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If you don't have a south facing window, or perhaps would rather grow your herbs in another area of your home, you couldn't have chosen a better time in history to try your hand at growing herbs indoors.
Thanks to advances in plant grow light technology, anyone can grow a very productive herb garden indoors, using nothing but artificial light. Without question, the ideal artificial lighting source for herbs commonly available to indoor gardeners would be one of the many fluorescent options, including standard fluorescent tubes, high-output T5 fluorescent tubes and compact fluorescent lamps, or bulbs.
Standard fluorescent tubes, also known as T12 or T8 fluorescents, are the tubes most commonly associated with a standard fluorescent shop light fixture. Fluorescents are an ideal source of light because they can be placed very close to the light source since they don't produce much heat. The inverse square law illustrates the importance of placing the artifcial light source as close as possible to the plants without physically damaging them. Providing a balanced spectrum of light is of primary importance for success under fluorescents.
A better fluorescent technology used for growing plants that is now widely available is known as high output T5 fluorescent. The other benefit of high-output T5 fluorescents is the sheer number of fixture options available.
High-intensity discharge (HID) grow lights, including standard or ceramic metal halide (MH) and high-pressure sodium (HPS) are an excellent choice for larger hobby or commercial growing applications, or when light is needed to supplement natural light in a greenhouse environment. Ideally, when using artificial light as the sole light source for the indoor cultivation of herbs, a period of 16 to 18 hours of light per day should be provided on a regular basis.
Comfortable household temperatures are generally fine for most indoor cultivation of herbs, generally between 60 degrees F. Humidity should be maintained at a comfortable level as well, with extra care being taken during the winter months when forced air heat is operating, as humidity levels will decrease dramatically, causing soils to dry out more frequently and increasing the likelihood of insect pests such as spider mites.
Varieties that can tolerate some shade include Aloe, Beebalm, Chamomile, Chervil, Chives, Comfrey, Echinacea, Garlic, Lemon Balm, Lemon Verbena, Lovage, Marjoram, Mints, Nasturtium, Parsley, Soapwort, Sweet Cicely, Sweet Woodruff, Tansy, Violet, and Wintergreen. It seems that the amount of hydroponics plants that are available in our greengrocers is continuing to increase, and hydroponic technology is here to stay with us, for the long term. The first hydroponic plants that were available in our supermarkets were tomatoes, but now lettuce and herbs can just as well be expected to pop up. In water culture hydroponics systems, plants are floated on a lake of hydroponic nutrients solution.
Herbs are particularly suited to water culture hydroponics as they have a small root system, and they can be planted very close to one another, meaning that yields of plants are much greater than what can be achieved with traditional soil gardening. Sure, you can enjoy fresh herbs from your garden or outdoor containers all summer long, but what about those dull cold winter months?
Depending on the space you have, and the conditions indoors, you can pot up most mints, rosemary, savory, oregano and even grow a bay tree. Make sure any pot used has drainage holes at the bottom, so extra water will drain out when you water your plants. You will probably find that when growing herbs indoors the plants are leggier, and less bushy. You will also find that the essential oils and aromas of your indoor herbs is not as strong as those grown outdoors. Have a little fun experimenting with growing herbs indoors, and you’ll soon find your winter meals rising to new heights of flavor and aroma. Harley Smith is a world reknown hydroponic expert who operates a hydroponic consulting firm with his wife, Sue Smith.
You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. With the ever growing popularity of hydroponic gardening, along the way come questions regarding the nutritional value of hydroponics vs soil grown vegetables and fruits. Did you know outside of water, tea is the most consumed beverage in the world?  There are many reasons tea is so popular.
Since 1971 when President Richard Nixon declared war on drugs, everything from crack cocaine to marijuana has been illegal in the United States. Over the past few years, people with sensitivities toward gluten have also developed certain diseases such as celiac disease. Mint (Mentha) is one of the most popular herbs due to its excellent aroma and wonderful flavor. When the Fukushima nuclear plant suffered a massive radiation leak in 2011 after the record-magnitude earthquake 9.0 and the tsunami, it seeped into the soil surrounding it.


