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03.02.2015

Treatments for cancer patients, alternative medicine the woodlands tx - For Begninners

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EVERY year 150,000 cancer patients in the UK are told that they have reached the end of the conventional treatment line. Bladder Cancer TreatmentsIf you are diagnosed with bladder cancer, your doctor will discuss the best options to treat it.
Clinical trials are research studies that test new cancer drugs, diagnostic procedures and therapies on humans.
Although certain cancers remain difficult to treat and are still associated with early mortality, the 5-year survival rate (considered complete remission) among people of all ages treated for colorectal cancer (CRC) now approximates 62%.1,2 For many patients, CRC and its treatment's aftermath resemble chronic diseases--patients may die with the cancer, rather than from the cancer, or remain cancer-free until death from another cause. When Treatment EndsOnce chemotherapy ends, oncologists generally wait several months before ordering surveillance testing for CRC patients (Table). Late EffectsLate effects (toxicities that are absent or subclinical at the end of therapy but apparent later) and long-term effects (toxicities that start during treatment and continue) are concerns.3,11 Surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy cause several expected adverse effects. Bowel cramping and intestinal blockage are common; they diminish or resolve for some people, but for others, they become chronic. Mental Health IssuesWhen oncology treatment ends, CRC patients report a range of feelings--from relief, to numbness, to paralyzingfear.
Some people expect to function exactly as they did before their cancer diagnosis and are disappointed if they cannot. Months to Years LaterUntil about 20 years ago, cancer survivors treated with surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation did not survive longenough to characterize lingering problems. End NotePharmacists can expect to see increasing numbers of people with cancer progressing through and remaining inthe health care system.
Doctors at the Queen Mary Hospital perform newly introduced Novel Microwave Ablation Therapy on a patient suffering liver cancer. A revolutionary treatment for cancer of the liver, described as safer and more effective, has been introduced in Hong Kong. Novel Microwave Ablation Therapy is considered especially helpful in the treatment of the liver cancer patients whose tumors are unable to be removed by surgery. The treatment, offered for the first time in Asia, is available at the Queen Mary Hospital at no charge. Surgical fees are subsidized by the treatment's American originator while the procedures undergo clinical trials, Ronnie Poon, clinical professor of the Department of Surgery at the University of Hong Kong's Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, said on Wednesday at a news conference. He heads a clinical study on the new treatment at the Queen Mary Hospital that began in 2010. For liver cancer patients suffering from unresectable tumor, whose liver function was too poor for the operation, the costs of primary treatments, such as surgical resection and liver transplantation, became prohibitive.


Meanwhile, alternative treatments, such as radiotherapy, were less effective when tumors were located near blood vessels, said Poon.
The treatment is capable of applying constant heat on larger areas, thus killing tumors more effectively and leaving fewer side effects to nearby vessels, said Poon. Eighteen Hong Kong patients, aged 41 to 75, have received the microwave treatment at the Queen Mary Hospital since late 2010.
The charge for the new treatment after clinical trials is expected to be roughly HK$10,000, about the same as radiotherapy, said Poon.
This depends on several factors, including the type and stage of the cancer and your general health.Your treatment for bladder cancer at MD Anderson will be customized to your particular needs.
Discharged from specialtycare, patients must learn to address health concerns--many of which are related to cancer--in primary practicesettings as "routine" health concerns. In general, treatment's lingering and delayed effects fade in the months following treatment, but certain adverse effects may regress slowly. Environments or genetic aberrationsthat triggered the first tumor may cause a second primary cancer (a tumor distinct from a recurrence or metastasis). The incidence of radiation-induced tumors begins to rise about 15 yearsafter treatment.17 Certain antineoplastic classes-alkylating agents, anthracyclines, nitrosoureas, steroids, and topoisomerase inhibitors--are also linked to second cancers.
They will need to anticipate patients' concerns, both physical and psychological, and askabout lingering and late effects.
Patients could die from infection if it was conducted inappropriately," said Poon's colleague, Assistant Professor Albert Chan. Siefker-Radtke's clinical research focuses on rare bladder cancer types.Here at MD Anderson, you receive personalized bladder cancer care from some of the nation’s leading specialists. One or more of the following therapies may be recommended to treat the cancer or help relieve symptoms.SurgerySurgery is part of almost every bladder cancer patient’s treatment. Many patients find their eyes drier or more watery after treatment and may need supportive care. Many patients with CRC have a temporary or permanent ostomy, which is rarely welcome.13 These changes can lead to anxiety or depression that is frequently responsive to anxiolytics or antidepressants. Surgery for CRC is tailored to the patient's specific circumstances, and its late effects vary tremendously.
This risk is especially pronounced for those with hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer, the Lynch syndromes, and multiple primary malignant neoplasia. They focus extraordinary expertise on your treatment and recovery.Your bladder cancer care is customized to include the most advanced therapies.


Other types of treatment often are given before or after surgery.Transurethral resection (TUR) may be used for early-stage or superficial bladder cancer. Support groups can be very helpful.14,15 If insomnia, nightmares, or fear interferes with activities of daily living, referral to a counselor who specializes in cancer survivorship is warranted. Occasionally, these tests reveal suspicious hepatic or pulmonary lesions, especially the latter if the patient had radiation.
Fatigue, a serious problem of unclear etiologyfor many patients, may persist for years after treatment. Fluorescence cystoscopy, a special way of looking at the bladder wall, may be used to enhance bladder cancer detection.Cystectomy, which is removal of the bladder, is often used in more advanced bladder cancer. Usually the entire bladder is removed, but partial cystectomies may be appropriate for a small number of patients. Resolution of alopecia (a condition often considered minor by clinicians but terribly traumatic to many patients) usually resolves in stages. Radiotherapy to the pelvis for rectal cancer may cause permanent pubic or perineal alopecia. This procedure is done less frequently.ChemotherapyChemotherapy plays a major role in the treatment of bladder cancer that has spread (metastasized) to the lymph nodes, lungs, liver and other parts of the body.
In recent years, the MVAC treatment regimen has been decreased from four weeks to two weeks, with less impact on the body and an improved response rate of 50% and higher.Another chemotherapy regimen for bladder cancer is a combination of gemcitabine and cisplatinum. The BCG, delivered through a catheter, stimulates an immune response within the bladder to destroy any remaining cancer cells. BCG is the most effective agent for keeping the bladder cancer from spreading or coming back, and the success rate is 70% to 80%.Gene TherapyWe have the expertise to examine each bladder cancer tumor carefully to determine gene-expression profiles.
Ongoing research will help us determine the most effective and least invasive treatment targeted to specific cancers.
This personalized medicine approach sets us above and beyond most cancer centers and allows us to attack the specific causes of each cancer for the best outcomes.Our Bladder Cancer Clinical TrialsAt MD Anderson, you benefit from one of the most active research programs in the United States, which includes a prestigious federally funded SPORE (Specialized Program of Research Excellence) program to investigate bladder cancer.
This means we are able to offer a wide range of clinical trials (research studies) for every type and stage of disease.To find out more about clinical trials at MD Anderson for bladder cancer, visit our Clinical Trials database or speak to your doctor.



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