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10.11.2014
The black box labeled “Supply assy brake control power” is no longer in front of the battery. The duct tube for air used to cool the high voltage battery no longer runs through the compartment but ends so that all the air will flow through the 12 volt battery compartment.
A 2004 Prius - The large square duct in the left of the picture is the for the hot air from the high voltage battery and it exhaust out the side of the car and into the battery compartment. In the 2001 to 2009 Prius heated and air conditioned air also hit the 12 volt battery compartment after being heated by the HV battery as there is a huge hole in the duct in the middle of the 12 volt battery compartment. We have speculated here that the temperature band was 68 F to 72 F which is an ideal range for Lithium batteries. What happens if the Volt is parked in the hot sun with ignition (power) off and NOT plugged in?
It occurred to me that perhaps there was no action by TMS because the battery was at a 5-percent SOC.
How hot would the Volts battery get if ambient air temperature reached 110-120 F as is common at the peak of summer? Data was taken during a hot soak with power ON (and NOT plugged in) and data was recorded using DashDAQ. As a bottom line, leaving the Volt powered on all day in the parking lot DOES NOT seem like a prudent thing to do.
However, if you are a conservative type, it wouldn’t hurt to take some precautionary measures on super hot days. I wonder how much those of us who park in full sun would benefit from a car cover made from highly reflective material (i.e. Great article, George, very interesting to me at least at how complicated that system needs to be.
Most people who buy the Leaf are not aware about the Volt’s superior battery temperature management system over the Leaf. If you use a car cover AND decide to do a remote start (or anything that would activate the TMS), then care must be taken not to cover up the radiator intakes on the front of the car. In the early days of this site, when little was actually known about the Volt, there was a great deal of wide-open discussion and speculation, even about EVs in general. As others have mentioned it will be interesting to see what the TMS does when the Volt is plugged in, fully charged, and turned off, soaking in the sun. With afternoon summer sun causing a rise in garage temperature, I am tempted to install a fan at the garage vent to circulate air.
Completely covering the roof and hood with solar panels would, at best, provide only 15% of the power needed to keep the cabin temperature controlled. Usually the “tech” posts leave me with glazed over eyes, but this one was very interesting!
However, the weird thing I noticed is that even during the winter when the car was left in freezing temperatures, charging the car after a 20 minute trip shows the same notch in the charging curve. Costco Kirkland Car Battery Review (Acura TSX) The Costco battery started giving me issues after 16 months of use.
Do not assume that your rental car company's affiliation with the Auto Club or AARP or Costco, for example, is going to get you the best rate. The oil companies are soon going to feel the full effect of more fuel efficient cars, especially the hybrids. Articles, charts, lists, photographs and illustrations to help you eliminate confusion and uncertainty about topics such as stocking your kitchen, talking about your health, straightening up your home office, taking, editing, storing and sharing digital photos, doing laundry, preparing a home emergency kit and buying electronic gadgets for you car.
BEGINNING AND INTERMEDIATE ALGEBRA: CONNECTING CONCEPTS THROUGH APPLICATIONS, shows students how to apply traditional mathematical skills in real-world contexts. By 2006, Costco had installed 90 chargers at 64 stores, mostly in California but also some in Arizona, New York and Georgia. Standard Bionic Dock In Car Navigation Dock Extra Battery Battery Charger In order to get this deal, you’ll need to be a Costco Member, which costs $50 a year.
Something about the DROID Bionic that has caught your eye over the Galaxy Nexus , DROID RAZR, and HTC Rezound? Car Battery Costco - The Best Batteries The Kirkland Signature line of batteries at Costco will get your car up and going, no matter the temperature. Car Battery Costco Costco, one of the most popular stores has the best deals on car batteries. Nissan was the first to bring a purpose built, all electric car to their showrooms a few years ago and have sold over 50,000 LEAF’s worldwide so far.
I’ve been in BMW’s electric vehicle Trial Lease Program for nearly 4 years and have driven 120,000 all electric miles. The battery in any electric vehicle is the most important and expensive component of the car. The official EPA range rating was 94 miles per charge, which is about what the 2014 i3 is expected to deliver. If you don’t need all the range the car can offer on a daily basis, then don’t fully charge it every night.
Capacity loss is a fact of life when you have an electric car, I’ve witnessed it first hand and have the data to back it up. Secondly BMW needs to show confidence in their product and offer a robust warranty that not only covers defects, but also guarantees battery capacity. I think this is a reasonable offer considering BMW will be utilizing a state-of-the-art battery thermal management system to help maintain proper temperature. When Porsche first unveiled its first four-door sedan, the Panamera, the world seemed shocked.
