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Some of the radical thinking on healthcare spending from a new EC specialist group offers robust food for thought, writes Reflector. The European Union is winding itself into ever more contorted postures as it struggles to cope with rising demand for ever more expensive healthcare at the same time as its economic affairs ministers are calling for prudence in public spending. NESTLED in the mountainous slopes of Mount Barney and riding the border of NSW sits one of Queensland agriculture's best-kept secrets. Among the red dust and flurry of activity at the National Grower of the Year field day, guests were treated to the presence of former Wallaby star Nathan Sharpe and his valuable insight into the importance of agriculture. Esteemed freelance photojournalist Paula Heenan travelled all over Australia to speak with some inspiring midwives for her first non-fiction book, Australian Midwives.
After dedicating 30 years of his career to improving farmers' soil nutrition and cropping system management, Professor Mike Bell received a top industry accolade at a Grains Research dinner in Goondiwindi.
CSIRO and the Cotton Research and Development Corporation (CRDC) have invested in the new ‘Climate Change Facility’ at the Australian Cotton Research Institute.
Vertically integrated beef business Australian Country Choice has unveiled its agreement with Asian investment firm Genius Link Asset Management.
More than 150 guests turned out for the inaugural Women of Lot Feeding event at Jimbour Hosue on the weekend. Eliminating duplication, new industries, tourism and roads – in short, all the issues that confront local government every day – were canvassed by the five candidates seeking the mayor’s role for the Blackall-Tambo Regional Council when a public forum took place this week. It appears that the long wait to get started on $12.5 million worth of cluster fencing projects in southern and western Queensland may finally be over. Of all the costs of incarceration, the day-to-day expenses are perhaps the most difficult to ignore. When an ex-convict leaves prison, he or she has a 40 percent chance of returning within three years. Beyond the confining social stigma, ex-convicts must face other significant hurdles before returning to work.
The second obstacle, drug addiction, is also sometimes addressed in prison, though inadequately so. Facing drug addiction and racial discrimination, without education or an impetus to change their behavior, ex-convicts often return to the life of crime that originally landed them in jail. The barriers to reentry have consequences not only for individuals but also for families and communities across multiple generations. When we have an incarceration system that stigmatizes large numbers of particular groups and impedes their ability to become constructive members of the labor force, then we’re wasting large amounts of human resources and creating large social problems. In addition to working with ex-convicts on an individual basis, the Fortune Society also advocates for broader policy reform.
While the Integrity House and the Fortune Society have seen successes at the county and state level, the road to prison reform is long.
Welcome to Geeks Vs Loneliness, the weekly section of the site where we try and pass on a tip or two for those facing difficult times. The problem, sometimes, when you’re going through a tough time is finding a way to break out of what can feel like a cycle of difficulty. Inevitably, a small article such as thus can only provide a few hints, and we don’t have a magic wand stashed away.
Midnight Special helmer Jeff Nichols was linked with the Aquaman job - so why didn't he take it? The last few weeks have seen the debates intensify over how to square this circle, and many of the recommendations now being hotly discussed focus on different forms of exchange of best practice and collaboration — among national authorities, between member states, and with industry and patients — to boost the efficiency of healthcare spending. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. Review articles and viewpoints expressed are written and edited exclusively by Review undergraduate students, not the staff of Harvard's Institute of Politics.


