Facebook Twitter Google+ Pinterest RedditIf you’ve found your way to this tutorial, you probably agree with me that long exposure photography is one of the most interesting and enjoyable types of photography.
Daytime long exposure photography has recently skyrocketed in popularity though, and in this tutorial we’ll discuss the techniques that you can use to create stunning daytime long exposure photos. This 64 second long exposure taken with a Pentax K3 and 18-135mm lens at sunset was possible thanks to a 10 stop ND filter. While short exposures are the norm for daytime photography, long exposures allow us to create images which present reality in our own alternative way. If photography in general can be summarized as capturing a moment in time, long exposure photography is all about stretching that moment and capturing something more — something that a short exposure just can’t. While we might not think of sunrise as an especially bright time, the light was strong enough for this 30 second long exposure to require a 10 stop ND filter, used on the Pentax K3 and 18-135mm lens. While nighttime long exposure photography doesn’t really require anything more than a camera that can shoot long exposures, a tripod, and a shutter release cable, daytime long exposure photography may require a few more items of gear.
As with any kind of long exposure photography, a sturdy tripod is one of the most essential things you’ll need. Shutter release cables are a very inexpensive piece of gear that will allow you to shoot exposures longer than the preset maximum of 30 seconds that most DSLR and mirrorless cameras offer. For more advanced control, you can purchase an intervalometer which will allow you to set a specific exposure time as well as the number of exposures and the interval between each. While a neutral density filter is an optional, and often unnecessary, accessory for nighttime long exposure photography, it’s a must-have for daytime shooting. While low strength ND filters can be used to block just a stop or two of light, for daytime long exposure photography you will typically use fairly strong neutral density filters such as 9 and 10 stop filters, also referred to as ND400 and ND1000 filters. To give you an example of just how an ND filter helps, imagine that you’re trying to photograph a scene in reasonably bright conditions. As you’ve probably noticed in your photography learning experience it sometimes seems like everyone is just out to confuse you. A graduated neutral density filter will allow you to darken part of your scene, great for photographing scenes with a very wide dynamic range like sunrises and sunsets. Graduated Neutral Density Filters are the tool of choice when you don’t need to reduce the brightness of every part of your scene.
In your search for an ND filter, you may come across variable neutral density filters like this one from B+W. At this point, the budget shoppers will begin searching on eBay and Amazon and finding that you can in fact buy ND filters for just a few dollars, typically shipped from China. Depending upon what you’re photographing, you may want to add a polarizing filter to your lens.
In this shot, the Pentax K3 is mounted on a tripod that has been positioned with each of its legs resting on solid rock, rather than on sand.
Because a RAW file preserves all of the light information and a higher dynamic range from the sensor in an uncompressed file, you are able to recover more details from dark shadows and bright highlights than you would be able to with only a JPEG file. With a long exposure photograph, being able to process the image yourself is very important — long exposures can introduce unwanted color casts to a photo from light sources that might not be visible to the naked eye and from ND filters that can change the colors in a long exposure. Long exposures, even those taken during the day, can also introduce digital noise into your images which is easy to minimize during RAW processing.  While shooting in RAW is the best choice for serious photographers, the files created are significantly larger than JPEG images — be sure to bring a large enough memory card. Most DSLR cameras will have an optional setting that allows you to reduce the digital noise when shooting long exposure photography. Daytime long exposure photography techniques can be used to photograph just about anything, but certain subjects are especially well-suited.
With a strong enough neutral density filter, you can shoot long exposures at any time of day. Experiment with a variety of exposure times — the longest possible time is not always going to make for the best shot; sometimes being able to see a bit of definition in a wave is a good thing. For long exposure times of more than 30 seconds in bright sunlight, you will likely need to use more than just one strong ND filter.
Nick ZantopEditorPhotography and adventure keep me sane; writing about it keeps both of us entertained.
Those who are fond of photography treat it more like a passion than just a hobby or a profession. The Nikon D3100 camera is a 14.2 megapixel DX format DSLR Nikon F-mount camera announced by Nikon the release date being August 19, 2010. Whether you are a professional photographer or simply an amateur one, having a fine quality digital camera such as Nikon D3100 is recommended by everyone. Offering some incredible discount deals, Groupin.pk aims to bring many inexpensive items within buying range of its users. DSLR Cameras, also known as Digital Single Lens Reflex Cameras are the most used cameras these days by most of the professional. Upload the picture to your computer for post-processing once you’re done with the shooting.