A 2 foot x 2 foot indoor hydroponics system that allows plants to be grown hydroponically indoors. Herbs are grown hydroponically on a large scale, providing fresh crop for sale in supermarkets. Growing hydroponics plants from seeds is the most rewarding thing to do, as one can watch plants develop through their entire life cycle. A Discovery Channel video showing how lettuce can be grown hydroponically on a massive scale.
Growing wheat grass hydroponically is so simple it can be done by just using water in a small container or on a sheet of moistened paper towel. Rockwool cubes - Made from hot-extruded limestone, similarly to how cotton candy is made, are soaked in an acidic water solution to lower their pH to the mid-5′s. Next steps include transplanting the herbs to a deep water culture hydro system; tomatoes will go into soil for less maintenance, prior to cloning in an aeroponic system. Discover how to grow an indoor herb garden and propagate seedlings using hydroponic methods. This entry was posted in Events, Gardeners, Photos and tagged Classes, Hydroponics, Seeds, Winter Lecture Series. HV Garden CalendarBecome a Master Gardener with Cornell Cooperative Extension Putnam CountyVisit Hudson Valley Garden Association's profile on Pinterest. Hi Stella,Things are going great here with some herbs, tomato, pepper, lettuce and cucumbers etc.
Many people have productive indoor herb gardens using just the light from a southern facing window.
They are available in 2-foot and 4-foot lengths, and generally hold two individual tubes, although some fixtures can hold 4 tubes. In the case of standard fluorescents, you should either hang your fluorescent fixtures on chains or be able to raise the plants to a point so that the light source is between 2 and 6 inches above the plant canopy, the closer the better. These fixtures enable the indoor herb grower to grow herbs in larger areas with more even light distribution than old-fashioned T12 fixtures. As with standard tubes, most growers blend a mixture of these two color outputs in a fixture to provide as wide a range of color spectrum as possible. When using fluorescents to supplement a less than ideal window location, provide at least 12 hours of artificial light. You don't want a hurricane, just a gentle breeze that causes the herbs to sway slightly for a couple of hours a day is fine. A high light scenario would require plants to be in full overhead direct sunlight for a minimum of 6 hours per day or under T5 high-output fluorescent plant grow lights or HID grow lights for 14 to 18 hours per day. They come in sheaths of plastic and have a very white root system still attached to their base. In fact, up to five times more crop can be grown hydroponically in the same space as traditional soil gardening. These pots allow moisture and air to move through the walls of the pot, unlike plastic pots.
The potting soil should allow water to move freely through, so should contain perlite, vermiculite or coarse sand. They are not able to create a large root system, so can’t take in as much nutrients as one planted outdoors. However they are still acceptable, and much more flavorful than most dried commercial herbs. Senate Restaurant in Washington, DC, the restaurant at the World Bank in Washington, DC, and many other fine dining establishments around the country.A  Hydroponically-grown herbs, cut fresh and added directly to signature dishes, add many subtle flavors and aromatic overtones to gourmet food that dried herbs cannot match! The system is based on the ebb and flow method, also known as the flood and drain, as hydroponic nutrients are pumped into the grow tray and allowed to drain periodically. Because of their small root system, water culture is the most efficient way to grow herbs, both in terms of cost, and speed of growth. Many plants such as tulips, tomatoes, and strawberries are grown in massive crops for the market. Use fresh seeds, soak the wheat for 10-12 hours in water, and sprinkle them onto a moist substrate. The key to success in this manner is having unobstructed natural window light for at least six hours per day.
A standard two tube 4-foot fixture will illuminate an area approximately 1 foot wide by 4 feet long.


Since fluorescent tubes burn relatively cool to the touch, the fixture can be placed this close to the plants without physically damaging them. The fixtures can be placed further above the plant canopy as well, although it is still recommended that they be placed no more than 12 inches above the plants.
The quality of light newer LED light fixtures is far superior to those sold literally just a few months ago.
Selectively pinch out the growing tips to force more growth, but don’t over-harvest your indoor herbs. Hydroponics gardening is applicable to the roof tops of apartment buildings, where gardeners could grow their own crops to supplement their grocery bills. Since no recirculation is possible with these pockets, a hydroponics wick system would be used, and the growth medium would be something like coco fibre or a mixture of perlite and peat moss.
Plants growing well in this system under grow lights are spinach, dill, peas, peppers, tomatoes, and basil. Up to five times more crop can be grown hydroponically than in the same area as traditional soil gardening. To grow a plant hydroponically, you only need water, nutrient solution, seeds, if growing indoors, some grow lights for maximal growth.
They all look healthy, have a good amount of space available, and are starting to develop nice root systems.
They are grown in a water culture hydroponics system, and take 45 days to grow in the summer, and 75 days in the winter. Since natural sunlight through a window is generally only affecting one side of the plant at any given time, it is best to have your herbs in containers in such a way that you can easily rotate them so that all sides of the plant receive their fair share of the light.
Since the energy twice as far from the source is spread over four times the area, the intensity is one quarter. The typical lumen output for a standard 4-foot fluorescent tube is approximately 2400 lumens.
A typical 45-inch T5 fluorescent tube produces 5,000 initial lumens of light using 54 watts of electricity versus the 40 watts consumed by a standard T-12 fluorescent tube producing 2,400 lumens.
Some T5 grow light fixtures include an adjustable stand for moving the light up as the plants grow. This is where plants are sprouted from seed in some sort of water-retaining cube such as those available from rock wool. If the soil inside your pots of herbs is allowed to get waterlogged, you’ll soon have root rot. If you can’t supply that much natural light, then supplement the light with artificial grow lights.
With an enclosure, this could be done year-round, and gardeners could trade their crop to increase variety. Do your research, but generally speaking, an LED fixture that produces a full spectrum of light (i.e. Using multiple fixtures side by side increases the coverage and provides better coverage by creating multiple points and angles of light to the plants. I know nothing about growing broccoli, so please advise to the first 3 questions above regarding broccoli also.
Our forum system will soon have the capability of allowing multiple pics, can't wait!I will be honest, we have never done strawberries in hydro, but we have grown them in soil gardens in the past. Strawberries can be grown as annuals or perennials (you can pull them out and discard after one season of crop, or nurture them as a perennial crop if your setup is good for that). After it quits bearing, cut the plant down to 2-3 inches and let it go dormant for a while.
Broccoli takes 50-60 days, it is only an annual, not perennial, but there is a way to harvest for maximum production:3. Don't wait too long to harvest broccoli or the thick cluster of blue-green buds will separate and turn into yellow flowers (bolt).
Cut the main head cleanly off down the stalk 6 to 8 inches to encourage maximum side shoot production. After the main stalk is harvested, the plant will produce numerous tender side shoots--each 1 to 4 inches across--for as long as six weeks afterward.



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