It could be from the last decade or last week, from a local tabloid or a national newspaper. This alarmingly high rate of recidivism is due in part to the difficulty that ex-convicts face in reentering the job market.
Three key barriers to employment affect prisoners disproportionately: lack of education, drug addiction, and racial discrimination. While 65 percent of American inmates are clinically addicted to drugs, only 11 percent receive any form of treatment. Numerous studies show that African-American males are arrested, convicted, and then denied employment opportunities at disproportionately high rates.
High recidivism rates reveal that the American prison system is ultimately self-defeating by permanently removing prisoners from the job market.
Studies show that when parents are incarcerated, between 50 and 70 percent of children will start acting up in school and struggling with academics.  Increases in physically aggressive behavior and unstable mental health are also observed.
Page notes that, as whole communities cycle in and out of the prison system, “we’re moving closer and closer towards a multigenerational underclass,” or “at least a huge difference in social mobility.” The United States has both the largest prison population in the world, and by most metrics, the least upward mobility of any developed nation. Advocacy groups, nonprofits, and researchers generally approach prison reform from two angles: rehabilitating the individual and changing policies. The immediate costs of housing the world’s largest prison population are staggering and increasing exponentially as incarceration rates and sentence lengths continue to climb. But perhaps there’s something here that may help you, if you find yourself trying to do something more than survive each day. The article will review the usual statistics—the United States has the largest prison population in the world, recidivism rates continue to climb—and will conclude that the American prison system needs substantial reforms. Ten states now spend more on imprisonment than they do on higher education—six times more, in the case of California. Former New Jersey Governor James McGreevey spoke with the HPR about his work with female ex-convicts through the Integrity House, an organization that provides treatment, community, and employment assistance to drug addicts. The average inmate’s lack of education is sometimes addressed in prison college or skilled labor programs.
Even if convicts temporarily break their addictions while in prison, they often relapse upon release. Nobel Laureate in Economics and Columbia professor Joseph Stiglitz explained to the HPR that “discrimination against incarcerated blacks is much worse over their lifetime” as compared to other groups.
In the long-term, these effects can lead to the children committing crimes and ending up in prison themselves. At the Integrity House in New Jersey, Governor McGreevey and his colleagues focus on providing female convicts who are also drug addicts with treatment and employment opportunities.
When the immediate costs are considered together with ex-convicts’ barriers to employment and the system’s effects on social mobility, an even bleaker prognosis emerges. We do appreciate all of this may not apply to you, but perhaps it's affecting someone around you? Take the time to shower, clean your teeth, put something fresh on to wear, and not lounge about – as we’ve all often done – for a large part of the day in what you went to bed in.
To talk to someone, be it in a comments section, in person, a friend, or someone on the phone.
Be it a night out somewhere, a short holiday, a ticket to Star Wars: have something, no matter how small, to look forward to.
He said, of finding jobs for ex-convicts, “it’s difficult, it’s aggravating … as opposed to the Scarlet letter A, we have the letter F for felonies.” Often, the biggest obstacle that former prisoners must confront is the social stigma surrounding ex-convicts. However, over the last few years, these programs have become increasingly scarce due to budget cuts.
The lack of mandatory treatment perpetuates the pattern of drug addictions leading to drug-related convictions.


A similar cycle exists at the community level; once a neighborhood develops a crime-ridden reputation, a self-fulfilling prophecy proceeds. The billions of tax dollars currently shoveled into the system could be used to rehabilitate prisoners, reduce crime and return hundreds of thousands to the work force, but instead these tax dollars are burned to perpetuate the cycle of conviction and poverty.
Either way, thank you for reading, and hopefully you can find something of value in the following.
But if this series of articles has proven something to us, there are lots of people - no matter how confident or otherwise they may appear on the outside - who are suffering in some way on the inside. It's an old point, but most of the time, we only get a two dimensional snapshot of the people around us.
In national conversations about budgets and national debt, incarceration is rarely considered, and comprehensive changes are rarely proposed.
As a result of this progression, the prison population is not only growing, but also aging.
In many jurisdictions, it is legal to ask about a prospective employee’s prior convictions and to deny employment on that basis. Porter blames this cycle in part on police and prosecutors’ “targeting of specific neighborhoods where there are high rates of incarceration,” also often communities of color. McGreevey insists that the success of their program is due not to the employment opportunities but to the set of values and morals that the program’s environment instills in each ex-convict.
Page supports a range of incarceration alternatives, such as drug addiction treatment options, to be included alongside the current system.
This all-too-familiar prognosis must be read with far more urgency than a purely statistical review would demand. You'll get a reply within 24 hours, and you needn't wait until you're at the end of your proverbial tether.
Meanwhile, current imprisonment practices are inflicting multigenerational damages on the United States economy.
Due to costs of healthcare, prisoners over the age of 50 are twice as expensive to house on average. These programs would ideally reduce the overflowing populations of prisons and decrease the likelihood that offenders would return to a life of crime. The work of dedicated groups on the local level might be enough to break a few communities out of the prison cycle, but lasting reform for the United States will require a policy revolution. If you feel things aren't quite right, then there's a lot to be said for asking for help before things get too deep. If you feel you're surrounded by people more successful, happier and more satisfied than you, then you're basing that on a best guess. Given the immediate costs of the prison industry, the socioeconomic effects of imprisonment on the individual, and the long-term economic consequences of incarceration, Americans must demand prison reform now.
As these costly trends continue, experts estimate that prison expenditures will consume nearly a third of the Department of Justice’s budget by 2020. Other alternatives demand a complete overhaul of the prison system, replacing the emphasis on punishment with an emphasis on prisoner rehabilitation. While the costs may initially appear high, McGreevey and Page argue that these alternatives are smart investments.



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