Thanks to its great photo quality and the unparalleled selection of photo apps, the iPhone has become the world’s most popular digital camera. One of the most crucial tools for improving composition is built right into your iPhone’s camera. To turn on the gridlines in iOS 6, simply tap on the options panel at the top of the camera window, and make sure that the “Grid” slider is turned on. To turn on the gridlines, simply tap on the options panel at the top of the camera window, and make sure that the “Grid” slider is turned on. These four points are the most powerful areas of the image, and our eyes are naturally attracted to these areas first. While it’s best to apply the rule of thirds when you’re taking photos, you can also do it in cropping.
Following the rule of thirds has allowed me to create a more harmonious composition, while at the same time emphasizing the bizarre walk-on-the water nature of the photo.
This of course contradicts the rule of thirds, which states that the main subject should be located at one of the four intersection points. Placing the main subject even slightly off the center makes the composition a lot more harmonious, while at the same time putting more emphasis on the subject. If all the crucial areas of the image are located either at the top or the bottom, or on the left or the right side, the image is out of balance. In this photo the most important subjects are the red rocks at the top left and the smaller gray rocks at the bottom right.
In this photo the wooden bridge works as a leading line as it draws our attention towards the waterfall in the background. In this photo the paths of dry sand that go through the scene diagonally from bottom left function as a leading lines, drawing our eyes directly to the main subject of the photo. Even though photography is a stationary medium, photos often have an implicit direction of movement. To apply the rule of thirds to portrait photography, you should always place the eyes of the subject at one of the top intersections of the gridlines. Steve Jobs used to say “Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication,” and he was clearly onto something.
This photo illustrates another important compositional principle: the use of empty space in photography.
With Instagram being an exclusively square medium, a lot of people are struggling with square composition.
Emil Pakarklis is the founder of iPhone Photography School, a website that helps people take better photos with the iPhone.
Many people are willing to make a donation to charitable organizations – you just need to connect with them.
Use the charity organization's official letterhead and make sure it includes the organization's logo, name, address, phone number and website. Make your argument using success stories and facts; these will help people feel the importance of your cause. Identify the specific action you wish the recipient to take to help achieve the organization's goal – whether it is donating money, items or time and how much. You may wish to mention that their donations may be tax deductible if your organization qualifies under IRS guidelines. Be thankful – thank them for their time and their consideration or go ahead and thank them for their donation. Make sure the letters are signed by a real person and include their name and title below the signature. A post script (PS) is appropriate in this form of letter and can convey additional information such as deadlines, goals or a final reference to the story or facts used at the beginning of your message to tie it together. In 2009 Number One Nonprofit helped over 350 underprivileged boys participated in Boy Scout activities in our community. Our goal for 2010 is to help 420 boys participate in scouting activities including a full week at summer camp. All donations to Number One Non-Profit go directly to the boys we have been helping since 1985. The Super Duper Academy is a local school that seeks to help children with disabilities and learning challenges.
We have a dream this year to add a music class in the hopes that each of our students who desires will have the opportunity to develop a talent in music.
We are asking you to please look around your house and donate any instruments that you may no longer need, even if the instrument may need minor repairs. Instruments can be dropped off at our front desk or simply call (123)456-7890 and we will be happy to drop by and pick up the instrument. It is through generous donations like yours that the Super Duper Academy has been able to provide life changing classes and experience to thousands of special needs students over the last five years.
On June 16th, 2009 I will join thousands of others on a 20-mile walk as part of the MyCharity Walk-a-thon, an event that raises money for MyCharity and the fight against breast cancer. Please read the enclosed brochure that further describes MyCharity, its goals and details about our event on June 16th. Thank you for taking the time to learn more about breast cancer and my efforts to end it, something I wish for so that others do not have to go through the experience of losing their loved one early. Disclaimer: The content on this page is intended for educational use and not to be construed as legal or professional advice. Option 1: Spending a few hundred euros taking our instruments to a professional photographer. I knew that I would probably never reach that level of quality, but that picture did set the benchmark for me: I wanted to make something at least approximate to that astonishing clarity and level of detail. The camera’s resolution was only one variable contributing to the disaster: there were a lot of things I was leaving out. Regarding the finish itself, you can use wax, swirl removers, or other product of your choice – I recommend those produced by 3M.
Also, having a helping hand is important, perhaps someone to hold the instrument in position for particular pictures or to help you move things around.
Be sure that you will work in a place with a proper electrical installation, with thermal switches, circuit breakers, etc.
