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02.04.2016
The Infiniti Q50 is one of the highest-rated luxury cars (in its conventional form), but the hybrid version received low marks for its performance and road handling. The Q50 hybrid’s braking and acceleration are uneven, and the adaptive steering system gives a delayed response. The 2015 Q50 is a luxury sedan that seats five and is offered in Hybrid, Q50s, Premium and base configuration – we’ll only be discussing the Hybrid model here. There are many features in the Q50’s interior, but there are some things to be wary of. There’s enough room to store your belongings, but other competitors have more cargo room.
Other standard equipment includes a nav system, Bluetooth connectivity, Internet access and an upgraded sound system that includes HD radio. Toyota has long been at the forefront of hybrid car technology, but other makers are looking to take the top spot. For the ultimate in eco-friendly transportation, the 2015 Prius plug-in offers a fully electric mode – and its fuel economy in hybrid mode is superior. The 2015 Prius plug-in uses a four-cylinder, 1.8L engine putting out 134hp, just like the conventional Prius.
The Prius plug-in comes with stability controls, ABS all the way around, seven airbags and front head restraints. While behind the wheel, we noticed a significant amount of road noise, which is probably attributable to the fact that the car operates silently while under electric power.
Upon evaluating the interior, we saw that the front seats weren’t very supportive or comfortable. Although they do have gasoline engines, hybrid cars put out far less harmful emissions than conventional vehicles do. Hybrid vehicles can get up to 70 miles to the gallon, and great fuel efficiency means that you’ll fill up less often and spend less at the pump. Hybrid vehicles do offer great economic and environmental benefits, but they no longer come at the expense of decreased performance. If you’re looking to buy a hybrid vehicle, you should first learn about the underlying technology before buying. It may seem impossible to have environmental benefits, performance, style and luxury in one vehicle, but it is possible with today’s hybrid car technology.
Hybrid vehicles are becoming more popular, but many people still buy into the myths and misconceptions that surround them. Hybrids get their name from the pairing of an electric motor and a gas engine under the hood. Because a hybrid car has a gas engine and an electric motor, they often come with more horsepower than traditional vehicles. While some hybrids must be plugged in for charging, others use regenerative braking to keep the system charged.
While there are still misconceptions about hybrid vehicles, more people are learning the truth. Electric cars use batteries to store energy, and those batteries are recharged through your home’s electrical supply.
The batteries in electric cars are made of stacked electrochemical cells, and each cell typically produces about two volts.
The first electric vehicles used DC motors, but most new cars use an inverter to convert direct current to alternating current, with the AC powering the induction motor. Most electric cars have high torque at low speeds, with great acceleration capabilities – meaning that they can stand up to city driving. Today’s electric cars have performance and range that suit them to a variety of applications such as delivery use, commuting, city driving and trips where low-emission vehicles are required.
No longer thought of as underpowered econo-boxes, hybrid cars have really come into their own over the last few years. Many testers believe that the 2015 Accord hybrid is quick for a midsize, and that its electric and gas motors give sufficient power for fast acceleration.
The 2015 Fusion Hybrid is equipped with a four-cylinder gas engine and an electric motor, and testers feel that it has enough power for most driving situations. The 2015 hybrid Camry’s electric and gas motors give quick acceleration and enough power from a dead stop. Testers say that the Prius V’s acceleration is anemic, but adequate for a vehicle in its class. The Volt gets its power from two electric motors, with a four-cylinder gas engine that generates power for the batteries.
To add dramatic flair, many automotive writers exaggerate their descriptions of a car’s acceleration and its effects on their bodies. The autopilot capability is activated by an OTA (over the air) software update, which is coming through at the time of this writing. For most hybrid sedans, it’s important to balance fuel economy and comfort – and Ford has succeeded with the 2015 Fusion hybrid. The top-of-the-line Titanium gets you all of the SE’s features, keyless ignition, remote starting, eight-way adjustable passenger seating and a 12-speaker HD audio system from Sony.
The Fusion Hybrid has a 2L, four-cylinder engine that is paired with a lithium-ion battery powered electric motor. The Fusion Hybrid is equipped with ABS, stability and traction control, rear cameras, and front , knee and side airbags.
