Flash photography is the use of a camera flash bulb in a variety of possible situations where there doesn’t seem to be enough light.
But there are many other situations where the flash could be used, such as using fill-flash when the background is brighter than the subject, using the flash to light up a room and creating better coloring, or using the flash to freeze a moving object in a dark situation.
In typical indoor situations there will probably not be enough light to take a normal hand-held well-exposed photo. In order to take effective indoor flash photos there are some techniques you should keep in mind. This would normally create somewhat of a silhouette effect, but a fill flash would balance the photo nicely. Many cameras have a red-eye reduction mode where the flash may fire before the picture is taken in order to cause the subjects’ pupils to contract.
A slow sync flash is for more complicated exposures and is used commonly to create blurry long exposures.
Many photographers also choose to bounce the flash off a wall or ceiling to get a softer, diffused kind of light commonly sought after for portraits. Practice using flash in your photos even when it is not necessarily needed and pay attention to your results. We are always looking for more interesting and insightful photography tips and techniques to share with our readers.
This is the largest collection of portrait photography tips ever assembled on a single page of the Internet. Especially where brides are wearing white dresses, the bride’s teeth need to be perfect.
Since the photographer is further away from the model, the photographer has to use a very low aperture to get shallow depth-of-field in this shot.
I’m sure this photo uses fill flash as well, but notice how the sand and the white surfboard can be great reflectors?
Portrait photography means taking a likeness of a person in which the face and expressions are predominant. A portrait photograph should communicate something interesting or attractive about the subject.
If you’re shooting candid portraits the same tips apply but in these shots you have to move around to get the best angle. Lance is not very good at writing about himself in the third person. He is an ex-patriot Australian living in Taiwan running a business consulting company.
Also, whilst I agree about the focal range you have mentioned as being the most ideal, you can still get some fantastically quirky results shooting wide. And I disagree about ?Flash tends to give a bland look and the fact of the flash going off takes away any intimate atmosphere you may have created.
Today I want to continue on the same train of thought with 10 more tips for adding a little spice to your portraits. Framing is a technique where by you draw attention to one element of an image by framing it with another element of the image.
You could do it by placing your subject in a window or doorway, have them look through a small gap or even use their hands around their face. Shooting with a wide angle lens attached to your camera can help create some memorable shots when you’re doing portrait photography. It can also give a wide open and dramatic impact when your subject is in an impressive setting. The person in your portrait is the main point of interest – however sometimes when you place them into different contexts with different backgrounds you can dramatically alter the mood in a shot.
While other times a dramatic or colorful background can help your subject really stand out.
Horizontal and Vertical framings are not the only options when it comes to shooting portraits. The key with the above three methods is to use a slow enough shutter speed to capture the movement. One way to ensure that your subject captures the attention of the viewer of your portrait is to fill the frame with their face. I have a friend who regularly goes out on the streets around Melbourne looking for interesting people to photograph. When he finds someone that he finds interesting he approaches them, asks if they’d pose for him, he quickly finds a suitable background and then shoots off a handful of shots quickly (if they give him permission of course).
The result is that he has the most wonderful collection of photographs of people of all ages, ethnicities and backgrounds.
While many of us spend most of our time photographing our loved ones – perhaps it’d be an interesting exercise to shoot interesting strangers once in a while?
Could have a digital photography Brazilian school, I’m not very good in English and have to keep trying to decipher parts unknown to!
Good post and good advice, of course there are some really good subjects in there too which helps. He's an 'out of the box' character, and said I can play, so I will have some fun with this now.. I enjoyed your comments and images,I have been a photographer for 40 years and I am still finding much enjoyment in the media. Over 96 photographers commented on that facebook comment with their hard earned lessons, and I grabbed the most popular lessons from the group to share here.
There is nothing–at all-wrong with looking at great photography to get creative inspiration. Spending just 5 or 10 minutes to learn how to use the histogram can make a huge difference in your photography. For most (but not all) photography, I recommend using a single autofocus point rather than allowing the camera to choose several points. Several of our Improve Photography community commented that they wish they wouldn’t have wasted their money on cheap tripods.
