Easiest commands to teach your dog,what causes my dog to keep throwing up,staffordshire bull terrier dogs 101 - You Shoud Know

Category: Dog Trainer Certification Programs | Author: admin 04.02.2015
There are five important commands that every dog should know: sit, stay, lay down, come, and heel.
As you enforce the 'sit' command, the dog will learn that when it wants something, or you are busy, sitting and waiting is the right thing to do.
The goal is for the dog to learn that when you give the 'sit' command, it is time to pay attention or calm down. In order to see the treat, the dog will need to its head up, which will make its bum go down. Teach your dog to "stay." There are some commands that can literally save your dog's life and the "stay" command is one of them. A pup has an instinctive understanding of how to stay when being threatened and the mother uses a very distinct "stay" command as well. Hold the dog's collar and say "[dog's name], stay!" You should do this while placing your open hand in front of, but not touching, your dog's face.
You should also have a certain command to release your dog from the stay such as "okay!" or "come". Like training other commands, if the dog does not follow the command or does something different, start again from the beginning. Gently pull the dog towards you while saying "[dog's name], come!" You should do this in a more encouraging voice than you use for other commands, as you want the dog to want to come to you. Your dog will probably naturally want to jog at a canter and sniff and veer off in many directions. Tell your dog to "heel." Say "[dog's name], heel!" while stepping forward with your left foot. If things get a little to out of control, stop and place the dog in a sit position at your side once again, praise him or her, and start over. You should get your dog used to not feeling any tension on the lead unless you are making a correction, or the dog will get into the habit of pulling constantly. Alternate stepping off with the left and using the heel command and then stepping off with the right and using the stay command. Keep your early training sessions indoors or outdoors on a lead and in a quiet place to avoid distractions.
Do not ever let your dog off lead until she or he is performing these exercises correctly 100% of the time. This version of How to Teach Your Dog Basic Commands was reviewed by Pippa Elliott, MRCVS on August 28, 2015. These commands will help you communicate your wishes to your dog, essentially giving you a line of clear communication with your pet. As your dog learns the verbal command, stop assisting the action and begin to use an accompanying hand signal. When your dog is sitting, stand so that he or she is on your left side facing the same direction.
When your dog learns this command well, you can start to increase the length of time while gradually moving away during the stay. As you say "[dog's name], down!," hold your left hand above your dog's head, palm toward the floor. Once you have shown your dog how to come and what command you will give, place a piece of dry dog food at your feet and point to it. When interacting with your pet, take opportunities to call it from across the room by using its name and saying "Come!" and praising it when it gets there. Teaching your canine companion to heel will save your back, your shoulders, your dog's neck, and dignity for both of you (although, dignity may be low on the priority list for your dog). Using the regular walking lead, put your dog in a "sit" position beside your left leg, facing the same direction as you.

If he or she strays too far off to the side, pat your leg and say "Keep with me!" or "Over here!" or another short phrase. You may gently praise your dog while he or she is heeling well, but keep it toned down so as not to distract it. When you are ready to stop, you should stop on your left foot and say "[dog's name],sit." After a few repetitions you should no longer need to use the sit command. When your dog is consistently obeying the "heel" command properly, start unexpectedly starting of with the left foot and stopping without verbal commands or hand signals. For example, once your dog sits for the first time on his own, give him a treat, or rub his belly. After you have both learned the commands well, then start to have sessions in different places so your dog will learn to listen in spite of distractions. This will simply confuse and frighten your dog, making training sessions a negative experience for both of you. Even if the dog was being disobedient before it came, the fact that it obeyed your last command will be the only thing it connects with the disciplinary action. The dog only has to disobey once and get out of your reach, in order for you to understand that you can't enforce what you can't catch. While several years ago it was common belief that puppies should be trained only once over the age of 6 months; nowadays, a better understanding of how dogs learn through reward-based training techniques has made it possible to jump start the whole training process at an early age.
If you give your dog a good training in the basic commands, you set the groundwork for future advanced training, as well as simply aiding in a conflict free relationship with your furry best friend.
The goal is for the dog to connect the action, phrase, or word with the treat and the praise.
Down actually stops whatever action was happening before the command, so it is useful in controlling behavior. With a treat in your right hand, lower your hand towards the floor slowly and relatively close to the dog's body.
The goal is for your dog to follow your command no matter what it is doing when you give it.
Once it is obeying the spoken commands consistently, remain silent and only use the spoken commands for correction. Your dog will come to know that stopping on the left foot is the signal for him or her to stop and sit.
When you and your dog has learned this well, you will be able to function smoothly as a team no matter where you are. If you become frustrated, move on or back to a command that your dog is better with and end your session on a positive note. You need to have your authority firmly in place before you can start working successfully off lead.
While saying "Sit", pull your hand up into a loose fist, or lift it in a J motion to end with your palm facing up. Your dog will want to start with you, so you use the "stay" command and walk around him back to the "place" position.
Once a dog has learned the sit command it can be used in a variety of circumstances that can be very beneficial to both the dog and the handler. For instance, a dog can be asked to sit when guests come over so he’ll not be jumping all over them with the end result of leaving messy paw prints all over their clothes. A dog trained to sit politely before being fed will also be less likely to get in the way potentially causing the owner to trip and create messy spills.Asking a dog to sit before throwing a toy or before petting the dog encourages calm behaviors which are rewarded with a game or some attention. Furthermore, the sit position can be used as a precursor of other commands such as down and stay. It uses food, strategically placed between the handler’s thumb and index finger and protruding enough for the dog to be able to sniff and see.