After two years of driving a car, usually, somewhere around this point the owner is just about over the car. Customers of the BMW 7 Series have been asking for an M version ever since the first S-Class AMG came out.
BMWBLOG goes to Dallas to test drive the new 2015 Rolls Royce Ghost Series II When is a car not a car? The Nissan LEAF electric car was introduced to the world as a mass production vehicle during December 2010. In July 2012, with increasing numbers of LEAFs reporting battery capacity problems, Nissan took approximately one half dozen Phoenix area LEAFs whose owners had complained of reduced range and lowered battery capacity (as indicated by the vehicle’s dash mounted instrument) to its corporate testing facility in Casa Grande, Arizona. All of those cars have since been returned to their owners, however none of those returned cars had reported any positive change in actual performance by their owners. In response to this revelation, a group of twelve Nissan LEAFs were independently gathered on Saturday, September 15, 2012 in Phoenix to put this statement to an actual range test; driving a fully charged LEAF in controlled conditions to measure how far they could actually go. A staging area was selected at 7755 South Research Drive, Tempe, Arizona, which has one DC Chademo fast charger, and two J1772-2009 EVSE charging stations.
After two minutes it did not dim so sadly it does not appear that Toyota has added anything to prevent accidental discharging of the 12 volt battery. This 12 volt battery has lead plates that are tightly wrapped into a spiral for vastly superior vibration resistance (longer life).


The high voltage battery temperature band is strictly controlled with an active liquid cooling system AND the battery only uses 65 percent of its capacity which should result in a long life. In order to find that temperature band, data was taken using DashDAQ data acquisition device on a hot summer day while charging.
This would be the scenario for many Arizona workers that park their cars in full sun on a black asphalt parking lot all day. Therefore I repeated the test with the battery at 81-percent SOC and the results were unchanged ie there was NO ACTION taken by TMS and battery temp reached 91 F. The flow control valve cycled between radiator (position C in schematic figure 1) and Chiller (see figure 7 and figure 1).
Since outside air temperature was hotter than battery coolant temperature this actually resulted in heating the battery faster than when the ignition OFF hot soak. If you were supposed to worry about it GM would have provided a read out of battery temperature to the general public. When men were men and good engineers had horn rimmed glasses, a slide rule on their belt and a pocket protector. It seems to match when the chiller starts for the 1st time and draws maximum power from the wall leaving less power for the battery. Batteries Plus Bulbs won't open for Thanksgiving Day, but from Black Friday through the end of the year, LeBlanc said, prices of all car and truck batteries will be reduced by $10. The emphasis on skill building and applications engages students as they master algebraic concepts, problem solving, and communication skills. Even after General Motors crushed its EV1 battery cars, the Costco chargers stayed in place. The electrification of the automobile is inevitable; however the question facing the industry is when should they jump in and bring an all electric vehicle to market. While I applauded them for taking the lead and acting at a time when others were still talking about EV’s, I was also critical of their decision to exclude a sophisticated thermal battery management system which would help maintain a consistent range throughout varying ambient temperatures as well as help extend the battery’s life.
I have carefully recorded data from every trip I have taken and have over 2,400 log entries.
Electric vehicle battery packs are susceptible to the same capacity loss as any other battery, whether they are used for your laptop or a flashlight.
When I first got it I was able to average about 96 miles per charge in moderate temperatures. The remaining 4 kWh’s are kept as a buffer because it’s not good for lithium ion battery’s to fully charge to 100% or to allow them to be completely drained. While charging to 100% daily isn’t really a problem, if you are not going to be using the car for a while, like days at a time then it’s best to leave it at about 80% charged. The BMW i3 will have the capability of charging on a DC quick charger which will charge the battery to 80% in about a half hour.
I’m not suggesting you constantly hunt for a shaded paring spot when you run to the shopping mall, but if it is an extremely hot day(90+ degrees) and you’ll be leaving the car parked for many hours, it would be wise to find a spot where the car isn’t baking in direct sunlight.
I know above I said it’s not a problem for daily use, however if you don’t really need to then it’s better not to always fully charge to 100%. Plus being a premium manufacturer, I believe their customers expect a premium product to have a warranty that instills confidence, especially since this will most likely be the first electric vehicle that virtually all of them purchase.
