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When I say Emergency Sanitation as part of your emergency preparedness plan, what comes to mind?
You might be tempted to overlook this part of your preparations, after all, emergency sanitation is not something we talk about every day. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC) a knowledge of hygiene and handwashing, bathing, dental and wound care during emergencies is essential.
13 gallon size (or larger) heavy duty garbage bags– get the heaviest ones you can find – no skimping here! Sometimes you may not be able to use your home toilet, it may be backed up, or you may have to evacuate.
GOOD: Using the guidelines listed above, gather your emergency sanitation kit supplies together and make a plan to purchase what you are missing. BEST: Watch a You-Tube video (or two) about emergency sanitation kits and download the publication from Johns Hopkins University listed below.
CDC Information about Food, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene before and after an emergency including community drinking water, private wells and rainwater catchment systems. Home EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS - are you ready for 72 hours? When an emergency or disaster occurs, it may be days before you are rescued and services become available. Ya sea en vuelos largos o en vuelos cortos, las companias aereas deben llevar un equipamiento de emergencia para atender a los pasajeros o a la tripulacion en caso de ser necesario. De este modo, el contenido del botiquin de los aviones se encuentra legislado y las especificaciones figuran en el Anexo 6, parte 1 de la Convencion de Chicago de la Organizacion de Aviacion Civil Internacional (OACI).
Asi, se explica que el avion debera esta equipado con "suministros medicos accesibles y adecuados" y, por lo tanto, incluir "uno o mas botiquines de primeros auxilios para uso de la tripulacion de cabina en el manejo de incidentes asociados a estados de mala salud". En cuanto a la ubicacion de los kits de primeros auxilios, la OACI explica que deberan distribuirse de la manera mas uniforme posible en las cabinas de pasajeros.
El Botiquin de Primeros Auxilios obligatorio, y que puede llegar a ser utilizado por los miembros de la tripulacion o algun pasajero, se encuentra equipado con elementos dispuestos a calmar cualquier malestar o dolor leve, o ante algun accidente menor. Por ultimo, existe un Botiquin medico o Emergency Medical Kit (EMK) que es obligatorio en todos los aviones que transportan a mas de 100 pasajeros.
Y si bien no es obligatorio, en algunos casos se lleva un monitor del ritmo cardiaco, (con o sin desfibrilador externo automatico[AED]).
Las azafatas confiesan los peores habitos de los pasajeros Trastornos viajeros: jet lag Desmontando mitos viajeros: ?en un avion te puede explotar un implante de silicona del pecho? Once you’re out of danger, try to get in touch with family or friends to let them know you’re safe. Your embassy is at the perfect position to assist you, from something complex such as a flight out of the affected area or something necessary such as food and shelter. It’s important to stay updated on what’s happening, to keep you informed on what to do next. The first aid kit you assemble for your bomb shelter should have a generous supply of general-use items, as well as supplies specific to medical needs that may arise during a nuclear attack. The three primary goals of a general first aid kit are to stop bleeding, prevent infection, and assist in decontamination.
Potassium Iodide tablets (KI03)- Following a nuclear explosion, radioactive iodine is released into the air where it can be ingested or inhaled. Unique Needs: This is not a definitive list, but rather is meant to provide examples of special medical items you may need to keep in your shelter. Your first aid kit should be stored in an area of your bomb shelter where it is easily accessible and unlikely to be damaged by moisture. North Korea announced that it is preparing to restart the facility that produced its atomic bomb. Iran's nuclear program remains unchanged, a government spokesman Saturday, indicating that Tehran has no plans to meet a key Western demand that it stop enriching uranium. Like the more than 160 million Americans who live within the danger zones, your greatest concern following a nuclear attack comes from radioactive fallout. Are writing supplies available, including pens or pencils and printed forms or paper, for keeping records of radiation exposure? When a nuclear weapon explodes anywhere within several hundred miles, there will be many signs to indicate it. The immediate phenomena associated with a nuclear explosion, as well as the effects of shock and blast and of thermal and nuclear radiations, vary with the location of the point of burst in relation to the surface of the earth.
Blast and thermal effects occur to some extent in all types of explosions, whether conventional or nuclear. From experiments made in laboratories with charged-particle accelerators, it was concluded that the fusion of isotopes of hydrogen was possible. The observed phenomena associated with a nuclear explosion and the effects on people and materials are largely determined by the thermal radiation and its interaction with the surroundings.
The significant point about the fission of a uranium (or plutonium) nucleus by means of a neutron, in addition to the release of a large quantity of energy, is that the process is accompanied by the instantaneous emission of two or more neutrons. Although two to three neutrons are produced in the fission reaction for every nucleus that undergoes fission, not all of these neutrons are available for causing further fissions.
The residual radiation hazard from a nuclear explosion is in the form of radioactive fallout and neutron-induced activity.
About 5% of the energy released in a nuclear air burst is transmitted in the form of initial neutron and gamma radiation.
