Going trough these steps will help you to master the art of taking better photos of night sky. Light levels at night are very low hence a tripod stand is necessary to hold the camera still. Turn the auto focus mechanism off and then manually set the ring of the lens to infinity and opt the T-setting on the shutter control ring. Using the shutter speed option you can decide on how long the lens aperture will remain open. Going through this article will help you to learn the trick of taking photographs of night sky.
Most of the frame will be taken up by the dark sky surrounding the moon, and the result of this is that your camera will expose the scene for the dark sky. If you’re familiar with ISO and shutter speed settings, you may prefer to use a third-party camera app which will allow you to lock the focus and exposure points separately, as well as selecting an appropriate ISO and shutter speed. The aim is to use a low ISO to avoid getting a grainy picture, and to use a relatively fast shutter speed to avoid camera shake.
So you might find certain third-party apps that show ISO and shutter speed settings more useful when taking photos of the moon.
Long-exposure photography facing the North Star reveals circular pathways as the stars (relative to us) move around the pole.
For star trails, I use the NightCap app because of its ability to take continuous back to back shots at timer-regulated intervals. The app also lets you choose between JPEG, HQ JPEG and TIFF outputs, however the TIFF isn’t available for the continuous burst mode. You’ll definitely want to use a tripod or prop your phone up on a railing to keep it steady. Star trail purists might give you a hard time for stacking (rather than leaving the shutter open the entire time for seamless trails on a single frame), but there just isn’t a way to manually keep the shutter open for this long on an iPhone. Great right up lead to my purchasing – Havnt tried yet but I will when the darkness comes this evening. I guess you should just read the reviews carefully, unfortunately night photography is not my area of expertise. That’s so little money and the developers have done such good jobs, it’s worth buying both! I use an app called Longexpo and you can set the shutter speed to different speeds and even bulb.
You could try it but your picture might end up over-exposed due to the shutter being open for a long time. These days it is possible to take spectacular pictures of the night sky with regular cameras and equipment. Unfortunately city lights prevent us from seeing much of the sky due to a phenomenon called light pollution. Exposure time set according to the Rule of 600 to avoid star trails due to the Earth rotation. Then I start taking pictures and refining the ISO and exposure times until I'm satisfied with the result. Exposure time: 60 seconds, using Magic Lantern, since the 60D does not allow programmable exposure times longer than 30 seconds.
I went out the city to star gaze tonight and my camera would not set to the bulb setting even with magic latern or the settings you recommended.
As a stargazer, you’ve enjoyed many perfect moments under the night sky.  Moments when you glimpsed deep into the exquisite beauty of the universe on a crisp, clear night.