2012 Mitsubishi i electric car battery packEnlarge PhotoWe'd be the first to point out that many of the electric car owners currently out on the roads have had absolutely no trouble with the 100 or so miles they get from a full charge.
However, it'd be foolish to assume that some people really don't need more than that, and as a result there's always room for an EV with greater range. Improvements to battery technology could be the best way to find this range, and according to New Scientist (via Autoblog), developments in Lithium-Air batteries from IBM could give us electric cars with a 500-mile range. Lithium-air batteries have significantly greater energy density than regular lithium-ion batteries - close to that of gasoline, in fact.
Several companies are working to improve Lithium-air technology, by testing moisture-proof battery membranes, and graphene cathodes.
IBM is seeking to improve the electrolyte, the solvent that carries lithium ions between anode and cathode.
However, an IBM-led coalition called Battery 500, hopes to have a full-scale prototype running by 2013, and commercial batteries ready by 2020.
You might have to wait a few more years for an electric car that truly goes further than the gasoline equivalent, but it's on its way.
Lithium-ion battery pack for 2014 Chevrolet Spark EV electric carEnlarge PhotoIf it wasn't so important for the future of electric cars, it could almost get tiresome: Just how do you improve batteries for longer life, quicker charging and a greater range?
It's a question being investigated by great minds all around the world, and has turned up some surprising and exciting results over the last few years. Inspired by Popular Mechanics' look at potential electric vehicle and hybrid battery breakthroughs, we've compiled many of our previous battery tech articles into one handy guide. The aluminum plates used have high energy density, and companies testing it such as Phinergy say you'd need to refill the car with water every few hundred miles.
Existing lithium-ion technology is among the best battery technology we have for electric cars and hybrids. Compared to other battery types it's relatively energy-dense, charges relatively quickly, is lighter than many other battery types, and it's tried-and-tested.
Others have researched into the existing problems with lithium-ion tech--such as reducing the tendency for lithium to gather around the battery electrodes.
Then there's lithium-air tech--an offshoot of lithium-ion batteries, and one that could significantly increase energy density. It sounds unlikely, but simple herbs could be employed to make batteries greener in future. In a rare look at improving the environmental aspects of batteries rather than increasing their range, researchers at Rice University and the City College of New York have looked at using the herb madder, or purpurin, as a natural cathode for lithium-ion batteries. You might not gain hundreds of miles, but any eco-minded electric car driver would be glad to know their batteries had just a little less impact on the environment, right?
A battery is a device for storing chemical energy and converting that chemical energy into electricity.
The electrons are generated by chemical reactions, and there are many different chemical reactions that are used in commercially available batteries. Automobile manufacturers have identified three types of rechargeable battery as suitable for electric car use. Lead-acid batteries were invented in 1859 and are the oldest form of rechargeable battery still in use. Lithium-ion batteries, which came into commercial use in the early 1990s, have a very high energy density and are less likely than most batteries to lose their charge when not being used -- a property called self discharge.


Over the last 100 years there have been a number of attempts from electric vehicle enthusiasts to push them into the mass market. There have been enormous leaps in electric vehicle technology over the last 10 years which not only offer greater efficiency but also give the driving public greater confidence. While the electric vehicle market has made numerous attempts to crack the mass market, the majority of which failed, today is very different. One of the major problems of the last decade has been the relatively slow development of battery technology in relation to electric vehicles. In tandem with new electric vehicle technology and battery technology we now have a greater emphasis upon extended journey capacity.
In the early years the electric vehicles we saw on the roads were, how can we put it, very different in look and style and often embarrassing. Information and main article image contained on this page are sourced by an independent third-party content provider. We are THE .ECO an Initiative to help Save Our Planet by building a communication platform providing environmental awareness and showcasing stewardship. Building a central community connecting those who want to help advance the care and sustainability of the planet.
The project will examine the potential of reusing spent lithium-ion battery packs from GM’s electric car, the Chevrolet Volt, as a means of providing cost-effective energy storage capacity, which will improve the efficiency of electrical systems as they evolve into smart grids.