Welcome to this beginning lesson on photography by TCDavis with some excellent digital point and shoot camera tips. Up until very recently photography was done with photographic film, mostly black and white.
Most of the learning in this lesson will deal with technique: how to use a digital point and shoot camera skillfully. They show good composition: Excellent composition is a subjective quality, but one which nevertheless makes the difference between just average photos and artistic ones. Pretty much every compact digital camera on the market has a zoom lens, and of course there is a wide range of zoom lenses available for all digital SLRs, as well as a variety of non-zoom lenses with different focal lengths. The focal length of a lens is an expression of its magnification power, and is usually stated in millimetres. The reason for quoting both the real and the equivalent focal length is simply that more people are familiar with the sizes of 35mm lenses, so they know that 35mm is wide angle and suitable for panoramic shots, or that 105mm is a short telephoto, suitable for portraits and medium-range subjects. Because there are several different sizes of sensor, it is more usual for compact camera zoom lenses to be rated in terms of their magnification power, such as 3x, 4x, 10x etc. This means that when using lenses designed and calibrated for 35mm film SLRs on a digital SLR, a multiplication factor has to be applied to arrive at the correct focal length.
While in older simpler camera lenses a 200mm lens would literally be 20cm long, modern optical systems use multiple lenses working in combination, which means that the light path can be shortened while still maintaining the same effective focal length.
The shorter the focal length, the more the lens bends the light rays, and to cut a lot of mathematics short, the wider its angle of view, so a lens with a focal length of 28mm can fit a lot more of a scene into the frame than can a lens with a focal length of 200mm. Get TrustedReviews' award-winning reviews, opinions and advice delivered to your inbox for free!
A piece of pipe (PVC gives the best results in term of weight and toughness) about 5 cm long and 8 cm of diameter.
Take the cutter (or anything that cuts) and try to remove the circles you just drawn from the base of your plastic bowls. Cut sheets of alu foil, and glue them inside the big bowl, around the pipe and outside of the small bowl. Become a Contributor: Check out Write for DPS page for details about how YOU can share your photography tips with the DPS community. Great article on the ring flash, keep up the great work this is the best site on the web!!!!!!!!! Using a soldering iron with a very fine tip to cut out the holes in thick (ish) plastic makes really light work of that part. If anyone is thinking of doing this, I’d suggest using a dremel tool to cut the plastic and for sanding the sharp edges of the plastic smooth. Not everybody has tons of money, I remember starting out and using every available prop to try and enhance my pics! Welcome to the modern world where every dumbass with a digital camera and a penis has been hounding women to pose nude. With the kind of price one needs to pay for something like a ring flash, I was looking for a good DIY project to make one at home. Very interesting, I have just written some Flash Photography Tips and I thought you might find them useful. While traditional still photography focuses on capturing a single instant in a photo, long exposure photography allows us to record a longer amount of time in a single image. Fast moving objects become essentially invisible and even slow moving elements like a crowd of people can become a ghostly blur if the shutter is left open for long enough.
Since the shutter will be left open for a prolonged amount of time, any shaking of the camera will become evident in your photos.

For long exposure photography, avoid the cheap plastic tripods you can buy at the drugstore while on vacation. Most modern DSLR and mirrorless cameras like the Canon SL1 or Sony A7 should fit the bill perfectly. To use a shutter release cable you’ll need to set your camera to the Bulb setting — without a shutter release cable, most cameras require you to hold the shutter button down for as long as you want the exposure to be. An ND filter is basically just a dark piece of glass or plastic (often referred to as resin by the manufacturers) which reduces the amount of light that passes through the lens and reaches the camera’s sensor. ND filters are unfortunately one of those confusing things and it can be pretty easy to buy the wrong strength of filter if you’re not careful.
Screw-on filters are going to be the most familiar; they simply screw onto your lens just like a UV or circular polarizer filter, allowing you to use a lens hood like you normally would to reduce lens flare in your images.
With the filter holder attached, it’s easy to change the square filters, sliding them into the filter holder.
