Battery of hybrid car jokes,car battery charger walmart price scanner,6v battery reviews,removing a car battery to charge faster - How to DIY

22.06.2014
A hybrid car battery is like any other battery—except that it is rechargeable and has enough juice to move a large heavy vehicle down the road for a few feet or a few miles. Like all batteries, hybrid batteries have two electrodes (which collect or emit an electric charge) that sit in an ion-rich solution called the electrolyte.
The electrodes are typically very close, so a polymer film, called a separator, prevents them from touching, which would create a short circuit. Keep in mind: What we commonly call “a battery” is actually a battery pack that houses many individual cells. Ionized elements in one electrode are in a chemical state where they are easily attracted to combine with other molecules, emitting electrons (energy) in the process. As we take a tour of hybrid batteries, remember one thing: Total energy determines the vehicle’s electric range, whereas available power determines its acceleration.
The nickel metal hydride battery used in Highlander Hybrid—and the Lexus RX 400h—is packaged in a newly developed metal battery casing. The Ford Escape Hybrid’s battery pack, made by Sanyo, consists of 250 individual nickel metal hydride cells. The Honda Insight’s battery pack, made up of 120 Panasonic 1.2-volt nickel metal hydride D cells is capable of 100A discharge, and 50A charge rates.
The Saturn Vue Green Line’s 36-volt nickel metal hydride battery, designed and made in America by Cobasys, is capable of delivering and receiving more than 14.5 kW of peak power.
Lithium ion (or Li-ion) batteries are important because they have a higher energy density—the amount of energy they hold by weight, or by volume—than any other type. Compare the batteries from GM’s legendary EV1 to those for its upcoming Volt extended-range EV. Crucially, there is no one lithium-ion battery, although this mistake is often seen in the press.
Cobalt Dioxide is the most popular choice today for small cells (those in your mobile phone or laptop). Cobalt dioxide cells are manufactured by dozens of Japanese, South Korean, and Chinese companies, but only Tesla Motors uses them—6,831 of them to be specific—in an electric car. Nickel-cobalt-aluminum (NCA) is similar to NCM, with lower-cost aluminum replacing the manganese. Manganese oxide spinel (MnO) offers higher power at a lower cost than cobalt, because its three-dimensional crystalline structure provides more surface area, permitting better ion flow between electrodes.
Iron phosphate (FePo) might be the most promising new cathode, thanks to its stability and safety.
In another publication I read that there is an important difference between Li ion and NiMh batteries in the way they charge and discharge.
Again according to the article, plug-in hybrids will work best with both kinds of batteries on board with the NiMh batteries supplying short range needs and the Li ion batteries meeting the longer range needs. This is the first time I read that Li ion prefer fully discharging and charging as you mention. One suggestion: although the reference to past articles was useful, it would have been nice to provide some links to other legitimate sources that you have screened and used. Thank you for an article that helps me understand the differing battery configurations and types available for mainstream hybrid vehicles.
Please provide a link to the Texlon battery noted in your comments on hybrid battery technology.
Altair-Nano is sitting on their patents and not becoming anything other than another poor quality corporation with no sense they ever need to have their sales feet at the fire by merchandising their product(s) in as many distribution channels as possible. This is the crowing instance I clarify that Li ion raise truly discharging besides charging because you present. Second, there is as well as a premium for a diesel engine over a regular gas engine, and biodiesel has scalability problems . Altair-Nano is sitting on their patents and not becoming anything other than another poor quality corporation reviews with no sense they ever need to have their sales feet at the fire by merchandising their product(s) in as many distribution channels as possible. I have a dead batteries on my 2000 Honda insight… Does anyone know where I can buy new NmH batteries already on a 6 pack in line similar to the photo you show here? Anytime it arrives to rechargeable car or truck batteries, the predicament is completely diverse. The image of 50 or so new cars (hybrids?) jammed together and burned out after the recent tsunami in japan makes me wonder if immersion in salt water causes battery related fires.
