Marvellous Landscape Photography Tips And Tricks For Popular Landscaping Please enable javascript to view this site.
My first love in photography when I first got my trusty old Minolta SLR as a teenager was landscape photography. While I don’t get as much time as I’d like for Landscape Photography these days – I thought I’d jot down a few of the lessons that I learned in my early years of doing it.
While there may be times that you want to get a little more creative and experiment with narrow depth of fields in your Landscape Photography – the normal approach is to ensure that as much of your scene is in focus as possible. Do keep in mind that smaller apertures mean less light is hitting your image sensor at any point in time so they will mean you need to compensate either by increasing your ISO or lengthening your shutter speed (or both). PS: of course there are times when you can get some great results with a very shallow DOF in a landscape setting (see the picture of the double yellow line below).
As a result of the longer shutter speed that you may need to select to compensate for a small aperture you will need to find a way of ensuring your camera is completely still during the exposure. All shots need some sort of focal point to them and landscapes are no different – in fact landscape photographs without them end up looking rather empty and will leave your viewers eye wondering through the image with nowhere to rest (and they’ll generally move on quickly). Focal points can take many forms in landscapes and could range from a building or structure, a striking tree, a boulder or rock formation, a silhouette etc. I’ve been shooting landscapes now for just over 12 months, so I defiantly fall into the beginners category, starting in a cold February 2012 with just my Nikon D7000 camera shooting hand held to now owning a vast array of some rather expensive items of kit, Ill try and give you some Top Tips for Landscape Photography.
With just those 3 factors above, and bearing in mind that with landscape photography you will be probably be walking to shoot your subject your going to be walking anything from 1 to 10 miles to get your composition, here comes the crunch, carrying all of that kit in one bag, once you have your camera, tripod, lenses, accessories, water, waterproofs or warm kit your probably carrying 20lbs + in dead weight so its important to bear this in mind now before you start spending big bucks on your camera and equipment as it all has a knock on effect, smaller camera, smaller filters,  smaller tripod =  smaller bag = less weight to carry around all day.
With those 3 factors above, Ive decided to compare my Nikon D7000 with a smaller looking but very capable Sony Nex 7 both of which have the APS-C sensors.
You can clearly see the difference in camera size in the image to the right the smaller Nex 7 camera is half the size and defiantly less than half the weight, as for image quality and size, you may be surprised to know that the Nex 7 has the same sized sensor as the D7000 so the size in pixels is just a fraction bigger in the Nex 7.
You can Google D7000 vs Sony Nex 7 there are pro’s and cons for all situations and shooting styles but for landscape photography Sony Nex 7 system or similar wins hands down for me personally. When I first started shooting landscapes I didn’t really have a clue how hard or complex it really was, I was pleasantly surprised!! I have since realized that the best way to shoot landscape photography is with a tripod, it gives you stability so that you can shoot at low ISO for image quality, large depth of fields to get everything in focus and with both of those factors comes long exposures and to shoot long exposures you need a tripod!
I initially used an old (really old) Manfrotto tripod, it took me 5 minutes to get it set up and another 5 minutes to make adjustments to get it in the right position, it was heavy and not so steady. I ended up purchasing a carbon fibre Benro Tripod and I love it, and it manages to support my D7000 with ease, however if I had started with a smaller camera I could have got away with a more compact tripod, as it stands my tripod alone weighs in at 5lbs and with the tripod head it weighs 6lbs so its not light.
For a few months I used to just focus on what I could see in front of the camera, or the most prominent thing in my frame!! There are a few Apps on the market such as Depth of Field Master that work out your Hyperfocal focus settings and there are based on your focal range (lens zoom) and aperture (depth of field) you want to use. I have tried this method and to be honest I couldn’t really tell much difference between the 2 methods mentioned, so If I have time to play I will try the Hyperfocal method and if im on a time budget I will focus a third into the frame. I always shoot in Manual Mode when composing a landscape shot, I also make sure I have turned of my image stabilization on the lens too as this can be counter productive when mounted on a tripod. Shoot in RAW format image quality, this means you can tweak the white balance at home in post processing afterwards.
Shoot in Aperture Priority (AP) Mode or Manual Mode (M) I would recommend AP mode to get started with.