An explosion, in general, results from the very rapid release of a large amount of energy within a limited space.
The radiobiological hazard of worldwide fallout is essentially a long-term one due to the potential accumulation of long-lived radioisotopes, such as strontium-90 and cesium-137, in the body as a result of ingestion of foods which had incorporated these radioactive materials. The “yield” of a nuclear weapon is a measure of the amount of explosive energy it can produce. The basic reason for this difference is that, weight for weight, the energy produced by a nuclear explosive is millions of times as great as that produced by a chemical explosive.


A less familiar element, which has attained prominence in recent years because of its use as a source of nuclear energy, is uranium, normally a solid metal.
The Penalty Table was developed to provide a simple guide when decisions must be made that will involve some risk.
The radiation hazard will be worst throughout the first 24 hours after each fallout cloud arrives. Used to compare the radiation levels between two or more locations in a bomb shelter when the radiation levels are climbing rapidly and when you have only one survey meter. Is there going to be enough room for all of the people at this bomb shelter in the locations of best protection? As you go through your bomb shelter looking for the places that appear to provide the best shielding from gamma radiation, you should also look for ways to improve the shielding. Organization of the bomb shelter population into bomb shelter units, each with its own Unit Leader, is necessary not only for good management but also for keeping a radiation exposure record for each person in the bomb shelter.
You may have improved the radiation safety of the bomb shelter to the best of your judgment and capability, as discussed earlier. If you are selected to be an RM after you arrive at the bomb shelter, you may have to find out where the radiation instruments are, and you may have to make a special trip to get them. When the survey meter readings level off and then continue to decrease, the arrival of fallout from that particular cloud at your location has almost ended.
After the safest locations have been found in the bomb shelter and the people have moved there (if they weren’t there already), use the survey meter to make detailed measurements of the radiation levels in and around the area where the people are located. In some bomb shelters where the FPF is high and about the same everywhere, as in deep underground bomb shelters, caves, and mines, only a few dosimeters need to be mounted or hung where people will be located, to get an idea of what total exposures they are getting, if any. Sometime no later than 24 - 30 hours after fallout has begun to come down, you (the RM) should take the survey meter and check the radiation levels in rooms next to the bomb shelter area and on the way to the outside.
Some bomb shelters may have many rooms, some of them on different levels, and others may have just one large room. Which locations within the bomb shelter appear to offer the best protection against fallout? Are there openings to be baffled or covered to reduce the amount of radiation coming through them? One problem that could develop is that the bomb shelter entrance could be blocked by people who have stopped just inside the entrance.
The location you choose for your bomb shelter should be one which gives you the greatest protection possible. The blast wind produced by a nuclear bomb will reach 2,000 mph within the first half mile from ground zero, drop to about 1,000 mph at 2 miles, and will still be at hurricane force (200 mph) several miles out.
You are going to need a complete underground bomb shelter plan, and you want to make sure such a plan has been scrutinized thoroughly. It may not be possible to do all these tasks before fallout arrives at the bomb shelter or fallout shelter, and in that case, those tasks that can be done inside the bomb shelter can be done later while fallout is arriving. This page is designed to give pet owners the basic emergency pet first aid information needed to stabilize an injured pet until qualified veterinary care can be obtained.
The first step in animal CPR (like human CPR), after determining that the animals non-responsive, is to obtain an open airway. Pace a soft block of something at beginning of mouth to avoid automatic biting down while Attempting to straighten the tongue or remove blockage.
NOTE: Animals have a bone deep in the throat at the base of the tongue which is the hyoid apparatus or Adam's apple which can be mistaken for obstruction or chicken bone.
Emergency pet first aid kits can be made to fit your personal needs or purchased as a complete Pet First Aid Kit.
Paperwork, including the dog's health record, medications, local and national poison control numbers, regular veterinary clinic hours and telephone numbers, and emergency clinic hours and telephone number. Check for animal first aid and CPR classes at your veterinarian's office or local community college. If you have a true passion for pets and their safety, click here to learn more about how to become a Veterinarian.
THE INFORMATION ON THIS PAGE IS FOR EMERGENCY MEASURES ONLY & IS NO SUBSTITUTE FOR VETERINARY CARE! Emergency information is given in the hope that it will save animals' lives until they can be brought to a Veterinarian. Do you think about how you will keep germs and disease from spreading if you are without running water? Interruptions in service can occur because of storm damage, power outages, sabotage or broken pipes. We will assume that the city will have a way to dispose of these bags after the emergency is over.
I read stories of people evacuating from hurricanes that were stuck in their cars for many hours and had no emergency sanitation available. At no additional charge to you, I receive a small commission whenever a product is purchased through these links. El mismo solo puede ser utilizado por un medico o personal cualificado y cuando lo autorice el Comandante. Si, lamentablemente este elementos NO es obligatorio en todos los vuelos comerciales aunque cada vez son mas las companias que equipan a sus aeronaves con ellos.