Thanks for taking the time to discuss this, I really feel strongly about it and love studying extra on this topic. Dear Hamada I just want to ask you the same question if you have received any beneficial information because the hybrid battery of my car is not doing well and the turtle sign appears on my car screen three times. Couldn’t it be possible to have the car surrounded with a venturi skin , the air rushing through when it is at speed, driving a huge fan blade at the rear, clutch operated, which in turn would drive a charging system to the batteries. You can buy a complete Prius traction battery from smashed cars on eBay for around $300 plus shipping. The whole idea could replace lead-acid batteries for energy storage from solar cells and windmills. I am a teacher of motor vehicle technology and I am preparing some lessons on mathematics for level 2 trainees. Complex batteries, such as those used in laptop computers, usually have cells both in series and in parallel. These quibbles aside, this article is very informative, and I appreciate the author’s efforts in addressing the topic.
Many times we read about the hybrid car and the car batteries but this articles helps a lot to understand that how in actual those are working. Its better to use hybrid car batteries for Eco conscious because they produce less emissions. Cars is not a luxury anymore, therefore used cars industry has filled the gap between, luxury and necessity and now everyone can afford a ride.
Each of several competing cathode materials offers a different mix of cost, durability, performance, and safety.
The battery-monitoring unit manages discharge and recharging by the generator and motors to keep the charge level constant while the car is running.
It is just that its innards are made up of individual batteries which are themselves made up of individual cells. If you're faced with replacing the battery on an out-of-warranty car, there's no need to panic. While there are many theories about how to make batteries last longer (coasting, slow takeoffs, etc.), they haven't been shown to actually extend battery life and are impractical anyway. By clicking Confirm bid, you commit to buy this item from the seller if you are the winning bidder. By clicking Confirm bid, you are committing to buy this item from the seller if you are the winning bidder and have read and agree to the Global Shipping Program terms and conditions - opens in a new window or tab. By clicking 1 Click Bid, you commit to buy this item from the seller if you're the winning bidder.
The hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) conserves fuel by using an electric motor that assists the internal-combustion engine (IC) on acceleration and harnesses kinetic energy during breaking.
A NiMH for an HEV can be charged and discharged 1,000 times if done at an 80% depth-of-discharge. The Japanese car manufacturers have tried several battery chemistries, including going back to lead acid. The Lithium-ion systems are promising candidates for both the HEV and plug-in HEV but require more research. Imagine a plug-in electric vehicle that can go 20 miles (32 km) with a single charge from the electrical outlet at home. As good as this may sound, the savings will be small or non-existent because of the battery. Modern cars do more than provide transportation; they also include auxiliary devices for safety, comfort and pleasure. At the Advanced Automotive Battery Conference in Hawaii, a delegate member challenged a maker of HEVs with the claim that a German diesel car can get better fuel economy than the hybrid. Someone then asked, "What would happen if the HEV depletes its batteries while driving up a long mountain pass? We anticipate that lithium-ion will eventually replace nickel-metal-hydride in hybrid electric vehicles but short service life, high manufacturing costs and safety issues will stand in its way today.
While Japan and Korea are focusing on manganese systems, the USA is experimenting with phosphate, the chemistry that made the A123 Systems famous. Time will tell who will be the winner in the race for cleaner, more fuel-savvy vehicles and longer-living cars.
If replacement batteries are going to be $2000-$3000 then the sale price for these HEV cars by rights should be alot lower to compensate. Also Lithium is a dangerous chemistry which will explode if charged incorrectly which is a safety issue.
The original Lohner-Porsche series hybrid, in which the electrical portion serves as an infinitely variable transmission, is the correct way to go. The history of hybrid cars and the batteries that should be used in modern days is informative. Without government subsidy, these HEVs are impractical and only the few rich people get these vehicles just for status symbols as they have also V8 cars for their longer commutes.
I appreciate that you’re dispelling some of the conspiratorial myths about electric cars.


It sounds like you’re saying that the most efficient design is one that has a high efficiency gas engine charging a small battery, and an electric motor turning the wheels. Doug - The Chevy Volt has a comparatively large and expensive battery and a conventional IC engine put in to help extend the range. After Peugeot, Citroen is revealing info about its hybrid air powered concept, the C4 Cactus AIRFLOW 2L concept. An on-off switch in whatever device is powered by the battery—your phone or laptop—bridges the cell’s electrodes to generate power. Those elements are tugged through the electrolyte and the separator toward the opposing electrode.
The total number of cells is 168, compared with 228 cells packaged in 38 modules in the first generation Prius. The discharge power capability of the Prius pack is about 20 kW at 50 percent state-of-charge.
