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admin | reflection of the past meaning | 11.02.2015
Buddhism is one of the world religions and at the same time is a spiritual philosophy with diverse traditions, beliefs and practices. Religion evolved on the base of the more ancient religions of the Indian subcontinent and its development is attributed to a single personality - Siddhartha Gautama - Buddha (c. Buddhism can be divided into the more ancient and conservative teaching - Theravada and the somewhat newer, more lay oriented Mahayana.
In Tibet, Buddhism has intertwined with local traditions and evolved into several influential schools. Tibetan Buddhism in earlier times also spread to Mongolia, Tuva, Buryatia and other regions. Zen Buddhism has played an important role in the history of China as well as Japan and Korea. In Japan, there several more branches of Mahayana Buddhism have evolved - such as Shingon, Tendai and others.
Active religious practice in Buddhism requires a specific lifestyle and a thorough education. The monastic tradition was started by Gautama Buddha himself sometimes around 500 BC, based on the lifestyle of earlier sects, a set of rules was developed for the lifestyle of monks - vinaya. Buddhist monasteries are built in accordance with the traditions of their respective countries, often themselves developing these traditions.
Stupas are important Buddhist monuments - structures which contain sacred relics and serve as places of worship. In Burma and Thailand stupas have evolved into some of most amazing architecture monuments of world. Buddhist Temples And Monasteries in Singapore Travel locations that brings solace & tranquility. Taktsang Bhutan (spa phro stag tshang or spa gro stag tshang) is a famous monastery and is located just 10 kilometers north of Paro Taktsang. Taktsang Palphug monastery aslo called Taktshang Goemba is situated on a cliff side in an altitude of 3,120 meters above sea level and 900 meters above Paro valley.
Paro Taktsang is actually a prominent Himalayan Buddhist temple complex consisting of seven monasteries. I'm a geologist and I'm working with mapping of raw materials and habitats at the Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland. For a person who is an admirer of the great Buddhist architecture, Buddhist Monastery or the Pagoda is usually the first thing that may ever come to his mind. When speaking of the real legend and stories that are related to the construction of Monastery Taktshang, you can easily find its roots dated back to nearly 8th century and is also linked with the existence of real historical figure of Padmasambhava or Guru Rinpoche, as was better known. One of the former wife of a renowned emperor called Yeshe Tsogyal had also managed to join the company of Guru Rinpoche, willingly came to be known as the flying tigress so that she could in fact bear the guru to the top of the mountain cliff of Bhutan to the present place where the famous Monastery of Taktshang still stands. The original construction of the Tigers Nest Monastery has an equally interesting tale behind it.
Today you can visit all the temples of the Taktshang Monastery standing at an altitude of 10,200 feet. You have to be patient through your trek to catch the first glimpse of the much-coveted monastery, for you cannot see anything for the major part of the trek because of the interposing vegetation.
What is remarkable about the Tigers Nest Monastery is the variation of the four temples that appear different from one another.
One of most beautiful rock-cut temple complexes of the world, developed in the 2nd century BC - 480 AD. Beautiful rock-cut temple complex, includes the most beautiful prayer hall - chaitya - of Indian cave templesa.
An important Buddhist pilgrimage site with some 50 buildings from the 3rd - 12th centuries.
Important Buddhist learning centre in 427 - 1197 AD, one of the first great universities of the world. Although better known due to Hindu and Jain temples of exceptional beauty, Ellora caves though started by 12 Buddhist rock-cut temples. A unique complex of 5 cave temples and monastery, worship has been practised here since 1 century BC, inhabited since prehistoric times. A politically important Buddhist temple, it is considered that whoever holds control over its relic, tooth of Buddha, controls Sri Lanka. One of holiest Buddhist sites in the region, it contains an enormous stupa and a group of shrines and temples. One of largest spherical stupas in world, it is also one of holiest Buddhist sites in the region and was initially built in the 6th - 7th century. This monastery is in a dramatic setting on the side of a cliff, 900 metres above the bottom of valley. Built sometimes around 642 AD, it is one of the most sacred sites for Tibetans and contains many revered statues. A keeper of ancient Tibetan traditions, this monastery was founded in 1179 and emphasizes sky burials, tantric meditation, Phowa. Reported by some to have been the largest monastery in world, in the first half of 20th century it had up to 10000 monks. An impressive monastery complex with a large Kumbum (a multi-storied aggregate of 108 chapels). Founded in 1419, this was one of three great Gelukpa Buddhism monasteries and housed more than 5000 monks in 1959.
