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Collie dog facts,dog fact of the day,tips on dogs in heat,how to teach your dog to walk on the treadmill - Plans Download

Category: Dog Trainers Los Angeles | Author: admin 27.06.2014
The Collie dog breed is a native of Scotland, mostly of the Highland regions but also bred in the Scottish Lowlands and northern England, where she was used primarily as a herding dog.
Contrary to popular belief, small size doesn't necessarily an apartment dog make — plenty of small dogs are too high-energy and yappy for life in a high-rise. Some dogs are simply easier than others: they take to training better and are fairly easygoing.
Some dogs will let a stern reprimand roll off their backs, while others take even a dirty look to heart.
Being gentle with children, sturdy enough to handle the heavy-handed pets and hugs they can dish out, and having a blase attitude toward running, screaming children are all traits that make a kid-friendly dog. Friendliness toward dogs and friendliness toward humans are two completely different things.
Stranger-friendly dogs will greet guests with a wagging tail and a nuzzle; others are shy, indifferent, or even aggressive.
If you're going to share your home with a dog, you'll need to deal with some level of dog hair on your clothes and in your house.
Drool-prone dogs may drape ropes of slobber on your arm and leave big, wet spots on your clothes when they come over to say hello. Some breeds are brush-and-go dogs; others require regular bathing, clipping, and other grooming just to stay clean and healthy. Dogs come in all sizes, from the world's smallest pooch, the Chihuahua, to the towering Great Dane, how much space a dog takes up is a key factor in deciding if he is compatible with you and your living space. Easy to train dogs are more adept at forming an association between a prompt (such as the word "sit"), an action (sitting), and a consequence (getting a treat) very quickly. Dogs who were bred for jobs that require decision making, intelligence, and concentration, such as herding livestock, need to exercise their brains, just as dogs who were bred to run all day need to exercise their bodies. Dogs that were bred to hunt, such as terriers, have an inborn desire to chase and sometimes kill other animals.
A vigorous dog may or may not be high-energy, but everything he does, he does with vigor: he strains on the leash (until you train him not to), tries to plow through obstacles, and even eats and drinks with great big gulps. Some dogs are perpetual puppies -- always begging for a game -- while others are more serious and sedate. In the 1950s television series Lassie, you knew that the Collie would come to the rescue, whether Timmy was trapped in an abandoned mine or had fallen into a well. Well, according to those who know and love the Collie breed, the fictional accounts of television Lassie aren't too far off the mark. Heroics aside, the Collie is a medium-size (50 to 70 pounds) dog, easy to train, devoted to and protective of her family, and friendly with people outside the family circle as well. Although the Collie is good-natured and friendly, she can be suspicious of strangers, especially if they approach the children in her family. The beautiful Collie has two distinct looks: full coat (known as the Rough variety) and short coat (known as the Smooth variety). In addition to her herding ability, the loyal Collie excels as an assistance or therapy dog. Both varieties need grooming, but the Rough Collie especially needs regular brushing to keep her coat clean and free of tangles. Many Collies are sensitive to medications including ivermectin, the drug used in heartworm preventives.
Original Collies were closer in size and shape to today's Border Collies, and they were predominantly black. Stone Age nomads brought dogs to what is now Southern England, and from these came a hardy, intelligent dog used to herd sheep, cattle, goats, and pigs.
It wasn't long before the dogs were shown and bred for good looks rather than working ability. One Collie, named Old Cockie, who was born in 1867, is credited with the characteristic type of the Rough Collie known today, and she is believed to be responsible for introducing sable coat color to the breed. If those qualities weren't positive enough, the Collie tops them with her intelligence and loyalty. Temperament is affected by a number of factors, including heredity, training, and socialization. Like every dog, the Collie needs early socialization — exposure to many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences — when they're young. Collie Nose: Also known as nasal solar dermatitis, this is a condition in which the skin of nose peels, oozes, and may lose color.
Nodular Granulomatous Episclerokeratitis (NGE): Also called nodular fascitis, fibrous histiocytoma, or Collie granuloma, this condition is thought to be an immune disorder. Drug Sensitivity: The Collie is known to react to such drugs as ivermectin (found in heartworm control medication), anesthesia, and insecticides.
CareThe Collie lives comfortably in the city or the country, as long as she has enough exercise.
Training the Collie is a breeze, but — like any dog — she needs early socialization to prevent her from becoming timid. NOTE: How much your adult dog eats depends on his size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. For more on feeding your Collie, see our guidelines for buying the right food, feeding your puppy, and feeding your adult dog. Coat Color And GroomingThe Collie has two coat types: Rough (long hair) and Smooth (short hair). The Collie comes in four colors: sable (think Lassie), tricolor (black with white markings and tan shadings), blue merle (silvery blue and black), and white (predominately white with markings). Trim the Collie's nails once a month, and check the ears once a week for dirt, redness, or a bad odor that can indicate an infection. Brush your Collie's teeth at least two or three times a week to remove tartar buildup and the bacteria that lurk inside it. Children And Other PetsThe playful Collie is known for her love of children, even those she wasn't raised with.
