-ion battery - With a very good power-to-weight ratio, this is often found in high-end laptop computers and cell phones (rechargeable).
A deep cycle battery is also designed to be deeply discharged over and over again (something that would ruin a car battery very quickly). Silver-zinc battery - This is used in aeronautical applications because the power-to-weight ratio is good.



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