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Having traveled to many places around the world, Trevor Lamb has decided to settle in Hangzhou. When he arrived, Lamb did not plan to play soccer in China, but in his second year in Hangzhou he began coaching the Sinobal team.
Austrian national Dominik Derflinger has considered bidding farewell to Hangzhou, but his encounters with the city have been so amazing and fruitful that he has had second thoughts.
Last year, inspired by Koh Yao Noi, a picturesque video shot entirely via a drone by filmmaker Philip Bloom and showing the beauty of Thailand, Derflinger decided to make his own version focused on Hangzhou. Armed with a camera and a drone, it took four months to shoot more than 30 hours of footage for the video Thank you, Hangzhou. Through his work, he became familiar with famous attractions, such as West Lake, and other lesser-known places. His working day begins at 7:30 am, as he makes sure breakfast is served to all the guests and they are having a good start to the day. He said the area reminds him of his grandparents' home, but the Qiandao Lake area is more exciting thanks to the scenery, the friendly people and the ancient buildings.
As the holder of a certificate in Teaism - the study of the beverage and its cultural significance - she enjoys spending time with her Hangzhou-born friends and making Japanese-style tea. However, from the moment she tasted Longjing, the signature brew that is grown in the capital of Zhejiang province, it quickly became her favorite. Ohyabu, who works as a legal consultant for Japanese companies in China, said she has felt the warmth of life in Hangzhou, thanks to tea, the delicate local confectionary and her friends.
Oksana Konoval, a Ukrainian biologist who has spent several years in Hangzhou, is working on a project to raise the egg yield of Shaoxing ducks, a breed that originated in Zhejiang province.
In November, she won the West Lake Friendship Award, which was established by the Zhejiang government for foreign experts who have contributed to the development of the province. Konoval said she enjoys walking around the West Lake, but she also loves other things, such as the people and the food.
The 33-year-old Swiss national is spreading the word that expats can play a big role in China's entrepreneurial transformation.
He is the founder of ni hao, a mobile app that aims to make life easier for expats in China by providing useful tools and information.
When he realized that he had a good idea and the resources and experience required to begin his project, Rondez thought, "It's the right time to start my own business.
Although Rondez has lived in China for nearly 10 years, he clearly remembers arriving in Hangzhou in 2007, when the only Chinese he could say was ni hao, meaning "hello". Now, Rondez is mulling another app, nibook, which will offer a platform for Chinese customers to buy services from expats in a cheaper, more convenient way. During the past 10 years, Munro has attended numerous art shows in the city, made the acquaintance of many famous peers and hosted his own exhibitions. When his friends back in UK ask how he feels about Hangzhou, Munro always encourages them to visit. When Rachel Addy was first sent to Hangzhou at the age of 21, the then-design intern was deeply impressed by Chinese silk. Last year, she came back to Hangzhou and opened her own business, designing accessories including hats, scarf and socks. She also has another identity, as the founder of a nonprofit networking service that helps expats looking to start businesses in Hangzhou. Australian Tim Clancy's childhood dream became a reality in 2014, when he enrolled at Zhejiang University to study clinical medicine. Next month, Hangzhou will host the G20 summit, and Clancy was honored that the West Lake district government invited him to take part in the filming of a TV program that aims to teach English to Hangzhou residents.
After living as a photographer in Hangzhou for four years, Rodolphe Toucas says the city bears a resemblance to places he knows in France. One summer day, Toucas spent an entire afternoon walking on stilts with local children at a neighborhood playground.
After 14 years as a forensics officer, Ji Chunwei reluctantly resigned his post as a crime scene investigator.
Luo Yaping, a professor at the People's Public Security University of China who specializes in the study of investigative skills, said investigators are under great pressure. In 2014, Yangcheng Evening News reported that China's public security bureaus, prosecuting authorities and courts needed another 6,000 investigators to fill vacant positions.
Wang Peng, a forensics officer and deputy director of the Beijing Tianmu Judicial Expertise Institute, identifying injuries via xrays at his office in Beijing. Forensics majors train at medical schools, and graduates who choose to work in the profession have two options. There are no official statistics to indicate how many crime scene investigators work for China's public security authorities, but the ministry confirmed that in November the number working at registered judicial institutes was 4,924, including 2,523 who specialized in forensic identification, a rise of 50 from 2014. Generally, crime scene investigators must be engaged from start to finish in cases where crime is suspected, especially those involving alleged homicide or intentional injury, he added. Although the work was tough, Ji had a strong sense of responsibility, and it gave him a real feeling of achievement. One night in 2005, he was called to a district hospital to assist physicians after the death of an 11-month-old boy.