This temple was founded in 386 AD and was once very influential, although it now contains only a small community of monks. Located on sacred Mount Song, this monastery was founded in 477 and destroyed and rebuilt many times.
Wooden monastery buildings, first built in 491, are situated in a unique place - on the cliffside of sacred Mount Heng. An ancient temple, rebuilt in 782 AD, the wooden structures from this rebuilding are among the oldest wooden structures in China. This wooden pagoda, built in 1056 AD is a remarkable achievement of engineering with its very sophisticated design. Established in 1560, this monastery is in the burial place of Tsongkhapa, the founder of Gelugpa Buddhism. This important and beautiful temple complex was established in 728 and contains the largest wooden building in world.
A Zen Buddhist temple, renowned for its dry rock garden from the late 15th century, containing 15 boulders, of which only 14 can be seen from any angle.
This beautiful monastic complex sits on top of an extinct volcanic plug, rising 170 - 180 metres over the surrounding area.

An ancient temple city with numerous temples built mainly in the 9th - 11th centuries, once the most important centre of Buddhism in the region.
One of most important and beautiful Buddhist pilgrimage sites in country, it was developed in harmony with the beautiful landscape of the region.
Group of Buddhist shrines, includes the oldest known oil paintings in world from the 5th - 9th century AD. Mahayana is further divided into several more influential traditions, although the bearers of the traditions themselves often would disagree with such classifications. This rather conservative and somewhat more isolated teaching has been very influential in the development of social and political processes in Thailand, Burma and other countries.
Since around the 5th century, this has been a leading branch of Buddhism in India and was spread over Himalaya to Tibet and further abroad via the Silk Road.
This teaching originated in the Shaolin Monastery, where a great role was played by direct communication between the teacher and his disciples. This role, as well as the role of collection of knowledge is performed by Buddhist monasteries.
Buddhist monks, in many cases, have not been very isolationist and have played key roles in development of literate societies in Asia and in the development of culture and traditions in Asian countries. Initially these were earthen mounds but over the time stupas have evolved into diverse monuments with specific architecture of each respective region.
Architecurally pagodas differ from stupas - these are multitiered, slender towers of odd number of levels, often built of wood. The rock slopes are very steep almost vertically and the temple buildings are almost built into the rock face. Taktsang can be dated back to 1692 and is one of the most important religious sites of pilgrimage in the entire Himalayan region.
Taktshang, a Monastery located in Bhutan, is one such fascinating wonder spots of Buddhist that is located at the edge of a mountain cliff and is situated at the height of over 2300 feet and at the foot of the Paro valley. Guru Rinpoche is also called as the second Buddha as he was also responsible for the spread of the Buddhism religion across Bhutan and Tibet. Amongst the various caves, one of the caves had also become a famous meditation place for the Guru Rinpoche where he had managed to come out with his eight manifestations, and later in the years this places was also declared as a holy place for most of the monastery and so it had derived it name the “Tigers Nest”. It is said that notwithstanding the sheer cliff face where Guru Rinpoche decided to land, the air-borne dakinis bore building material on their backs to facilitate the construction process. However, prior to the ascending the slope on mule-back or foot, as a non-Bhutanese you require a special permit and a guide for the venture.
Look out for the small prayer wheel as when you reach it, you can see what your eyes were thirsting for. One of these is fabled to be the famous spot for the three-month meditation of Guru Rinpoche and the birthplace of one of the leading lamas. It consists of numerous monuments, including Makutabandhana hill, the site of Buddha's cremation. In total here are 28 - 30 rock-cut structures, containing murals and sculptures of high importance to the culture of mankind.
It contains numerous ancient and contemporary monasteries and temples, including Dhamek Stupa (500 AD), Chaukandi Stupa (the 4th - 6th centuries) and others. Its main element is a 55 metres high, richly decorated tower built in the 5th - 6th centuries and heavily restored in the 1880s.
It is fortified with a large wall that encloses a large group of buildings and is an important centre of knowledge with an important collection of writings and artworks. The buildings of the monastery cover a steep hill, thus creating a very picturesque monument of urban design. It is located in unique, dramatic location; on a steep cliffside below the entrance to an enormous cave.