According to GM, the Volt’s battery will still have significant capacity to store electrical energy, even after its automotive life. ABB is currently at work on more than 20 projects around the world examining all aspects of the smart grid, from energy storage to network management, metering and communication, distribution automation and home automation systems.
Both the regular and hybrid Q50s have many high-tech options that set them apart from their competitors, but the real differences lie in how the two cars drive. Standard features include 17″ alloys, automatic headlights, heated mirrors, cruise control, keyless ignition and entry, power front seats and Bluetooth connectivity, among others. Options include multi-view cameras, parking sensors, blind spot assist, and a collision warning system.
The interior is crafted of materials that are comparable to those used in other luxury cars, and the styling is fairly new – but the standard seating can be firm and uncomfortable for taller passengers. The 3.7L V6 on the standard model gives quick, smooth acceleration, and while the hybrid model is slightly faster its drivetrain is unpredictable. It goes from 0-60 in 4.5 seconds, has a top speed of 155 mph, and it can be completely recharged in an hour and a half.
Standard features are 20″ wheels, LED lighting on the exterior, auto wipers and headlights, parking assist, keyless ignition and entry, leather power seating, heated seats in the front, tilt steering, auto climate controls and a heads up display. Those with Apple or Android devices can remotely lock the car and turn on climate controls, along with various other features. Also available as standard equipment are emergency assistance, parking sensors and a 360-degree camera system.
Several other car manufacturers are offering plug-in hybrid vehicles that offer even greater eco-friendly benefits than the popular Prius hybrid model. The base model is simply known as the Prius Plug-in, and the slightly more upscale version is the Advanced.
Those wanting to live a healthier lifestyle or save money on fuel costs are making the switch – if this describes you, consider the advantages of driving a hybrid car before making a decision. The difference is especially pronounced in city driving, where stop-and-go traffic and idling create the most pollution.
By limiting gasoline consumption, we’re creating less pollution and using our natural resources more wisely.
However, when you drive a hybrid car, you won’t even be able to hear the noise of your engine. Full hybrids run only on electric power, until the onboard computer signals that gas power is also required (usually at speeds 25 mph and above). In this article, we will examine some of those misconceptions, and we’ll learn how hybrids really work. Most of the pollution created by a combustion engine is emitted in city traffic; braking, idling and acceleration all consume fuel. Like most pieces of technology, hybrid cars cost more when they first became available – but now that the market is growing and hybrids are becoming mainstream, they’re getting more affordable. Up until the late 90s, most electric vehicles used lead-acid batteries, but today’s cars are usually fitted with lithium polymer or lithium ion cells. Cars such as these have higher power, increased efficiency and lower maintenance requirements. The shifting mechanism works the same way as in an automatic vehicle, and upon accelerator usage, you won’t hear much noise from the engine. Some models are specifically designed for these conditions, with a top speed of about fifty miles per hour, but many newer models can easily reach highway speeds of about 70 mph.
Because of their versatility, electric cars are often used in commercial fleets and as company commuter vehicles. The Accord gets 50mpg in the city and 45 on the highway, which is great for a hybrid vehicle. Especially notable is the Fusion’s seamless transitioning between electric and gas power. At cruising speeds, the transition between electric and gas power is smooth, but from a stop, the gas engine can abruptly restart. The Prius V is standard-equipped with a CVT auto transmission, and it gets 44mpg in the city and 40 on the highway. Testers say that the Volt’s motors deliver snappy acceleration and plenty of power, and the vehicle is whisper-quiet in electric mode. However, the 691hp, twin engine Tesla Model S is one of few cars to actually have a strong physiological effect on the human body. From any of its seven possible seats, the Tesla Model S feels faster than even the Bugatti Veyron.
The Model S is all-wheel drive, and the rear-mounted engines leave a gap between the front wheels.