There are many correct ways of taking good pictures; this is only a practical one, not necessarily the absolute best. 1)Set the priority mode to “Aperture.” In most cameras, this is indicated in a wheel (commonly on the left side of the camera) with an “A” or with an “Av” sign. Less DOF =lLower “f” number = less things into focus = only the central detail looks sharp = the farther the other details are from the primary subject of the photo, the more blurred they come up. The overexposure diffuminates the background (putting us closer to the results we were set out to produce), but it also sheds too much light on the instrument. With an overexposure = +2.0 the background is white (as we wanted), but the instrument looks too bright. 1) Spot metering, prioritizing the light on the very center of the picture (good a backlit subject against a sunset, for example). 2) Partial metering, prioritizing about 60 percent of the scene around the center (in order to counterbalance a strong back lighting, for example).
3) An “overall metering,” which senses the lighting conditions in the whole field of the picture.
In the overall metering mode (also called “matrix” or “multi-zone” metering), the camera will take as reference the average lighting on the whole instrument.
With a little practice we can approximate professional results, as shown in this picture; it was taken according to the instructions to be presented in this series of articles. After you get familiar how to make a good photos of your instruments now let’s see how to set up a home studio for very little money. I could have used the table to place the instruments on, but I decided to go for the floor so I could use the table’s legs as  a supporting structure for the background and the lighting, as shown in the next picture. A really practical solution would have been using one of those IKEA rolling blinds (the model “Isdans” or similar): no wrinkles, almost no texture, easy to store.


The benchmark: this professional picture of one of my instruments has the precise style I wanted to emulate.
As explained  earlier, the intention was to reproduce the style and quality of a picture taken by a real professional.
The result: eventually I obtained a picture like this one, which is maybe not as good as the professional one, but it is an acceptable first try.
I used cloth gloves to move the instrument around, in order to avoid leaving fingerprints on the guitar. Sign up for news from vintageandrare, get special featured product offers, industry insights and find vintage instruments.
In essence we are a gateway to vintage, rare and hand & custom built musical equipment, an easy-to-use tool and internet resource for dealers, builders, buyers and enthusiasts.
Snapchat Teen Selfies - Slutty teens taking selfies for their boyfriends and girlfriends! However, even an excellent camera and world-class photo editing tools can’t turn a bad photo into a good one, and the easiest way to improve the quality of your photos is to learn composition.
Yes, I’m talking about gridlines, which are two horizontal and two vertical lines separating the iPhone’s screen into three equal parts both horizontally and vertically.
To turn on gridlines in iOS 7, go to Settings, scroll down to Photos & Camera, and then turn the Grid slider on. Gridlines are absolutely essential for following the rule of thirds (the next tip) and for other applications such as keeping the horizon straight.
The iPhone’s 8-megapixel sensor gives you plenty of room for improving your images through cropping, as I’m doing here using the Snapseed app. In this example I’ve followed this guideline by placing the horizon along the top horizontal gridline. Even if you don’t want to follow the rule of thirds religiously, it’s a good idea to not place your main subject at the center of the image. In a nutshell, the diagonal principle states that the most important parts of the image (the main subjects) should be placed along the diagonal.
The solution is to place the main subjects of the photo along the diagonal, as seen in the example below. Ideally, leading lines should not be perfectly horizontal or vertical, and they should lead our eyes towards the main subject.
The human eye is very used to people, animals, bikes and cars moving forward, and it naturally expects to see the same in a stationary scene.
If this bike was positioned towards the right side, the eye would quickly go off the frame and the resulting composition wouldn’t be harmonious. But how can we apply the rule of thirds if a person’s face takes up almost the entire frame? So in portraits, the most important part of the image is a person’s eyes, which are followed by their face and finally their body. The same idea also applies to portrait photography as human eyes naturally want to follow the gaze of another person to see what they’re looking at. One of the easiest ways to create a well-composed photo is to keep the scene simple and clear of any distractions. In general, compositional guidelines such as the rule of thirds work great for portrait or landscape photos, but not necessarily for square compositions.
One thing that works extremely well for square images (but not so much for other aspect ratios) is placing your subject at the very edge of the scene, and leaving everything else unoccupied as seen in the photo above.
While these principles are certainly useful in many photographic situations, it’s far more important that you keep experimenting and stay creative at all times.