As with every breed, you should always teach children how to approach and touch dogs, and always supervise any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent any biting or ear or tail pulling on the part of either party. Breed OrganizationsBelow are breed clubs, organizations, and associations where you can find additional information about the Collie. The Border Collie dog breed was developed to gather and control sheep in the hilly border country between Scotland and England. If you've ever had the pleasure of watching a Border Collie herd sheep, you know you're watching a master craftsman at work, with his intense stare as he approaches the sheep, his almost intuitive response to the shepherd's command, and the skillful manner in which he maneuvers the sheep exactly where the shepherd wants them to go. The Border Collie, a medium-sized dog at 30 to 45 pounds, possesses a seemingly supernatural amount of energy and stamina — a hardiness that was developed when he was required to work all day in the hills and valleys of the rugged Scottish border country, sometimes running 50 miles or more a day. If there is a dark side to the Border Collie's energy and workaholic attitude, it comes out when he's brought into a family that doesn't understand him.
The Border Collie is a herding dog, which means he has an overwhelming urge to gather a flock. The Border Collie is a good match for an owner who is as active as he is, especially one who's eager to get involved in dog sports.
The owner or family that's willing to properly socialize and train the Border Collie will find a soul mate in this intelligent, sensitive breed. The Border Collie is highly sensitive, often responsive to the subtlest command and seemingly able to predict his owner's desires in advance. A workaholic who thrives on mental and physical stimulation, the Border Collie must have a positive way to direct his energy.
The Border Collie will herd anything that moves, including children, cars, people on bikes, cats, and squirrels. The noisy play of young children can stimulate the Border Collie's herding instinct and cause him to nip, nudge, and bark. The Border Collie doesn't usually roam, but his curiosity and intelligence can lead him to become an escape artist.


To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill, or pet store. HistoryThe Border Collie's ancestors have been around since humans in what is now Britain first began using dogs to help guard and herd sheep.
The Border Collie is also renowned for being highly sensitive to his handler's every cue, from a whistle to a hand signal to a raised eyebrow.
HealthBorder Collies are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they're prone to certain health conditions.
Collie Eye Anomaly: This is an inherited condition that causes changes and abnormalities in the eye, which can sometimes lead to blindness.
CareWhile the Border Collie is a highly adaptable dog, he's best suited to an environment that gives him some elbow room: a city home with a securely fenced yard, or a country farm or ranch.
Coat Color And GroomingThe Border Collie breed boasts two varieties of coat: rough and smooth. His coat is most often black with a white blaze on the face, neck, feet, legs, and tail tip, with or without tan.
The hardworking Border Collie isn't prissy, and he doesn't need excessive grooming to keep him looking good. Brush your Border Collie's teeth at least two or three times a week to remove tartar buildup and the bacteria that lurk inside it. Children And Other PetsThe Border Collie is a good family dog, as long as he is raised properly and receives training when he's young. Rescue GroupsBorder Collies are often purchased without any clear understanding of what goes into owning one. Breed OrganizationsBelow are breed clubs, organizations, and associations where you can find additional information about the Border Collie.
Collie TemperamentCollies make fantastic family pets because they love to be with people, and love to be part of the family.
The medium-length coat of the Collie requires brushing a few times a week to keep it tangle-free. Border Collies are an intelligent, biddable breed with an instinctive desire to work closely and intensely with a human handler. Although the primary role of the Border Collie is that of the working stock dog, dogs of this breed are becoming increasingly popular as pets. Border Collies are now also being used in showing, especially agility, where their speed and agility comes to good use. The Border Collies range of skills and high intelligence also make it an excellent detection dog which is commonly used by police, customs and other government agencies. She is a sensitive and intelligent dog, known for her undying loyalty and amazing ability to foresee her owner's needs.
Being quiet, low energy, fairly calm indoors, and polite with the other residents, are all good qualities in an apartment dog. Low-sensitivity dogs, also called "easygoing," "tolerant," "resilient," and even "thick-skinned," can better handle a noisy, chaotic household, a louder or more assertive owner, and an inconsistent or variable routine. An anxious dog can be very destructive, barking, whining, chewing, and otherwise causing mayhem.
Dogs with a low cold tolerance need to live inside in cool climates and should have a jacket or sweater for chilly walks. Breed isn't the only factor that goes into affection levels; dogs who were raised inside a home with people around feel more comfortable with humans and bond more easily.
Our ratings are generalizations, and they're not a guarantee of how any breed or individual dog will behave. However, no matter what the breed, a dog who was exposed to lots of different types, ages, sizes, and shapes of people as a puppy will respond better to strangers as an adult.