When I saw this tip, which was submitted by Roel Knol, Chand Dumbris, Patsy J Lander, on the Facebook page, I knew this one had to be included in the list. Most photographers buy a flash with their new camera, but most beginners just aim the flash head right at the subject and shoot. This photo illustrates two principles: (1) This is a great use of exposure compensation to get a bright and warm feeling, and (2) Yes, it is apparently possible to be TOO in love with your camera. I have strong feelings about the importance of using digital image editing in our photography.
I often get emails from brand new beginning photographers asking what lens they should buy because their 18-55 kit lens isn’t sharp enough. I read this comment by Krista Barton DeVries on our Facebook fan page and I knew this one had to be included in the article. I read this hard-earned lesson sent in by Troy Browder and I had to laugh, because any pro photographer who has been around for a while has been burned. Don’t you wish the camera manufacturers would get on the ball with adding swivel screens to all DSLRs? Oh, and you DEFINITELY don’t want to miss this article on posing people for group photos. About the AuthorJim Harmer Facebook Twitter Google+Jim Harmer is the founder of Improve Photography, and host of the popular Improve Photography Podcast. The most common use of flash photography is group portraits at gatherings where there is not enough light to take a satisfactory exposure.
The reason it would come out blurry is because the shutter would be open long enough for any minor hand shake to distort the composition. When using the flash do not point it directly at a mirror or glass that will create a lens flare or just ruin the photo. Fill flash can be used for sunny day portraits for shadows on a subject’s face or to fill any shaded area that is out of the sunlight. In order for this technique to work, you must be careful to stay in flash range, which is usually around four to ten feet. The red-eye reduction modes in newer cameras are surprisingly effective and many work in different ways to contract pupils.
The flash fires at the beginning of the exposure, but the shutter still stays open for a moment after the flash has fired.
This kind of flash technique requires a flash that can be aimed in a direction that the camera is not pointed.
The best way to become better at flash photography is to analyze your photos and try to figure out what you could have done differently in order to create a better flash-filled exposure. A To write this portrait photography article, I asked members of the Improve Photography community to submit their favorite portrait photography tips. Had he not, he might have forgotten to bring a large bucket of water to dump on the model’s head.
A When shooting for clients, write their name on a sticky note and put it on the back of your camera.
It’s a chance to show the best side (literally) of someone, and create a photo that communicates something unique. This sounds obvious but take a browse through all the shots you have of your family and friends and see if they don’t have a sameness about them.
In portraiture, you’re dealing with minor movements and shifts of position and angle. He writes about Portrait Photography Tips. His grasp of the Chinese language ranges from poor to laughable and in most circumstances his actual use of the Chinese language results in laughter. Firstly, flash doesn’t create dazzling results on RARE occasions, in the right hands it creates dazzling results on the majority of occasions. We covered everything from altering your perspective as a photographer, to experimenting with lighting, to shooting candidly. It might not be the type of shot you take of your wife or girlfriend (unless she’s in a playful mood) but using these focal lengths will enlarge parts of the face or body that are on the edge of the frame more than what is in the centre. Mix your framing up in each shoot that you do and you’ll add variety to the type of shots you take.
While getting your images straight can be important in when shooting in these formats holding your camera on a more diagonal angle can also inject a little fun into your images.
It inspired me to write a post similar to this on my own blog, but from the client’s point of view!
I only photo family but the key for me is to have the subject in a place or time that evokes an emotion. Thanks for the info given is very useful for me who was studying in the world of photography. Repoussoir is the spot-on accurate term for visual elements on the edge(s) of the frame which are utilized to draw the viewer’s eye into the image. I have been experimenting with High key and high contrast portrait which seems to produce good results.
A I was looking for lessons that many photographers procrastinate learning and it ends up keeping them back from progressing as photographers.
A I hope that this article teaches you many ways to save yourself from making rookie mistakes (like I still seem to do every day!). A Spend the time thinking and thinking of what type of photo you want to create and how you can do it.
A Directional light throws pleasing shadows on the subject and highlights the natural curvature of the face. A When many photographers learn to use one focus point, they often use only the center focus point.
A The cheapies might seem like good deals, but you’ll end up buying four or five before you finally break down and buy a good one that will last your lifetime. A Personally, I spent about the first year of my photography focused on the tiny little technical details, hoping my photography would improve.