The P85D, the top-of-the-line model, has better and sportier seating, but the biggest news item is that all cars made in the San Francisco plant come with autopilot hardware. The vehicle’s exterior is stylish, and it is well appointed and quiet inside, while delivering the fuel economy for which hybrids are known. Either the SE or the Titanium can be fitted with a nav system, automated parallel parking, heated steering and automatic gracing. The Sync audio system includes a feature that auto-dials 911 when it is linked with a cell phone, and there’s even a parental control feature for those with teen drivers. That's enough to beat many internal combustion cars on sale today, and would certainly eliminate range anxiety. That means batteries could be down-scaled - and therefore vehicle weight reduced - while still increasing range. Current electrolytes react with air and become depleted over time, so IBM is testing various materials. Aluminum is used as the anode in a battery, ambient air (and the oxygen in it) as a cathode, and water molecules.
But it isn't perfect, and several research groups are looking for a way to improve on its existing strengths. A battery is made up of one or more electrochemical cells, each of which consists of two half-cells or electrodes.
For example, the familiar alkaline batteries commonly used in flashlights and television remote controls generate electricity through a chemical reaction involving zinc and manganese oxide. Those types are lead-acid batteries, nickel metal hydride (NiMH) batteries, and lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries.
They've been used in all types of cars -- including electric cars -- since the 19th century. They have a high energy density -- that is, a great deal of energy can be packed into a relatively small battery -- and don't contain any toxic metals, so they're easy to recycle. Because of their light weight and low maintenance requirements, lithium-ion batteries are widely used in electronic devices such as laptop computers. Unfortunately the vast majority of these attempts have failed for a variety of reasons, often out of the control of the market itself, but today we stand in a very different place and electric vehicles will eventually go mass-market.
This technology continues to advance at breathtaking speed not only in the area of electric vehicles themselves but also battery technology.
The industry itself and governments around the world have literally invested billions upon billions of dollars and gone beyond the point of no return. This was in many ways overlooked by the industry as more focus and more investment was placed upon actual car technology as opposed to battery technology.


The introduction of various electric vehicle recharging networks across the world has also added to this more positive picture with journey capacity in excess of 100 miles now commonplace among some of the more popular vehicles.
This created something of a stigma which hovered over the electric vehicle industry for many years although thankfully this stigma has now gone.
21, 2010 – ABB, the leading power and automation technology group, and General Motors have signed a non-exclusive memorandum of understanding to cooperate on a research and development project that will investigate uses for electric vehicle batteries once their useful life in the vehicle is over. The ABB Group of companies operates in around 100 countries and employs about 117,000 people. Braking is also inconsistent, and ride quality is harsher than that of the standard edition Q50. Toyota is fighting back with the Prius plug-in hybrid, which is largely unchanged from last year. However, its range under electric power isn’t long (just fifteen miles), and its top speed is just 62 miles per hour. The standard model is priced right at $31,000, and it has alloy wheels, automatic headlights, Bluetooth connectivity, heated front seating, auto climate controls, a voice-activated nav system, back-up camera and many other features. Its handling makes it OK for daily driving, but like the regular Prius, it’s nothing to brag about. Its instruments look like something out of a space ship, and various readouts tell you just what the powertrain is doing. Full hybrids run on electric power that cuts off when the car stops, eliminating idling completely. Mild hybrids use the electric and gas engines concurrently, which means that these models often have fuel efficiency ratings comparable to conventional cars.
A hybrid car solves this issue by using electric power at speeds 25 mph and below, and by not idling at all.
Along with economy models, hybrids and pickup trucks are now being sold, and some automakers are building high-performance vehicles for road and track use. More repair shops have the tools and skills to repair them, and replacement parts are more available. If you buy a hybrid, prepare to pay more upfront – but you’ll recoup your investment in the form of lower fuel costs and a diminished carbon footprint. These new batteries offer better performance and a longer range, and are the choice of most vehicle makers. However, they cost a bit more, and the apparatus that controls the motor’s speed and inverts the power is more complex. Its ride is amply comfortable, and handling is better than expected, but steering is a bit stiff at times. These cars come with auto transmissions as standard equipment, and the Fusion gets 44mpg in the city and 41 on the highway.
