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The North West Golden Retriever Club has members across the North West as far north as Cumbria and Telford in the south. We ran the first Polar Travel Training in 2014 and again in 2015, both were a great success. Contact us for information regarding the training course which will be held each winter season. Join Mountain Professionals Polar Adventurer and Expedition Guide Eric Larsen for a week-long immersion into the world of winter travel and polar expeditions. Polar Travel Philosophy, Fitness and Training, Logistics, Navigation, Daily routines and Travel Techniques, Clothing, Equipment, Communications, Safety and First Aid, Polar Bears and Wildlife, Electronic logistics, navigation, expedition nutrition and menu planning, food preparation, safety and first aid, managing electronics, crisis management and fundraising. Upon completion of the course, participants will receive a certificate of completion (to be used as reference) as well as a 3-5 minute video recap and portfolio of professional quality images.
Polar adventurer, expedition guide, dog musher and educator, Eric Larsen has spent the past 15 years of his life traveling in some of the most remote and wild places left on earth. We hope to keep this page as short as possible, but are afraid that bad timing and wrong choices will keep on happening along the way.
A resource for exhibitions, prints, interviews and news in street art, graffiti and illustration from UK artists.
Casa Havana launches in London as a two-week pop up events space, bar and restaurant right in the heart of Soho. The post Casa Havana launches in London with artwork by Ben Eine appeared first on UK STREET ART. Havana Club is set to throw open the doors to Casa Havana, a brand new pop-up experiential space running from 11th-20th August at 15 Bateman Street in the heart of Soho, London.
Cuba’s most loved rum brand is inviting Londoners to experience a series of events in true Cuban surroundings, starting with a five course dining experience curated by Street Feast founder Dom Cools-Lartigue. Guests will be able to enjoy exclusive artwork specially created by renowned street artist Ben Eine. The post Absolut release the Mix bottle inspired by the 6 colours of the LGBT Pride flag appeared first on UK STREET ART.
Inspired by the six colours of the LGBT Pride flag, the design’s semi-transparent triangles allow the bottle’s colours to overlap in distinct ways when viewed from different angles. This intersecting effect symbolises the connection that is created when various unique individuals mix together. Following the successes of Mapping the City and Futurismo Ancestral, Somerset House will again collaborate with arts organisation A(by)P to present Venturing Beyond: Graffiti and the Everyday Utopias of the Street.
The post Somerset House present Venturing Beyond: Graffiti and the Everyday, as part of UTOPIA 2016 appeared first on UK STREET ART. In a literal sense, graffiti compels its practitioners to ‘venture beyond’ spatial and architectural boundaries, but also metaphorically provokes them to ‘venture beyond’ conceptual frontiers, to form new ways of thinking, acting and being in the world. In addition, A(by)P and Somerset House will be producing a wide-ranging programme of events to follow the key themes of the exhibition, including workshops, talks, films, music and performances.
In celebration of the 500th anniversary of the publication of Thomas More’s Utopia, Somerset House will be transformed into a space of possibility, participation and imagination throughout 2016.
We decided to go to London as uncle Mark knew some good places to take us to and show us some of street art and graffiti from artists.
For two weeks, EndoftheLine will take over the LondonNewcastle project space on Redchurch Street in a 10 year retrospective exhibition, showcasing East London’s graffiti, street art and hip hop community. The post Neverended: A 10 year retrospective from EndoftheLine appeared first on UK STREET ART.
A small pop-up shop will also be running for the duration of the show featuring limited edition prints by many of the featured artists, collectibles and a selection of customised street furniture. The Hoxton Gallery is the venue and visitors can see eleven artists battle it out for a chance to have their design featured on some limited edition Nike merchandise.
Midnight Madness is British basketball’s biggest annual open talent search, scouring all corners of the UK for the best known and unknown players to present them with life-changing opportunities, taking them around the world to compete in top-level international competitions.
Opening 12th February, Lazarides gallery in London will be gathering the artists that have a role in their exhibitions for the last 10 years.
The post Lazarides to celebrate 10 year anniversary with a group show this February appeared first on UK STREET ART.
Works from more than 30 artists will adorn the Rathbone Place gallery, and depicts the rich scene that Steve Lazarides has helped form over the last decade.
This video is a behind the scenes preview of the new installation that opened at Yorkshire Sculpture park on the 6th February.
YSP presents the first UK museum exhibition by KAWS, the renowned American artist whose work has sparked global attention.
The SmashnGrab trading card game is a follow up to the notorious ARTWORLD sticker collection.
Batman, Spraycan, Heisenberg and Banana however any further information relating to the meaning of these categories is strictly confidential.