As their name suggests, these filters have a gradual distribution of darkness, with one half of the filter being darker and the other half being transparent, with a gradual area in between. Essentially, a variable ND filter is composed of two stacked polarizing filters with one of them being able to rotate, reducing the light as the filters approach a perpendicular position. This filter will help increase color saturation and contrast, reduce reflections on glass and water, and block 1 to 2 stops of light, allowing you to use a slightly longer exposure time.
If I’m photographing on a rocky beach, whenever possible I will place the tripod legs on rocks, rather than on the sand. Some cameras provide a little door that you can slide shut covering the viewfinder, while others include a viewfinder cover on the neck strap.
When you take a photo that’s recorded as a RAW file, the camera’s sensor data is preserved in the file without any of the camera’s processing algorithms applied to it. Shooting and processing RAW will allow you to modify the color temperature of your image without losing any quality in the image. Long exposure noise reduction takes a second dark frame after your first, initial exposure has completed and uses this dark exposure to remove hot pixel noise. The easiest solution is to compose your shot and set the focus before you attach the ND filter to your lens. Including a moving element like water, clouds, or a crowd of people walking will make for a compelling shot.
Personally, I usually prefer the early morning around sunrise and the evening around sunset for much of my daytime long exposure shooting. As with any type of photography, you should typically use the lowest ISO setting available to you. For capturing the movement of clouds across the sky in a scene, exposure times of several minutes may be needed to obtain desirable results. Having a true passion for the art of photography can put you miles ahead from those who are involved in it professionally. There are and have been some quite similar deals by Groupin for technology lovers like Sony VAIO notebook by Decent Computers Islamabad, 4GB Suzuki Key Chain USB drive by STARCO Appliances Islamabad and HP Probook 4530’s at Mega.pk Islamabad. The modern digital technology combined with some of the more professional options provides its users the opportunity to capture their desire photographs more efficiently. These lightwaves cannot be seen with the naked eye and therefore this filter is required to capture them and create some of the most amazing photographs you’ve ever seen.
Whatever mode you’ve been using beforehand you’ll need to switch to the manual mode if you want capture some infrared lightwaves, as cameras are not programmed to capture this particular type of lightening in their other function modes.
Post-processing is an important phase in this process as you would need to highlight the infrared lightwaves in the picture using the levels and the colour toning. A good exposure is one which allows one to see adequate detail in the light areas and the dark areas of the picture, that is, details adequate for the photographer’s intent. A good photograph will generally have a center of interest, something that draws the viewer’s attention.
If you look on the front of your camera, usually inscribed around the front of the lens youa€™ll find the focal length range.
Basically it is because digital camera sensors are a lot smaller than a frame of 35mm film, and are fitted much closer to the lens than the film would be.
On a 35mm film SLR with a standard viewfinder, a 50mm lens produces approximately the same view as a human eye, and is traditionally the standard lens for this type of camera.
On the other hand, the narrower field of view of the longer lens means that distant objects appear larger in the frame.
Today one of our forum members Manzin (see some of his work here) shares a tutorial on how he created his own DIY Ring Flash.
It may be a bit tricky because the alu foil is not very tough, and you don’t want to rip it. You may need to use photoshop, or any other program, to give a better look to the image, but even in raw the results a pretty good for a very low investment. These things have become so expensive that DIY articles like these have become very necessary.
Just do it in a well ventilated area and be aware of the hazards associated when working with a very hot soldering iron. A girl my wife works with is a very nice person-I thought I told her to come up to the farm with her husband and i would do some portraits for them.
Thanks for sharing this and saving money to many photographers who cannot afford expensive equipment and yet take great pictures. Aesthetically, long exposure photography can be beautiful — it smoothes and blurs moving objects like clouds, water, people and vehicles, making stationary subjects like rocks, buildings, and bridges stand out. Crashing waves become an ethereal fog, swirling around rocks, and clouds become smooth, painterly streaks across a dark sky. Although we want the moving elements in a long exposure photo to be smoothed and blurred, we don’t want the stationary objects like rocks and buildings to be blurry. A good tripod should last for several years and you’re better off starting with a high quality aluminum or carbon fiber tripod.