While far from agile, the Prius V is relaxed in the corners and it has good brakes and a comfortable ride. Transition between electric and gas power is smooth, and the Volt has a 38-mile electric-only range – which is stellar for a plug-in hybrid. While some have a slight edge over others, we wholeheartedly recommend any of the vehicles on this list. It can go from 0-30mph in the blink of an eye, and such quick acceleration can have some weird effects on the body. The Tesla S boasts one of the world’s most sophisticated four-wheel drive systems, which can respond perfectly to traction loss.
The P85D can change lanes with the flick of a switch, and it can read and follow posted speed limits.
In track testing, the vehicle went from 0-60 in 8.4 seconds, which is comparable with others in its class. Optional safety features include inflatable seat belts, parking sensors and blind spot monitoring.
Combined in the battery, they produce hydrated aluminum oxide and energy--and that energy can be used to power a car. Egg-line nanoparticles of sulfur are one option, improving energy transfer and hugely increasing capacity, while silicon nanoparticles to replace graphite anodes is another.
One half-cell, called the negative electrode, has an overabundance of the tiny, negatively charged subatomic particles called electrons.
Lead-acid batteries are a kind of wet cell battery and usually contain a mild solution of sulfuric acid in an open container. Some experts believe that lithium-ion batteries are about as close as science has yet come to developing a perfect rechargeable battery, and this type of battery is the best candidate for powering the electric cars of the near future.
In many ways the development of new technologies is putting gasoline vehicles in the shadows and grabbing the headlines. In previous attempts there was a definite lack of incentives from governments around the world and indeed many governments paid lip service to the industry without cold hard cash. It was only when the general public began to have major concerns about battery power and efficiency that both governments and the industry switched part of their investment towards battery technology. There is still some way to go, more investment is required but there is no doubt that journey capacity concerns are certainly reducing. With great fuel economy, superior handling and even weight distribution, the i8 offers the best of eco-friendly performance. It takes 1.5 hours to charge the car with a 240V outlet, and just over three hours with a regular, 120V supply. The Advanced model is priced at $35,800, and it has a larger touch screen audio system, better upholstery, power seating for the driver, adaptive cruise controls, and a heads up display. When traveling at highway speeds, the gas engine is used, with electricity being reserved for acceleration and passing. Most hybrid car batteries have a warranty that lasts up to 100,00 miles, but batteries can perform well for much longer. Some electric cars recharge the batteries en route with regenerative braking, which can increase range by up to 20%.
Passengers report feeling a fluttering feeling in the throat as lung compression occurred, and visual disturbances as eyeballs were slightly flattened for a split second. The S is powered by two 188hp electric motors, and its 0-60 time is equal to that of the McLaren F1. The name comes from the combination of lead electrodes and acid used to generate electricity in these batteries. A variation on lithium-ion batteries, called lithium-ion polymer batteries, may also prove valuable to the future of EVs. The simple fact is that too much money has been spent for the EV industry to fail this time round! This in itself is probably the most compelling reason why electric vehicles will eventually crack the mass market, the fact they fit the hopes and aspirations of the motoring public and there is no embarrassment in driving one today!
It only has one speed, and the electric motors react so quickly that acceleration is seamless.
When the two halves are connected by a wire or an electrical cable, electrons will flow from the negative electrode to the positive electrode. Automobile batteries, on the other hand, need to be rechargeable, so they don't require constant replacement. The major advantage of lead-acid batteries is that, after having been used for so many years, they are well understood and cheap to produce. These batteries may eventually cost less to build than lithium-ion batteries; however, at the present time, lithium-ion polymer batteries are prohibitively expensive. In a rechargeable battery, electrical energy is used to reverse the negative and positive halves of the electrochemical cells, restarting the electron flow.
However, they do produce dangerous gases while being used and if the battery is overcharged there's a risk of explosion. The energy of these moving electrons can be harnessed to do work -- running a motor, for instance. As electrons pass to the positive side, the flow gradually slows down and the voltage of the electricity produced by the battery drops. Eventually, when there are as many electrons on the positive side as on the negative side, the battery is considered 'dead' and is no longer capable of producing an electric flow.




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