The 240 cells can deliver high voltage of 288 volts—but the motor-generators units can operate on variable voltage anywhere from 280 volts to 650 volts. The cooling performance reduces efficiency losses due to excessive heat, ensuring that the battery can supply required electric power to the motors at all times.
As with other hybrid battery packs, the cells are similar in shape to a size D flashlight battery.
The hybrid system is used to provide both 12-volt accessory power and power to charge the battery pack.
The rule of thumb is that Li-ion cells hold roughly twice as much energy per pound as do the previous generation of advanced batteries, nickel-metal-hydride (NiMH)—which are used in all current hybrids including the Toyota Prius. Several different chemical formulations for the electrodes compete; each has its pros and cons. It’s been on the market for 15 years, so it’s proven and its costs are known, though like nickel, cobalt is pricey.
Their pack uses sensors, cell isolation, and liquid cooling to ensure that any energy released if a cell shorts out can’t ignite any of its neighbors. Manganese is cheaper than cobalt, but it dissolves slightly in electrolytes—which gives it a shorter life.
Companies that make NCA cells include Toyota and Johnson Controls–Saft, a joint venture between a Milwaukee automotive supplier and a French battery firm. The compound is inexpensive, and because the bonds between the iron, phosphate, and oxygen atoms are far stronger than those between cobalt and oxygen atoms, the oxygen is much harder to detach when overcharged. NiMH does not provide the same efficiency, deep cycling capacity and power or energy density as Li ion.
I think we should find a way which is more powerful and more efficient such as nuclear energy.
This would be a great resource but to date they are only looking at mega watt capacity sales because the company is so large they cannot sustain small sales. NiMH does not protect the uniform efficiency, subterranean cycling potentiality further power or vivacity density considering Li ion. You save plenty of times the weight of the automobile in gas over the lifetime of the automobile. Despite the fact that the battery product is comparable to conventional car batteries in purpose, they use really modern technologies in development and charging. Nearly all of them could boil approximately a person and 3 quarter-liters of h2o quite quickly. If potential, as you gain experience, would you mind updating your weblog with extra information?
I ought to ask if hybrid car batteries on cars could somehow be an alternative way of resisting air pollution too? Junkyard 200- to 300-volt DC batteries could be re-purposed with inverters for 120-volt AC home power. I have been looking at your website and I have seen some material that I could use to make some work related examples and exercises.
The only difference is that these batteries have higher capacity and the can store enough power to move a vehicle down the road for a couple miles. The related pictures given helps to have the actual idea of all the information stated above.
Makes me nervous to do anything Mitchell and Ness Snapbacks under the hood though with the kind of power they have now! The cost of a new battery pack continues to decline and now stands at about $3,000, not bad when you consider how long they last. There are strict regulations for the handling and disposal of old batteries, which can leak hazardous materials. Simply maintaining your vehicle as recommended is the best way to ensure your battery stays healthy for as long as possible. Packaging should be the same as what is found in a retail store, unless the item is handmade or was packaged by the manufacturer in non-retail packaging, such as an unprinted box or plastic bag. Import charges previously quoted are subject to change if you increase you maximum bid amount.
Called the Lohner-Porsche carriage, the hybrid function served as an electrical transmission rather than power boost.
In this respect, the HEV is similar to an ordinary vehicle with crankshaft, clutch and transmission, with the difference of having an electric motor and a battery. To meet this long service life, the cells are optimized for longevity and not size and weight, as is the case with portable applications. In a hybrid vehicle, a full discharge occurs seldom except if the owner lives on a mountain and requires all available battery power to commute home. These lithium-ion systems offer an extremely low internal resistance, deliver high load currents and accept rapid charge. Manganese and phosphate systems are thermally more stable and deliver higher load currents than cobalt.
Currently, the battery manufacturer for hybrid electric vehicles can only give eight years on NiMH. These systems are more expensive to produce than most other chemistries but have the potential for price reductions through improved manufacturing methods. There is no pollution and the neighbors won't hear you coming and going because the vehicle is totally silent. Will the car have enough power?" The answer was that the car would make it with the IC engine alone but the maneuverability would be restraint. We need to remind ourselves that the automotive market can only tolerate a marginal cost increase for a new battery technology. Battery University monitors the comments and understands the importance of expressing perspectives and opinions in a shared forum. While we make all efforts to answer your questions accurately, we cannot guarantee results. Or have a 5 year battery replacement warranty which would make car manufacturers lose too much money. But also i was reading another article on this website talking about how many tons of batteries are disposed of each year, this number would increase dramitically with the introduction of HEV cars. The electric motor has an efficiency of at least 80% over most of its speed range and provides the instantaneous required power. The fuel conservation mechanism by HEV is sure to attract many people and is sure to give environmentalists a unperturbed satisfaction. Car companies now put Hybrid technologies on their SUV lines as well so people would go back buying large SUVs which defeats the main purpose of HEVs which is to minimize reliance on carbon fuels.