A If you point the flash at the ceiling or a side wall and bounce the flash onto the model, you’ll get significantly softer and more flattering light. A I felt like my head was already spinning just trying to understand the aperture, so the thought of changing the exposure in aperture priority was a daunting task when I started out. A In fact, I had a conversation with Dustin Olsen (who is working with me at Improve Photography now), about digital image editing a couple days ago and was glad to hear that he feels just like I do.
A Many photographers (including a lot of great photographers) like to take 10 or 15 shots of each shot. A When shooting a group photo when you want to use somewhat shallow depth of field, make sure to focus on the person closest to the camera. I have only been shooting DSLR for 2 years and found them all helpful and true especially 2 and 3 both of those I need to research more! Sometimes putting person nearest to lens out-of-focus can point your audience to the real subject of the photo. The use of a tripod or higher ISO (or faster film) will probably be needed but many of us do not regularly carry a tripod. With common cameras, in order to add fill flash to a photo, just toggle the flash to go off when it normally would not be needed.
It takes practice to refine this technique but many professionals come to use this method almost exclusively. A This article is a combination of my favorite tips, mixed in with the tips from the community.


A Place the subject on one side of the image and have them look into space (not the camera) towards the other side of the frame. A I know I just spent two pages telling you not to do this, but over exposing (making the image too bright) is a common and beautiful technique for giving a portrait a clean and simple look.
A In tip #2, I mentioned that it generally isn’t good to shoot down on babies and kids. A If you don’t feel comfortable setting the exposure manually to do the technique taught in tip #16, then learn to use spot metering. A When shooting in lower light (or if you have a really powerful strobe), you can put an orange gel on your flash so that the light that hits the subject is, well… orange. A Catch lights are a type of specular highlight (the tiny bright spot on any shiny and round object). A Whenever I go on a shoot, I always try and get an assistant that can help pose the subject and make them laugh and play so that I can focus on the photography. A Have your model look through a window or have them lean up against a door frame and your portrait composition can look much stronger and more interesting. A Some photos look great overexposed for a clean and bright look, but the same model in the same pose can look scary and moody in low-key lighting.
A Many portrait photographers would love to get out and shoot more, but don’t have the opportunity to find models to shoot.
A Shooting portraits with an ultra-wide lens can cause some serious problems if you don’t know how to do it correctly. A Sunset portraits are a favorite among portrait photographers, but few people do it right.
A I am shocked on almost a daily basis how many photographers fail to understand that aperture is not the only camera setting that impacts the depth-of-field. A Landscape photographers, who are typically quite picky about horizons being perfectly level, would want to cry if they heard this tip. A I have a library of dozens and dozens of great portraits that I can’t use commercially because I never got a release. A My life changed when I downloaded an app for my smart phone that includes a model release that the client can sign by writing with her finger on my phone. A Every human being who could ever be considered a portrait photographer must know the s-curve.
A It can be very tough to tell if your shot is in focus by looking on the back of the LCD screen.
A Battery grips are large attachments that clip onto the bottom of the DSLR and include an extra battery.
A I did something incredibly stupid while shooting a black-tie event for a company last year. A I think it is unfortunate when photographers do downright strange things to try and make a creative portrait.
A Softboxes, beauty dishes, shoot-through umbrellas, and reflective umbrellas all produce different qualities of light. A This takes discipline, but it will probably help to advance your portrait photography more than all of these other tips combined.
A It isn’t always convenient to print photos, but I have found that few things help to motivate me than seeing some of my photos printed large on my wall.
A It is summer in the Northern hemisphere, but trying to keep a subject in the cold will backfire 100% of the time. A When trying to find a model for a shoot, you’ll need to learn to speak their language.
A Cameras are everwhere, but carrying around a giant camera bag tends to scare people when doing street photography. A Bring a few non-photography-related items in your photo bag that can help save a shoot when something goes wrong.
A It seems that photographers always seem to pick models who look similar to them, but trying to find someone completely different can really add to your portrait photography. A When shooting at the beach, the white sand will act as a giant reflector if the model is sitting down and close to the sand.
A When shooting with an assistant, I find it much easier to attach the flash to the end of a wooden dowel or broom handle rather than using the light stand. A Nothing kills the excitement and energy of a shoot more than making the model wait for 10 minutes for the photographer to work on getting lights set up and camera settings properly prepared. A When I shoot portraits for clients, I love to take couples who are dressed nicely into old rustic city locations, and when the subject is dressed casually, I like to take the subject into a more formal location like a church or garden.
