Guru Nanak Jayanti commemorates the birthday of Guru Nanak Dev the first Sikh guru and the founder of Sikhism.
The Guru Nanak Jayanti begins with the reading of the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of the Sikhs in the Gurudwara non-stop for 48 hours. On the day of Guru Nanak Jayanti, celebrations begin early in the morning at around 4 or 5 a.m.
Celebrations take place on large scale over the Sikh communities and Food forms are the main attraction of this festival.
Kaju Barfi is made with cashew nuts soaked in water overnight (it is not prepared using milk) and ground the next day; then sugar, saffron (kesar) and other dried fruits are added. Take a bowl, add semolina, cumin powder, coriander powder, ginger garlic paste, carom seeds, salt and mix nicely. This recitation of the Guru Granth is known as Akhand Path and this recitation ends on the day of the festival. The guards are followed by local bands playing brass bands and a team of singers singing shabads (religious hymns). Morning hymns, known as Asa-di-Var, and hymns from the Sikh scriptures are sung, which are then followed by Katha, or the exposition of the scripture. Special pious food or Prasad known as Kara Prasad is then offered to everyone present in the Gurudwara.


Delectable delicacies are also prepared on this holy occasion and distributed like the Atte ka Seera, Malai Ladoo, Jabeli and Kaju barfi. The festival is celebrated with great religious fervor, dedication and devotion across India, mainly in the states of Punjab, Haryana and abroad. Day prior to Guru Nanak Jayanti, a religious procession or Prabhat Pheri is carried out in the early morning that is lead by the Panj Pyares, the five armed guards. While the procession passes the local homes, the devotees sing the chorus and offer sweets and tea to the people in the procession. Here the food is cooked by the sevardars or volunteers and is served to all without discrimination.
The sweet aroma that wheat flour emanates when you are roasting it in ghee will put you in the right mood to enjoy this special occassion.
To it add all purpose flour and mix it, later add yogurt and mix nicely to make dough allow it rest for 5-10 mins. This holy occasion is observed on the full moon day in the month of Kartik as per the Hindu calendar.
The Gurudwara hall also conducts the Kirtan-Darbars and Amrit Sanchar ceremonies followed by a special community lunch, or Langar. Religious music played by local bands, enthusiastic Bhangra dance (Punjabi dance form) and the colorful folk drum players add to the color of the festival.


Nanak used to sit with holy men, pandits and mullahs and spend hours with them in long discussions.
They also carry the Guru Granth Sahib that is well set in a Palki (Palanquin) ornamented with flowers. The Guru’s Langar is always vegetarian, and traditionally is made up of simple, nourishing food.
The Sikhs consider distributing free sweets and lunch as a part of seva (service) and bhakti (devotion). Golden Temple in Amritsar is the main attraction during this festival that is celebrated with pomp and fare. Even today, Sikhs all across the world practice Guru Nanak’s preaching to reaffirm their belief in the founder’s teachings. Individuals with communicable diseases should not participate in the preparation of Langar.




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