This is a how to instructions guide for taking macro photography and extreme close-ups with Nikon D3100.
This is the piece of equipment that allows you to shoot time lapses, long exposure photos with more than 30 seconds shutter time and also traffic trails, star lapse ++ but it is also very handy for macro photography. Macro photography, time lapse and the use of a slider (which gives that cool gliding effect).
So, to summarize a remote control timer will allow more distance between you and your desired subject. This is dependent on where you are, and what time of day it is – as the amount of light available will play a vital role.
Depth of field is very important, the main reason being that when you are so close up to an object, you need to make sure that a suitable large area of the subject is in focus.
On the other hand you can of course adjust the settings to artistically pick out areas of interest that you want to focus on, but understanding the settings you need is the first will help shape your abilities as a photographer.
The depth of field is dependent upon the aperture (F-stop), which is explained in more detail below. The aperture, or f-stop (same as focal ratio, f-number and relative aperture) controls how wide the lens is during a shot.
Explanation: The picture on the right has a low depth of field, therefore a wide aperture, and low f-stop. Focussing sharply on a subject in macro photography is perhaps the hardest element to perfect in macrophotography. You can do this by focusing automatically on the subject first, and once you are sure it is in focus, switch to manual focus. This will ensure that when you are ready to take the picture, and press the shutter button, the lens won’t try to automatically re-focus, thereby causing you to have to set up your shot again. The lower the focal length of the lens, the closer you will need to be to the subject, and it will be therefore harder to take good macro photos of injects, or objects that move.
For example, using 60mm macro lens, will mean you really need to be physically close, even directly next to the object. There are tons of ways to make a macro lens for your smartphone, but if you need one for a DSLR, it's not quite as simple as using a magnifying glass or a drop of water. When using a macro lens or telephoto lens, you will get a very thin depth of field at wide apertures. Remember, when using a macro lens or telephoto lens, you will need a faster shutter speed if you are hand holding your camera. Like most other areas of photography, direct, flat, harsh light is not ideal for flower photography.
With a subject that is planted firmly in the ground, you can take your time working on the perfect composition. Whether you're shooting giant cereal pieces a la "Honey I Shrunk the Kids" or the petals of a flower, you can create fantastic scenes from otherwise ordinary objects.
Your iPhone has a fixed lens focal length of 29mm, which means that you can only get so close to an object before it blurs. If it's your first time shooting macro photography, it might take a bit of trial and error to find the perfect distance for a close-but-not-blurry photograph; I've had the best success with keeping my iPhone 6 around 2 inches or more away from the subject.
When you shoot macro, you're intentionally focusing on a foreground object close to you, which means objects in the background are going to be somewhat to heavily blurred. In the photo above, while I liked the general look of the blurred snow scene to the right, the tool shed and multiple trees were pulling focus from my actual goal: shooting individual snowflakes. When you get close to that 2-inch mark — especially if you have other items in the background — the iPhone 6 will occasionally try to snap its focus back from your macro image to whatever else is in frame.
On its own, the iPhone takes some pretty nice macro photos, but you can amplify those images by adding an Olloclip or similar lens system.
The images above, taken last year with an Olloclip 3-in-1 macro lens, show a container of sea salt at 7x, 14x, and 21x respectively. So factually you can take DSLR like photo on iPhone very easily, but practically your iPhone needs both hardware and software support to supplement it’s camera capabilities. There’s no doubt how significantly the smartphones have impacted the sales of point shoot cameras. The best thing is, your iPhone is now Tripod compatible, all thanks to special Interchangeable grip included in this magical kit. I believe BitPlay has done exceptionally well to get some exceptionally designed lenses and companion case to turn your iPhone into a DLSR. Rookie Cam adds professional DSLR like settings that significantly helps you to take DSLR like photo on iPhone. This amazing camera app provides editing features perfect for those who wish for a more sophisticated photo editing. We are Smartphone technology publication read daily by Smartphone enthusiasts and gadget lovers from around the world. Do you see all of the lego photos in the gallery and on the web and get just a little bit jealous that you don’t have a macro lens? You can take it a step further by purchasing a device that attaches your lens to your camera, eliminating any extra light sneaking in. Extreme close-up photos can be mesmerizing, and will add a different dimension to your photography toolbox – which consequently means that your reputation as a photographer will improve drastically. The photographs producing are extremely detailed, showing detail beyond that which is visible to the naked human eye. In other words, the image being captured on film, or on the imaging sensor of your DSLR camera), must be larger than that of what is being photographed. Obviously the best camera you could have, is a DSLR, which these days are not too expensive. CLICK HERE to learn more about the Nikon 105mm macro lens – or the other available lenses.