However, shedding does vary greatly among the breeds: Some dogs shed year-round, some "blow" seasonally -- produce a snowstorm of loose hair -- some do both, and some shed hardly at all. If you've got a laid-back attitude toward slobber, fine; but if you're a neatnik, you may want to choose a dog who rates low in the drool department.
Consider whether you have the time and patience for a dog that needs a lot of grooming, or the money to pay someone else to do it. This doesn't mean that every dog of that breed will develop those diseases; it just means that they're at an increased risk. Mouthy dogs are more likely to use their mouths to hold or "herd" their human family members, and they need training to learn that it's fine to gnaw on chew toys, but not on people.
When choosing a breed, think about how the dog vocalizes — with barks or howls — and how often. Nordic dogs such as Siberian Huskies were bred to range long distances, and given the chance, they'll take off after anything that catches their interest. Although a playful pup sounds endearing, consider how many games of fetch or tag you want to play each day, and whether you have kids or other dogs who can stand in as playmates for the dog. The real-life Collie is an extremely intelligent, sensitive dog who is known for her uncanny ability to know when something is wrong.
The television star was a Rough Collie, as was the star of the 1943 movie Lassie Come Home, which inspired the television series. If you are considering a Collie, you must be extremely careful from whom you purchase or adopt a puppy. Be sure to talk with your veterinarian before giving your Collie a heartworm preventive or any other drug.
The Collie's popularity has given rise to unethical breeders acting with no regard for temperament, health, or conformation.
She has been called Collis, Colley, Coally, and Coaly, names that probably derive from col or coll, the Anglo-Saxon word for black. Herding ability was more important than appearance, so the dogs varied a great deal in looks.
Some historians say that the Collie's particular ancestors were brought to the British Isles by Roman conquerors, some two thousand years ago.
In 1860, she visited her Scotland estate and fell in love with the good looks and gentle temperament of the Collies she saw. The Collie Club of America was formed on August 26, 1886, which makes it one of the oldest canine specialty clubs. Inviting visitors over regularly, and taking him to busy parks, stores that allow dogs, and on leisurely strolls to meet neighbors will also help him polish his social skills.
Not all Collies will get any or all of these diseases, but it's important to be aware of them if you're considering this breed. Health clearances prove that a dog has been tested for and cleared of a particular condition. Studies indicate that perhaps 70 percent of Collies (both Rough and Smooth) could be carriers. Consult with your veterinarian before giving your Collie any medication or using flea or tick control products. She also benefits from obedience training; a "Quiet" command should be a part of every Collie's training program. The Rough Collie has an abundant, straight outer coat that is harsh to the touch, and a soft, furry undercoat that is so thick it's difficult to see the skin when you part the hair. Many owners opt to pay a professional groomer to brush and bathe their Collie, especially the Rough variety, because the coat is so thick. Teach your child never to approach any dog while he's eating or sleeping or to try to take the dog's food away. Look for a reputable breeder who tests her breeding dogs to make sure they're free of genetic diseases that they might pass onto the puppies, and that they have sound temperaments.
In the border country between Scotland and England, the herding dog became one of the most valuable assets a shepherd could have, and the best working dogs were bred with each other. These herding dogs became associated with their particular regions and were eventually known as Welsh Sheepdogs, Northern Sheepdogs, Highland Collies, and Scotch Collies.


On a trip to Balmoral a short time later, Queen Victoria saw one of the dogs and became an enthusiast of the breed. The breed's superior herding ability leads many fanciers to advocate breeding Border Collies only to working, not conformation, standards. In fact, he must be busy or he becomes bored, which leads to annoying behavior, such as barking, digging, or chasing cars. Puppy classes and plenty of exposure to a variety of people, places, and things help the sensitive Border Collie gain confidence. Not all Border Collies will get any or all of these diseases, but it's important to be aware of them if you're considering this breed. Some dogs show pain and lameness on one or both rear legs, but others don't display outward signs of discomfort. Early in the disease, affected dogs become night-blind; they lose sight during the day as the disease progresses. It causes a painful stiffening of the joint, to the point that the dog is unable to bend his elbow.
True to their working heritage, Border Collies make very demanding, energetic pets that are better off in households that can provide them with plenty of exercise and a job to do.
However, in an appropriate home, with a dedicated, active owner, a Border Collie can be an excellent companion. Dogs who are highly sensitive, independent thinking, or assertive may be harder for a first-time owner to manage. These breeds do best when a family member is home during the day or if you can take the dog to work.
If you want a heat-sensitive breed, the dog will need to stay indoors with you on warm or humid days, and you'll need to be extra cautious about exercising your dog in the heat. Dogs from any breed can be good with children based on their past experiences, training on how to get along with kids, and personality. Breed isn't the only factor; dogs who lived with their littermates and mother until at least 6 to 8 weeks of age, and who spent lots of time playing with other dogs during puppyhood, are more likely to have good canine social skills.