The way many of these vehicles are being made suggests they’re intended as toys for people who like to spend money.
Power Solutions President Alex Molinaroli will unveil the company’s next generation technology Jan.
The ions of the negative electrode (anode) give up electrons; the positive ions coming toward the anode accept them. The power capability increases with higher temperatures and decreases at lower temperatures.
The battery pack supplies 288 volts, but the boost converter, a part of the inverter above the transaxle, changes this to 500 volts.
The pack fits under the cargo area, leaving cargo room unchanged from the standard Vue—but drivers lose the benefit of a spare tire. NiMH, in turn, holds about twice the energy per pound of the conventional lead-acid (PbA) 12-Volt battery that powers your car’s starter motor. But today’s Volt pack, using lithium-ion cells, stores the same amount of energy (16 kilowatt-hours) in a 5-foot-long container weighing just 400 pounds. Cobalt is more reactive than nickel or manganese, meaning it offers high electrical potential when paired with graphite anodes, giving higher voltage.
Substituting nickel and manganese for some of the cobalt lets manufacturers tune the cell either for higher power (voltage) or for greater energy density, though not both at the same time.
GS Yuasa, LG Chem, NEC-Lamilion Energy, and Samsung offer cells with such cathodes; LG Chem is one of two companies competing to have its cells used in the Chevrolet Volt. Too bad too, if they would license their technology to small companies like Battery Space they would see a distribution channel that would enable small sales to try their products out. Lot of smart people on Altair-Nano’s board, but unfortunately not a single one of them with any business sense.


There might be other problems there, but one times supply of something becomes tight we are usually nice at reusing, recycling and substituting it. As an example, the battery has its electrolyte within a gel form although not in liquid sort as most common batteries have.
The day is not far when we would purchased Japanese Used Cars that powered by batteries and electrical plugs. If you're the original owner of a hybrid vehicle, chances are you won't ever have to replace the battery pack because it just wears out. The gas engine will run almost constantly and your fuel economy will take a noticeable hit. If you reside in an EU member state besides UK, import VAT on this purchase is not recoverable.
When full power is required, both the IC engine and the electric motors engage simultaneously to get maximum boost. This short service life is no major drawback with cell phones, laptops and digital cameras because the devices get obsolete quickly. The cobalt-based lithium-ion is one of the first chemistries in the lithium family and offers a very high energy density.
NiMH has reached the low cost plateau and cannot be reduced further because of high nickel prices.
Menahem Anderman, a leading expert on advanced automobile batteries, says that we still have no suitable battery for the plug-in HEV and that the reliability of lithium-ion technology for automotive applications has not yet been proven. To compensate for this eventuality, some HEV manufacturers offer SUVs featuring a full-sized IC motor of 250 hp and an electrical motor at 150 hp; 400 hp in total. In terms of added capacity, lithium-ion offers only a 20% increase in energy density per weight over nickel-based systems. These engines are so clean that they won't even stain a tissue that is placed on the exhaust pipe.
However, all communication must be done with the use of appropriate language and the avoidance of spam and discrimination. Neither can we take responsibility for any damages or injuries that may result as a consequence of the information provided. One day hopefully someone will figure out how to build nuclear power stations with properly designed backup power to prevent accidents. The Prius has a computer that’s solely dedicated to keeping the Prius battery at the optimum temperature and optimum charge level.
This battery pack provides 40 percent more power than the Prius battery, despite being 18 percent smaller. The batteries are located under the cargo compartment floor, along with the Honda Integrated Motor Assist’s power control unit. It has the highest energy density—but when fully charged, it is the most prone to oxidation (fire) caused by internal shorts. Unfortunately, iron phosphate cells work at a lower voltage than cobalt, so more of them must be chained together to provide enough power to turn a motor. To date it almost seems like vaporware that looks great on paper, but the product has no feasibility. The cordless electrical tea kettle is quite beneficial, compared to your older corded versions. Toyota Vitz, a small compact car which is only available in Japan, uses Lithium-Ion battery packs to power the air conditioner, lights in the gauges, head lights, and the heater while the car is in idle, allowing the car to save gasoline. Almost all replacements are performed by dealers, who have the experience and know-how to do it the right way.