Almost 40,000 have been sold around the world in the short time since then, with well over 10,000 sold in the USA. Earlier this month, an Australian news agency reported that a Nissan Executive Vice President with specific experience with the LEAF, Mr. Any battery test (or allegation of good batteries) is meaningless if the car can’t actually do the job it was designed to do.
It was estimated that this speed would yield a target energy usage rate of 4 miles (6.437 km) per kWh without climate control. Searches are carried out in real-time, and from the main page you can easily browse most car makes currently available.
However, this was hardly a conclusive test.The stock battery does not appear to be a deep discharge battery as a few incidents of leaving the lights on overnight kills it. Because of the tight wrap the lead does not have to be significantly alloyed for strength and is 99.99% lead. Prior to charging, the Volt was parked in full sun for 3 hours and then moved into the garage for charging. I do not have data at these extreme temperatures so all we can do at this point is SPECULATE.
Note that during the charging test presented in figures 2 thru 4 the flow control valve cycled between BYPASS and Chill as would be expected.
Imagine how expensive gas car starter batteries would be if they were required to last 8 years. Also, since DashDAQ sampling rate is 1 data point per millisecond and it is not variable so I could not auto record the data.
Now add to that the extra efficiency cost of the extra weight and aerodynamic drag of the panels and you’re in deep negative territory.
Students develop sound mathematical skills by learning how to solve problems generated from realistic applications, instead of learning techniques without conceptual understanding.
This omission has proven costly to them as some LEAF customers that live in hot weather climates like Arizona have experienced unacceptable battery capacity loss; prompting buybacks, battery replacements and has even forced Nissan to change their battery warranty to now include capacity loss.
I have been monitoring how the battery reacts to factors like speed, ambient temperature and the topographic conditions of my journey, but I have been paying the most attention to how the battery pack has degraded over time.
Fifteen months and 1,000 recharges later, I can expect about 90-91 miles under the same conditions which translate to about an 8% reduction in range. Once in a while won’t hurt, but you don’t want to be rolling into your garage every night with the state of charge under 5%. While the batteries are not damaged by quick charging process, they can be damaged by the heat created by fast charging. I may be nitpicking a bit here and others may say it’s not a problem, but if you know you only drive 30 or 40 miles a day commuting, then there is no need to fully charge your EV if it has an 80 -100 mile range. Nissan now guaranties the battery will be greater than 66.25% of its original capacity for 5 years or 60,000 miles. A strong warranty may be the deciding factor in whether or not they are willing to take that leap into e-mobility. Unfortunately, a percentage of those USA cars that are operated in hot climates, such as Phoenix, Arizona, and the state of Texas, have experienced accelerated losses of the vehicle’s range autonomy, when compared to its performance when new. This same car once again lost the 12th capacity segment (with 11 of 12 remaining) on Sunday, September 16, 2012. The total distance measured is from the staging area and ending on the 101 highway southbound at the East Elliot Road overpass at highway 101. The high voltage traction battery is in a metal case about the same size of the 2004 to 2009 but the batteries take up less space and the cooling fan is the right side of the metal case. Of course there could have a separate electronic control unit for the 12 volt battery and then a voltage limiting circuit to keep a higher winter charge voltage from getting to the on the 12 volt bus but why?


This results in lower voltage drop as the battery discharges and further contributes to the longer life of this battery!
With cabin temperatures soaring to 115 F and ambient air temperatures going to 99 F the Volts battery only reached a maximum temperature of 90 F. If the TMS system stays inactive at these high temps, then we could see battery temperatures of 100+ degrees at the peak of summer. However, I would only do the remote start long enough to cool the battery and then discontinue remote start for reasons discussed above.
There is no reason to be sending coolant to the radiator if radiator air side temp is HIGHER than coolant temp. At this point it may be better to pull outside air from a lower vent to help remove the super heated air in the garage.
A state pilot program lets fishermen younger than 12 use car batteries and nets to catch trout at certain locations. When people ask me about my ActiveE’s range, rarely do they ask what will the range be in three years – but they should.