When a subsequent autopsy confirmed Ji's hunch, the public security body established a team to investigate the case. Wang, who has worked in the field for nearly 10 years, does not think it will be possible to raise the number of forensics officers in the short term. Graduates have two choices: they can take the civil service examination and become forensic officers at a public security bureau, or, providing they hold a separate national qualification, they can work for an independent institute, registered with the Ministry of Justice. Toilet water - eau de cologne - is my "work essential" because my son always says I smell bad after an autopsy, even though I take a shower as soon as I return home. We have to go to crime scenes as quickly as possible after a report is filed, irrespective of the time of day or night. In 2010, residents of Jiandou, a township in Anxi, reported they had found a female body on the street. When I arrived, I realized several ribs had been seriously damaged, so I quickly informed the woman's family and brought the body to my workplace for an autopsy. Great care is required in this job because it relates to why and how another human being died.
In 2010, I started a real-name micro-blogging account, and now I have more than 40,000 followers. There aren't enough crime scene investigators in rural areas, so I hope my micro blog will reduce people's confusion about identifying injuries and help the public to understand more about my work. It's not a mysterious job; what I do is use my knowledge and skills to discover the truths behind people's deaths. When I selected my major during the national college entrance examinations, I dreamed of becoming a forensics officer because I thought it was cool and mysterious. When I entered Shanxi Medical University, I was surprised that there were so few female students on the major, but I was still proud of myself.
After graduation, I came to a forensic center in Ningbo, Zhejiang province, and for the past 10 years I have mainly concentrated on identifying serious injuries in traffic accidents.
Although some people may feel disgusted that I spend every day looking at unsightly injuries, I feel a sense of achievement and happiness. Once, a man told me he had internal bleeding after a traffic accident, so I asked him how many of his ribs were broken - he said it was two. Under the compensation rules, his in juries were not serious enough for the claim he was making, but the large number of chest x-rays he carried attracted my attention and made me feel uncomfortable. That discovery made a big difference to his compensation claim, and the injuries meant he was eligible for three times the original amount. He was happy to get more money, and I got a sense of achievement because of the care I had taken. As a woman, the only downside is that this line of work has a few inconveniences - for example; I need male officers to help me carry heavy bodies. My mother-in-law never opens my car trunk because I keep my autopsy tool case there and it frightens her, even though she understands a lot about my work. Editor's note: This is the first in a series of reports China Daily will publish looking at the lives of elderly people, the problems they face and ongoing efforts to improve their standards of living. When China introduced the one-child family planning policy more than 35 years ago, elderly people, who traditionally relied on their children for care, were told to look to the State to provide support. The policy was intended to reduce family sizes and people's reliance on their children, so there would no longer be any point in having a large family, especially many sons. Du Ping, a resident of the Jianye district of Nanjing, capital of East China's Jiangsu province, has become increasingly frustrated after many failed attempts to hire a long-term qualified care worker for his 73-year-old father. The elderly man was diagnosed with dementia in 2014 and is also paralyzed and incontinent, so he is dependent on other people. Du resumed his search two weeks ago, when the most-recent caregiver quit, even though her monthly salary was 5,000 yuan ($750), almost twice the average wage of 3,000 yuan. That view was echoed by Du Peng, a professor of gerontology at Renmin University, who said as life spans become more prolonged, the number of disabled seniors will rise, placing a huge burden on families and society in general.
To solve the problem, both are calling for the rapid formulation and implementation of a government-led, long-term care insurance program. Under the policy, people would begin paying a monthly premium at a certain age - yet to be defined - and reap the rewards later in life, allowing them to live independently despite their advancing years. Yan Shuai, head of the Pule-yuan nursing home in south Beijing, said the matter is not one of choice, but necessity, and caring for disabled seniors is demanding and costly. Wang has been bedridden for eight years, and Xi Xiulan, her long-term caregiver, said her meager pension of 2,600 yuan doesn't cover the monthly fee, so Wang is partly supported by her son, Liu Liangcai, a bus driver. Yan, the nursing home head, said the pressure on people such as Liu could be alleviated by the introduction of long-term care insurance designed to cover a certain proportion of the cost of care. Li Zhong, spokesman for the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, said the provision of care insurance is a matter of social development and stability.
The number of seniors is projected to rise to 400 million by 2035, and the proportion of disabled elderly is expected to rise substantially, Li said at a media briefing in February.
Yuan Xin, an expert in population studies at Nankai University in Tianjin, said the family has long shouldered the burden of caring for disabled seniors in China, but the continuous reduction of family size in the past three decades has made that model unsustainable.
Li, the ministry spokesman, said the country's top decision-makers have recognized the challenge, and last year began considering the introduction of long-term care insurance nationwide. In the Haidian district of Beijing, a trial program is open to all locals ages 18 and older.
