A photo is worth a thousand words, so when it comes to selling your horse, you should definitely put extra effort into getting great photos to include in your ads. Timing is everything when taking photos; plan for a clear, sunny day when there will be minimal distractions for your horse. Give your tack the same attention: Make sure that it’s cleaned, polished, in good repair, and presentable. While your horse is standing square, also take a few shots of him from directly behind and head-on to show the angles of his legs. Thanks to its great photo quality and the unparalleled selection of photo apps, the iPhone has become the world’s most popular digital camera. One of the most crucial tools for improving composition is built right into your iPhone’s camera. To turn on the gridlines in iOS 6, simply tap on the options panel at the top of the camera window, and make sure that the “Grid” slider is turned on. To turn on the gridlines, simply tap on the options panel at the top of the camera window, and make sure that the “Grid” slider is turned on. These four points are the most powerful areas of the image, and our eyes are naturally attracted to these areas first. While it’s best to apply the rule of thirds when you’re taking photos, you can also do it in cropping. Following the rule of thirds has allowed me to create a more harmonious composition, while at the same time emphasizing the bizarre walk-on-the water nature of the photo.
This of course contradicts the rule of thirds, which states that the main subject should be located at one of the four intersection points. Placing the main subject even slightly off the center makes the composition a lot more harmonious, while at the same time putting more emphasis on the subject. If all the crucial areas of the image are located either at the top or the bottom, or on the left or the right side, the image is out of balance.
In this photo the most important subjects are the red rocks at the top left and the smaller gray rocks at the bottom right.
In this photo the wooden bridge works as a leading line as it draws our attention towards the waterfall in the background. In this photo the paths of dry sand that go through the scene diagonally from bottom left function as a leading lines, drawing our eyes directly to the main subject of the photo.
Even though photography is a stationary medium, photos often have an implicit direction of movement.
To apply the rule of thirds to portrait photography, you should always place the eyes of the subject at one of the top intersections of the gridlines. Steve Jobs used to say “Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication,” and he was clearly onto something. This photo illustrates another important compositional principle: the use of empty space in photography. With Instagram being an exclusively square medium, a lot of people are struggling with square composition.
Emil Pakarklis is the founder of iPhone Photography School, a website that helps people take better photos with the iPhone. Photographs taken at night can provide a view of place that look spectacular when the night lights are on. To get the best from your low light shots, there are a few guidelines to follow that you may not typically follow during a daytime shot. As you will be taking photos that require a long exposure time, hand holding the camera to get a sharp image will be virtually impossible, unless you set the ISO to a very high value. If you must take that shot and you don’t have a fully extensible tripod in your back pocket then use some kind of support. If all else fails and you don’t have a tripod, or any support near by and you must get the shot then bump up the ISO. 2) ISO - Keep your ISO at 100 (or the lowest setting on your camera) to reduce colour noise.
Compact cameras will always show a lot of colour noise, for many technical reasons which I will not go into here. You want decent sharpness and depth of field (DOF – how much is in focus), especially at night. If you need to take a hand held shot (see Tripod part earlier), then set the aperture to the widest your lens will go and focus on infinity.
When the sun just sinks below the horizon, there is about a 30 – 45 minute time line where the light in the sky is changing quite quickly (getting darker).
The street lights will start to come on and they haven’t had enough time to warm up to their orange glow! The speed of the shutter, or how long the camera shutter stays open, should be what you use to get the exposure at night. Recommending a starting shutter speed will depend on the time of day and the subject matter.
Set shutter speed to 1 second if at the beginning of the Blue Hour, 5 seconds if in the middle and 15 seconds if at the end of the Blue Hour. You really do need to practice these shots because what you will find is that when you look at the images on your computer, they will look darker. There are times when you do want to, or need to, shoot at full night when the sky is black. I let the exposure burn in for just over a minute to get the London Eye and buildings as sharp objects, then I started zooming the lens, very slowly and continued zooming till the end. The concept and steps are exactly the same as if you are taking a landscape or architectural photograph.
Try and compose the view so that the light from a nearby street lamp, or other source, is falling on your portrait subject. Increase your ISO so that the shutter stays open for the least amount of time whilst still getting a decent exposure without too much colour noise and the person is relatively sharp. By using your camera as a torch, you can light your subject or even light other foreground objects. Whether you’re a budding photographer with the desire to learn new skills or you’ve already blossomed into a talented shooter and are simply looking for inspiration, here are several flower photography tips and techniques worth learning. There are several composition techniques that can be applied to many photography genres, and flower photography is no exception. Filling your camera’s frame with a portion of the flower will highlight its details, really showing off the textures of the petals, pollen, and other parts of the flower. Capturing flower photos from various angles can make the difference between an okay image to a brilliant one. If you want to capture a flower in its entirety – in other words, you don’t want to fill your frame with just a few petals – it may be somewhat difficult to isolate it from a distracting or unpleasant background. The best time of day to capture any type of outdoor photos is an hour after sunrise and an hour before sunset. If you’re photographing wild flowers, try scouting out ones that have a spider, ladybug, or butterfly on them for added interest.