In this case a Ravelli 70″ Tripod with Adjustable Pistol Grip Head and Heavy Duty Carry Bag. You wont be too impressed when you finally get to see your images on the big screen, and find out that the antler is the only thing you managed to get in focus of your rare fire ant. A wide aperture (low f-number) means that your lens is open quite wide, allowing a lot of light in during the shot. The picture on the left has a large depth of Field (meaning both the foreground and background elements are in focus), and therefore has a high f-stop and a narrow aperture. The lens depicted earlier is a good way of avoiding this obstacle though, but in general it is best to use manual focus, after you have already focussed on the subject using auto-focus. You may have seen the different types, with differing focal lengths; 50mm, 60mm, 100mm and 105mm. It is likely you will also cast shadows over the subject, and light is an important factor. You can stand nearly 1 meter away from the object, and still get extremely good macro photos, without casting shadows and without potentially scaring your subject away. If you have an old kit lens, though, you can turn it into a macro lens in no time—all you have to do is remove the front element. Choose to photograph early in the morning or late in the afternoon, when the light is low and coming from an interesting angle.
I love macro flower photography but it can be challenging because, as you pointed out above, the depth of field is so shallow.
The picture above (an Apollo 11 medal given to TRW employees who worked on the launch) is taken next to a sun-drenched window, but out of the way of direct sunbeams. Ever held your finger up to your eye but couldn't focus on it because it was too close to your face?
As such, busy backgrounds with multiple colors may still pull the focus away from the object you're taking a photo of, even though they're blurred. The second picture I took, on the left, keeps the snow as the main focus and allowed me to highlight their crystalline structure.
The $70 system lets you shoot at 7x, 14x, and 21x, and even includes a focus hood to make sure your images are framed at the right distance and come out perfectly clear.
The lens kit is a fantastic little system if you plan to do macro photography often on your iPhone, quickly snapping on or off an iPhone 6 or 6 Plus. At this point of time, even if you are thinking to buy a DSLR then please wait, by the end of the article you’ll find your iPhone the best holiday companion for you and your family. If you ask me what I prefer, let me tell you handheld cameras are still my first choice, they feel too good to shoot as compared to my iPhone.
Here you go, there’s a physical shutter button at an easily reachable position to get the best non shaky shots for you. Ergonomic Interchangeable Grip : Ergonomic grip is a must have requirement to turn your iPhone into a DSLR.
Interchangeable Lens System : BitPlay interchangeable lenses plays a vital role to take DSLR like photo on iPhone.
It needs it’s software companion for taking things to next level, photography is no exception.
There are more than 116 filters specially designed to match all your needs, way way more than Instagram. He just loves to mirror his knowledge about Android, iPhone, Mac and Windows on his Technology Journal - GizmoStorm. GizmoStorm delivers up-to-date Android how-tos, Smartphone apps, Rooting Guides and Custom Roms in the Smartphone industry.
You want to do some macro photography but you don't want to buy a very expensive dedicated lens for it ?In this instructable I will show you how you can make great macro-photography out of your normal DSLR kit, without buying any extra gear or expensive lens. This method may expose your lens and sensor to dirt, dust, and grime, so please proceed with caution! When you go to the next step you’ll discover you no longer have control over your aperture.
Put the lens the wrong way around so that the portion you screw onto the camera is now facing your lego. This is when you’ll discover that shooting macro often means holding your breath as you make tiny forward and back movements to find just the right spot.
Reversing your lens gives you a similar look to using a macro lens or extension tubes without the extra cost. If you would like to learn more, please read on – it is very easy to do once you know how to, and very impressive to your followers. This does not apply to an image which has simply been made larger in post processing, and we shall therefore explain what kind of equipment you will need in order to understand how to take macro photography with Nikon D3100. You could try to make a cheaper version, buy a cheaper lens or even use a magnifying lens, all of which will impart a degree of the magnification possible – but also create a degree of blur.