After 15 years of payments, disabled seniors are eligible for care worth 900 to 1,900 yuan a month. Meanwhile, the government of Beijing's Fengtai district has been trialing the use of a government-funded program to purchase services for disabled elderly people who live at home. Wu Dongning, head of Lehu, a company that supplies nursing services for the program, said nurses are sent to help with things such as post-stroke rehabilitation, injections and catheterization, and suggested the insurance should cover items such as these.
Sun Jie, deputy director of the School of Insurance and Economics at the University of International Business and Economics in Beijing, said the types and levels of long-term care services should be studied and defined at State level to facilitate the policy nationwide. The approach was pioneered in the 1960s in countries with rapidly aging populations, such as Germany, Japan and the Netherlands, and has proved effective in addressing the long-term care demands of disabled seniors, she said.
A caregiver helps feed Wang Lingfang, a bedridden 68-year-old patient, via a feeding tube at Puleyuan Nursing Home in Beijing. Yu, who has Alzheimer's disease, lives at the Guilin Nursing Home for the Aged in Dalian, a city in the northeastern province of Liaoning. Yu has lived in a private room with separate bathroom facilities at the home for about three years. Yu's illnesses and other factors meant she couldn't live with her other children either, so she entered the nursing home. That's because elderly country dwellers see their children, especially their sons, as not just the continuation of the family line, but also the economic and nursing backbone.
During World War II, Fu suffered physical and mental torture after being raped repeatedly over the course of a month as a "comfort woman", a sex slave for Japanese soldiers.
Fu was left alone after her daughters married and her son was electrocuted and died in 1991. Fu spent a lot of time caring for the boy, and Wang Caiqiang, who married in 2012 and is now a father of two, has cared for her for several years.
Wang Caiqiang makes a living by planting rubber and other cash crops, in addition to working several part-time jobs. Now a wheelchair user, Fu seldom leaves her bedroom, so Wang Caiqiang provides care and pays for her medical treatment.
Fu Meiju, 91, lives with her grandson and his family in Tulong, a village in Chengmai county, Hainan province. Big data is unlocking the mysteries behind China's consumer behavior, but the nation needs to focus more on social impact to spot opportunities and risks, according to top London academic Guo Yike. The founding director of Imperial College London's Data Science Institute says the shift in China toward digital payment tools, facilitated by a well-developed Internet infrastructure, means it is now a lot easier to see how citizens are spending their money.
As people hardly use paper money anymore, "consumer behavior is completely reflected in the use of internet payments, which is not quite the case yet in Western countries", he says. China has put a lot of effort into big data innovation and research, and its unique strength can be seen in areas such as the healthcare system, he says. He believes big data in the West could revolutionize medicine, as with more accessible data, healthcare could become more personalized, theoretically allowing patients to choose a doctor based on their own understanding, illness or income.
This is the kind of research being done in Western countries, he says, adding that if China fails to realize the importance of social impact, the country may not see certain opportunities or risks, and will not have enough insight to set the rules in the future. Guo, who was born in Shanghai, gained a first-class honors degree in computer science from Tsinghua University in the 1980s before getting his PhD in computational logic at Imperial College London about a decade later. He has worked extensively on technology and scientific data analysis platforms, with his research focusing on knowledge discovery, data-mining and large-scale data management.

In 1999, he founded InforSense, a software company for life sciences and healthcare data analysis, and served as CEO for several years before its merger in 2009 with IDBS, an advanced research and development software provider.
Based on the scale of data on online payments, he says China should make a major contribution to deciding what kind of mechanisms, financial rules, conventions and legal systems can be designed, and what kind of impact the internet economy will have on banks. In the past decade, Imperial College London has become China's No 1 research collaborator in Britain. President Xi Jinping was given a tour of two of the college's facilities, one being the Data Science Institute, during his historic state visit to the UK in October. Guo presented data analysis on human migration to the Chinese leader, as he thinks understanding people's movements, and the consequences of that movement, is important for policymaking.
Cartoon books Doctor Panda and Er Shixiong: Cartoons on Medicine and Health 1-3 are very popular among readers. His formal name is Ailuropoda melanoleuca, which may be enough to scare you off, but behind that fancy moniker is the most docile, unpretentious of creatures, a giant panda, and he has bestowed on himself the title of doctor. Dr Panda's mission in life is simple: Just as he prefers simplicity in his name, he is keen to deliver us from medical mumbo jumbo so that we have a clear idea about our bodies, their illnesses and how to prevent and heal them, and an essential element of his manner is humor.