A Portrait photographers commonly come home from a shoot with thousands of photos, which usually means that more than one memory card is being used. A Nothing is worse than a great expression on the model with a lousy telephone wire or power pole distracting the viewer. A Putting a flash or the sun behind the subject is perfect for making the model pop of the background.
A Especially for portraits where tiny things like where the model’s eyes are looking and if any strands of hair are out of place make a big difference, it would be crazy to delete photos by judging the shot on the LCD. A I’m not talking about when you had the flash on so bright that your neighbors complained, but if the flash was a little too hot, then use the brightness setting in Camera Raw or Lightroom to help take the edge off the lighting. A To get the light even softer, you can hang a frosted plastic shower curtain over the window as a diffuser. A Candid portraits are tough to get unless you can act quickly when just the right expression or action is taken by the model. A To minimize the distracting look of a long nose, shoot the model head-on and with the chin slightly up.
A Hands can look distracting and unnaturally large in a photo of it is turned 90 degrees to the camera. A Making a shoot list and possibly printing off some examples can help you to keep the energy of a shoot moving. A Nothing is worse than coming home from a shoot of someone who wears glasses only to realize that there was glare on the glasses for the whole shoot. A The difference between the golden mean and the rule of thirds is only slight, but I find that the photos often look much more natural when I place the subject’s eye slightly more toward center than the rule of thirds.
A Even if you’ve packed your gear a thousand times,A create a pre-shoot check list just like airline pilots use and use it every time. A Go out and shoot with other photographers…not just in your interest area, but anyone that will go out.
A For example, shooting a two year old throw a tantrum on the kitchen floor can actually make for a great shot if the photographer is shooting from down low. A I personally use the Gary Fong Lightsphere to soften my flash when I’m shooting a reception or event photography indoors, but it works just as well as Tupperware.
A While getting a perfect photo with a softbox takes a lot of skill, it’s pretty hard to get a BAD photo with a softbox.
A If your subject is a bit more mature and has wrinkles or heavy laugh lines, follow these tips (1) Use more frontal light rather than side-light, (2) bring the light in close and use a large light source to get it unusually soft, and (3) rather than have the client smile, follow tip 89 and just have them think about smiling.
A I always laugh when I see the models that photographers choose for a shoot that will be used commercially (even iStock). Head and shoulders, passport photos, awkward poses, uncomfortable expressions, blank looks, embarrassed smiles…?
On rare occasions it can really lift a shot into dazzling life, but most of the time using available light is better. To do this use a large aperture which will create a narrow depth of field and focus upon something in front of or behind your subject. To do this again choose a wide aperture but focus well in front or behind anything that is in your image (you’ll need to switch to manual focussing to achieve this). IE nonetheless is the marketplace chief and a huge part of people will pass over your great writing due to this problem. I am big into photography but live in a small town where the only thing to take pictures of is scenery and family so I am not experienced in taking portraits but after reading these tips I am more confident! I have a project that I'm simply now working on, and I have been at the look out for such information. I was amazed to see that the vast majority of things you mention in the list are things that we are already doing, instinctively. A friend has asked me to take his photo for a website, and this has given me some great ideas! A I use it when shooting a wedding to make sure that the bride’s dress is not overexposed, I use it when shooting landscapes in low light to make sure I am gathering enough light, etc. If you haven’t yet learned how to fire the flash off-camera, I recommend checking out my lighting gear recommendations page. A To do this, they focus on the eye of the subject or on the correct place for a landscape, and then recompose the picture while holding the shutter button half-way down.
Just set down your camera, do the finger composition thingy, and everything will fix itself.
A I learned too late that great photography is about interesting light and strong composition. A If you understand what shutter speed, aperture, and ISO do, you’ll quickly learn how to shoot in manual.
A Personally, I like to make sure that every picture I take is different from the previous one, even if the difference is only slight. A This is also true for shooting couples where one person is slightly in front of the other person. I don’t do any studio shooting right now but if I decide to go that route later on, I’m sure a few of these will be helpful to know going in! Try to make sure your main subjects are about the same distance away from the flash as each other or some that are closer to the flash will appear brighter than ones that are farther away.