Obedience training and interactive dog toys are good ways to give a dog a brain workout, as are dog sports and careers, such as agility and search and rescue.
Dogs that like to chase need to be leashed or kept in a fenced area when outdoors, and you'll need a high, secure fence in your yard.
Some historians think, however, that the name comes from the colley, the Scottish black-faced sheep, that the Collie dog used to guard. Collie nose is managed by limiting exposure to sunlight, using sunscreen, or tattooing with black ink to protect against harmful rays. Excessive barking can be avoided by letting the Collie join in all family activities, and by keeping her mentally challenged with ongoing obedience training or dog sports. It almost goes without saying that a highly active dog will need more than a couch potato dog.
The long, full coat of the Rough Collie needs thorough brushing twice a week (even more frequently to keep her looking Lassie-like).
Novice owners may find brushing challenging, though practice and instruction from a Collie breeder or skilled groomer can keep this from becoming a discouraging chore. He's a dog with unlimited energy, stamina, and working drive, all of which make him a premier herding dog; he's still used today to herd sheep on farms and ranches around the world.
The Border Collie's name reflects his partially Scottish heritage: the word collie, which refers to sheepdogs, is derived from Scottish dialect. He's not a dog to lie quietly on the front porch while you sip a glass of lemonade; he thrives on activity. Many affected dogs adapt well to their limited or lost vision, as long as their surroundings remain the same. Seizures are frightening to watch, but the long-term prognosis for dogs with idiopathic epilepsy is generally very good. If you're considering a Border Collie, make sure you can provide him with a proper outlet for his natural energy and bright mind.
The Collie's herding instinct will often cause him to follow his small owners around all day, quietly protecting them. You'll get your best match if you take your dog-owning experience into account as you choose your new pooch. No matter what the breed or breed type, all dogs have strong jaws, sharp pointy teeth, and may bite in stressful circumstances.
These breeds generally aren't a good fit for homes with smaller pets that can look like prey, such as cats, hamsters, or small dogs. Breeds that need a lot of exercise are good for outdoorsy, active people, or those interested in training their dog to compete in a high-energy dog sport, such as agility. Her herding instincts are still strong, so it's not unusual for the Collie to gather children and pets, chase cars, and bark.
Many dogs adapt well to limited or complete vision loss, as long as their surroundings remain the same.
The quality of dog food you buy also makes a difference — the better the dog food, the further it will go toward nourishing your dog and the less of it you'll need to shake into your dog's bowl. If you don't see a rescue listed for your area, contact the national breed club or a local breed club and they can point you toward a Collie rescue. The highly trainable and intelligent Border Collie also excels in various canine sports, including obedience, flyball, agility, tracking, and flying disc competitions. An account in the Livestock Journal described the astonishment of the spectators at the keenness of the dogs, whose only assistance from their handlers was in the form of hand signals and whistles. Dogs with hip dysplasia should not be bred — so if you're buying a puppy, ask the breeder for proof that the parents have been tested for hip dysplasia and are free of problems. It's important to take your dog to the vet for proper diagnosis (especially since seizures can have other causes) and treatment.
If you don't see a rescue listed for your area, contact the national breed club or a local breed club and they can point you toward a Border Collie rescue.
Every year Collies receive heroism awards for rescuing children from cars, snakes, and fire.
Young children and dogs of any breed should always be supervised by an adult and never left alone together, period.
When picking a breed, consider your own activity level and lifestyle, and think about whether you'll find a frisky, energetic dog invigorating or annoying. Reputable breeders breed with temperament in mind and perform various health tests to ensure that their breeding dogs don't pass on a predisposition to genetic diseases.
Keeping up with the Border Collie's intense mental and physical stamina is exhausting, even exasperating, to an owner or family that wants a laid-back family pet. Collies are affectionate, intelligent, easygoing, fun-loving, loyal, devoted, and incredibly responsive to their humans.
Collies seem to have an intuitive awareness of a family's routines and activities and are sometimes accused of "reading their owner's mind." They are known to recognize approaching footsteps and vehicles, and are often found waiting by the door when it is the regular time for someone to get home from work or school.
A Collie will bond quickly and easily with his family and will become watchful and protective of the home. Collies can adapt to suburban yards and to large rural spaces, as long as they have someone there to love. Collies can be reserved with strangers, but are always gentle, though you can be sure your Collie's bark will let you know when someone is at your door. Collies are very vocal, which can irritate your neighbors, but Collies are also eager to please their owners, so will often be quiet when you tell them to. Collies have a wide range of vocals as well as facial expressions, which makes them excellent communicators (think Lassie).



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