Dr Panda is the central character in the Little Doctor Cartoons, a series posted on a WeChat public account that has more than 70,000 subscribers, each story having thousands of readers, and many of them more than 10,000 readers. The central character, with the cuddliness and cuteness that only a giant panda can exude, is from the mountains of Lanzhou, Gansu province, and loves eating Lanzhou lamian and runs a restaurant in Beijing that specializes in the famous noodles. His clientele come from all over the country, and when he has time he chats with his friend Sha Daidai, literally the silly one, but their conversation is often interrupted by patients coming to the restaurant seeking medical help. Sometimes when there are no patients, Dr Panda talks with friends about medical issues they have encountered.
The number of subscribers to the WeChat account has grown rapidly since the cartoons first went online in March, by about 10,000 a month, according to WeChat statistics.
One of the most recent stories that was particularly popular was titled "A few things about appendicitis", posted on July 31, which has attracted more than 12,500 readers. One sweltering summer's day Dr Panda and Sha Daiai are chatting in the restaurant when suddenly someone comes in asking for help. In the end Sha Daidai takes off his clothes to reveal a small scar, a remnant of an appendectomy - which to you, me and Dr Panda is an operation to have the appendix removed. In the cartoon panels Sha Daidai is depicted asking each of his questions as he contorts his body into outlandish positions and wears different facial expressions. As with other stories, many readers use the comments section to talk of their experience with similar ailments and express their thanks for what the cartoons have taught them. The cartoons are the idea of two doctors, Miao Zhongrong and He Yizhou: The two main characters are their alter egos. He, who by that time will be on his way to the hospital with an extremely busy day ahead of him, will then think about the details of characters' expressions and movements to accompany the scripts. After returning home, usually late at night, he draws the cartoons, which usually takes two hours, he says. Although the stories in the cartoons are fictional, most are based on the authors' experiences, Miao says. Cartoons help doctors to communicate with patients, explaining to them their medical issues and treatment, or making them feel better, he says. He Yizhou says he has loved reading cartoons since he was young, and started drawing them in about 1999, and became further fascinated with them two years later while studying for his master's degree. He set up the WeChat public account Little Doctor Cartoons in the spring of 2014, after posting cartoons on other platforms, including online blogs and social media.
At first his cartoons focused on his observations about the work and life of doctors, introductions to medical experts and health education.
This year, at the suggestion of a mutual friend, Miao and He started working together on the cartoons, focusing on health education. The pair say China lacks health education materials that cover a broad range of topics and are interesting for ordinary people, and this is something they are keen to help remedy. In developed countries health education brochures with interesting graphics or cartoons that help people easily understand the issues of disease prevention and treatment are widely available, but this is not so in China, Miao says. Chinese hospitals are bothered with disputes between patients and their staff that sometimes turn to violence, and Miao says that if accurate and clear medical information were more readily available there would be fewer of these incidents. Chinese often have unrealistically high expectations about doctors' abilities to offer remedies, and this can cause tension in the doctor-patient relationship when outcomes are disappointing, he says. Patients often try all they can to get into the best hospitals and expect good results, but not all diseases are curable, and sometimes it can even be difficult to correctly diagnose conditions, Miao says.
He Yizhou says he hopes eventually the cartoons can be translated into other languages and they will endure for decades to come, just like the Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy, the oldest continuously published English-language medical textbook. It was Zhou Ning, an editor with People's Medical Publishing House, who brought the doctors together and suggested they publish cartoon books to disseminate medical information. In June the publishing house, China's most influential in the medical field, published three cartoon books. Fifteen thousand copies of each of the three books, titled Doctor Panda and Er Shixiong: Cartoons on Medicine and Health 1-3, have been printed. The book is about prevention, risk factors and causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation from a stroke, and is copiously illustrated.
It includes information on related health conditions, such as aneurysm, an excessive localized enlargement of an artery caused by a weakening of the artery wall, and atrial fibrillation, an abnormal heart rhythm characterized by rapid and irregular beating that can cause stroke. The book is meant for not only patients, but also doctors, especially those who are in counties and rural areas and do not have access to timely updates on medical advances. Miao invited a group of show business celebrities, including the actress Gao Yuanyuan and the actor Huang Bo, to promote it on Sina Weibo.
Miao is unhappy with the result, even though 60,000 copies of the book have sold and even though some hospitals and associations have given the book as a gift to distinguished guests.
For one thing, Miao says, the book, despite its many illustrations and graphics, is not as readable and easy to understand for ordinary readers as he had hoped.
The illustrator of the book, who is an art student and is very devoted to the book, knows little about stroke, and it was very time-consuming for Miao to communicate with him, Miao says. In addition, reading a paper book has become less attractive to Chinese people, and relying entirely on paper books to promote health knowledge is a shaky proposition, Miao says. Zhou Ning, the editor, also acknowledges that even though the cartoon books are one of the publishing house's key projects, at a time when consumers can read material free online and on mobile devices, many are unwilling to pay for paper books.