Or the slow sync flash could capture a sunset and freeze a closer subject that is moving through the frame.
Normal lighting in a house or during the heat of the day is not flattering on skin; however, once light passes through a window, it is very soft and diffused.
A Because the light is perfectly in line with the lens, the light hits the subject squarely and creates a flat light that is far from flattering.
A The reason is that kids are already small, so shooting down on them is so common that the photo does not look as it should.
A For example, trying to get kids to have fun and smile will be tough without a parent being in the studio too. A I never got the results I wanted until another photography told me that it was better to brush brightness onto the teeth rather than exposure. A I mean that there is a whole other side of your clients that you aren’t shooting at all. A While many of our photos are just used generally for looking at, some photos would be better either vertical or horizontal if it is going to be used for a specific purpose.
A Most of the time, photographers have the subject face the sun so their face doesn’t look dim and shadowy in mid-day lighting. A With spot metering, you can simply have the camera meter on the subject’s face to expose it properly, and then let the background be slightly overexposed. A Then, you adjust your white balance (I always just do it later in Lightroom) so the subject looks neutral, which makes the background turn blue. A If you have no idea why catch-lights are cool, check out this article where I explain it. A I like using this technique to take pictures of babies and toddlers by placing the child in a crib and having them peer through the bars of the crib at the camera. A Learning to control the amount of light can make a huge difference in the feel of your photo.
A Fortunately, any human can be a portrait model (although you probably want to find someone better looking than Scottie Pippen. A To learn the four (or five, depending on how you count) factors that impact depth of field, check out this article. A I did a black-and-white of a homeless man that became quite a popular photo, but it will spend its life collecting dust on my hard drive because I can’t sell it. A To apply this technique, you might focus on the subject’s hat and have the person standing a few feet away, reaching for his hat.
A Filling the frame shows great detail and will set your photo apart from the millions of snapshots that we see every day on our friends’ Facebook pages. A The way that I check for sharpness is to zoom in on the picture on the LCD to look at the eyelashes.
A While the battery is handy, the real advantage of a battery grip is that they give you another shutter button. A Many photographers simply buy one and think soft light is soft light, but using the right tool for softening your flash actually makes a huge difference in the portrait.
A Getting great expressions means taking a lot of photos and trying to stay alert when the perfect moment occurs. A After every shoot, instead of just throwing away the shots that don’t look good, sit down and study every single one. A This way the assistant can just hold it instead of putting the light on a stand and worrying about the light getting knocked over in the wind all day. A If you aren’t very careful, you might slip a card with photos from the shoot back into your camera, format it, and re-write on top of it.


A Just wait until you can put the photo on the computer before deciding what photos to keep and what photos to obliterate. A Many people try to do this by changing the exposure or recovery settings, but I usually get much better results by adjusting the brightness. A One way to predict when the right moment will happen is to pay attention what the person is doing.
A Next time you shoot a small group like a family, try to vary the heights of their heads to get a more interesting and natural composition. A The people will feel more comfortable with more space between them, but the photo always seems to improve when the group is tight together.
A Knowing how to change your camera settings without even looking can improve the number of times you’re able to capture the moment. A Like the picture of the model dancing on the left, you’ll never get the great and creative poses that you want until you work for it.
If the photo is taken from too far away, the subject might be too small to have any impact. I’m sure if we put our heads together we could come up with plenty of other techniques and ideas to add a little variety to our portrait photography. A After composing to the correct composition, the photographer then finishes pressing in the shutter button.
A Perhaps the biggest mistake beginning photographers make when starting to shoot in manual mode is that they expect to nail the shot the first time. Exposure compensation is simply a way of telling the camera that the exposure it is picking is not what you want. A Just like a painter can put whatever she wants in a painting, I feel that I can do whatever I want to my photos in Photoshop as long as I don’t lie and tell people it is a representation of the actual scene. A 99% of sharpness problems that I see are caused by poor shooting technique, and not a cheap lens. A If I see a scene, I’ll shoot it once, analyze the picture, change my angle or the exposure slightly, and then shoot again.
