Over the last couple of weeks I’ve been writing a series of posts on elements that digital photographers need to learn about in order to get out of Auto mode and learn how to manually set the exposure of their shots.
When you hit the shutter release button of your camera a hole opens up that allows your cameras image sensor to catch a glimpse of the scene you’re wanting to capture.
There are a number of results of changing the aperture of your shots that you’ll want to keep in mind as you consider your setting but the most noticeable one will be the depth of field that your shot will have. Small (or shallow) depth of field means that only part of the image will be in focus and the rest will be fuzzy (like in the portrait at the top of this post. Similarly this creative birth announcement image was shot at f1.8 and again you see the shallow depth of field with the ultrasound in focus but everything else blurred. It can be a little confusing at first but the way I remember it is that small numbers mean small DOF and large numbers mean large DOF. Let me illustrate this with two pictures I took earlier this week in my garden of two flowers.
The best way to get your head around aperture is to get your camera out and do some experimenting.
For example in most landscape photography you’ll see small aperture settings (large numbers) selected by photographers.
On the other hand in portrait photography it can be very handy to have your subject perfectly in focus but to have a nice blurry background in order to ensure that your subject is the main focal point and that other elements in the shot are not distracting. Macro photographers tend to be big users of large apertures to ensure that the element of their subject that they are focusing in on totally captures the attention of the viewer of their images while the rest of the image is completely thrown out of focus. OK I understand aperture is the size of the hole and how the f stops correlate, but can you possibly explain how aperture is sometimes discussed in terms like faster or slower, I thought that was a function of shutter speed. I have also seen the aperture on my camera info screen change from f stops to speed and I have no idea why or how I did it. Really very useful article, I m very new to dslr photography, ur article is very illustrative made easy to understand the functioning.
I understand aperture a lot better after reading this article but when i practice it, i still get a blurry picture. One way of adding interest to an image and to draw attention to the main point of interest that you’re attempting to highlight is to incorporate an internal frame into your composition. Frames can take many forms – from an overhanging tree, a window, a bridge, arch or even part of another person etc. Frames can also be in the foreground or background of images (although more often than not they’re in the foreground). By the way, I’m using ImageFramer application for creating frames for my photos on my Mac.
Darren, you’re doing AWESOME job with this site, no matter how many times you post a tutorial or a sample, there will always be new audience who will want to learn all the great things you have in mind.
Hopefully many are inspired by this topic, especially for the weekly challenge October 2010.
I personally love this website and it has been a great source of information and assistance to me on many assignments. As a New Zealander living in the South Pacific, I just love the way an unknown person in a different part of the planet takes all this effort for other unknown folks like me.
There is no need to explain the importance of eyes to a living being; but why photographers fret so much about them may look a bit intriguing. Even though many photographers have not taken enough pains to really explore the human eye with a macro lens. Here in this article we will discuss certain tips that will of real help in photographing the human eye in all splendors. Creative photographer, Web publisher, Diy fan, Avid traveler and a Nature Conservationist to the core. Ever wondered what’s the biggest secret behind those professional looking outdoor portraits.
Shooting wide open has many advantages, the shallow depth of field produced when shooting wide open will make your subject stand out from the background. This is the most commonly used technique used by professional photographers to create those dreamy looking outdoor portraits.
Get Andrew’s ebook The Candid Portrait at 43% off, now over at Snapndeals, for a limited time only (August 9, 2016 AUS time). A candid portrait is often defined as one which you take without the subject being aware that you have done so.
Wedding and portrait photographers often strive to capture candid portraits, so do street photographers.
The question is, how do you take photos of other people safely when you are travelling, and how do you create evocative images that capture the spirit of that place? All the photos in this article were taken while I was traveling, but you’ll find the principles hold true when you are working close to home as well. The second approach is to use a small camera with a small lens, and get in much closer to the action. The ideal small camera could be a small digital SLR (such as the Canon EOS 100D), a mirrorless camera (such as the Fujifilm X-T1, my personal favorite), a compact camera (like the Ricoh GR II) or a smartphone.
Talk to people, not necessarily only the people that you want to photograph, but anybody, particularly in shops, markets or working in cafes, who may be open to a conversation. The beauty of wide-angle lenses is that you can get in close and photograph somebody, without them even being aware that you are doing so. As long as you don’t look at them or make eye contact they will think you are photographing whatever is behind them.
I was taking a photo of the church when I noticed the man was about to walk in front of me. Sometimes all you have to do is find an interesting location, and observe how the local people behave as they pass through. While visiting Prince Gong’s mansion, a historical building in Beijing, I noticed that people like to walk by these Tibetan style prayer wheels. Beautiful light is key to creating evocative portraits that capture the spirit and atmosphere of a place.