Walter White, God, Charles Manson, Adolf Hitler, Kunt & The Gang, Tim Patch, Pussy Riot, William Shakespeare, Samuel L Jackson, Rhett, Link, Kylo Ren, Karl Pilkington, Muhammad Ali, Gandhi, Ronald Mcdonald, Charles Bronson, Andy Kaufman, Fathers for Justice, Pele, Neil Armstrong, David Icke, Al Capone, Ron Jeremy, Peter Sutcliffe, Batdad, Marty Mcfly, Kenny, Satan, Freddie Krueger, Psy. Absolut are bank with the launch of a set of limited edition bottles. The twin bottle release is available in Electrik blue and silver, with semi-transparent coating creating see-through reflections. Banksy put up a new piece on the wall of the French Embassy in London this weekend just gone. There’s a QR code on the piece which links anyone scanning that to a video of the police raid on the refugee camps in Calais which happened earlier this month. New Banksy pieces have appeared in France, with this Steve Jobs stencil in Calais, putting the refugee crisis at the front and centre.
The artist also popped up a take on Theodore Gericault’s Raft of the Medusa, an icon of French Romanticism.
This year also sees Moniker Art Fair take an exciting step to become the world’s first international art fair to accept Bitcoin payments. Over the last 6 years, Moniker Art Fair has helped forge a direct, unpretentious approach to appreciating and collecting art from a new generation of contemporary artists. Moniker Art Fair will once again be venue-sharing with London’s unique artist-led fair, The Other Art Fair, in what will be a showcase of independent and established talent all under one roof in East London.
The was uploaded to YouTube on 25th August, , so we’re a little behind, but what do you think? Two unique screen printed covers complete the book that is both compiled and designed by 3D – using images from his personal archive AND original artefacts scanned specially for the book.
Description: The Globe of Euphrosynus Ulpius, constructed in 1542, is now preserved in the museum of the New York Historical Society, having been found in Madrid by Buckingham Smith. It will doubtless prove of interest to note upon this map the line running from pole to pole and cutting through the border of South America. The Ulpius globe is 15.5 inches in diameter, and is supported upon a worm-eaten stand of oak, the iron cross tipping the North Pole, making the height of the instrument three feet and eight inches. The literal translation is as follows: Regions of the Terrestrial globe handed down by ancients, or discovered in our memory or that of our fathers. This may be rendered: Marcellus Cervino, Cardinal-Presbyter and Doctor of Divinity of the Holy Roman Church.
This work is of great historical interest, for the reason that it bears direct and independent testimony to the voyage of Verrazano in 1524, certified first by the Letter of Verrazano to Francis I, confirmed by Carli, and attested to by the map of Hieronimo da Verrazano (#347); this witness being followed by the author of the Discourse of the Dieppe Captain, in 1539. The present representation of one hemisphere of the globe, without being a facsimile, is nevertheless sufficiently correct for historical purposes, and may be relied upon. It will be observed that Ulpius does not give the exact date of the discovery by Verrazano. In the northwest, near Alaska, is Tagv Provincia, the Tangut of Marco Polo, the coast, once again, being joined to Asia. The Ulpius globe corrects many errors of preceding geographers, though not free from errors itself.
Perhaps the most surprising thing on the globe is to find that the portion of North America above Florida is called Verrazana sive Nova Gallia [Verrazano or New France]. The names scattered along the coast of North America in Ulpiusa€™ delineation of it, are practically all of them of Italian form and termination, though many of them are evidently adaptations of place names well known in France. In Brazil the aborigines appear in the scant wardrobe that they were accustomed to affect, and display, on the whole, what may be regarded as an animated disposition.
No true indication of the terminus of the continent of South America is given, but south of the Straits of Magellan is seen a vast continent spreading around the pole.
In the more easterly portion of this continent is written, Terra Australis adhuc incomperta, being an unexplored region, while in passing around the border of this continent we come to Brasieeli, a corruption of a€?Brazil,a€? a name earlier applied to an island in the Atlantic before the discovery of America. The Old World is depicted substantial1y as it appeared in the re-constructed Ptolemaic maps of this period.
Near the bank of the Nile a robed ecclesiastic sits upon a canopied throne with a triple crown upon his brow and a triple cross in his hand. The Conger eel, without much regard to the proprieties, stretches complacently over several degrees of latitude, herein following the example of the gold fish (Aurata), which puffs itself up to half the size of the whale.
The fish represented upon the globe are so well done that they might claim a full and separate treatment, evidently belonging to the earliest scientific delineations in Ichthyology. Besides the historic groups of islands, there are also many of lesser note, together with a few not found today. Bermuda is prominent, having been laid down for the first time on Martyra€™s map of 1511, and southward is Catolica, possibly an alternate name for the a€?Island of the Seven Cities,a€? which was reported in various places, the inhabitants being a€?good Catholics.a€? Near this spot, on Ruyscha€™s map of 1508 (#313), is the word Cata.