Even though the publishing house is supportive of the cartoon books, more effort is needed to make the books appealing to people, she says.
He also hopes that one day the characters in the cartoon stories will be as famous as Disney cartoon characters, and that they can combine health education with selling derivative products. The tourism industry and retailers are readying for a sharp upturn in the number of Chinese visitors to post-Brexit Britain starting with this summer's tourist season. Jay Smith, managing director of Beiwei 55, a UK tour operator that offers Mandarin-speaking British guides, reports a "large spike" in inquiries in the weeks after the referendum. The weakened euro will also see an increase in travel to other European destinations, according to Hu Hui, director of research and development at Chinese travel agency Caissa. There is concern, however, that the recent terror attacks in France and Germany will negatively affect the countries' tourism industries - analysts speculate many tourists may choose to go elsewhere in Europe due to security concerns. Alternate destinations may include the UK, which is now almost a tenth cheaper than it was last year. Forty percent of Chinese tourists visit luxury stores while in the UK, and spend an average of 2,100 pounds ($2,756) per visitor, according to Patricia Yates, director of strategy and communications at VisitBritain, part of the British Tourist Authority.
China's outbound tourism has grown at double the rate of its GDP over the past three years, and visits to the UK leaped by 46 percent in 2015. Last year, spending by Chinese tourists in Britain was up 18 percent to 586 million pounds, making it the ninth most valuable market for the UK in terms of spending.
Beiwei 55's Smith says British brands are in strong demand by Chinese tourists, and that a trip to Oxford Street is as important as a "selfie" in front of Big Ben.
Lush has taken several measures to improve the experience for Chinese visitors at its stores. While luxury brands are likely to be buoyed by increased sales to foreigners because of the weakening pound, there is concern among retailers over inflation affecting imported goods and falling demand from domestic consumers. Beyond retail, Yates says one of the biggest drivers for the UK tourism industry is the country's ancient and modern cultures. Smith calls President Xi Jinping's visit to the UK last year a "huge boost" to bookings, noting that many visitor itineraries now directly reflect activities the president undertook while in the UK. The hospitality industry is set to receive a boost, too, with the weak pound, increasing both the number of inbound visitors and Britons opting for "staycations" by remaining within the nation's borders for summer holidays. Stephen Cassidy, senior vice president for UK & Ireland, Hilton Worldwide, says the hotel chain is focused on specific steps to make the rising numbers of Chinese guests feel welcome.
The welcome program is available at over 130 Hilton hotels in 32 countries and 80 cities - including many of the company's UK locations. According to the 2014 Nations Brand Index Survey, tailoring receptions for Chinese guests would greatly improve perception of the UK among visitors.
The survey also found that Chinese visitors closely associated the UK with museums and that more Chinese visitors expected a visit to Britain to be romantic than the typical inbound traveler.
Bus tours still dominate inbound Chinese tourism in Britain, as most are first-timers looking for value and the comfort and convenience of Mandarin-speaking guides with local knowledge. However, as the Chinese become richer and more well-traveled, increasing numbers of private groups are heading to Britain - many for the second or third time - and some have lots of money to spend. For the right price, anything is possible, he says, and popular demands often fall under what he calls the "living like a Duke" experience.
The lives of British nobility have long intrigued foreign visitors as well as fans of period dramas, such as adaptations of Jane Austen novels or Downton Abbey. Jay Smith, managing director of Beiwei 55, a British tour operator that offers Mandarin-speaking guides, says more Chinese visitors are looking for the British lord and lady experience. Dixon says, at the premium level, Chinese travelers may arrive at London's landmark luxury hotel The Dorchester and dine at one of its restaurants, such as China Tang, which has three Michelin stars. Visitors may then hop on a helicopter and fly up to Derbyshire's Chatsworth House, the opulent residence of the Duke of Devonshire used as a location for films including 2005's Pride and Prejudice and 2008's The Duchess. Cheaper alternatives include staying at country estates like Wedderburn Castle in Scotland or Haddon Hall in Derbyshire, he adds.
Country estates will often provide Chinese translators, and Haddon Hall will soon show Mandarin Jane, a theatrical performance based on Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre narrated in Mandarin.