The tooth was smuggled to Sri Lanka in the early 4th century and was moved to different locations in Sri Lanka - each consequenty becoming a capital. It is a very sacred site for many of the religions of Asia, including Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism. The first palace was built here in 637, while the current palace was built in 1645 at 13 floors and 117 metres high. It was ancient centre of education, esoteric studies and psychic training, and is renowned for its painted murals. It has medieval Mongolian architecture and contains very important artworks and a library with 84 000 scrolls. It is renowned in Western world as it is associated with Chinese martial arts; however, the temple is also the birthplace of Zen Buddhism. The total height of the tower is 67 metres and has survived powerful earthquakes without much damage. It was initially built in 1397, was burnt down several times and last reconstructed in 1955. Largest Buddhist structure in world, exceptionally impressive pyramid-shaped shrine adorned with 2,772 sculpted panels and 504 Buddha sculptures. The oldest buildings here were erected in the 4th century, with the existing building being completed in 1870. Although most of the temples are not in active use, local inhabitants continue to use them for some religious activities. Since 1398 it has held an entire set of Buddhist Scriptures - the Tripitaka Koreana written on 81,258 wooden blocks. This religion has spread to Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia and via Silk Road - to Tibet, China, Korea, Japan and parts of Siberia. Theravada monasteries serve as keepers of the otherwise extinct Pali language, which is used in liturgy and sacred scripts.
In Tibet, approximately half of the male population were monks up to the Chinese invasion in 1950.
Up to this day, these monasteries have serves as keepers of (often little known to Western world) knowledge, repositories of art and institutions of learning.
These remote monasteries with their art and other valuable collections have been prey for armed gangs or enemy armies. The oldest dated existing stupa is Dhamek Stupa in Uttar Pradesh, India, built sirca 500 AD in site of earlier structure. Some of these giant structures are covered with gold, with hti (in Burma) - top ornament which is studded with the most valuable jewels. Some notable pagodas are 57 metres high wooden Iron Pagoda from 1049 AD (Henan, China), sophisticated, 67 metres high wooden Pagoda of Fogong Temple from 1056 AD (Shanxi, China). Almost 61% of the Singaporeans are Buddhists. Singapore offers many beautiful sights and photographic opportunities for the travellers.

Tigers Nest Monastery is surrounded by scenic woodland with amazing blue pine trees and rhododendrons. As a geologist i will be traveling a lot in my carrier, but right now I mostly travel privately. The Monastery was built in the year 1692 and is also considered as one of the holy and religious places that are located in Bhutan. He was also believed to be having some of the miraculous powers, as was believed by a number of common devotees who followed him; Guru Rinpoche had also traveled to a number of places along with the long lasting company of a number of tantrics and consorts of dakini, who were also believed to be vanquishing demons. It remained a place of worship for the people and stood sturdily through the fire damages of April 19, 1998.
Once you begin the trek, you can experience the close touch of nature in the woodland leading to the ascending slope with interspersing sound of a bell. When you reach up to the cafeteria viewpoint, the vision will get clearer and get provisions for ret and refreshment. It contains 1000 rooms and numerous monuments of art and knowledge, although most of them have been lost since the Chinese invasion. The main pagoda was built sometimes around 824 - 840 AD and is 69.6 metres high, with 16 floors. By the middle of the 20th century it included thirty temples and around a thousand buildings, four colleges and a repository of numerous valuable artefacts.
Initially built in the 6th century, rebuilt and extended, one of the most impressive architecture monuments in the world.
The central temple contains the Emerald Buddha, the palladium (symbolic keeper) of the Kingdom of Thailand.
Its enormous territorial spread and diverse local, strong cultures have created an extreme diversity of Buddhist temple architecture. Tibetan monasteries are legendary in Europe since the late 19th century for to their aura of misticism or, rather, hidden knowledge in subjects less known to the Western world (the same can be applied to Buddhist monasteries in any other region). In response to this threat, the otherwise peaceful monks in some regions have been forced to develop specific martial arts. In somewhat later Indian and also Sri Lankan stupas dominant features are enormous stone halfdomes with obelisk-like structure on top. Most prominent of these buildings are Shwedagon (Yangon, Burma) Shwemawdaw Paya (Bago, Burma), and the 127 metres high Phra Pathom Chedi (Nakhon Pathom, Thailand). The temple was built by Gyalse Tenzin Rabgye who is believed to be the reincarnation of Padmasambhava. The very word Taktshang has its meaning known as “Tigers Nest” certainly does have a curious legend behind it that does explain the real reason why and how did these series of thirteen hanging caves were given such an interesting name.