It would not, however, be proper to treat all these islands of Ulpius now missing in accordance with the volcanic theory. Turning to the Greenland section of the globe, a gratifying improvement upon Verrazanoa€™s outline is found, showing that Ulpius had consulted the maps of Ruysch, 1508 (#313), and Orontius Fines, 1531 (#356), though it will be well to remember in this connection that Behaima€™s globe of 1492 shows land in the same direction. It will be necessary next to speak of the coast names on the North American continent, though it has been indicated previously that certain of them show an agreement with the names on the Verrazano map. In 1612 he made a seventeen daysa€™ journey into the wilderness from Montreal to find the sea upon whose shore Vignan professed to have seen the wreck of an English ship. As mentioned above, the globe is further interesting for illustrations of many different kinds of fish that are found in the different oceans.
It also serves to show how deeply interested were the Popes and the high ecclesiastics near them at Rome in securing and diffusing the best available scientific information. Lithograph facsimile of the Ulpius Globe, Western Hemisphere, 1542, New York Historical Society, 23 cm from Dr.
Our members are mainly show people but since we started the Rehoming and Rescue Charity we have encouraged more pet owners to join. This independently owned group comprises Abbeycroft Vet Surgery (Northwich), Acorn Veterinary Centre (West Kirby), Alsager Veterinary Surgery, Beech House Veterinary Centre (Warrington), Bridgefoot Veterinary Surgery (Warrington), Broom Cottage Vet Surgery (Wilmslow), Clarendon Vet Surgery (Altrincham), The Firs Veterinary Surgery (Kelsall), Holly House Veterinary Surgery (Knutsford), Laurels Veterinary Surgery (Runcorn), Lymm Veterinary Surgery, Manchester Vet Centre, Middlewich Veterinary Surgery, Station House Veterinary Centre (Hale), Willows Veterinary Hospital (Northwich)  and  Winsford Veterinary Surgery along with Oakwood Veterinary Referrals, Ashbrook Equine Hospital and 3 Farm Offices. Several of our participants have gone on to complete expeditions in Polar environments including successful ski trips to the South Pole and Last Degree Expeditions.
Learn valuable skills and techniques that will allow you to travel comfortably, safely and efficiently in cold and snow. Casa Havana is a versatile space designed to celebrate the authentic Cuba, brought to life through key cultural pillars food, music and colour. Inspired by his recent trip to Havana – where he met with chefs and sampled local markets and ’paladars’ for inspiration – Cools-Lartigue has worked with celebrated chef Marcus Bean to create a menu that takes in Cubano tacos, shredded beef tostones and seabass ceviche. When in Havana recently, Eine met with local artists from a range of backgrounds including traditional film poster producers to graphic designers. A number of artists, including Nano4814 and Brad Downey, will create installation works on site at Somerset House. Graffiti ornaments the city in resplendent colour and brings art out into the open, an art which belongs to all of us. People from all walks of life will be invited to experiment with new ways we might live, make, work and play.
These competitions open doors and level the playing field for disadvantaged British players to launch lucrative professional careers in Europe and America. This celebration will follow 10 years of pioneering the urban art scene in London and across the world. Laz Inc has always been one to provide a platform for artists that are sometimes thought to have been unconventional.


The expansive Longside Gallery features commanding sculptures in bronze, fibreglass, aluminium and wood alongside large, bright canvases immaculately rendered in acrylic paint. The two colours represent Absolut’s signature cobalt blue and the electrical conductivity of silver. The fair will showcase works from approximately 20 national and international art galleries and feature some of the world’s pioneering talent in contemporary urban art. A collection of new works by Ryan Callanan (TAG Fine Arts, UK) and original works by French street artist WK Interact (Kallenbach Gallery, NL) will be exhibited, while secondary market works by Banksy, Peter Blake and Takashi Murakami will also retail at the fair. Among the many works on sale will be the latest series of the sell-out limited edition letter prints by Barack Obama’s favourite artist Ben Eine and works by Sheffield’s finest artist, illustrator and hip-hop musician Kid Acne. The Old Truman Brewery has three public car parks which are situated outside the Congestion Charge zone – Ely’s Yard Car Park, Brick Lane Car Park and Grey Eagle St. The film, created with the help of Ironlak and Global Street art follows Dale and his insights into the world that he came from and why he does what he does. This important and deeply interesting instrument was discovered in the collections of a Spanish dealer in 1859, and brought to New York the same year, after the death of its owner, being purchased for the society by John David Wolfe.