In Manchester, while large Chinese tour groups file around Manchester United's Old Trafford stadium and museum during the day, the more discerning Chinese visitors will wait for nightfall when the red carpet is rolled out. Leach says bus tours are still commonplace, although requests from Chinese for a bespoke experience have quickly picked up. Chinese visitors tour the grounds of Chatsworth House in Derbyshire, the stately home and seat of the Duke of Devonshire. At the Northeast Normal University Natural History Museum in Changchun, Jilin province, he does everything needed to preserve animal specimens - harvesting, peeling, drying, grinding, filling, sewing and 10 other processes. In recent years, Jiang and a few disciples have preserved more than 100 specimens including a Siberian tiger, a snub-nosed monkey and red-crowned cranes. In 1900 a Taoist priest named Wang Yuanlu found a cave in Dunhuang, Gansu province, packed with tens of thousand of volumes of Buddhist sutra. Six years later the Hungarian-British archaeologist Marc Aurel Stein arrived in Dunhuang followed soon after by the French archaeologist Paul Pelliot. When you compare those photos and ones taken recently, the extent of the irretrievable cultural losses that Dunhuang and the world have suffered over the past century or so becomes clear. Such damage happened in the 1950s and 1960s when artists tried to make facsimiles of murals, when archaeologists tried to survey and map the caves, or in recently years when the growing number of tourists increased the quantity of carbon dioxide and humidity and the exposure of the relics to light or other elements that can speed up their deterioration.
In an effort to minimize the risk of damage, visitors have had to apply online to visit the caves since last July, and the number of visitors is limited to 6,000 a day.
Since the end of last month it has been possible for people around the world to watch online 3-D views of the caves, and virtual reality devices can be used to view the images. A typical old-fashioned tool case for an archaeologist in Dunhuang includes a compass, a tape, a set square, a steel tape, a plummet and a home-made square grid.
The grid, usually one or two meters long, consists of a handful of lines, fixed horizontally and vertically to form small squares of about 1 square centimeter. In the past, when surveying and mapping a mural, Cai put the grid in front of it without touching it.
Apart from keeping accurate records of the murals and statues, archaeologists need to do the same for the caves, including taking high-definition photos, so that if one day the caves are destroyed for any reason, records will yield enough information that will allow the Mogao Grottoes to be fully and accurately replicated.
After Cai drew all the lines on the gridded paper the lines needed to be copied onto imitation parchment for publication. It planned to publish 100 volumes of archaeological record of this UNESCO World Heritage site, covering everything in the Mogao Grottoes, and the nearby Yulin Grottoes and Western Thousand-Buddha Cave.
This technology enables users to collect detailed information of the subject based on many points chosen during scanning, so that the detail of a curved surface or complicated structure and lines can also be captured. After scanning, processed digital information generates the cave's structure drawing and the outline of the statues directly. At the moment a reproduction of Cave 320 of the Mogao Grottoes is on display at the Getty Center in Los Angles.
Ma Qiang, 53, director of the academy's fine art institute, is one of the artists taking part in the project. Since 1981 when the 17-year-old Ma first arrived at Dunhuang Academy after failing the national college entrance examination, he has finished facsimiles of more than 30 pieces of murals in the Mogao Grottoes.
In the 1950s the State Bureau of Cultural Relics received an old-fashioned slide projector from Poland as a gift, Ma says.
Photographers from the photographic section that later became the digital center would take 10 black-and-white photos of the mural from beginning to end. After setting up a board and spreading two layers of Chinese art paper on it, Ma turned on the projector and put the films on it.

With the mural's details on paper, Ma was able to trace the lines - even broken or unclear ones - and draw them on the paper, because "we had to take down all the information", he says. However, after the projector had been on for 30 to 40 minutes the films would become too hot and would become deformed.
Ma would later go back to the caves to see what lines had been completely missed out or were incorrectly shown. Usually, it would take an artist a year to do the first draft and revise it, and another year to color it. Cave 428 and Cave 254 have murals that present the story, but the one in Cave 254, completed during the Northern Wei Dynasty (AD 386-557) is more in the Han ethnic style, looking more unrestrained and free, compared with that in 428, drawn during the Tang Dynasty (AD 618-907), which is more ornamental, Ma says. Because of the complicated procedure, copying a 6-sq m mural would take two to three people two years to complete. Based on the outlines produced by the technology and the high-definition photos provided by the digital center, artists fill in colors made of special stone such as turquoise, malachite and cinnabarit, and add finer lines that have been missed by the scanner. Wu says the focus of future work at the digital center will be on studying how to present the digital information collect to audiences.
Ma believes artists' work being based on 3-D printed copy works of the murals will become the norm.
In June, the Dunhuang Academy presented the 3-D printed Buddhist sculptures and their holographic images at the recent 12th Five-Year Plan Scientific Innovation Exhibition in Beijing attracting a lot of attention. Chang Jiahuang started opening modern caves not far from the Mogao Grottoes, in accordance with his father Chang Shuhong’s will. In ancient times when creating murals on the walls in the Mogao Grottoes in Dunhuang, Gansu province, artists depicted not only stories and images from Buddhist classics, but also of the caves' financial backers, the likes of which can be seen on the passage walls of caves 9, 61, 130 and 196.