Some compact cameras like the Ricoh GR can even be used on manual mode, but since we’ll be attaching light blocking filters to the camera lens for daytime long exposure photography, it will be much easier to use a camera and lens combination that has a filter thread for easy attachment. Since touching the camera during an exposure causes unwanted vibrations that can ruin a long exposure photo, we’re better off using one of these remote cable releases to trigger the shutter. With some photography gear, the cheap off-brand versions that are typically shipped from China are best avoided — when it comes to shutter release cables though, I’ve had great success with the affordable versions like this one made by a company called Pixel. Some ND filter makers refer to the filter’s F-Stop reduction factor, calling a filter a 10 stop ND Filter. One of the big downsides to these circular screw on ND filters is that they are time consuming to screw on and off of your lens. Stacking filters is also simple with this format and it makes the most sense when using graduated neutral density filters which we’ll cover next. These filters are especially useful for shooting long exposure images with the sky in them — an example might be at the beach during sunset: As the sun is setting, the water in the foreground is dark with the light source so close to the horizon. For lower strengths of light reduction, these variable neutral density filters can work well, but the closer you get to their maximum strength the more noticeable vignetting issues will become. You can stack an ND filter and a polarizing filter to get the benefits of both, for instance when photographing a waterfall during the day. Even a small amount of water washing over the sand your tripod legs are resting on can shift the position of your tripod by a millimeter or two and ruin your shot. If your camera doesn’t have a built-in method for dealing with light leaks, a simple piece of gaffer or electrical tape makes for an easy way to cover up the viewfinder. When you take a JPEG photo, the camera applies it’s processing algorithms and discards the data it didn’t use. Because long exposures can cause your camera to heat up, and this heat increases the digital noise recorded by your sensor, using this noise reduction option can be very helpful — the downside to it is that it essentially doubles your exposure time. Of course, this is time consuming, especially if you’re using a circular screw-on ND filter and have to carefully attach it to the filter threads on your lens.
If you live near the ocean or a lake, find the nearest pier — these make for beautiful subjects, especially at sunrise and sunset. The late afternoon and middle of the day can cause harsh shadows if you’re shooting landscapes and seascapes on a bright, sunny day. Stacking two filters like a Hoya ND1000 and a Hoya ND400 will give you a reduction of 18 stops, enough to achieve an exposure of several minutes even in bright lighting conditions.

Presently with a huge advancement in technology the art of photography has also gone lot more sophisticated with inventions of indifferent cameras and other accessories.
To bring deals for the users of their choice, Groupin.pk encourages users to give their opinions and suggestions.
The filter specializes in blocking almost every kind of light, allowing only the infrared lightwaves to pass through this filter. More often it’s F 20 or F 22 that’s used for infrared photography instead of the usual F 1.9-8 in digital SLR cameras.
Move it to maximum so you can provide greater field of depth along with allowing only the minimum light to pass through the lens onto the camera sensor. However, if you have a manual or remote shutter release then you can also set the shutter to ‘Release’ or ‘Bulb’ which allows you to take the picture with a maximum exposure.
Moreover, make sure that your camera would be able to capture enough lightwaves under the current composition. If you’re getting the desired result then move on taking your final shot using the same settings.
Moreover, the picture might also need the addition of your professional logo or watermark to ensure that it stays your intellectual property once uploaded over the worldwide web. If this center of attention is blurry, then in most cases it will not serve its purpose well. In this tutorial, wea€™ll take a look at what focal length means, and some of the effects you can achieve by varying it. Generally anything longer than this is considered a telephoto, while anything shorter is considered wide angle.
And to stabilize my flash, I cut the hole for the flash slightly bigger and fit it with a piece of cardboard that I first wrapped around my flash to make sure it would fit.
Painted my one silver inside and black outside, using hot glue to hold it all together and clear acrylic to reinforce certain areas. If you do buy one, look at the box details as this is not a one-size-fits-all piece of kit.
When most photographers begin experimenting with long exposure photography, they begin at night — a time when it’s typically easy to leave the shutter open for several seconds at a time without needing to worry about overexposure.
You fall asleep for a while in the warm sun and when you wake up, the sun is so blinding that you can barely open your eyes. Long exposure photos that will include the sky in them are often best taken on windy days to get good cloud movement, so a tripod that doesn’t shake in the wind is critical.
The shutter release should feature a locking mechanism so that you don’t need to physically hold the button down during the exposure.
Others refer to the same strength of filter as an ND1000, referring to the filter factor (which is actually 1024, they just round down).
It can be pretty easy to accidentally drop your ND filter while you’re unscrewing it. The sky is still very bright however, so to shoot a properly exposed long exposure photo, we want to block some of the light in the sky without blocking it from the water.