While your car may run for some time on a bum battery, its performance and efficiency will steadily decline until it's replaced. Porsche in the driver's seat, the car broke several Austrian speed records, including the Exelberg Rally in 1901. Most up-and-coming plug-in HEVs use the serial configuration in which the wheels are powered by one or several electric motors. The battery consists of cylindrical cells that are connected in series to attain several hundred volts. Above 70% the battery cannot absorb the charge well and much of the charging energy is lost in heat. Unfortunately, this battery system cannot deliver high currents and is restricted to portable applications. In spite of the increased thermal stability, the battery requires expensive protection circuits to supervise the cell voltages and limit the current in fail conditions. Unlike the ordinary HEV that operates on shallow charges and discharges, the plug-in HEV is in charge depletion mode that requires deep discharges. On the highway, the diesel car is indeed more fuel-efficient but the HEV has the advantage in city driving. Please accept our advice as a free public support rather than an engineering or professional service.
Prius models are routinely exceeding 250,000 miles with no break downs or failures whatsoever. The Prius supplies conditioned air from the cabin as thermal management for cooling the batteries. Honda used technology developed for its EV Plus electric car for the original development of the Insight’s battery system.
This can lead to thermal runaway, where one cell causes its neighbors to combust, igniting the whole pack almost instantly (think YouTube videos of burning laptops). A123 Systems—which is competing for the Volt contract as well—uses nanostructures in their FePo cathodes, which it says produces better power and longer life. I do not know if that is the case, but as a CFO of a corporation, I fully recognize the danger signals of any company burning through stock investment and having little sales to justify their balance sheets. This let electrical car or truck makers to fit the car batteries in any orientation they want, as a result accommodate far more cells in a constrained room. New dealer-installed batteries come with full warranties, so you may be covered for the remainder of your ownership. Instead of a mechanical link, the IC engine energizes a generator to produce electricity for the motor(s).
Operating a battery with a partial charge requires a larger mass that lowers the energy-to-weight ratio and efficiency. Although the capacity dropped from 100% to 20%, the cell retained its low internal resistance.
The safety circuit will also need to compensate for cell mismatch that occurs naturally with age. To obtain an acceptable driving range, the PHEV battery will need to be five times larger than the HEV battery.
If this is true, a dream will go down in history with the steam-powered airplane of the mid 1800s that was simply too cumbersome to fly. The cost differential between hybrid models and similiarily equipped standard vehicles is no longer significant. Also, the internal impedance of a cobalt cell—the extent to which it “pushes back” against an alternating current—increases not just with use but with time as well.
It is also telling how diversified Altair-Nano has become in product width; which is another danger signal, they are having a tough time recognizing what kind of company they are.
Far more batteries in a minimal space allows far better engine output and mileage on the single charge.
Similar to a laptop or a cell phone, the driver plugs the car into the AC outlet for an overnight charge. Batteries in satellites use a similar system in which the battery discharges less than 10% during a satellite night.
The drawback of manganese and phosphate is lower energy density but these systems provide 20% more capacity per weight than NiMH and three times more than lead acid.
The recent reliability problems with lithium-ion batteries in portable devices may delay entry into the HEV market. With an estimated life span of 1000 full charge and discharge cycles, the battery would need to be replaced every three years.
The critical feature is the rate at which the cathode can absorb and emit free lithium ions. As part of the Federal Clean Car Incentive Program, Victor Wouk installed a hybrid drive train in a 1972 GM Buick Skylark but the EPA canceled the program in 1976. Factor in their enviromental advantages and it very, very clear they are here to stay and will continue to gain market share for years to come. Do you think OEMs are ready to increase the complexity of their voltage network system to improve feature level? Meanwhile, Honda and Toyota have made strong headways by commercializing attractive and fuel-efficient hybrid cars. How will the legislation deal with this level of voltage which is under the high voltage threshold legislation?



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Comments Battery of hybrid car jokes

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