20121 Kings 8:28 -- But please listen to my prayer and my request, because I am your servant.
Telling the stories of 12 expats in the city, the bilingual documentary provided a panoramic view of Hangzhou, showcasing its economic and social development, the cultural and historical heritage, the harmonious and happy environment and its openness and tolerant attitude. The West Lake, the lush mountains and Longjing tea are among his favorite local attractions.
For example, grassroots football, our new Educational Consultants Company and being a football coach.
Four years later, he made his name in China with a specially made aerial video posted on social media portraying the beauty of the city.
She never feels lonely, though, because she has found a common connection with her friends - tea culture.
In his eyes, Hangzhou has all the facilities to become a world-class art center - a long artistic tradition, abundant art history in the culture, some of the best art colleges in China and a leisurely, comfortable lifestyle.
The silk here is premier and soft," she said, clad in a dress of 100 percent silk which she bought in Hangzhou. Clancy has always dreamed of becoming a famous doctor like two relatives he really admires - his aunt and uncle who are medical researchers. At the age of 20, he decided to teach himself Chinese after discovering the charm of Chinese characters in a book a friend was reading. In addition to studying and daily activities, they often participate in volunteer activities.
I prefer this feeling, maybe because my father in France had a small shop similar to those in Hangzhou. He blamed the heavy workload for forcing him out of a job he regarded as important and worthwhile. They can take the national civil servants' exam and work as an investigator at a public security bureau, earning about 5,000 yuan ($750) a month.
Eventually, it was established that an aunt had poisoned the boy's milk after a dispute with his parents. He conceded that the work of a very small number of independent institutes is poor, saying that only about 20 institutes in the capital are capable of dealing with complicated cases.
Although they are not qualified physicians, many of the subjects studied by forensic scientists are also studied by medical students.
We have three crime scene investigators, and each has to handle more than 300 autopsies every year.
Initially, the crime scene investigator on duty thought the woman had died of natural causes.
A well-conducted autopsy shows respect for the dead person, and is often a source of comfort for the family. Eventually, he remembered that doctors told him he had broken ribs on two sides of his body, not two ribs. The story didn't unfold as expected though, especially for the large number of disabled elderly people and their struggling families. By the end of last year, there were 222 million people age 60 and older in China, and about 4.5 million of them had severe disabilities that required long-term assistance, according to the National Health and Family Planning Commission. At present, disabled patients account for 30 percent of all Puleyuan's residents, and their illnesses range from dementia, cerebral hemorrhages, strokes and spinal injuries, according to Yan. Trials are underway in selected regions, including Qingdao, East China's Shandong province, Shanghai, and Beijing.
The premium rises with age, but for people ages 18 to 39, the monthly payment is 114 yuan, 20 percent of which is paid by the local government. She pays about 5,000 yuan ($750) a month for her room and services, and every day, care workers help her with activities such as eating and drinking, visiting the washroom and going for walks in the yard.
Several years ago, she gave her apartment to her second son, and was supposed to live with him and his family for the rest of her life.
The 91-year-old widow from Tulong, a small village in Chengmai county, China's southernmost Hainan province, has rheumatism and hypertension. Like many women in her situation, Fu found it difficult to conceive after her marriage at age 22, but she eventually managed to have a son and two daughters. Her daughter-in-law, who was four months' pregnant when her husband died, remarried the same year and had Wang Caiqiang, Fu's grandson.
In 2012, he built a new house in the village and invited Fu to move in with his family to escape from the shabby, leaky house in which she had lived for many years.
The example he cites is Alipay, Alibaba Group's online payment platform, which handles more than 200 million transactions a day. However, Guo says the emphasis now lies too much on the technology, finding new products and industries, while research in the West tends to focus more on understanding the social impact.
For example, young people from Zhejiang province tend to migrate to provinces like Henan, which is not an obvious choice.
Sha Daidai, who is also called Er Shixiong because he looks like the pig monk Zhu Bajie (Er Shixiong) in the 16th-century novel Journey to the West, often asks questions, and Dr Panda dutifully supplies the answers. He has excruciating pain in his lower right abdomen and suffers from fever, nausea and vomiting. Sha Daidai then starts asking questions such as what appendicitis is, the cause, the symptoms, methods of diagnosis, treatment and the prognosis.
Dr Panda answers in plain, concise language that is accompanied with easy-to-understand illustrations elucidating what he says. Miao, alias Dr Panda, is an expert in cerebrovascular diseases at Tiantan Hospital in Beijing, and He Yizhou, alias Sha Daidai, is an ICU specialist at Zhongshan Hospital in Shanghai, which is linked with the city's Fudan University. Their WeChat account has become one of most popular among those who aim to promote learning about health and medicine. In recent stories he has written about a cafe that he and Er Shixiong have spent a lot of time in.
