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Bug bites and stings are, for the most part, no more unpleasant than a homework assignment — kind of annoying but basically harmless. Different types of ticks found throughout the United States can carry other diseases, too, such as tularemia or Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
Mosquitoes in other parts of the world can carry other diseases, such as malaria and dengue fever. The brown recluse is brown (big surprise) with a small shape of a violin in a darker brown area on its back. If you think you might have been bitten by a brown recluse spider, wash the area with soap and water, put an ice pack on it, and go to the emergency room right away, even if the bite doesn’t look bad.
Most often, people who have been bitten by a black widow don’t even know it until they feel the symptoms. As the spider’s venom spreads in the body, a person may get severe abdominal cramping.
Spider bites can sound scary, but it’s actually extremely rare that someone will die from one. For most varieties of bug bites and stings, antihistamines will help to stop itching and lessen swelling, and acetaminophen can help relieve any pain. After a bee or wasp sting, if you can see the stinger, remove it as quickly as possible to lessen your exposure to the venom. If you are allergic to bee or wasp stings, see your doctor for a prescription for an epinephrine auto-injector. If you’re severely allergic to stings, talk to an allergist about getting venom immunotherapy (shots). In the case of a black widow or brown recluse spider bite, or if you have any doubt about what kind of spider bit you and you’re feeling sick, develop a blister, or have cramps, get to the emergency department immediately. If bites or stings get infected or if an open sore or blister refuses to heal, make an appointment with your family doctor.
Prevent flea infestations by treating your house (including all carpets, furniture, and pets) regularly during the warmer months. Avoid mosquitoes by staying away from areas where mosquitoes breed, such as still pools or ponds, during hot weather.
When in tick country, try to stay in the center of trails, and avoid woody areas with high grass. When you are in wooded areas, tuck your clothes in and try to keep as covered up as possible.
Be aware that spiders might be hiding in undisturbed piles of wood, seldom-opened boxes, or corners behind furniture, and proceed with caution. If you want to look on the positive side of the equine propensity for injury, just think how it's sharpening your emergency first-aid skills. Material for a splint—PVC pipe, one to two feet long, split lengthwise, can be used on top of a leg wrap to support a leg that has suffered a fracture or severe tendon strain until your veterinarian arrives. Bute, or phenylbutazone, a mild non-steroidal pain medication that comes in pill, powder, or paste form. Two injectables that are extremely useful to have around are Banamine (flunixin megalumine), which can be used to ease the discomfort of colic, and Acepromazine, a tranquilizer that can make an injured horse easier to work with. If you have injectables on your farm, you'll also need sterile needles and syringes, which you can get from your veterinarian, feed store, or pharmacy. Having all of these handy first-aid materials available at the barn is fine and dandy, but they'll do you no good if you find yourself with an injured horse at a horse show or out on the trail. You can assemble such a kit in a fanny pack or a small bag that can hang from your saddle dees (if you ride English) or the horn (if you ride Western). Any first-aid kit should include a sturdy card with emergency phone numbers—your veterinarian, your farrier, the closest veterinary and human hospital, a horse rescue or ambulance service (if there is one in your area), the fire department, and the police.
A final caution: even the best-equipped first-aid kit is intended only to help you deal with minor injuries and health problems. A barn’s first-aid kit, with all the essentials in one place, is a great idea for any horse owner. A rectal veterinary thermometer—the plastic digital kind is safer around the barn than a glass one, and gives faster readings. A stethoscope (inexpensive ones can be purchased through medical supply stores or pharmacies for less than $30). Gauze squares at least three inches by three inches (where horses are concerned, larger is better!). Vaseline or another type of lubricating jelly (for the thermometer and for protecting the tender skin of your horse’s heels from chapping if you have to cold-hose a leg injury for several days). An antiseptic wound cream (yellow furacin ointment is a popular choice) and a spray-on wound treatment such as furazolidone or Topagen. A bottle of saline solution—useful for cleaning out wounds in delicate places like around the eyes. Pre-moistened alcohol swabs (you can find these at your pharmacy, individually wrapped)—good for cleaning small wounds or creating a cleaner site for injections. Thick sanitary napkins (the obstetrical pads you can get at a hospital or pharmacy are good) or disposable diapers, for applying direct pressure to a bleeding wound.