Ulpius, in 1542 stands as the fifth witness to the voyage by the following inscription: Verrazana sive Nova Gallia a Verrazano Florentino comperto anno Sal. The Old and New Worlds are represented as they were known at the time, the latitude of Florida, which was too high on the Verrazano map (#347), being given quite correctly, while the excessive easterly trend of the North American coast line on that map is corrected. On the North American section of the globe various new points are indicated, and the advance of the Spaniards in New Mexico is noticeable.
The peninsula of Lower California does not appear, though exploration had been extended to that region, as proved by Domingo del Castello, on his map of 1541 (Lorenzana Historia de Nueva Espana, 1770). This is a reference to the a€?Seven Cities of Cibola,a€? which were credited with such vast wealth, it being declared that the houses were supported by massive pillars of crystal and gold. The name of America had been reserved for South America for the better part of half a century, at least for over thirty years, from the time of Canon WaldseemA?llera€™s map in 1507 (#310), which followed the descriptions given in the notes of Amerigo Vespuccia€™s voyages. For the first time the peninsula of Florida receives a proper location and the shore of North America generally is rather well outlined. This, it is noted, was discovered by Verrazano, the Florentine, in the year of grace (anno salutis), 1524. Breton, for instance, is mentioned, but there is a Selva de Cervi [a forest of deer or stags]; there is, of course, a San Francisco and a Porto Reale [Port Royal], and then there is a Terra Laboratoris, evidently what was later to be Labrador, but Ulpius, following Verrazano, places this very much farther south than our present-day Labrador.
From the Straits of Magellan to Chinca, just north of the Tropic of Capricorn, the coast is marked Terra Incognita.
A couple of Brazilians, broad ax in hand, are on the point of taking off a fellow beinga€™s head, while a third, with a knife, is artistically dressing a leg.
With respect to the East Indies, however, a clear improvement is made upon the Verrazano map. Canton is displayed as a collection of houses, near which is a bird, in company with a couple of goats with ears that reach to the ground. Tall ships, laden with the wealth of a€?Ormus and of Ind,a€? move bravely homeward with billowing sails, while light galleys glide around the borders of the newly found lands. The Kraken of Pontoppidan, or at least what resembles the sea-serpent of Nahant, appears in the Atlantic off South Africa, corrugating his hirsute back. The fish upon the Ulpius globe bear a close resemblance to those of Rondelatius (Lugduni, 1554).
An island that appears to be a duplicate of Cape Breton that lies eastward of that region, and is called Dobreta. The Greenland section of Ulpius also indicates that the knowledge in possession of the Zeno family at Venice found some expression in Italy before the publication of the Zeno Voyage and Map in 1558. Along the eastern border of the Gulf of Mexico, adjoining Florida, may be seen Rio Del Gato [the Cat River], the Rio de Los Angelos, or [River of the Angels], the P.
As far northward as the coast of the Carolinas, the territory is considered Spanish, while thence to the Gulf of St. The sea and isthmus were copied from Verrazano, and the existence of a body of water in close proximity to the Atlantic was generally believed. This man, who marched before Champlain through the tangled forests, has been called an impostor, and, with a musket leveled at his head, Vignan confessed himself one; yet no doubt he was as much deceived as Champlain, having acted upon the trusted relation of another, a course which he supposed would succeed, and bring him great credit. This globe, surmounted with a cross, remains as a very definite demonstration that the too common impression of Roman ecclesiastical authorities as hampering the progress of science or keeping information away from the people, is one founded entirely on ignorance of the actual conditions. We hold 3 dog shows annually one a Championship Show in April ,an open show in October and the Companion Dog show in the Summer.We held a grooming and first aid course for pet owners this spring and next year we will be having a sponsored Walk to raise funds. We also have websites for Canine Reproduction , Shar Pei breed dogs and Lungworm In Dogs #. Special emphasis is placed on learning the necessary skills and systems required with planning your own winter adventure, whether it is just a weekend excursion or an expedition to one of the poles.
In 2010, he completed a world-record expedition to the South Pole, North Pole and top of Mt. Items to be covered: food, nutrition and food preparation as well as general expedition training and preparation. Items to be covered: Equipment overview and repair with a focus on first aid and safety, communications, and polar bears, expedition electronics, fundraising. He has brought those experiences to life in his own artwork which will be showcased at Casa Havana before being auctioned for charity. From 13 – 20 April, artists Horfee and Russell Maurice will take up residency in Somerset House’s Courtyard Rooms, providing visitors with an insight into the processes of the practice. It simultaneously reveals an aesthetic and social practice which anyone is welcome to join. The season will provide physical and virtual spaces where positive visions are nurtured, supported and celebrated, and where anything is possible. The Park’s landscape becomes home to six imposing sculptures, including a new six-metre-tall work, which carry KAWS’ idiosyncratic skull and crossbones features upon almost-recognisable characters. Looks like it might be the latest in a series of works that criticise the approach to the refugee crisis. These unique pieces will be available by purchasing a ?50 lottery ticket which will be matched to the artworks on the closing day of the fair.