If you were unable to compose your shot as you would have liked to, you can try fixing it using photo editing software. Once you’ve got the hang of flower photography and you find yourself with a collection of great images, don’t forget to share them with friends and family and show them off! Posted in Beginner Tips, Composition, How To, Photography Tips & Techniques, Techniques and tagged composition, flower photography, flower photos, how to photograph, photography techniques, photography tips, tips for beginners on March 16, 2012 by Rhonda Callow. Keep in touch with Crayon Freckles on Facebook to get daily post previews and hear about other great activities!
Last week we looked at writing great ads; now let’s take a look at taking photos to complement your excellent ad copy.
Don’t forget your horse’s halter, lead line, and bit – their details will show up in head shots.
Unfortunately, capturing sweet moments and the real personality of a jumping bean isn't easy!
If you do,  you know that taking pictures of the kids before the dance is almost as big a deal as the dance itself.
If you have to take photos indoors, stay away from busy backgrounds or bright white walls, they’ll detract from the subject matter. Take lots of candids while the kids are organizing themselves, these seem to be the best photos with real smiles.
Don’t forget to ask another person to take a photo of your teen with you and your hubby, you only get so many opportunities to get a picture of the three of you.
When the kids come to our house to take their pre-dance pics, I have light appetizers and drinks out for them and their parents. However, even an excellent camera and world-class photo editing tools can’t turn a bad photo into a good one, and the easiest way to improve the quality of your photos is to learn composition. Yes, I’m talking about gridlines, which are two horizontal and two vertical lines separating the iPhone’s screen into three equal parts both horizontally and vertically. To turn on gridlines in iOS 7, go to Settings, scroll down to Photos & Camera, and then turn the Grid slider on. Gridlines are absolutely essential for following the rule of thirds (the next tip) and for other applications such as keeping the horizon straight. The iPhone’s 8-megapixel sensor gives you plenty of room for improving your images through cropping, as I’m doing here using the Snapseed app.
In this example I’ve followed this guideline by placing the horizon along the top horizontal gridline. Even if you don’t want to follow the rule of thirds religiously, it’s a good idea to not place your main subject at the center of the image. In a nutshell, the diagonal principle states that the most important parts of the image (the main subjects) should be placed along the diagonal.
The solution is to place the main subjects of the photo along the diagonal, as seen in the example below.
Ideally, leading lines should not be perfectly horizontal or vertical, and they should lead our eyes towards the main subject. The human eye is very used to people, animals, bikes and cars moving forward, and it naturally expects to see the same in a stationary scene.
If this bike was positioned towards the right side, the eye would quickly go off the frame and the resulting composition wouldn’t be harmonious. But how can we apply the rule of thirds if a person’s face takes up almost the entire frame?
So in portraits, the most important part of the image is a person’s eyes, which are followed by their face and finally their body. The same idea also applies to portrait photography as human eyes naturally want to follow the gaze of another person to see what they’re looking at. One of the easiest ways to create a well-composed photo is to keep the scene simple and clear of any distractions. In general, compositional guidelines such as the rule of thirds work great for portrait or landscape photos, but not necessarily for square compositions. One thing that works extremely well for square images (but not so much for other aspect ratios) is placing your subject at the very edge of the scene, and leaving everything else unoccupied as seen in the photo above. While these principles are certainly useful in many photographic situations, it’s far more important that you keep experimenting and stay creative at all times.
I have recently gotten into the world of Nikon via a D600 and these tips are not only great for my new iPhone 5s, but as well my Nikon..
I’ve been messing around with photography for awhile now with my iphone, so this guide helps even more!
I felt like I’ve just been shooting in the dark waiting for a good photo until I read this guide. The lights from the streets and buildings provide a unique atmosphere and highlight the subject matter.
As long shutter speeds are needed for low light photography, the colour noise will get worse over time.
For you guys with compact camera’s, look at investing in a computer program to remove as much of the noise when you download to your computer. You may be lucky and get some colour as the light rays from the sun bounces around in the atmosphere and hits warmed gases and dust particles that scatter the light and create that sunset colour. The longer the shutter is open, the more light that the camera’s sensor will gather over time and therefore the brighter your image will be. What I mean by that is whether you are taking an image during the blue hour or at full night, and whether the scene you are capturing is well lit overall or has very bright areas and dark areas. I will be constantly tweaking the shutter speed (slowing down or speeding up the time the shutter is open).
I check the image on the back of the camera to see if it is bright enough and use a combination of the histogram and highlight alert to tell me how well the exposure is.
Set your camera to Aperture Priority and let the camera meter an average for the entire scene and then use Exposure Compensation on your camera to adjust the shutter speed. The camera is tripod mounted and I change the shutter speed, aperture and ISO in this transition set to try and get the best exposures. It is possible for the light to change slightly from the first to last shot, especially with moving clouds, so be very FAST!
There is still some interest left in the sky so you can still get away with taking the shot. Over 3 minutes exposure time with lens zooming thrown in to make it a little more interesting. The only difference is you have a person in the foreground of the scene which you also wish to expose well.