A farrier’s rasp and nippers, for removing a shoe if you need to (ask your farrier if he has cast-off ones he can donate to your cause). Along with all of these items for treating your horse, it’s also an excellent idea to keep a first-aid kit designed for humans in your barn. Karen Briggs is the author of six books, including the recently updated Understanding Equine Nutrition as well as Understanding The Pony, both published by Eclipse Press.
Betulinic acid could become a safe and effective treatment for melanoma in horses, researchers said. Horses that plow, heal, and protect have distinctly different lifestyles than the average riding horse.
Seek the advice of a qualified veterinarian before proceeding with any diagnosis, treatment, or therapy.
There’s an interesting article running on the BBC website at the moment, all dog owners could soon have to insure their dog against attacking people. Luckily though, there’s some handy first aid knowledge that can help you out if you ever encounter a dog bite. If there is severe bleeding, then elevate the wound and apply direct pressure to control the bleeding. Remember your personal safety comes first – if there’s a rabid dog running around then I’d suggest calling someone to deal with it first. Chris, I am a cadet with Standrews Ambulance and I was wondering if you can catch anything other than rabies from bites. There is however a small risk of tetanus from a dog bite, especially if a person has not been properly vaccinated. Other quite nasty bacterial infections can be caught from dog bites, which is why its always best to go to hospital and have the wound examined. READ THIS!  IT COULD SAVE YOUR LIFE!  Here is her awesome follow-up on the snake bite and how it affecting her now.  She has simplified the steps to take in case of bitten by a snake, and attached a very important snake bite protocol you will want to copy and keep on hand in case you or your friends or family experience a snake bite. This entry was posted in Adventures, Education, Exploring Nature, Writer's Ramblings and tagged Adventure, Animals, Creation, Nature.
So you should know when a simple ice pack can bring some relief and when a visit to the local hospital is in order. The affected area may get a little red or swollen and it may be slightly painful, but that’s about it. A person can get a localized allergic reaction (swelling, heat, or itching of the skin around the sting area) or a systemic allergic reaction, meaning that the venom causes a reaction throughout the body. One variety known as deer ticks is known to carry Lyme disease, so the trick is to get them off your body fast.
But a small percentage of teens become ill after being bitten by brown recluse or black widow spiders. These spiders are small but tough, with a ?-inch body (about 1 centimeter) and legs stretching another inch (3 centimeters) or even more. Easily identified by its shiny coal-black body and orange-red hourglass shape on its underbelly, it’s a similar size to the brown recluse spider and it should be treated as carefully.
But there are warning signs that give time to act before things get too serious: People who are bitten by a black widow may get pain at the site of the bite, then dull muscle pains, especially in the chest or belly, within minutes to an hour of being bitten.
If any of these things happen, or if you think you may have gotten a bite from a black widow spider, wash the area with soap and water, put an ice pack on it, and go to the emergency room right away, even if the bite doesn’t look bad. Ticks removed within 24 to 48 hours are less likely to transmit diseases like Lyme disease. Apply some calamine lotion or a paste of water and baking soda (unless the sting is near your eyes). Repellents that contain 10% to 30% DEET (N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide) are approved for mosquitoes, ticks, and some other bugs. Do you have the supplies you'd need to provide first-aid if your horse comes in from the field with a wound? Cats might have nine lives, and dogs a nose for getting into trouble, but horses are in a class all their own when it comes to needing nursing. A couple of years of horse ownership makes most of us very experienced at wrapping legs, hosing wounds, and giving injections (even if the very sight of a needle and syringe used to make you faint dead away!).
These drugs should be administered only in consultation with your veterinarian; never try to self-diagnose. Make sure you know appropriate dosages for these medications, what gauge needle you should use, and under no circumstances re-use syringes or needles. So consider assembling a second first-aid kit that will stay in your truck or horse trailer, and a mini-kit to take with you when you're going on a long ride. It's important to have an inventory, as well, that you can tape to the inside lid of your kit.