That nation, according to his decree, was entitled to lands discovered by them west of the line, while the Portuguese were to confine their new possessions to the region east of the line, inscribed, Terminus Hispanis et Lusitanis ab Alexando VI.
The resemblance of the globe to that planned by Mercator, 1541, taken with the fact that Mercator and the Italian, Moletius, were in a sense associated, might possibly lead us to inquire whether or not Moletius had any influence in connection with the production of the work of Ulpius. The wheat or barley heads appear to have formed a device in the family arms, as they are given with his portrait, while the Deer form a proper allusion to his name. This part of the continent is called Verrazana, sive Nova Gallia, while on the Verrazano map is found, Ivcatania. Undoubtedly, Verrazano was the first to explore the coast behind which lies this immense geographic region, and yet very little was known of that fact until quite recently.
In the distant northwest of the North American continent there is a Tagu Provincia, which is evidently a reminiscence of previous mapmakers who had used that name.
The giants themselves are wanting, like Raleigha€™s men with heads in their breasts, notwithstanding we are told by Pigafetti and other voyagers that there was a plenty of giants in those days; yet, further north, the chameleon roost upon a broad-leaved plant, and still higher up, one of the tall ostriches, described by Darwin, is trying to exhibit himself, using as a pedestal the house formerly of solid gold. Near by, two other amiable representatives of the tribe are engaged in turning a huge spit, upon which, comfortably trussed up, is another superfluous neighbor, whom the blazing fire is transmuting into an acceptable roast.
Its existence was considered probable, for the reason that it seemed to be required in order to maintain the balance of land and water. Prester John has been regarded as a king in Tibet, but the Portuguese claim that he was a convert to the Nestorian faith in Abyssinia. The whale (Balena) is not so well executed as the rest, and is attended by the dolphin (Orca), also called Marsuin by the French.
On globes and maps prior to 1542 may be found a variety of intriguing marine monsters, but correct representations of fish are scarce. Roque is De Ferna Loronha, or Fernando de Noronha, discovered in 1506 by the Portuguese navigator of that name. The French were nevertheless ambitious, and would have founded New France on the central portion of our coast if circumstances had proved more favorable. Lawrence it is French, the rest being Portuguese, as allowed by the general use of Portuguese names.
Often it was represented as lying further to the south, and hence some suppose that what was referred to may have been the Gulf of Mexico. The instrument in question is a Roman production, the design of which may yet be traced to Pope Marcellus himself, who was known for his ability and skill in this kind of work. Based out of a remote cabin, this course is designed to teach the skills associated with modern-day polar travel while completing a 'mini' expedition.
Items to be covered: polar travel, philosophy, history, geography, logistics, daily routines, travel techniques and navigation. Working in situ, they will produce a new body of work based on the utopian themes of the exhibition. Above all, graffiti and street art acts as an alternative voice, whether it is loud and brazen or more subtle and difficult to decipher, which strives to challenge the well-worn systems of society – something which Thomas More’s seminal text also set out. Da Costa, in The Magazine of American History (1879), called attention to a reference in Hakluyt to a€?an olde excellente globe in the Queena€™s privie gallery at Westminister which seemeth to be of Verarsanus makinge.a€? On that globe he says the a€?coaste is described in Italiana€? and, as this is the special characteristic of many of the names to be found on this globe, it might possibly seem as though this were the one which Queen Elizabeth I frequently consulted in the privacy of the gallery at Westminster. Everything is done in accordance with the best science of the age, and proves that the globe was intended for careful use.
Hakluyta€™s reference to an olde excellent globe in the Queen's privie gallery at Westminster, which seemeth to be of Verarsanus makinge, is also of interest, for, like the globe of Ulpius, it had the Coaste described in Italian, and a necke of lande in the latitude of 40 degrees. Purchas says that South America was called Peruviana, and North America, Mexicana; which explains the action of Hieronimo da Verrazano in 1529 (#347), who employs the name of Yucatan in accordance with the same principle.
The wealth of Cibola eventually became the subject of sport, as was the case respecting the whole continent, at first supposed to be a part of the East Indies, and remarkably auriferous. His brother published, in 1529, a large map, preserved in the College of the Propaganda at Rome, which outlines Giovanni Verrazanoa€™s discoveries. Curiously enough, Greenland is pictured not very far from where we know it and under a name not very different from ours, but Islandia is placed very close to the Greenland coast.
Gvito, or Quito, happens to be placed nearly in the centre of the South American continent, and close by we read, Domus olim ex solido auri, [the House formerly of solid gold]. The parrot, evidently an edified spectator, gazes placidly down from its perch in the tree. Regio Patalis, a part of this continent, lies southwesterly from the Straits of Magellan, the name perhaps having been transferred from the coast of Africa.