The Bhutan government took extensive steps to restore it in its original glory by referring back to ancient pictures and other testimonials. However, if you are not used to walking for rough stretches on mountainous paths, you will do best to take a horse or a mule. From this point, you must ready yourself to climb a series of stone steps, cross a waterfall and accept the difference between what the monastery looked from a distance and what it really looks when you actually get there. If you had covered the monastery-wards journey on foot, the second half of it can get particularly fatiguing.
An ascetic lifestyle, a trained intellect and the devotion of these monks have resulted in the unique tradition of such martial arts as wushu from Shaolin Monastery (China). Notable structures of this type are Sanchi (Madhya Pradesh, India), Ruwanwelisaya Chedi and Jetavanaramaya (both in North Central Province, Sri Lanka).
These temples and monasteries reveal a whole lot of details about the past and present of Buddhism in Singapore. The legend says that Padmasambhava (also known as Guru Rinpoche) flew to this site from Tibet on the back of a tiger.
Yet the charm of the Taktshang Monastery is such that you will want to come back repeatedly. Amongst those temples and monasteries that simply cannot be missed out on your tour to Singapore are Kong Meng San Phor Kark See Monastery, Sakya Muni Buddha Gaya Temple, Siong Lim Temple and Thian Hock Keng Temple. The very first of these was constructed with an intention to spread dhamma and supply accommodation to monks visiting Singapore. The Sakyamuni Buddha Gaya Temple is renowned for its central statue of Buddha that glitters with illumination of 1000 bulbs.
The Thian Hock Keng Temple is really a national monument and has a calligraphic panel, presented through the Emperor of China, Guang Xu, as one of its most prized possession. Founded in 1927 with a Thai monk called Vutthisara, you’ll notice the strong Thai influences within the architecture and decor. Built in 1952, this is the oldest Sri Lankan Theravada Buddhist Temple in Singapore.Having a Stupa, a Bodhi Tree, Buddha images, along with a Sima Hall, the temple is recognized as a complete monastery under the Theravada tradition. Other key options that come with the temple include a 45-ft reclining Buddha statue along with a life-like effigy of the King Devanampiyatissa showing his reverence to Arhat Mahinda depicting how Buddhism found its way to Sri Lanka.Uttamayanmuni Buddhist TempleThe Uttamayanmuni Buddhist Temple was located near our HDB flat in Choa Chu Kang in Singapore.
Sometimes Shao Ping and that iwould take a walk to the temple to decelerate a little and reflect.
The decorations around the temple are quite exquisite.The temple is nearly completely surrounded by the HDB Blocks of Choa Chu Kang.
Venerable Zhuan Dao expressed his need to construct such a temple in 1920, along with a year later, the construction of the monastery commenced because the first traditional Chinese forest monastery in Singapore. The temple, found at 88 Bright Hill Road at Bishan, progressed steadily being one of the most well known international Buddhist hub.Lian Shan Shuang Lin MonasteryEstablished around 1898, this century-old Monastery is the oldest in Singapore. Because of its rich historical and architectural value, Shuang Lin Monastery was gazetted like a national monument in 1980.If you’re seeking to visit a grand temple in Singapore, visit the famous Lian Shan Shuang Lin Temple in Toa Payoh.
The temple comes with an elaborately decorated gateway, reached with a bridge, which opens right into a courtyard. Take a walk in the courtyard to admire the numerous beautifully carved Buddhas displayed.Thekchen Choling MonasteryThe fast-paced lifestyle in modern and cosmopolitan country like Singapore takes a toll on people. Many arrived at our temple not only to seek respite from mental stress, but also for advices regarding how to overcome physical pains and aches. While our Lama teaches the Buddhadharma to supply nourishments covering all aspects of life, it comes with an immediate need to help within the overcoming of physical and bodily pains and sicknesses. Additionally, the neighbourhood where our temple is situated has many poor and aged seniors, many needing medical attention for problems because of old age and sickness.We therefore try to become a Healing Temple via a holistic and integrated approach of providing physical, mental and spiritual choose to alleviate sufferings and improve the overall standard of living for everybody who seeks our help.

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