When you depart for your destination, you pray and hope that none of these will happen and yet you also need to be ready just in case a travel disaster strikes.
It helps to know basic survival tips, something that you can research beforehand through the internet or through a disaster preparedness class. In the event of a terrorist attack, look for the nearest exit and go there as quickly as you can. Communication lines will either be busy or down after a disaster, so make good use of it if you’re lucky enough to get through. They can also help you get in touch with your family, or at the very least, notify them that you’re safe.
Flights might be affected, roads might be blocked, further potential threats might be lurking.


The first aid kit that you keep in your shelter should not replace a secondary kit that can be easily taken with you should the need to evacuate arise.
This can be applied to the skin of the abdomen for absorption into the body (not ingested). With the important exception of prescription and non-prescription medicines that have an expiration date, you will not need to cycle through the items in your first aid kit in the same manner as your food and water stores. For descriptive purposes five types of burst are distinguished, although many variations and intermediate situations can arise in practice. The release of ionizing radiation, however, is a phenomenon unique to nuclear explosions and is an additional casualty producing mechanism superimposed on blast and thermal effects. There are 40 or so different ways in which the nuclei can split up when fission occurs; hence about 80 different fragments are produced. Some of the fission neutrons are lost by escape, whereas others are lost in various nonfission reactions. The neutrons result almost exclusively from the energy producing fission and fusion reactions, while the initial gamma radiation includes that arising from these reactions as well as that resulting from the decay of short-lived fission products. This is true for a conventional “high explosive,” such as TNT, as well as for a nuclear (or atomic) explosion, although the energy is produced in quite different ways.
It is the usual practice to state the yield in terms of the quantity of TNT that would generate the same amount of energy when it explodes.
It is important to start keeping track of everyone’s radiation exposure right away, as soon as fallout begins to arrive. But after fallout arrives, you may find with the use of your survey meter that gamma radiation is shining through at some unexpected location. Most of the bomb shelters with the highest FPF’s will also have the least daylight reaching them.
The policy of “what they don’t know won’t hurt them” has never worked with the American public.
Instructions on how to use the instruments may be given at the place where they are issued. This protection would be of particular benefit to those people with the greatest sensitivity to radiation, namely, children and pregnant women.
The people in the bomb shelter should be gathered at the locations that are estimated to have the lowest radiation levels. The problems of providing the best radiation safety will be a little different in each bomb shelter. Will these changes allow enough air to flow through to keep people from getting too hot when they are crowded? Make sure that the neck is reasonably straight; try to bring the head in-line with the neck.
Attempt 2 rescue breaths, by closing the mouth, and performing mouth-to-nose ventilation's. Visibly inspect the airway by looking into the mouth, and down the throat for foreign objects occluding the airway. If you still cana€™t breath into the animal, proceed to the HEIMLICH MANEUVER FOR DOGS AND CATS.
Locate your hands where its left elbow touches the chest, approximately the middle of the rib-cage (for cats use 1 hand in a squeezing motion). Hug the animal with your fist in your hand, just below the rib-cage (for cats, or small dogs, just squeeze 1 hand in the same place).
Stop, check to see if the object is visible in the airway, if so, remove it and give 2 mouth-nose rescue breaths.
These programs are designed to give you the confidence to respond in an emergency situation by learning emergency pet care skills that can save a life. You can also scan and keep digital copies of important files such as your passport, credit card or ID in case you lose your documents and need to access them.
If this is not possible, go someplace where you can hide or cover yourself until it’s safer for you to exit.
Facebook has recently developed a Safety Check feature, where you can mark yourself safe should you be in the affected area; while the Red Cross website has a Safe and Well feature.
If you don’t know how to get to your embassy, try to look for local official like the police, medical personnel or Red Cross. Your first aid kit is also the place to store refills of prescription medications and other specialized items needed by you or your family members (for example, supplies for diabetics). If taken just before or just after the ingestion of radioactive fallout, KI03 pills will saturate your thyroid, reducing the possibility of radioactive iodine being absorbed into your thyroid gland.
It’s not as effective as potassium iodide tablets, but certainly better than nothing at all. Any medical items with an expiration date should be used and replaced frequently to ensure that what you have on hand is fresh, safe, and effective should you need it in an emergency.
Unlike human-CPR, rescuers may reach into the airway and remove foreign objects that are visible.
This will be a very big problem if your water supply is cut off and you aren’t prepared.
Empty the water from the bowl, put in a heavy duty garbage bag and secure it with duct tape (tape the handle too). In the event of an earthquake, curl up next to a sturdy piece of furniture so a safe space is created should the building collapse.
A small first-aid handbook is also a wise addition; even if you are familiar with all the supplies in the kit, your knowledge can fly out the window in the middle of a stressful situation. Use the same supplies for your home port-a-potty listed above and store them in the bucket.
You can also purchase a Reliance Fold-to-go Portable Toilet or similar RV type item if you just can’t bare the thought of using a bucket!



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