I have recently gotten into the world of Nikon via a D600 and these tips are not only great for my new iPhone 5s, but as well my Nikon.. I’ve been messing around with photography for awhile now with my iphone, so this guide helps even more! I felt like I’ve just been shooting in the dark waiting for a good photo until I read this guide.
Writing a Request for Donation Letter is a great way to aid in fundraising, especially when properly written. The information in [brackets] should be replaced with your specific information or details. The organization may have many purposes and projects, but make sure your letter is focused on a particular need. They had a chance to learn to swim, learn basic survival and first-aid skills and learn how to work with other boys. If you would still like to give, but do not have an instrument, consider giving a cash donation that can be used for other music supplies or check your local pawn shop for a suitable instrument. The goal of this event is to increase awareness of breast cancer, to highlight stories of survivors and to raise money to help fund research into curing this deadly disease. Do not dream of obtaining a remotely acceptable photo with your smartphone or with a 1 megapixel camera. If you look at the picture in full resolution, you can magnify the frets and actually see things reflected on them! A good picture would tempt the viewer to reach into their computer screen and grab the instrument and play something, so at least perform a quick setup—a “cosmetic” one. You can always use Photoshop to eliminate fingerprints, dust specks, and dirty spots, but I have found that a microfiber cloth works much better than software and saves you a lot of time.
Work in a room big enough to contain the elements you are going to use, allowing you to move around without stepping on things. It is going to be full of cables, delicate equipment (tripods are not as stable as they look), and things running on electricity. Set the depth of field (DOF from now on) to “f16,” or even higher, like “f22.” The higher the “f” number, the deeper DOF the pictures will have.
The “ISO” (formerly known as “ASA ”) tells you about the camera’s degree of sensitivity to light. The camera will try to balance the colors in the picture to avoid extreme contrasts, causing the white background to look grayish. Metering refers to the mode in which the camera measures the light in the scene in order to balance the light of the resulting picture in different ways. The secret: A (reasonably) good camera, correct settings, the best possible lighting setup, a little help of retouching software and a nice dose of patience (photo by the author). Remember, I am not a professional photographer, just a luthier who wants to take good pictures of his instruments.
So, if we want to the pictures of our products to stand out and have an impact we need to make damn sure they are good. It is a cotton cloth (in my case, 160cm x 250cm – about 5 x 8 feet), with “a texture that helps diffuminate shadows” according to the description. You can also use white paper, but I found it difficult to find a sheet of paper big enough to serve as a background for a 120cm (4ft.) long bass. Another thing you could use as a background is a transparent sheet (made of plexiglas, or acrylic) resting on the cloth.
In particular, I used a professional photograph of one of my basses as a benchmark (see picture of the black bass). Despite my fundamental ignorance on the subject, I have come to understand that good photography is more about good lighting than about expensive equipment. Note the deliberate refletions in the instrument face, obtained with a diffusor and a black piece of cloth. To keep the instrument in position, I placed one of my dog’s plush toys under the body of the instrument — he was not happy about that, but it worked.
Background, lights, and guitar are ready (my dog is making sure that everything has been set up properly). For example, you may have a sewing tutorial that takes an hour, but you're only interested in the section where they discuss welt pockets.
You can like and re-pin it just like any other pin.Now that you know the secrets to videos on Pinterest, feel free to pin YouTube videos to give your boards something special to share.


I recommend that you keep the gridlines on at all times until you automatically think about the scene in terms of composition. By aligning the crucial parts of the composition diagonally, I was able to balance the image both horizontally and vertically. Different roads and footpaths are commonly used as leading lines, though almost any distinct lines can be used for this purpose. And whenever there’s any kind of movement, our eyes naturally tend to follow in that direction.
So in portraits you should always place your subject so that there’s enough space in the direction towards which the subject is looking. The following photo has only one subject, which gives the scene perfect clarity, which ultimately results in harmony. This following photo breaks several compositional guidelines that I explained in this tutorial, and yet I love it exactly like this. I live in a place where there isn’t much, so you’re pretty lucky if you ask me!
I have a DSLR and an iPhone and honestly I am learning how to set the scene with my iPhone (I use it more than my DSLR). Whether you're writing a donation request letter for a charity, a church, or other sponsorship, our sample donation letter template can help you get started. We can't guarantee the results you will get for sending fundraising letters like this, but this template and the sample donation letters below should at least provide some ideas.