This lonely, harborless isle, with its remarkable peak appears ready to be what it is now, the Sing Sing of Brazil; while St.
An instance is found in the Isle de Fer, a reflection of which, often noticed by sailors, and called the Land of Butter [Terre de beurre], was gravely ceded by the Spanish Government to Louis Perdignon. The editor of the Ptolemy of 1482 knew of the Chronicle of Ivar Bardsen, and some of the names mentioned by him appear upon the editora€™s map; yet at the same time he assigns a false position to Greenland, which is shown as an extension of Norway, while Iceland is laid down in the sea west of what is given as Greenland.
2, 1591) represents the sea in his map, while the Virginia colonists entertained a similar idea. Nevertheless, by whomsoever it may have been designed, this ancient globe has come to us from the Eternal City, finding a permanent resting place at last, not without a certain fine justice, in the great metropolis which looks out upon the splendid harbor visited and described by him whose name is so prominently engraved upon the portion representing the New World.
The Rescue Trust Charity started 4 years ago provides home to home rehoming for Golden Retrievers .
After spending the first three days alternating between indoor instruction and outdoor practicals, students will embark on a four-day traverse of realistic polar conditions.
He is one of the premiere polar guides on the planet and has successfully led more full-length polar expeditions than any other American in history. A lot of thanks to Maarten's sister Inge for the First-Aid speed-course and our enormous medical kit!
This project space will then remain open for viewing alongside the main exhibition until 2 May. All of the artists will uniquely interpret their ideas on these utopian foundations of graffiti. It would be interesting to trace, at least conjecturally, the possibilities of how the globe found its way over to England.


The latitudes are found by the nicely graduated copper equator, upon which the names of the zodiacal signs are engraved; while the equatorial line of the globe itself has the longitude divided into sections covering five degrees each. What we know as Central America is called Nova Andalusia; the Pacific Ocean is named Mare Pacificum, but also Mare del Sur, which became the familiar South Sea in English, and in South America we find such names as Peru, Bresilia [Brazil], Venazola, Terra Paria, and Rio de Platta. It was doubtless from this that the detailsa€”some of them at leasta€”of the Ulpius globe were secured. Hibernia [Ireland] has much the form we know and looks like the little dog we see on our maps, but Scotia [Scotland], much less well known at that time, does not extend far enough north, and England is much compressed in length.
On a peninsula may be found the following inscription: Lusitani vltra promotorium bone spei i Calicutium tendentes hanc terra viderut, veru non accesserut, quaobrem neq nos certi quidq afferre potuimus [The Portuguese, sailing beyond the Cape of Good Hope to Calcutta, saw this land but did not reach it, wherefore, neither have we been able to assert anything with certainty].
Helena, discovered on the festival of that saint, 1501, is waiting to imprison one of the worlda€™s great disturbers. To a similar origin may be assigned Jaquet Island, which came from the Jaquet Bank, a shoal near the edge of Grand Bank. The Fata Morgana is perhaps quite as unsatisfactory as the theory of satanic delusion, sometimes resorted to for the purpose of explaining the mystery.
Ulpius, on the contrary, and in accordance with fact, places Iceland east of Greenland, though both are placed too close to mainland Europe. Then follow Selvi di Cervi, the Deer Park of Verrazano, and Calami, similar to the Carnavarall of the Spanish maps. But for a head wind when off Cape Cod, sailing southward in 1605, Champlain might have reached the Hudson, and instead of planting Port Royal in Nova Scotia, he might have established its foundations on Manhattan Island, in the region where Port Royal (Porto Reale) was laid down by Ulpius.
Lawrence River, a belief that led the French to attempt the colonization of that cold and inhospitable country, in preference to the sunny and fertile regions explored farther southward by Verrazano. As late as 1651 the western sea was represented within about two hundred miles of the Atlantic coast, as appears from a map of that year, found in some copies of The Discovery of Nevv Brittaine (see #472).