As the term implies, luring means using food or a toy as a lure that will guide the dog into the desired sit position. In order to train the dog to sit, the treat will be brought at the dog’s nose level and then lifted upwards from the nose towards the head. As the dog follows the treat, his nose will point upwards which will cause the dog’s rump to hit the floor in a sitting position. Fading the lure is a process that should be done gradually by removing the treat from view once the dog understands the sitting exercise and allowing him to depend solely on the upwards hand signal without the treat.
In the case of shaping, the dog is taught in small, incremental steps which ultimately are approximations of the finished behavior. The dog would, therefore, be rewarded for looking upward and then for slightly bending the hind legs. Clickers are often used to quickly mark desired behaviors.Physical MoldingLast, but not least, some trainers prefer teaching dogs to sit by simply pushing down on their backs until the dog sits.
This method is based on negative reinforcement, meaning that something perceived as aversive by the dog is removed the moment the dog complies.
In this case, the dog learns to sit faster and more frequently so to avoid feeling the pressure on his back. Another similar method consists of pulling the dog’s leash forcefully in an upwards motion until the dog is forced to sit. For instance, it’s not a good idea to push on the back of a dog with back pain, a growing puppy or a dog with some orthopedic problem. If the sit command is given when the dog is in the initial stages of learning, he won’t clearly understand what it really means. If the dog is being lured into a sit, the sit command should be pronounced when the dog is fluent in sitting, but right before the hand signal is made.
The hand signal can therefore be faded so the dog sits only when he hears the verbal command.TroubleshootingFor some dogs, the sit command may be more challenging to learn than in other dogs. It’s also important to realize that dogs suffering from orthopedic problems or old age may find the sitting position uncomfortable or painful.
For instance, in dogs who tend to back up when asked to sit, a wall or a bench may prevent them from backing up, allowing them to finally sit. Dogs who appear distracted, many need to be trained in a quiet area where there aren’t many distractions going on.
Distractions can be added gradually only once the dog is fluent in sitting on command.The use of high-value treats can help motivate even the most unwilling dogs. Crunchy treats can take a long time to chew and may cause a dog to choke if he’s excited and eats them too fast. Great training treats can be found in pet stores nowadays, but many handlers prefer to give their dogs small pieces of people foods such as slices of hot dogs, strips of string cheese or little chunks of boiled chicken or steak.The Bottom LineAs seen, the sit command can turn out very helpful in many different circumstances.
It’s always a good idea to make training a fun and rewarding process so the dog looks forward to it. Tedious, long sessions may cause a dog to lose interest in training soon, with the end result of a dog dreading it.
The best part of training a dog to sit is that once the dog learns this command, it will become almost second nature to sit when asked to. There’s ultimately no shadow of doubt that regular obedience training paves the path to owning a dog that is a joy to have around and a well-adjusted member of society.

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