What you should notice is that the shutter speed would need to stay open for a number of seconds to expose the background well. They should then be a little brighter than your background scene (due to the inverse square law). Still set the exposure for the background, but now you want the flash to go off at the end of the exposure time to finally light your portrait subject.

Think of this as the flash going off at the beginning of the timed exposure (first curtain) or at the end (second curtain). The light from a flash is of a different colour temperature to incandescent or street light. Most smart phones will have an app that causes the screen to glow white and act as a torch. For example, in order to capture great baby photos, you should try filling your frame and shooting from different angles – the same holds true for flower photography. Further, if you fill your frame with the flower, you easily eliminate any distracting backgrounds. Try positioning your camera so it’s pointing up towards the flower for an interesting shot, or lower your camera so it’s level with the flower.
Failing that, you can achieve better results, believe it or not, by shooting on cloudy days when the light is diffused rather than bright, sunny days. If you’re not afraid to handle these little guys, there’s nothing wrong with gently adding them to the flower you wish to photograph.
Flower photos look fantastic printed on canvas or, for something a little more modern, consider having your photos printed directly onto metal!
Try to shoot for earlier in the morning or later in the afternoon when the sun isn’t as powerful, but there is still plenty of light. Pull his mane if your riding discipline calls for it, and trim stray whiskers, ear hair, and fetlock hair (again, as specified by your horse’s breed and riding discipline). Simple barn sides can make great conformation shot backgrounds, as can clean, simple pasture fencing. Don’t take head shots head-on, as the angle distorts the horse’s appearance and will make his nose and head look out of proportion from the rest of his body. Be patient, and if your efforts don’t result in quality photos, then try again another day – you’ll be glad you did.
To help, we're sharing tips and tricks on photographing kids, all shared by expert shutterbugs — our Top 25 Photographer Moms. The overall effect will be softer and the pretty dresses will stand out against the natural background.
It usually takes about 45 minutes to get through snapping photos and then the party starts as soon as the pictures start. I recommend that you keep the gridlines on at all times until you automatically think about the scene in terms of composition.
By aligning the crucial parts of the composition diagonally, I was able to balance the image both horizontally and vertically. Different roads and footpaths are commonly used as leading lines, though almost any distinct lines can be used for this purpose. And whenever there’s any kind of movement, our eyes naturally tend to follow in that direction. So in portraits you should always place your subject so that there’s enough space in the direction towards which the subject is looking.
The following photo has only one subject, which gives the scene perfect clarity, which ultimately results in harmony. This following photo breaks several compositional guidelines that I explained in this tutorial, and yet I love it exactly like this. I live in a place where there isn’t much, so you’re pretty lucky if you ask me!
I have a DSLR and an iPhone and honestly I am learning how to set the scene with my iPhone (I use it more than my DSLR). That way you are not holding down the shutter for long periods, which reduces any shake and subsequent blur. I change the shutter speed every two minutes or so, typically going slightly longer each time. Remember that because most of the scene will be dark, the camera will over expose so dial down by 1 stop. No one can stay perfectly still for even a second so they will appear slightly blurred as they try to stay still.
When the flash goes off at the beginning of the timed exposure the camera will still be gathering picture information of the person after the flash fired. If you’re unable to physically lower yourself in order to compose the shot, forget the viewfinder and shoot blind, some of my best photos have come from “shooting from the hip” or in this case, from the toes. However, with that said, if you do find yourself out in the middle of the day when the sun is high in the sky, be creative with your positioning, so the flower is directly between your camera and the sun. If the bug isn’t very active and you find yourself having some control over the situation, remember to follow the rule of thirds by composing the shot so that the bug is positioned either in one of the left or right thirds of the image, or at one of the invisible intersecting lines. Selective colouring (where the entire photo is in black and white, with only a portion of it in colour) can work well with flower photography: try converting your photo to black and white, leaving only the bug in colour, for example. Also plan to have at least one person present to help you – if your horse is saddle broken, you’ll also need someone to either ride the horse, or to take the photos while you ride.
Try your best to get your horse’s feet lined up and standing squared, then take shots showing his whole body. If he’s not yet broken, take some photos of him moving at liberty to showcase his movement.
This will result in some additional image information of the person appearing on top of the person. For the best angle, lower yourself so that your camera is shooting from the height of the horse’s stomach and barrel.
Be sure to avoid awkward photos, though, such as ones that capture your horse at an odd moment in his movement. Although you could shoot very early in the morning when the sun is just about to come over the horizon.
It will be trial and error to take a shot, check if the subject is bright enough, if not then change the exposure compensation and quickly take again.
My advice is always colour balance your subject correctly and let the background turn orange. Be sure to include the whole horse in these images – you can crop them later, but make sure that his hooves and his ears are included.
When the flash goes off at the end of the timed exposure, any low light image information that the camera has gathered of the portrait subject will be overwritten (somewhat) by the brighter person that was illuminated by the flash at the end. An alternative is to use a colour balance gel for your flash so that the light from the flash is the same temperature as your background.

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