Set the Command Dial to Self Timer mode, I set mine to 2 seconds reducing potential camera shake, alternatively use a Cable Release or Remote. Composition is really quite important factor, now you have your camera, tripod and have a few basic settings to get you going you want to try and capture a half decent landscape. I have realized over the last 12 months that there are a few general rules that I seem to follow. Foreground Interest – I break my images down into thirds, foreground, middle and far distance and try to get interest throughout the scene from front to back, I always find it hard to find an interesting foreground but its crucial to holding the viewers interest from the start.
Movement – Movement from within the scene can be very dramatic and also change the way the shot is taken from moving water to moving clouds, both of these elements add to a picture, so stop and think. Well you either use them or you don’t, I have found that not using them restricts your possibilities. There are tutorials on-line that will show you don’t need filters for shooting a basic sunset picture, shooting one exposed and one under exposed and then merging them in photoshop in post process.
I initially tried a Kood Filter system, which was cheap and cheerful of good old eBay, they sort of worked for a few trial shoots but they were fiddly and I soon discovered that if  I wanted to shoot wide angle, these typical narrow filter adapters just weren’t up to the job and caused large vignetting around the edges of the images, so I took the plunge after much research and invested in a Lee Filter System. There are loads of different filters and even brands so Ill leave this to another tutorial, as it is a big subject in its own right. The outcome from the above set-up, I took the preview on my IPhone 4, and even from that preview you can see that the sun is far to bright to hold back, I used a 0.9ND Soft Edge Filter to hold back the bright sun, you can even see the difference in the LCD screen on my D7000 how it is pulling back some of the blue from the sky, anyway this is the end result I think I let the sun just dip below the horizon to get the best results. I often find that by adjusting it up to 1 stop sorts my exposure out, its also good practice to shoot one above and one below exposure for reviewing later in post processing, this way you will be sure to get a correctly exposed image and then you can delete the ones you don’t use. I think initially I was over emphasizing the importance of choosing the right set-up that suits your needs, My kit is heavy knowing what I know now I would prefer to carry less weight and enjoy the countryside more. As for the above tips, I think the main importance is to get out and shoot pictures, that’s the beauty of digital cameras, you can take as many pictures as you like and see the results before your eyes, the only other advice I can give you is to take your time once in location, have a good scout around and think things through thoroughly before taking those precious pictures.
I didn't get into photography overnight, it started whilst out walking getting some fresh air, admiring the sunsets and wanting to share them with others. While shooting, watch out for unnatural elements like overhead wires, poles, garbage cans or tree trunks especially in the foreground.
Always look out for tiny details that can tell you something about the place and narrate a story. There’s something about getting out in nature with the challenge of capturing some of the amazing beauty that you see.
The simplest way to do this is to choose a small Aperture setting (a large number) as the smaller your aperture the greater the depth of field in your shots.
In fact even if you’re able to shoot at a fast shutter speed the practice of using a tripod can be beneficial to you. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. I had used Nikon’s before from the D1H, D1X, and the D200 so I knew how they operated and where the controls were, given the same choice again now that I know more about photography and landscape photography would I choose the same camera again for landscape photography? As for image quality well there both on par from what ive read, with the D7000 supposedly having better noise reduction.
There is a lot of factors to take into consideration when taking a photo of a landscape and how best to capture and present it, initially I would just shoot hand help, up my shutter speed and ISO and shoot away! After I did some tuition I had a couple of filters and a filter system, I was advised that the next thing to improve my photography was a better tripod, and that’s exactly what I purchased.

A compact Tripod by Benro such as the Travel Angel with there tripod head in comparison weighs 3.5lbs so again half the weight if your carrying it around all day can make a difference and its something to consider if you want to conquer summits or walk long distances. It then works out what will be in focus and what to set your focus to in either meters or feet. Sure you can correct it in post processing but why bother, Live View has a built in horizon or you can purchase a cheap ?8 bubble level that fits to your flash housing.
Yes I would, the lens adapter is rock solid and very easy to use, as for the filters they are great. Take another shot and you will see it is okay, if you have gone to far just do the opposite! I will probably downsize in the next 12 months because im finding that all manufacturers are catering for smaller set-ups, Lee Filters have a great compact filter system out called the Lee Seven5 Micro Filter System I could easily reduce my complete bag weight from 20lbs down to less than 10lbs and still get the same image results. As a result a landscape scene shot the same time by different photographers will all differ from one another. These elements can be distracting so reposition yourself or change the angle to eliminate them from the frame.
Do not keep shooting at only one spot, explore the landscape, shoot from different vantage points, get up close and use your ultra wides, move back and use your tele lenses. A simple way to do this is to concentrate on the details – a worn out rock, a dead leaf or a log of wood, can be used as effective foreground elements that tell a story. Perhaps it fits with my personality type – but I loved the quietness and stillness of waiting for the perfect moment for the shot, scoping out an area for the best vantage point and then seeing the way that the light changed a scene over a few hours.
To this date its probably one of the best things I have brought and that has improved my photography ten fold, and its why its high on my list of tips.
I have also used Hyperfocal Distance charts, but find that its to time consuming at times to work out, which is not ideal.
I have however just purchased a Hi- Tech Reverse Neutral Density filter which are cheaper than Lee and I’m very impressed so far, so do some research also search to see if your wide angle lens will need a wide angle adapter. Unconsciously every photograph taken by a photographer will have an element of his own signature style. Most of the time my images were not sharp enough, blurry and grainy because of the high ISO used because I was shooing hand held. I used a company in Essex called Linhof & Studio I would phone them and pick there brains, and they knew exactly what I needed for the best set-up. So before shooting, think if there is a theme, a phrase, a mood or a point of view that you wish to capture and preserve. I try to get on location an hour before sunrise and I find I will hang around for 30 minutes after sunset, depending on where I am in the world. Also, remember that some reflections can be used to enhance an image while others can be distracting. Studying the works of the masters is undoubtedly one of the best ways to improve one’s talent, but always remember that inspiration should not mean duplication.

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Comments to «Landscape photography tips and tricks pdf»

  1. Romantic_Essek on 21.08.2015 at 15:59:19
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