The orange light cast by tungsten light bulbs adds atmosphere to this photo taken in Xi’an, China. Alta does not offer a heart rate monitor option, Charge does have a Charge HR tracker that will monitor your heart rate. One of the big stand outs that shocked me – the Charge has a 7-10 day battery life and the Alta has a 5-day battery life. Let’s look at what tech is involved with this new fitness tracker, what makes it work, what does it do, is it water resistant, battery life and more.
If your Alta gets wet or if you sweat in it, remove and completely dry the band before putting it back on.
The classic Alta wristband is made of a flexible, durable elastomer material similar to that used in many sports watches, and includes a surgical-grade stainless steel clasp. The Fitbit Alta syncs automatically and wirelessly to computers and 200+ leading iOS, Android and Windows devices using Bluetooth 4.0. I also just bought the Charge HR and I saw that they came out with the new one and was like are you kidding?!
Technology * Parenting * Geekery Digital Mom Blog is about a tech mom and her adventures raising 4 kids.
Moving from one f-stop to the next doubles or halves the size of the amount of opening in your lens (and the amount of light getting through). Large depth of field means that most of your image will be in focus whether it’s close to your camera or far away. Large aperture (remember it’s a smaller number) will decrease depth of field while small aperture (larger numbers) will give you larger depth of field. Go outside and find a spot where you’ve got items close to you as well as far away and take a series of shots with different aperture settings from the smallest setting to the largest.
In this case you’d choose a large aperture (small number) to ensure a shallow depth of field. Be sure to also check out our introduction to Shutter Speed and introduction to Shutter Speed. If you stand as far from that window as is possible, the less you can see in the distance and when you move right up to that window, you can see everything. I have a Nikon D40 with both Nikkor lenses 18-55mm and 55-200mm and when i try to take a picture on A mode, it takes a long time to process it and it comes out blurry.
It gives the image depth and helps to give the perception to viewers of it that they’re looking at something that is more than 2 dimensions. Use correctly, framing can draw the eye of the viewer of an interest to a particular part of the scene.
I’ve only been on this web for a week and I already find it very useful and alot of interesting things to learn, I wish I can be on this site more often but because I am a long haul driver I can only be here once in a while… appreciate all the good tips!! I have only had my slr for weeks and want to experiment and find all the tips helpful, just need to get off automatic now, anymore tips on that?? Think of it as a refresher bringing a great tip back to the front of your mind to use in your current work.
Some of the pictures she’s taking are being rejected and shes not sure about the rule. I visit regularly but cannot be guaranteed to catch everything so articles being reposted are a great idea. From a distance the only thing that we observe about human eyes are that they are smooth orbs, always moist and they do come in many different shades of blue, green, brown and black. Get yourselves a true macro lens, or any other means of obtaining life size (1:1) magnification. Continuous light sources (preferably soft), are the best for photographing human eyes, so find a well lit spot and seat your subject such that the light is falling on the eye at an angle that causes only the least amount of reflection.
The eyes reflect everything around them, including the camera, lights, the photographer and the surroundings; so experiment and find the best lighting angle which gives best results. When iris is photographed the in low light situations; the pupil will expand making the photograph un-interesting.
Macro lenses which provide an angle of view of 100mm or narrower is best as they provide more working distance, which will make the subject comfortable. Although it’s not an absolute must, using a tripod will help make things easier and improve chances of getting great shots.
Keep the shutter speed fast enough to eliminate any blur caused either by camera shake or subject’s movement. Yes the single most important trick to make your outdoor portraits look professional is to shoot with wide open apertures.
The background will be rendered as a smooth blur there by producing some visual separation between the subject and the background, and thus the viewer’s attention will now be entirely focused on the main subject. However you should be extremely careful about your focusing when using this technique, make sure you focus right on the subjects eyes, it is very important when shooting with very shallow depth of field, as even if the focus is slightly off it could entirely ruin the shot. The idea is to capture a natural moment, that shows the person’s character or something interesting about them. It is the latter form of candid portrait photography that I will concentrate on in this article.
There is something about the excitement of travelling and seeing a new place with fresh eyes, that makes me want to take photos that capture life in the streets. It’s an enormous lens that I no longer own, but it enabled me to take photos like this from a distance, without being noticed. The idea here is that the small camera gives you the perception that you are less intimidating, than somebody using a large digital SLR and lens setup. The smaller size of this gear lets me get much closer to people than I ever could with the Sigma 50-150mm lens.