A Many, many times I have made the mistake of focusing on someone in the group who is one or two rows back, but this always make the shot look blurry. Or you may just want to cast light on certain objects in a lighted room that appears too dark for an exposure. In a backlit situation there will be a lot of light in the background but no or little light cast on the front of the subject. There are countless situations where a slow sync flash could possibly be used to enhance an exposure.
A So instead of forcing Grandpa into the Walmart Photo Studio, let him go to work in his workshop and photograph him doing what he loves. A Consider placing your subject next to a window so the light hits the model at an angle (not looking straight out the window).
A If you choose to use a flash, it’s truly necessary to get an external flash that can be mounted to the side of the photographer. A Similarly, you can make a subject seem more powerful by shooting from a lower angle up to the subject.
A Those colors undoubtedly catch the viewer’s attention, so I chose to place them in front of muted backgrounds. A This is unfortunate, because the hard light will create unflattering shadows on the face. A For some people, spot metering may be a better option than manually setting the exposure for the face. A What I mean is that it is generally preferable to compose the shot and then move your focus point on to the eye of the subject rather than focusing on the eye and then recomposing. A  If you’re really picky, the best place to put a flash to get perfect catch-lights is high and a few feet to the side of the subject.
A When shooting a full-body portrait, the photographer is obviously further away from the subject. A I took ONE TILTED FRAME onthree different senior picture shoots and all three seniors chose the tilted picture. A Basically, the model does this pose by making the (camera right) side of a model make the shape of an S with the shoulders and hip creating the right edges of the S. A This extra shutter button can be pressed when the camera is in portrait (up-and-down) orientation so you can hold the camera more steady without sticking your elbows up and contorting your body to get a vertical shot. A To get a decently tight shot with a 50mm lens in this situation, I needed to be about 5 feet from the subject. A You can read more about what side of the reflector to use, but the basic idea is that the translucent side goes between the sun and the model, the white side is for use in studio or bright light, the silver side is for low-light or when you need a lot of light, the black side is to subtract light and cause a shadow, and the gold side is useful for warm shots like sunsets.
A Photographers have a bad habit of only studying their good shots, but looking at the bad ones and forcing yourself to determine why it doesn’t look good can help you to prevent that mistake from happening again.
A Also, it helps you to keep thinking about the picture every time you see it so you can improve it a little bit the next time.
A Also, watch out for acronyms like TFCD (basically the same as TFP, but this time they want the digital photos).
A Sometimes you might find an interesting homeless person on the street to photograph (I actually do this pretty regularly), or an interesting person for street photography.
A Also, it cuts out some of the light from the sun so that I can overpower the ambient light with my flash.
A Take the three or four pictures and combine them into a little film strip in Photoshop to show the short story. A Get a system in place of where you store your blank cards, and where you store your full cards that need to be transferred to the computer. A The person on the sidewalk will raise his hand and yell when the taxi cab drives by, the groom will smile when the bride walks up the isle, the opposing team will look devastated when the game ends and they lose. A I like to do this by finding some large boulders or a hill for the group to sit on so they are uneven.
A Sit down and spend some time thinking of creative poses, and when you get out to shoot portrait photography, don’t be afraid to try some new things. Check the Batteries, Re-format your cards, test fire every camera and lens combo to make sure you are ready for anything that comes your way.
A To fix this problem, simply lower the lights a little so they throw light under the brow. If you want to take portraits of people who are not known to you, do not be shy to approach them for a photo.
Horizontal framing leaves you with wide open spaces either side of the subject that can detract from the feel of the shot. If you sit down for a minute with your camera manual and learn to change the focus point, then you will likely get a much larger percentage of your shots in focus. If you’re passionate about this topic too, check out this article on why I think digital image editing is perfectly okay. A Once the photographer masters the fundamentals, then a new lens is an important investment and the sharpness will definitely improve. A There are few photographers who love getting a new lens in the mail more than I do, but I have to agree that if you really want your pictures to improve, spending a little money on a reflector or other cheap lighting accessories will do much more to improve your photography.
A Rather than just ripping the shutter to get multiple shots of the scene, I like to change each shot just slightly as I work the scene.
A With time, I’ve learned to ALWAYS focus on the person in the group closest to the camera.
There are also other versions of the sync flash such as the rear sync flash (where the flash fires at the end of an exposure) or the stroboscopic flash (where the flash fires multiple times throughout an exposure).
