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A pond pump is the heart of your ponds life support system and the flowrate it achieves will dramatically affect the health and clarity of your pond. During the start of the season with everybody undertaking pond spring cleans we sell a huge number of replacement UV bulbs, but changing your bulb is only part of the job. Ok that’s not quite be how people are wording it, but it is the crux of the comments we are receiving at the moment.
As the availability of Fresh Pond Plants is very dependent upon the time of year and weather conditions. As any Koi keeper (from amateur enthusiast to professional breeder) will tell you, UK Winters provide a different set of challenges.
Koi are ‘poikilothermic’, meaning cold-blooded and their body temperature is dictated by the surrounding water; telling their body functions when to respond and change, all regulated by the temperature.
As the Koi’s metabolism slows to a crawl, they seek pockets of warmer water in the pond, where they will spend the majority of their time through the coldest months. The above is extracted from an article written by Shaun Mitchell of Mitchkoi, the UK’s leading online Koi carp brand – Quality Koi delivered to your door.
Ideally you should have two thermometers; one for the water in the pond and one for the outside ambient temperature. Many people believe it is a good idea to use a good general purpose treatment such as Formalin and Malachite Green before the cold snap sets in. Although the amount of Oxygen in the water is a much smaller problem in lower temperatures than in the summer, ensuring that the pond dose not freeze over, which would prevent Oxygen getting in and trap toxic gases inside is essential.
Warning – If you do get ice formation on your pond, do not smash the ice, as it can shock and kill your Koi.
In the winter months, it is key to avoid overfeeding your Koi as the metabolism slows, their ability to digest a high protein growth food dwindles. It is always nice to receive positive feedback and wonderful garden pictures from our many customers. As you will see Mr H previously used to grow his begonias from tubers, but this time decided to purchase them as plug plants.

The quality of flowers and the wonderful mixture of colours have been greatly admired by my many friends who I’m sure like myself, will be ordering next season.
To ensure your pump is in tip top condition for the new season we strongly suggest examining it to clean and check for wear and tear. All UV bulbs are protected from the water by a quartz sleeve, these come in lots of different shapes and sizes, but are common to all units and are there to keep the water away from the electrics.
With the weather warming up nicely, the fish will soon be interested in feeding and whilst it is good to get some food down them you need to be wary.
Koi themselves aren’t native to the UK and so some care needs to be taken to ensure their comfort and survival. Their systems begin to shut down to conserve vital energy level, not moving unless they really have to.
The metabolism of a Koi is dramatically reduced when they do not feed for long periods of time, as nature tells them to start limiting energy expenditure to cope with the demands of a cold environment which will last for an unknown period of time.
They may appear torpid, even static, however they will move a small amount to prevent their joints from seizing. The ambient temperature is a good indicator of where the weather is heading and what you should be doing in preparation for even colder weather well in advance. Any issues that Koi have pre-winter can fester during the colder months and can worsen and become harder to treat. It is wise to switch to an easy-to-digest Wheatgerm base food, and to feed the Koi less frequently. They are made out of quartz glass because the UV light used in out systems does not travel well through normal glass, unfortunately, this does make them delicate and prone to damage. It is not only the physical activity of the fish which stops when the temperature drops in the autumn, it is also their digestive system. All of our Fresh Pond Plants come from the biggest grower in the UK who has over 45 years of cold water plant growing experience. It is nature’s way of enabling the Koi to cope with the demands of a climate they are not accustomed to. The state or torpor they are in is not quite fully-fledged hibernation, but it is similar, with reduced body temperature, slowed metabolism, reduced breathing rate, slower reaction times and primary body functions.
When temperatures start to fall below 12 degrees C, special care should be taken when making decisions regarding feeding and pond care.

If you treat the problem beforehand you can reduce this risk and can ease the Koi through the cold weather. When the average temperature drops below 5 degrees C we suggest you stop feeding for the rest of the winter and restart feeding with Wheatgerm when temperatures rise in the spring. In the same way that the UV light produced by the bulb will not pass through normal glass, it will not penetrate in to the water if the quartz sleeve is dirty.
As such if you feed them now and the temperature drops to the point where they become inactive again, the food can sit in their gut and begin to decompose, which as I am sure you will understand is not good. We store all our Fresh Pond Plants outdoors and only supply Fresh Pond Plants that HAVE NOT been grown using forced growing techniques, such as heated greenhouses. Luckily, they are extremely hardy and versatile creatures and have coped in every water system across the globe, with Antarctica being the only exception.
The thermometer will provide you with a guide as to whether you can treat your pond, however you should remember that many treatments will become less effective as the water temperature drops. After a faulty bulb the second most common reason for poor UV’s performance is the quartz sleeve being coated in limescale.
And so you need to be confident when feeding them that the temperature will be high enough over the next few days to fully digest the food and if the forecast says the weather is going to change stop feeding.
At less than 5 degrees C, the Kio’s immune system is very low, which is why you can have problems with parasites and infections in the Springtime when the fish start to become active again. Waterfalls and skimmers should also be turned off in the winter as they can also chill the water. This limescale build up can be so extreme that you can’t even see your finger through the quartz, so the light has no chance. The best food to feed them in the cooler temperature is Wheatgerm, which has been specifically designed to meet the fish’s needs at this time of year. A common misconception is they are ‘huddled’, sharing body heat, but since they are ‘poikilothermic’ it wouldn’t make sense that they can share core body temperature like a Human could.
It is more likely they are cramming into the warmest pocket of water, fitting as many as possible into the space.

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  1. Zayka, 08.04.2014
    Out fish use it for my indoor vegetation your area, or through the use.
  2. Lady_Dronqo, 08.04.2014
    Households who do not eat much meat outweighed.