A photo of somebody taken in front of a shop could be created almost anywhere, but a photo taken with a well known landmark or typical building in the background (such as the Eiffel Tower in Paris, or the Forbidden City in Beijing) has the potential to be much more evocative. An empty memory card can be as terrifying for a photographer as a blank piece of paper (or empty computer screen) is for a writer. It doesn’t really matter what it is, but I find that taking the first photo gets my creativity going and puts me in the right frame of mind to start seeing other images.


Afterwards, you may be able to ask the person you spoke to if you can take a photo of them, or if there is anywhere that is a good place to take photos.
Last year in China, I came across a group of men playing a game of Xiangqi (Chinese chess).
This works best when there is something interesting there that a tourist would naturally take a photo of. The wide-angle focal length (14mm, APS-C camera) meant that he became part of the photo without realizing it. While in Beijing last year, I became fascinated at the different ways that the local people interacted with the city’s historical buildings. You’ll increase your chances of creating beautiful images exponentially by going out when the light is beautiful. Fitbit’s website mentions collaborations with Tory Burch (they have collaborated in the past) as well. The call and text notifications let you see call & text notifications and calendar alerts on display. We recommend taking it off before showering, as it’s best for your skin if the band stays dry and clean. Give your wrist a rest by taking the band off every now and then, and regularly clean your band and wrist. Learn more.
Find out what the battery life is like, what accessories are available, how this wearable will help you get your fitness on and how Fitbit Alta compares to the Fitbit Charge. I went with the large and keep it on the smallest setting – I do wear it on my ankle now so am glad i bought a bigger size.
I’ve previously written about the first two and today would like to turn our attention to Aperture.
The larger the hole the more light that gets in – the smaller the hole the less light.
You’ll quickly see the impact that it can have and the usefulness of being able to control aperture. A photo of the woman in the first shot (left) without the window frame would tell you less than the shot you see with the rustic looking window frame around her.
I think the step-by-step approach would be helpful for those who really wanna MASTER it since as i believe this site already has enough resources (posts) now to do so. However, I learn new things daily, so often a post of an article will not only get me reminiscing about the time I tried the technique, but also has the added benefit of inspiring me to give it another go to perfect it further. There is so much to think about with digital, it’s not possible to take it all in and remember it the first time. Can you explain in more detail what this rule consists of and how it should be applied better? On the subject of frames and borders, I was wondering, is there a post on this website with a guide on how to create a professional looking border? A photographer’s torment with eye is not limited to shooting it but also in post-production? You are much more likely to be able to take photos without being noticed, or to be ignored if you are. Remember that you are there to enjoy the day, the sights, and the process of exploration and meeting new people, as well as photography. Local people often like to make recommendations, especially if they are proud of their city.
Honestly, I love the look of the new Alta but let’s look at the two wearables side-by-side to help you decide which one you should buy or if you should upgrade.
While I am a mom to 4 kids that I am constantly chasing around,  surprisingly that alone doesn’t let me hit my 10,000 steps. She is an introverted extrovert, believer in grace, all-around geek and total type-B parent. Although I don’t like how bulky my Charge is at times, I think I made the right choice.
I have seen a lot of photos all over the web with some great, simple yet very professional looking borders and like mentioned in this post, the pictures look amazing. Trick is to ask your subject to keep both eyes shut, when everything is ready ask them to open their eyes, fire of few quick shots, ask them to close their eyes when you review your pictures. You are unlikely to be spotted by your subject, especially if you are quick, but your photos may also have a lack of involvement in the scene as they are taken from some distance away. One of them nodded to say yes, and I took a few photos before saying thank you and moving on. The camera will point away from them and they may not even be aware that they are being photographed. There is also lots of potential during dusk, especially with the mix of artificial and natural light that you find in urban environments.
I have to put a conscience effort into watching my steps, making sure I am keeping in motion.
I have always taken pictures on automatic mode and now, I am trying to learn the features of the camera. Secondly it takes a lot of work to keep coming up with fresh topics after a few years of writing on this topic and we don’t have the resources to pay a full team of writers. Having said that, you can use a telephoto lens to create a cinematic look that pulls the background in closer to the subject, or throw it out of focus. This might have already been discussed somewhere else on this website, but i would really appreciate some guidance.




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Comments to «Digital photography school tips for beginners»

  1. 2oo8 on 10.12.2014 at 21:33:36
    Picture yourself in the editing course mode and concentrate on the subject and.
  2. BBB on 10.12.2014 at 11:10:50
    It ought to already be set at veryfast??but transferring elements, however that does.
  3. FK_BAKI on 10.12.2014 at 22:43:26
    Digital camera exposes for the background and swipe left and proper in your.