Stored in a conspicuous spot, it’s at your fingertips the moment you discover the latest equine injury.
She's written a few thousand articles on subjects ranging from guttural pouch infections to how to compost your manure. The HIV virus is specific to humans (hence Human Immunodeficiency Virus) and cannot survive outside the human body for very long, so the chances of catching it from a dog are nil.


National Park Ranger, Outdoor instructor, curriculum writer, teacher and guide at Mount St.
It hardly ever happens, but severe allergic reactions to bee and wasp stings can be fatal if the person doesn’t get medical help.
In the United States, the northeastern and upper midwestern states are most affected by the threat of Lyme disease. The good news is that most people, especially healthy people under 50, who get West Nile virus do not have any symptoms from it.
Although not everyone will have a reaction, you should see a doctor and get treatment quickly if you think you’ve been bitten by one of these spiders. They are found mostly in midwestern and southern parts of the United States, and they like to hide in dark, quiet places like attics or garages, under porches, and in woodpiles. The swelling may form a blister, which can later turn black and leave a scar as it heals over the next few months.
They may develop painful muscle cramps and severe pain, might throw up (or feel like they might), and have chills, fever, or a headache within a few hours. Some people use a topical 1% hydrocortisone cream (sold in stores without a prescription) to ease itching. Using a pair of tweezers, slowly pull the tick out from its head, which is closest to your skin.
Put an ice pack on the affected area for 15 minutes every few hours or so, or cover the sting with a cold compress.
Repellents that contain picaridin (KBR 3023) or oil of lemon eucalyptus (p-menthane 3,8-diol or PMD) are effective against mosquitoes. Type a list of every ingredient in the kit, so you'll be able to see at a glance if it contains what you need.
Any situation you can't quickly and confidently treat, consult your veterinarian immediately. You can buy a prepackaged first-aid kit designed for horses (see the web site addresses at the end of the article for some companies that offer these kits), or you can assemble one yourself for relatively little money and a lot of peace of mind.
Some of the items in your equine first-aid kit, such as tweezers, medical tape, and gauze, can do double duty, but you should have some antibiotic cream, sunblock, Band-Aids, and aspirin or acetaminophen for minor aches and pains—plus any allergy medication that your barn residents might require. She is also a Canadian certified riding coach, an equine nutritionist, and works in media relations for the harness racing industry.
Reproduction in whole or in part in any form or medium without written permission of The Horse Media Group LLC is prohibited. Perhaps the most well known infection is rabies, a serious disease affecting the nervous system.
If you suspect the casualty is suffering from shock then do not delay in calling an ambulance. And although the virus can put people at risk for developing a serious infection called encephalitis, in reality this hardly ever happens. Chills, fever, rash, pain, nausea and, rarely, more serious symptoms (like seizures or coma) also can follow a bite.
The most important places to check are behind your ears, on your scalp, on the back of your neck, in your armpits, in your groin area, and behind your knees. Yet with all the clutter, when we do need something specific for an emergency, we often can't find it! Store your kit in an airtight, waterproof container to keep the materials sterile and ready to use—a large fishing tackle box or sewing box, with lots of little compartments, are options, or you could use a tight-sealing plastic kitchen container (the transparent kind will let you see at a glance whether it contains what you need). She lives with her band of off-the-track Thoroughbreds on a farm near Guelph, Ontario, and dabbles in eventing. I guess part of the reason for the publicity around dangerous dogs is the media coverage of the tragic deaths of several children after attacks. Reapply insect repellent according to the directions after swimming or if you’ve been sweating for a long time.
Otherwise, over time, you'll end up with a mostly empty container that will do you no good at all in a crisis. However, if you travel to other countries where rabies is present you need to be aware of this risk!
Currently, she serves as outdoor education consultant for Allaso Ranch near Hawkins, Texas. Kim holds a bachelor of science degree in elementary education from University of Central Arkansas and a masters degree in Curriculum and Instruction from Northern Illinois University.
Clean the area with soap and water, and treat with an antiseptic or antibiotic cream to avoid infection.



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