Includes an internal focus, which provides fast and quiet auto-focusing without changing the length of the lens. Because it allows you to stand at a safe distance, for example when setting up your camera next to a bee hive or other creative arenas, which in turn allows you to trigger the photos with the remote or just set it to timer shooting photos every 30 seconds or so. The one described permits you to stand even further away from your camera, ensuring that the subject is in focus before taking the photo, and could enable you to take more unique and interesting macro images than your competitors – plus you avoid unecessary movement which is crucial to long exposure photography. A high f-number means that your lens is not open as wide, therefore limiting the amount of light in any given shot. With the 60mm lens, you have to stand at least 15cm, and as explained, this can be problematic. It doesn’t take a lot to make flowers look good, but I've gathered a few ideas to get you started.

If you can get in close (within a few inches) and retain focus, you have basically what you need. A shallow depth of field helps you to focus on just the one flower in a bunch, or just the one part of a flower you want to capture and the rest is blurry. Switch your angle of view so that other flowers are in the background, then so the ground is in the background, then get low so the sky is in the background.
As one of my photography teachers once said to me, just shoot what you want with what you want. Anyways my friend, who needs a DSLR when your iPhone is much capable of capturing surreal photos for you.
It is a hard plastic shell, read premium plastic, providing ultimate back and bumper protection to your iPhone. Basically it’s a a patent pending lever mechanism that presses the volume down button to capture a picture. Many a times I felt like slipping my iPhone from a cliff while taking an adventurous shot, no doubt I almost got heart attack everytime I risked my beautiful device. Don’t mistake them as a plastic junk, these lenses placed inside premium aluminium casing are made for some serious business. Photography comes with practice, in case you are not able to take perfect shot at one go, try again and again.
I’d suggest protecting the lens mount area by holding it facing the ground so nothing can fall into your camera or onto your lens. Thanks for your tips, it is difficult but I think with a little practice it could be better. The magnifying glass also helps achieve sharper, closer photos with camera phones that are not iPhones, Androids, etc (ie. You can buy an adapter to reserve mount your lens to make it a bit easier, but I’d get extension tubes before I bought the adapter. Anywho, this is a perfect camera to start with – your way to learn how to take macro photos with Nikon D3100. The optically superb macro lens can be found in the link provided, and will last you a lifetime. Depending on the object, and how likely it is to run away if you get too close, a tripod can provide the stability, and close proximity needed to capture that unique shot of a rare insect or object. If you want to show more of the scene, you may need to close down your aperture to widen the depth of field. If the light is just not working for you, you can use a reflector to bounce sunlight in at an angle or a diffuser to make harsh sunlight look soft and contoured. If you can’t get a suitable background for your macro flower photography, use a piece of colored paper.
I’ve also used a focus rail to move the focus slight between shots and that worked out as well. There are two grips included in the pack; Interchangeable grips allow you to switch between moments, like when you are on the photographer mode with a solid grip, or when you are in an everyday on the go moment.
Pro alone is enough to make iPhone photos look professional, but a good camera app just adds icing to the cake. Perhaps not, but it may give you an unique angle and provide you with a breath-taking photo. Now, all that's left to do is take out the screws and pull off the front element, and you have a makeshift macro lens.It attaches to the camera the same way as normal, but auto-focus won't work without the front element. The macro lens allows you to focus very close and magnify the image to at least the same size as your sensor and the telephoto allows you to zoom in close without being physically close to the flower.
If you have a tripod and your subject is not moving in the wind you can slow that shutter speed way down.
At any point of time I can turn iPhone into DSLR like figure and reverse it back whenever I wish.
Neither think it to be too tight making it impossible to remove nor too loose, as I said it fits your iPhone just next to perfection. If you are thinking to go beyond the boundaries in the world of photography, Rookie Cam for iPhone is a must have app and the good thing is it’s free. Once you have a good camera and lens selection, a tripod and light modifiers will help you take your photos to the next level.
Since the depth of field issues with macro lenses and wide apertures don’t always allow us to get the whole flower in focus, some macro photographers use focus stacking in postproduction.
Moreover, you can find plethora of courses on Udemy emphasising on filmmaking through an iPhone. Focus stacking just means taking several photo of the same subject, while focusing on different parts. Another way to take macro photos without making any modifications is to use the reverse lens technique.Check out Juha's tutorial for more details, and check out the comments to see what other lenses this trick works (and doesn't work) for.
With Bumper Guard and Semi-rigid plastic, this case is what your iPhone needs during a free fall. Unfortunately I have one of those upper-end consumer cameras with a lens that that cannot be removed.

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