If the history of the globe could be written, it would be found to possess the charms of romance. Paul Jovius wrote a book on ichthyology, which was published in 1524, but it was not illustrated. All dogs are collected and delivered to their new homes, and we have a vetted list of people looking for Goldens. With temperatures well below zero and conditions nearly identical to the poles, this adventure will provide a challenging, yet safe, opportunity to experience the many facets of expedition life. Four distinct meridional lines divide the globe into quarters, while four more lines are faintly indicated. The name Nova Gallia [New France] is not surprising, though that term was applied later to territory farther north than here delineated, and indeed continued to be a favorite geographic designation for Canada and the French possessions until the middle of the 18th century. The Orkney Islands, under the name of Orcades, are given a very prominent place, thus leaving insufficient room for northern Scotland. The Amazon and the La Platt Rivers appear, but Ulpius does not show any clear knowledge of the Orinoco River seen by Pinzon around 1500. There is also Insvle Tristan Dacvnha, found by the Portuguese, Dacuna, in 1506; and Insvle Formose, while in the southern part of the Indian Ocean is Insvle Grifonvm [the Isle of Griffins]. Here we might pause to remark upon the ease with which islands that have no existence are found in the sea, and the corresponding difficulty of getting rid of them. Mayda is simply the a€?Maidasa€? of the early maps, while the Three Chimnies, if not explained by some eruption, may have originated in such peculiarities of the bottom as that known as the a€?Whale Holea€? on the bank of Newfoundland.
The waters of Greenland are represented as navigated, and nothing is perhaps more susceptible of proof than the fact that communication was never lost with Greenland from the tenth century down to the present day. Perhaps this last one was placed here in honor of Andrea Corsali, the Florentine navigator in the service of Emanuel, King of Portugal, though no record is found of any voyage made by him to this region.
This would have made the greatest city in America a French city, and, possibly, changed the destiny of the continent.
At the same time the globe, as pointed out, bears the line of Pope Alexander, by which the most of the New World was given to Spain. The Spaniards, on the same principle, as previously noted, proposed to fortify and colonize the Straits of Magellan. This error had its day, and then died though not without manifesting a remarkable vitality.
This may be the very globe that, as Hakluyt said, a€?seemetk to be of Verrasanus making,a€? and which Queen Elizabeth I was accustomed to consult in the gallery at Westminster. The whale is represented as living in the distant north and is, perhaps, the poorest illustration of all. If the Goldens are elderly we find permanent foster homes where the charity pays all the costs and this way older people are able to have a pet without the financial worries that they usually incur. This was the year of the restoration of Catholicism in England under Mary Tudor, and the following year Cardinal Pole became her principal adviser. That line was drawn from pole to pole at ninety degrees west longitude, giving the Portuguese the right over all the territory of Africa, but only a small portion of South America which projects beyond that line.
The latitudes are found by the aid of a brass meridian, the Tropic of Cancer being called A†TIVVS, and Capricorn HYEMALIS. The principal adverse critic of Verrazano frankly concedes that the Globe of Ulpius affords indubitable evidence that the maker had consulted the map (Murphya€™s Verrazano).
There is a Terra Gigantum and a Terra de los Fuegos, as well as an immense Terra Australisa€”a great southern continent below the Strait of Magellan (the initium freti Magellanici is carefully noted)a€”but with regard to this southern continent the globe tells us that it had not yet been explored, perhaps not yet actually found, for the Latin words are ad hue incomperta.
It was on Verrazanoa€™s discoveries and voyage, authorized and financed by the French king, that the French based their claims to this part of North America.
Upon some of our best maps may be found such islands as Jaquet Island, Three Chimnies, Mayda, Amplimont, and Green Rock. Brendana€™s Island, without any great stretch of the imagination, might be referred to as a burning insular peak, so far as the etymology may be concerned; while, again, as the Irish monks were abroad upon the sea at an early period, some of them may have landed upon an island that afterward disappeared. Ulpius, who seems to copy Ruyscha€™s basic outline, leaves the space between Greenland and the west as unexplored; while Ruysch, on the other hand, makes Greenland, together with Newfoundland, part of Asia, Gog and Magog being in close proximity.
These facts, however, are consistent with one another, even on the supposition that the globe was made at the Vatican under the direction of the Cardinal-Presbyter Cervinus. The belief was shared by Ulpius in common with Verrazano, the latter being as positive on the subject as Frobisher himself, both having committed the belief to maps. Of course, the sea serpent finds a place here, but then the sea serpent has been seen many times, ever since, without scientists being able to locate him. We raise funds all year by various methods, but the people that go round the North West Agricultural Shows with a tombola are by far and away the most successful. Through him the globe might easily have found its way into England at this time, and an interesting question would be to trace the relations of friendship between Reginald Pole during his sojourn in Rome and Cardinal Cervinus before he became Pope, so as to discover how this globe could have come into Polea€™s possession and be taken to England. Nevertheless attention has been called to the fact that, in an appendix to his work, the same critic refers to what is called an a€?authority,a€? which says that the map of Verrazano was originated sometime after 1550.
In the case of the monks, it would have received due embellishment, since they were as fond of the marvelous.
It remained for the Zeno Map, published sixteen years after the Ulpius globe, to show the position of Greenland more distinctly, and at the same time to reveal the sites of the eastern and western colonies of Greenland, so erroneously supposed in later times to have been situated on the opposite coasts of that country.