Travel sites reported Chinese searches for UK holidays shot up as the pound tumbled following the vote on EU membership. That's a big incentive for Chinese travelers, for whom shopping is an essential part of a visit to the British Isles.
Increased disposable income among the Chinese and changes to visa regulations have contributed to the upturn, yet Yates says the rapid influx of Chinese tourists into the UK caught VisitBritain by surprise. For many in tourism, retail and hospitality, getting "China ready" has been central to business strategy in recent years.
Travelers have started to request visits to less internationally established retailers, like health store Holland & Barrett and shoemakers Clarks, in addition to prominent luxury brands.
Many Lush shops carry catalogs in simplified Chinese, and all of its UK tills accept Bank of China cards.
From Shakespeare to Sherlock Holmes to Harry Potter, British figures both real and imaginary are as much of a draw as the country's landmarks and idyllic countryside. Fish and chips and a pint is now a common request following the well-publicized pub visit by Xi and former UK prime minister David Cameron. Groups of up to 60 are ferried around, spending no more than a few hours at iconic sites, from the Houses of Parliament to the fabled Northern waterways that inspired Chiang Yee's A Chinese Artist in Lakeland. They may then go on to have the "Duke's London experience", hitting small, bespoke shops after hours where British nobility buy their clothes and hunting gear. There, they will dine with the duke, if he's available, in a room lined with priceless art.
This may include a champagne reception, putting on a pair of David Beckham's boots, getting coached "by a legend" or eating dinner with a former player.
Nowadays, with the growing range of human activities, there is an accelerated destruction of wildlife. Both paid a pittance for priceless treasures from the cave, and both took photos of it and its surroundings.
Colors on many of the murals and statues have faded, and blurry areas have become more expansive as a result of oxidation and human-inflicted damage. Before beginning their tour proper, visitors need to go to Mogao Grottoes Visitor Center to watch two 20-minute high-definition movies about the grottoes, including a film about the seven most valuable caves in terms of artistic achievement.
For example, if he planned to copy the lines of an eye on the picture, he would find three points on the grid, jot them down and connect them with lines.
At the very beginning, the older generation planned to take care of the archaeological records, but until the 1990s the project was behind schedule.
Generally using the old way of surveying a cave would take two to three people five to six years.
But the shape of eyes and noses on murals do no reproduce clearly, so archaeologists need to revise the drawing relying on high-definition photos. He spent four years creating facsimiles of the 6-sq m mural on the eastern wall of Cave 320.
If artists at that time wanted to create a facsimile of a mural they would first go to the cave to use rulers to measure its dimensions and record the information in notebooks. So he then had to take a break to wait for the projector to cool and the films to return to their original state. The mini-documentaries, each lasting about 3 minutes, tell the unique stories of the expats and the city independently. However, the thing that makes him stay is that the city gives him the opportunity to fulfill his dream. I'd love to discover more about the local culture and get to know the local people better," said the food and beverage manager at the Hilton Hangzhou Qiandao Lake. Alternatively, they can study for the national forensics qualification and work for an independent judicial institute registered with the Ministry of Justice. The support of my family is a great motivation during my busywork schedule, so I have become accustomed to carrying toilet water as my perfume.
However, I find I have become addicted to it as I have realized its importance in investigations. Sometimes she needs to think for a while to decide whether I'm her daughter or daughter-in-law.
She is unable to work, and lives with her grandson, Wang Caiqiang, her only means of support. But I am her only grandson, the only person she can rely on, so I hope I can give her the best life possible, and I hope it is a long one," Wang Caiqiang said. Big data characterizes individuals using a set of measurements, which means I know you more, so I can make products for your benefit or interests," he explains. He hopes to find investors to build such a cafe in which people can read the comic books free of charge and consult a medical professional. Bicester Village - the outlet shopping center in Oxfordshire - is the second most visited location in the UK for Chinese visitors, behind Buckingham Palace. Over 300 businesses signed up for the UK's China Welcome program to help find ways of making their product more appealing to Chinese visitors. Widely publicized visits from Chinese leaders also are thought to have an effect on what Chinese visitors seek out. This requires the taxidermist to be very familiar with each animal's body structure and its habits. Preserving specimens of endangered animals provides an avenue for in-depth research and has become one of the ways of protecting wildlife, Jiang says.
In this way, you could slowly build a collection of the outlines of the murals and colored statues. We feel great relief," said Sun Xiaoqi, Yu's 62-year-old daughter, adding that her mother's pension covers all her expenses at the nursing home. My father's death brought her great distress, and then she had breast cancer, which required an operation," she said.

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