More importantly, they were given the chance to develop confidence, to feel wanted and to develop dreams for their future, dreams that have included becoming engineers, accountants, doctors and politicians. This article is aimed at helping us with the first steps into product photography — more specifically, photos of guitars. If you don’t happen to own a good camera (of at least a semi-pro quality) you can borrow one from a friend, or maybe rent one. This was my first attempt — wrong camera settings, wrong studio setting, wrong lighting, wrongbackground, no retouch. Depending on the kind of lights you are using, the temperature can go up very quickly, so be sure that the place is properly ventilated. They can ignite or melt all kind of plastics, papers, fabrics, and other materials placed close enough (guitar finishes too). A high “f” number means more things will come into focus, not only the central part of the picture.
In the old days of photography on film, a 100 ISOs film would take clear and detailed pictures, but it needed better lighting conditions. That has a deleterious effect, for instance, for chatoyancy — the optical reflectance effect seen in certain violin backs.
This can be corrected from the camera itself (which I didn’t try to do) or more simply, again, by using software later on (Lightroom or Photoshop), when the white balance can be set with just a couple of mouse clicks instead of navigating the menus of the camera.
If you want to “isolate” a particular detail (leaving the surroundings more dark), go ahead and try the other metering modes. The Internet, cell phones with cameras, social networks all have made it easier to stay in touch but harder to stand out.
If we want to stand apart from our competition we better make sure they are as good, as cost effective and as professional as the can possibly be. A professional picture would surely be taken with a backdrop background.  I think the best backdrops are the paper rolls like you find in all professional photo studios. That photo was taken by Dieter Stork, a recognized German photographer specialized in musical instruments. As the lights are continuously on, you can see a preview of the result on your camera’s screen and make adjustments before shooting.
I didn’t have those at hand, but they are better than the incandescent bulbs for two reasons: lower consumption and lower temperature.
I did that by aligning the lamp angle (while the lamp is off and cold, of course) and the umbrella’s stick. Not only can you read about that new quilting project, you can show your friends a video on how to do it. Be sure to continue reading after the download box to find sample donation request letters, additional tips to improve your own donation letter and links to additional resources. The static electricity generated by the friction of the cloth will attract them like a magnet.
Having someone looking over your shoulder, making suggestions, or correcting you all the time can be pretty annoying.
The lights must absolutely be used mounted on their corresponding stand, never directly leaning on top of other things like tables, books, etc.
If you wanted to take photos in a darker environment (an indoor party at night, for example) you would choose a 400 ISOs film.
My experience is it is better to shoot the pictures without overexposing them and use the software to correct the background later on, during the retouching phase. The shutter (the device in the camera that regulates the amount of light that will impact the camera sensor) will have to stay open longer in order to allow enough light to pass. That is what I tried to achieve in the picture above (which has of course been retouched — this also serves as a preview of the kind of result we are aiming at). The quality of the picture I took is not quite as high as the professional one, but it is not a bad try for a newbie. The umbrella is held in position by the support that came with it, which is attached to the lamp support.
The handy part about pinned videos is that you don't even need to leave Pinterest to view the video. To photograph a night starry sky, for example (incredibly low amounts of light), you would use a film with an ISO in the thousands. Even if online pictures have a relatively low resolution (72 ppi [pixels per inch], a detail fine enough for most computer monitors), for printed media, a resolution of at least 300 ppi is necessary.
There are different types of lamps and supports and you will have to use some ingenuity when setting everything up. High ISO films would work much better in the dark, but the “grain” of the picture would be much coarser: the higher sensitivity of the film was achieved by means of larger photo-reactive particles on it, implying a lower resolution. However, the texture of the textile, the wrinkles, and its less-than-perfect white color means it needs to be edited using retouching software. Don’t forget to buy a few spare filaments for them (they burn or break fast, but are really cheap).
By using these umbrellas, the strong light coming from the lamps gets diffused, instead of acting as spotlights. Note that the power board is out of the way (down and to the left in both pictures): I could move the lights around and have easy access to the instrument without getting my feet wrapped up in cables.
That way I was not constantly repositioning the lights and the camera (trying to remember how they where, etc), but just the guitars. With these settings, you get the higher detail but cannot shoot holding your camera in your hands. However, even if the white cloth got photoshopped out in the end, it provided a good contrast to my guitars in order to work more accurately on the retouching later on.
This eliminates hard shadows and creates an ambience filled with a more distributed light and therefore softer shadows.
You can get them very cheap on Amazon or eBay (believe it or not, I got mine — a cheap but decent tripod that gets the job done — for 12.90 euros).



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