Unlike the Nissan LEAF, the i3 will have a complex thermal management system that is liquid based and its sole purpose is to keep the battery at safe operating temperatures to prolong the battery life and extend the cars range. The ideal temperature for the battery is 68 degrees Fahrenheit and as the battery temperature rises to about 90 degrees the cells begin to degrade. You can set it on a timer to stop charging before it’s fully charged or use the feature that many EV’s have which allows you to set the amount of charge the car accepts. I see this as a step in the right direction for Nissan, but I am hoping BMW shows even more confidence in the i3’s battery. Nonetheless, in late 2011, Nissan did exchange at least one battery of an Arizona LEAF when its owner complained of reduced capacity. Of the cars sent to Casa Grande, none have been reported to have been driven by Nissan more than a few dozen miles while at the testing facility. Clearly, if Nissan truly felt that the batteries were performing as designed for the customer cars they tested at Casa Grande in July, they could have simply verified that at the private, purpose built test track at their disposal there. The whole of the US is covered, and the featured vehicle types that you can have your pick from include convertibles, coupes, trucks, hybrids and station wagons.
This could mean that the individual battery packs are now in metal cases instead of plastic and thus take up less room. This is a simpler solution but it has the liability that if you never go for a long drive in winter your battery is never charged while warm and never gets fully charged.In summer assuming you use the AC you battery is cooled. It may cost a little more but because the battery will last longer in the end you will pay less and waste less time maintaining your Prius! Roughly equal to the upper limit during active thermal management during charging shown in figure 2 . In fact, I have 45,000 miles on the car after only 15 months and have charged it over 1,000 times. There are also many factors that will affect the degradation that I can control, which further complicates the process of estimating future results.
This system will definitely allow you to fast charge more often without damage then if the car didn’t have it, but most industry experts still warn against consistent use of fast chargers.
Once the battery temperature exceeds 105 degrees there is definite cell damage and capacity loss. You can charge to 80% daily and then set it to fully charge on the occasional days you need more range. The customer must know what to expect before they buy the car or they are surely to be disappointed a couple years down the road when the destinations that they used to travel to are suddenly out of range. That replacement battery also began degrading recently, and the owner subsequently relinquished the car as a result.
The actual driving portion of the test would have taken about 90 minutes per car, but they chose not to.
Each car continued west until a predetermined course reversal point, and then returned to near the starting point.
The car started fine and I would not even have know the light was on except the fixture was hot.
Also when they moved the battery from the left (driver)side to to right side negative electrical terminals reversed to keep the negative to the back of the car. That kind of mileage would probably be typical after about 2 ? to 3 years of driving for the average person so I’m sure I have brought on the battery capacity loss earlier than what should be expected under normal circumstances, but it does offer insight into what perspective i3 customers can expect over time.
Since the ActiveE is purely a test car, and will be decommissioned after my two years with it, I don’t have to be really concerned with protecting the battery to help it last longer, but if I did there are some things that I could do to help fend off early capacity loss. The science hasn’t really proven this one way or the other just yet, as DC quick charge is just beginning to be available to EV’s, but I would prefer to err on the side of caution and only use DC quick charge when I really needed to. I have only witnessed such a high battery temperature twice in my ActiveE since the thermal management system is constantly working to cool off the batteries when it’s hot out. I wouldn’t really worry too much about doing this, but if you are a low mileage driver, then it certainly won’t hurt. I know capacity loss is a moving target and there isn’t any way to offer exact predictions, but it is possible to produce charts and graphs that will offer estimates for the owner so they are at least prepared for what is to come. Four of the twelve cars in Saturday’s Phoenix area test were previously at the Casa Grande test facility in July. This route is largely level and with dry asphalt or concrete roadbed in excellent condition. It now seems obvious that this is done to keep the positive from being shorted to the frame of the car during a rear end collision. I suspect the i3’s thermal management system will work even better since it’s been engineered and refined for about four years now, and the ActiveE’s system was only designed to be used on a short-term test car. I’m sure BMW has much more sophisticated capacity loss data than I do and they can certainly prepare a “Battery 101” brochure for prospective i3 customers so they can learn about this before they buy the car and will be prepared to take better long term care of their battery. To give you some idea the normal life of a normal 12 volt car battery in a warmed engine compartment in Arizona is supposed to be only about two years.
The negative is already connected to the frame of the car so it is can not be shorted it all.When you need a new 12 volt battery for the 2001 to 2003 Prius we have one which is considerably cheaper than what most dealers charge and it has 35% more capacity that the original GS battery. In fact, if you look at the above graph you can see a period where the capacity dropped rapidly. For the 2010 model smart key turns off automatically if the car has not been used for over five days (reference owners manual). That period was immediately following the summer of 2012, when I experienced my highest battery temperatures.
I can’t say for sure whether or not that is directly related to the rapid capacity loss, but I do suspect it played a role.



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