A Instead of tears and tantrums when you try to dress up your child all pretty for studio punishment, let him play with the toys and snap pictures of every moment. A Put them in a huge basket like Anne Geddes or dress them in clothes that are 5 sizes too big. A If your subject looks a bit stale, wait until they talk with someone else to capture the best expressions. A The best way to shoot mid-day portraits is to have the subject face away from the sun so their face is in the shade, and then have the photographer over-expose the picture so the face looks properly exposed. A Telling the subject that they don’t look good only makes the situation ten times worse. A I was teaching a sunset portraiture class in Naples, Florida a few months back and no models were available for the shoot.
A I also keep a few paper releases in my photo bag since iStock and other microstock agencies still don’t accept digital model releases.
A This will make you more likely to change your camera orientation and your shots will be much sharper. A If you’re more fun and flirty, then shooting models in an ice cream shop or jumping on a trampoline will probably produce your best work.
A Sometimes it’s best just to sit down with a camera, a lens, and the subject being themselves.
A How many companies do you know of that want an unapproachable person to be the face of the company?
A Just put the trigger on the hot shoe of your camera (the hook on the top of your DSLR) and attach the flash receiver to the bottom of ANY flash. A You’ll get faster and faster at judging the correct settings, but you have to accept the fact that it will take a few tries for each set up.
A You set the exposure compensation and then the camera will choose the setting that it things is the correct exposure and then add or remove a little brightness according to what exposure compensation you choose. A This makes me slow down and not get stuck with the first shot of the scene, but rather keep changing until I find the exact right angle. A Since you want to make a sports star look powerful, it would make much more sense to shoot that subject from a lower angle. A Shots of the subject walking away from the camera, or of the subject’s body turned away from the camera and head facing the camera can be quite compelling. A Pick a flower and give it to the bride to play with, give the couple bubblegum and take a photo of them blowing bubbles together, give a kid a toy, etc. A Then, you can have your female subjects wear plain colors (such as a white T-shirt and jeans) and then wear different colors of scarves. A For full body portraits, remember that your aperture must be significantly lower (or your focal length significantly longer) to get a blurry background.
A Everyone froze up and looked terribly uncomfortable when I got that close with my camera. A Let your photos reflect who you are and what type of photography you are passionate about. A In fact, sometimes what the sun is reflecting off will throw more light on the subject than the direct light from the sun. The setting in which the picture is taken is also important as it helps the viewer to understand the subject better. Work your photography like a surgeon making tactical strikes rather than a trash man just trying to do the same thing over and over again.
A You don’t necessarily have to include the prop in the frame (although it usually looks cool), but it is a guaranteed way to get the subject to relax a bit.
A For most popular models of DSLRs, you can pick up a third-party battery grip that is every bit as good as the name brand battery grip for around $50. One of the most important portrait photography tips is to study and understand human nature to know how people typically react in given situations so that you are ready to capture the moment when it occurs.Portrait Photography Lighting - Light Settings to Enhance PhotosThe main purpose of portrait photography lighting is to give shape and convey information about the subject. A In this situation, shoot the model against a brightly colored background to make the model stand out. A Personally, I shoot most of my portraits at 100mm or more unless it’s a full-body shot, in which case I shoot at about 70mm. The lighting setups are based on the placement of the main light, relative to the subject and camera.
A It probably isn’t necessary to buy a 5d mark II until that is the weak link in your photography. A By offering to email them the picture, we had tons of different people to practice on and got some fantastic shots. The "Three-point lighting" requires three to four lights to bring out the details of the subject's features. I love gear, but I feel bad when I hear photographers say they feel limited by their beginner gear when, in reality, they should probably just get out there and shoot more.
Another common portrait photography lighting plan is "Butterfly lighting" where only two lights are used. The main light is placed in front of the subject and the second light is put behind the subject.
Generally, a reflector is utilized to provide fill light and soften shadows on the subject’s face.Outdoor Portrait Photography - Create Beautiful PhotosIn outdoor portrait photography photographers take photographs out in the nature rather than in their studios. Using fast lens helps in getting the detail of the eyes and does not accentuate skin imperfections like lines and wrinkles.
In outdoor portrait photography avoid using bright and busy backgrounds which take the attention away from the subject.



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