While many variable filters claim a range up to 8 to 10 stops of light reduction, you’re usually not going to get usable results at these maximum settings with most lenses. The slightly longer answer is, you usually get what you pay for when it comes to optics and filters. The Neutral Density filter will allow you to keep the shutter open for longer, smoothing the flow of the water in your photo, and the polarizer will cut the reflections on the water’s surface.
Most modern digital cameras do a pretty good job of processing these JPEG files, but your computer is much more powerful and you’ll be able to better process the RAW files yourself. If you shoot a 2 minute long exposure, the second dark exposure will also take a further two minutes, meaning you won’t be able to shoot another shot for 4 minutes.
If your camera has live view, you may be able to use a quicker work-around to bypass this issue.
Quickly flowing rivers and streams are excellent subjects too — try to find an interesting subject like rocks in the water to build your composition around.
Take some notes when you head out shooting about the lighting conditions, and you’ll soon develop your own personal preferences.
As for the aperture setting, it may be preferable to use two ND filters in conjunction to achieve a longer exposure time, rather than simply using a smaller aperture since a smaller aperture has the side-effect of increasing the depth of field as well. When you have to make a choice between the best cameras you may not be able to find a one better than Nikon D3100 while shopping around for cameras.
This price is certainly not affordable for a large hub of photography lovers who can be quite amazing with their art if they have a good digital camera like Nokia D3100. Visit the Groupin.pk website and click on suggest a deal icon to let Groupin come up with a deal of your choice.
Press the shutter button and hold it until you’ve spent enough time for the sensor to capture the necessary light required for the infrared photograph. It will leave the viewer dissatisfied because detail that is important to the picture’s intent is missing.
The viewer will most likely be put off by this blurriness, for it seems inappropriate to a center of attention. On a digital camera ita€™s a bit harder to define, but for APS-C format DSLRs the cut-off point is approximately 35mm. Put the pipe inside the big bowl, and then put pieces of tape from the inside to the outside of the rear of the bowl. You reach for your pair of dark sunglasses and instantly you can see again — their dark lenses reduce the amount of light that reaches your eyes. With a 10 stop ND filter, we’re able to use a much longer 4 second exposure — long enough to get some nice smoothing effects for some elements like water, but probably not enough to smooth the movement of clouds. A graduated neutral density filter or Grad ND does the trick, allowing us to selectively darken part of the scene.
If I’m shooting along the coast, I usually keep my hands hovering within a few inches of the tripod if there is any risk of waves. Using live view and the exposure simulation preview, you may be able to digitally zoom in on a selective area of your scene to manually set the focus. If you’ve got some very strong ND filters, give daytime architecture photography a try. Mount this filter in front of the lens you’re using and your apparatus is ready to be used.
This will prevent the pipe to move, and will allow it to support his own weight plus the small bowl.
For daytime long exposure photography, the camera’s version of sunglasses comes in the form of a neutral density filter, essentially a piece of dark gray glass (or plastic) that blocks a specific amount of light from reaching the sensor, just like sunglasses block a certain amount of light from reaching our eyes.
Add a second 10 stop ND filter on top of that 10 stop ND and now we’ve got a 20 stop reduction in light, meaning that our 4 second exposure time can increase to a whopping one hour+ long exposure. This can get confusing, since an ND 3.0 filter is not at all the same thing as a 3 Stop ND filter.
While these filters come in the circular variety, you’ll have the most flexibility with square graduated neutral density filters which will let you position the darker part of the filter where you want it, rather than directly in the middle of the lens.
However you compose your shots, make sure you set the focus for your lens to manual — nothing is more bothersome than going through the trouble of carefully focusing your shot, only to press the shutter and realize it’s still set to autofocus, forcing you to re-focus your shot.
Talking of witch, take the small bowl and put it on the top of the pipe, then tape around the base. If i was going to do some nudes i would want someone different She is nice but the last time i saw a mouth like hers it had a hook in it. This allows users to confirm that images will appear as they intended prior to shooting and reduces the number of unsuccessful shots. Your mileage may vary, and for the most reliable results, there is a reason why brands like Lee, B+W, and Hoya enjoy a large share of the market despite being rather pricey. Now let got the tape, and have a look to what you’ve just did, because you’re done!

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