That person, though loyal to the Papal throne, which he was destined to occupy, was not over friendly to Spain, having three years before refused a pension of ten thousand piastres from Charles V., who wished to win his support.
Lawrence was supposed to lead directly into the a€?Sea of China.a€? When Champlain went to Canada in 1608, he declared that he would not return until he reached that sea.
It certainly went to Spain, and there, the instrument upon which perhaps more than one Pope read the decree of his predecessor, Alexander, was finally banished to the realm of worthless antiquities.
Even with that problem settled, however, the question as to how the globe found its way back to Spain, would remain. A brass hour-circle enables the student to ascertain the difference of time between any two given points, while the graduated path of the Ecliptic is a prominent and indispensable aid. If this were so, it would appear that the Verrazano map was based upon the Globe of Ulpius in connection with certain maps, and that, instead of having influenced the production of other maps, it is itself a composition made up of early material. On Coltona€™s Atlas these islands lie in the track of navigation between France and Newfoundland. Germano, both Verrazano names, the former being Longueville, near Dieppe, and the latter St. Therefore, while recognizing the decree of Alexander, he might have been fair with the French, and thus conceded what they had accomplished in the New World by the aid of his countryman, Verrazano.
If there were a replica, one could easily understand that one of the two should find its way there since Marya€™s husband was Philip II of Spain, and he doubtless would have been very much interested in this globe which, better than almost any other map of the time, set forth the Spanish possessions on the other side of the water.
It is said that they originated with icebergs in the fog-banks, or possibly in the fog-banks themselves.
However this may be, the French are recognized, and the most of the region now occupied by the United States was claimed for France as New Gaul. But Hakluyta€™s reference is to Elizabeth, perhaps thirty or forty years after Marya€™s death, and when there was no possibility of any such communication between England and Spain as would account for the globe reaching Spanish dominions.
It should be noticed, however, that this part of the ocean is volcanic, and that islands of considerable magnitude have risen from the sea at different times. It stands connected with its maritime enterprise and adventure, and with its naval and geographical romance. The earliest eruption on record in the north Atlantic is that mentioned on the Ruysch map in the Ptolemy edition of 1508. Between Iceland and Greenland is the legend Insule hac 1456 anno Dno fvit totaliter combusta [This island was entirely burned up, A.
Especially does it prove to the student how the exploration of our continent tried the courage, tested the endurance, baffled the skill and dissipated the fortunes of some of the noblest of men. Cartiera€™s voyage of 1534 is not mentioned, as he made no discoveries, but the Gulf of St. Porto Reale follows, when suddenly we reach the river intended for the Penobscot or Norombega, which, as on the Allefonsce map, which is positioned too far south. Ribero on his map (#346) indeed closes the Gulf, yet it was well known to the French at a very early period. Next is Refvgivm Promont, intended for the Cape of Refuge of the Verrazano map, which afforded Verrazano a land-locked harbor, today identified with Newport, RI.
It must be observed again, however, that the outline of the Ulpius globe is a bit confusing. The next name is Corte Magiore, unless indeed Magiore belongs with the succeeding inscription. The signification is obscure, like that of Flora, though the latter occurs in several of the Ptolemaic maps of the period, including the Maggiolo map (#340) of 1548, and in Ramusioa€™s Verrazano sketch.
Finally, Cavo de Brettoni is reached, or Cape Breton, a name usually referred to the French, but which may have been given by the Portuguese.
The reading may be cdmeri, and thus refer to the Cosin de mer annano, or Oceanus on the SchA¶ner globe of 1520 (#328), signifying the Ocean Cape. With Terra Laboratoris we reach, not Labrador, the Portuguese a€?Land of the Laborers,a€? but Newfoundland.
By mistake, Laboratoris is applied to Newfoundland, as later to Cape Breton, the inland waters of which are today called a€?Bras da€™or,a€? previously lengthened from Brador, which, according to the fancy of someone, signified a€?the Arm of Gold,a€? Thus easily are names emptied of their original signification. By mistake, Laboratoris is applied to Newfoundland, as later to Cape Breton, the inland waters of which are today called a€?Bras da€™or,a€? previously lengthened fromA  Brador, which, according to the fancy of someone, signified a€?the Arm of Gold,a€? Thus easily are names emptied of their original signification. Frio [the Cold Cape of the Portuguese] represents Newfoundland, one part of which is marked Terra Corterealis. Yet, whatever name may be given to Newfoundland by the old cartographers, that of Bacca laos always adheres, being derived from Baculum, a stick, often used to keep fish spread open when drying. As in several other maps of the period, the name is repeated on an island lying westward as Grovelat.
The greater portion of the region around the Pole is shown as land, but north of Asia is an immense lake, Mare Glaciale, also found on the Nancy globe (#363).



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