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admin | inner peace quotes | 08.12.2015
ARE THERE INDIVIDUAL LEARNING STYLES? Students are adamant they learn best visually or by hearing a lesson or by reading, and so forth. Ken Gibson was an advanced reader in elementary school and easily retained much of what he read.
Frank Coffield, professor of education at the University of London, set out to find commonalities among the many disparate ideas about learning style using a sample comprising 13 models. In 2002 Gibson, after a brief career as a pediatric optometrist, started LearningRx, a nontraditional tutoring organization, based on the idea that different people rely on particular cognitive skills that are strongest. LearningRx trainers use cognitive skill assessments similar to IQ tests to identify a student’s areas of cognitive strengths and weaknesses—some people might be strong at memorizing written words or weak at doing mathematical computations in their heads.
Daniel Willingham, a professor of cognitive psychology at the University of Virginia and outspoken skeptic of learning styles, argues that Gibson and other cognitive psychologists are mistaken to equate cognitive strengths with learning styles.
As Willingham points out, the idea that ability affects performance in the classroom is not particularly surprising. Harold Pashler of the University of California, San Diego, and his colleagues searched the research literature for exactly this kind of empirical evidence. Some studies claimed to have demonstrated the effectiveness of teaching to learning styles, although they had small sample sizes, selectively reported data or were methodologically flawed. Despite the lack of empirical evidence for learning styles, Gibson continues to think of ability and preference as being one and the same.
When teachers wonder how to present a lesson to kids with a range of abilities, they may not find the answer in established learning style approaches. I’m a Clinical Psychologist and have a private practice and consultancy in Brisbane Australia.
I like researching issues of the brain & mind, reading and seeking out new books and resources for myself and my clients.
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More software projects have gone awry for lack of calendar time than for all other causes combined.
Software estimation involves working out the effort required for completing the software development work. Project timeline is a chart showing progress on different project activities on calendar time scale. Nevertheless, in almost all projects, some new technology is to be used and some new concepts need to be mastered.

In some cases, learning is put aside and all efforts are put towards getting some visible output. 15-20% of the time in project estimation and scheduling, which is actually a project overhead. E' is the EDC for the project, taking into account the errors in estimation for software development work. Will a relaxed initial deadline result in programmers taking it easy and the project getting delayed right at the onset? The remaining risk of programmers going to sleep because of relaxed deadline is managed by having meaningful project reviews. This revolutionary strategy is empowering students to produce significantly improved math scores in a diverse spectrum of school districts across the nation.
Remake Learning is a professional network of educators and innovators working together to shape the future of teaching and learning in the Greater Pittsburgh Region. But when the teacher would stand him up in front of the class to read a report out loud, he floundered. Many teachers, parents and students are adamant that they learn best visually or by hearing a lesson or by reading, and so forth. David Kolb of Case Western Reserve University posits that personality divides learners into categories based on how actively or observationally they learn and whether they thrive on abstract concepts or concrete ones. The findings, published in 2004, found that only three tests for learning styles met their criteria for both validity and reliability, meaning that the tests both measured what they intended to measure and yielded consistent results. Then they administer “brain training” exercises designed to improve students’ weakest skills. The two, Willingham says, are different: Whereas cognitive ability clearly affects the ability to learn, an individual’s style doesn’t. The more interesting question is whether learning styles, as opposed to abilities, make a difference in the classroom.
Those that were methodologically sound found no relationship between learning styles and performance on assessments. They would normally say that a lot of progress had been achieved till date and the target milestone was only a short time away. Technically, it has missed a deadline and a short-sighted management may consider it a failure. Founded by cognitive and computer scientists from Carnegie Mellon University in conjunction with veteran mathematics teachers, Carnegie Learning has the courage to not only question the traditional way of teaching math, but is helping re-invent it.

By constantly innovating and developing new ways for students to learn, Carnegie Learning is ensuring schools, teachers and, most importantly, students achieve greater success. Representing more than 250 organizations, including early learning centers & schools, museums & libraries, afterschool programs & community nonprofits, colleges & universities, ed-tech startups & major employers, philanthropies & civic leaders, Remake Learning is collaborative effort to inspire and empower a generation of lifelong learners in Pittsburgh, West Virginia, and beyond. And some educators have advocated teaching methods that take advantage of differences in the way students learn. Another conjecture holds that sequential learners understand information best when it is presented one step at a time whereas holistic learners benefit more from seeing the big picture.
Among the many competing ideas, Coffield and his colleagues found no sign pointing to an overarching model of learning styles.
Such exercises might involve a trainer asking a student to quickly answer a series of math problems in his head.
Would educators be more effective if they identified their students’ individual styles and catered their lessons to them?
One study they reviewed compared participants’ scores on the Verbalizer–Visualizer Questionnaire, a fifteen-item survey of true-or-false questions evaluating whether someone prefers auditory or optical information, with their scores on memory tests after presenting words via either pictures or verbal reading. Willingham and Pashler believe that learning styles is a myth perpetuated merely by sloppy research and confirmation bias.
Providing differentiated instruction to schools across the United States, Carnegie Learning is helping students to succeed in math, creating a gateway to graduation and preparing them for the 21st century.
Some relished oral presentations but took forever to read a passage on their own; others had a hard time following lectures. But some psychologists take issue with the idea that learning style makes any significant difference in the classroom. On average, participants performed better on the free-recall test when they were shown images, regardless of their preferences. For example, if the goal is to teach students the geography of South America, the most effective way to do so across the board would be by looking at a map instead of verbally describing the shape and relative location of each country.
Gibson now explains these discrepancies as “learning styles” that differ from one student to the next. He founded a company, LearningRx, on the premise that these styles make a difference in how students learn.

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