Perhaps it was a moment near twilight, when the crescent moon hovered over the Pleiades, with Mars and Saturn nearby. And thanks to a new guide from a world-famous astrophotographer, taking your own images of the deep sky is easier than you ever imagined.
Jerry is one of the most accomplished astrophotographers and photography teachers of the past 20 years. He literally wrote the book on taking pictures of the night sky with digital cameras.  His first work, A Guide to Astrophotography with Digital SLR Cameras, was a multi-media guide to taking pro-level astrophotos with off-the-shelf digital cameras.
And it gained Jerry a wide following among stargazers all over the world for his clear and precise explanations of how to take stunning photographs of the night sky.
Once you get a taste of what you can do with just a camera and tripod, you won’t be able to wait to try your skill with your camera through a telescope. But which telescope?  What kind of mount do you need?  And what other accessories do you need to capture faint images and fine detail with your DSLR? A Beginner’s Guide to DSLR Astrophotography takes the guesswork and complexity out of basic astrophotography, and takes what was once a difficult and expensive hobby and makes it easy and fun. A Beginner’s Guide to DSLR Astrophotography overcomes the limitations of a traditional paper book. You can also copy the entire book to your hard drive so the pages and images will load quicker. It’s an ability to foresee the end result in your mind's eye, and then to make it with the tools. Using longer exposures you can film or shoot good distant, dimmer objects such as nebulae or dim stars.
With no optical zoom, it seems impossible to use the iPhone for true night sky photography. However, with a few simple solutions you’d be surprised how much fun you can have shooting the night sky with your phone! Because the moon is so small in the field of view, the camera won’t adjust the exposure settings to appropriately expose for the moon. Because the moon is so bright relative to the night sky, what this means in practical terms is that the moon will be over-exposed. The native camera app won’t show you the ISO and shutter speed numbers, so it’s all guesswork.
If you take a long exposure photo of the sky, the stars will appear to make light trails or circles. To give the stars enough time to travel a tiny bit between shots, set the interval to around 15-20 seconds.
I usually keep mine plugged in so it doesn’t drain the battery too quickly (which can happen in about 10 minutes in the winter). You basically want to take the brightest pixels from each frame and layer them into the final star trail photo. So if you lock it under one kind of light and then change the lighting it will keep the previous white point. I’d like to keep the shooting and editing just on my iOS devices as it gives a more seemless workflow.
For example, I took the above picture with a Canon 60D DSLR and an entry level 8mm fisheye lens (click on the picture to see a larger version). You obviously need a tripod or some other form of support that can keep the camera fixed through the exposure. You want to do this after sunset and on days when there is no moon, so that the only light comes from the stars.
The idea is to use the smallest ISO (since the higher the ISO the higher the noise) and keep the exposure time near the value indicated by the rule of 600 to avoid star trails.

There are nice DIY solutions on the internet like barndoor mounts or little mounts based on mechanical clockwork (purus mount). Because in in the last few years, even off-the-shelf digital SLR cameras (or DSLR’s) can give you the power to take beautiful photos of the night sky.
That’s because it’s in a digital format, shipped to you on a CD-ROM.  The files are in HTML, just like a web page, so you can view it on your computer in any web browser like Microsoft Internet Explorer, Firefox, Safari, or Opera. If you are using the traditional camera then load the camera with a high speed film (Min ISO 200). You may even put it in a mode wherein the shutter will remain open until the shutter release is pressed again. In this tutorial you’ll discover some handy exposure tips for improving your iPhone photos of the night sky, as well as how to create wonderful star trail photos.
Once you’ve tapped on the screen to set focus, simply swipe down to reduce the exposure. A tripod helps, but might not be necessary especially at faster shutter speeds and if you have a steady hand.
The North Star is the only star that appears to stay in the same place because it’s very close to the north celestial pole above the Earth. Take back to back photos for at least 20 minutes to see some decent trails – the longer the better! It will lock both the shutter speed and ISO at the same time, and I don’t believe there is a way to lock only the ISO independently. For distance subjects there would be no point in using flash as the light from the flash will only travel a few meters.
In this article I'll give you a few simple rules you need to follow to maximize the chances of getting breathtaking deep sky photographs. Taking Photographs of night sky is comparatively difficult than the photographs of sky taken in daylight.
You can set the shutter speed to the bulb setting, or can set it at a range of settings between 2 and 40 seconds. To make sure that you actually capture the sky pictures you need to ‘bracket’ your exposures.
You’ll see the sun icon on the exposure slider and the image will begin to appear darker as you swipe.
But, if it’s properly exposed, you should see differences in dark and light patches on the face of the moon.
A short lens also enables longer exposure times before stars show trails due to the rotation of the Earth.
Even though the night seemed near pitch dark to my eyes, you can see in the picture that there was some light pollution coming from the right. However surprisingly any one can take the best quality wide angle photographs of the night sky by using single lens reflex 35 mm traditional film or digital cameras.
Optional: if you have telescope or telephoto lenses then you can connect it to your camera.
For Canon shooters Magic Lantern provides programmable exposure times in bulb mode, so you don't have to keep the shutter pressed.

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