DSLRs, or digital single-lens reflex cameras, are powerful digital cameras that allow you to precisely manipulate light to produce images.
Here are five settings already built into almost DSLRs that will easily allow you to take DIY headshots, production stills, or other promotional photos without breaking open the manual. Setting your camera to portrait mode will allow for quick shots with the fewest number of adjustments on the photographer's part. With Aperture Priority Mode set, the camera calculates the appropriate shutter speed given the lighting. And while this setting requires the user to juggle many variables at once, it also allows for the most freedom in capturing an image.
This allows the photographer to control how long the shutter stays open, which determines for how long light reaches the sensor. This setting is useful for long exposure shots, where a lot of light is needed, and for shooting in the dark.

So while shooting in manual mode might not be optimal for shooting moving subjects in constantly changing light (outside on a busy street), it should be used when you have control over the environment (inside a studio or your home).
Portrait mode uses a wide aperture (the size of the opening that's created when you open the shutter) and creates a shallow depth of field. With a large aperture (a large shutter opening), the subject of the image will be in focus, while everything else in the image will be in a softer focus, and appear blurry.
However, using bulb mode will make any moving objects appear blurry or create streaks of light following the objects. This means that the subject of the photo will be in sharp focus, while the background will appear blurry.
A fast shutter speed will capture fast movement, but requires more light to illuminate the image. With a small aperture (a small shutter opening), the subject and background will both appear in focus, or will be closer in sharpness.

You'll also want to use a tripod to keep the camera stationary while shooting in bulb mode. This is perfect for headshots, specifically when shooting someone who's moving around outside, where the light isn't always under the control of the photographer. A long shutter speed requires less light, but fast movement objects will appear blurry and undefined.

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