In street photography as well as general photography, photographers can sometimes become more obsessed about camera gear over actually taking photos.
Therefore many individuals fall into this trap and go on a never-ending chase in the hope that buying more expensive camera bodies and lenses will help them get better images. When it comes to street photography, I like to believe that the best policy is to have the least obtrusive camera and lens as possible. Although my knowledge of cameras may be limited when compared to the 20+years plus photo veteran, I will try my best to outline the pros and cons of different cameras that street photographers use, including rangefinders, DSLRS, or compact “point and shoots”.
Rangefinders are glorified for their ability to take images without a battery, being small and unobtrusive, quick in operation, and virtually silent in terms of a shutter sound.
Taking photos with a rangefinder is much different than many other cameras because what you see through your viewfinder is not necessarily what your photos show up as. Furthermore if one decides to get a digital Leica rangefinder, they are most likely going to drop a huge chunk of change. It seems that nowadays many street photographers use digital SLRs (DSLRs) to take their photographs.
However the downside to DSLRs for street photography is that they are relatively large and clunky, and look intimidating to the average person.
Furthermore, DSLRS have great high-ISO capabilities, which make them ideal for shooting at night without having too much noise in the shots. There are currently a handful of high-end point-and-shoots on the market that many street photographers use for shooting in the street.
The advantages of point-and-shoot cameras for street photography is that they are small, have a virtually silent shutter, and that they are unobtrusive.
Ok, there is already a similar article on this blog, but the things evolve quickly in the photographic market, so here I am with a new article.
Street Photography is a photographic genre that feeds on instinct, which requires a keen eye, and where the technical aspect becomes secondary compared to content. In order to obtain great street photographs we are not obligated to work with expensive cameras. A prerequisite of Street Photography requires the use of compact cameras  but this can’t be a fixed rule. We will start our discussion from film cameras, and then pass on to point-and-shoot cameras to conclude our article on the new mirrorless devices. The best analog cameras for Street Photography are rangefinder cameras, such as Leica M or Voigtlander Bessa, with lens of optimal quality, ranging from 35mm to the canonical 50mm. Other than rangefinder cameras, also consider medium format cameras: Rolleiflex above all, but also Mamiya 6?6.
Great also point & shots like Contax and Ricoh GR, a camera used by the master Daido Moriyama. Digital devices, for their nature, compared to analog cameras, suffer from getting quickly out of date. High end point & shot cameras may be a perfect tool for the street photographer who needs to always have a camera with him. Great release also for Samsung: EX2F, the latest model in its growing range of Wi-Fi-enabled SMART cameras. Sony responds with Cyber-shot DSC-RX100, and for the first time launch an high end point & shot camera that shoots also in RAW. EVIL cameras have obviously gained a lot of success among street photographers, to the extent that one may come to the conclusion that certain models have been planned and manufactured specifically for those interested in street photography.
The cameras most interesting in  this sector currently for me are Fujifilm XPRO1 and Olympus OM-D5 E-M5. AF is now very good with last firmware, and for the sleep phase… don’t enable it ! Hi Naveed, as you can imagine I am a BIG fan and supporter of Olympus (maybe the brand should contact me for a sponsorship)and I consider the Pen series a great solution for Street Photography. Some photographers when think to mirrorless cameras are looking for an APS-C sensor solution, forgetting that a larger sensor corresponds also to larger and heavier lenses. Olympus looking to a beginner audience has opted for an easy design and interface with a few buttons and dials.
In this post list of 10 compact cameras that sport big sensors, fixed lenses and shutter speed focusing. There are currently a handful of high-end point-and-shoots on the market that many street photographers use for shooting in the street. Leading the way to the ultimate image quality, the X100s features the new APS-C 16M X-Trans CMOS II Sensor & EXR Processor II.

New Intelligent Hybrid AF system instantly switches between Phase detection and Contrast AF.
When beautiful scenery inspires the artist within, capture every exquisite detail with the compact Cyber-shot RX100 II. The GR DIGITAL IV employs a hybrid autofocus system that combines an external auto focus with a conventional contrast autofocus system.
Implementing a large sensor presented all sorts of problems: the cost of the sensor, the difficulty of designing the lens, the high processing capacity required for the image-processing engine, enlarging the circuit board, increasing the memory capacity, and so on. Reaching new heights in speed, agility and creative possibilities, the PowerShot G15 gives photographers plenty of reasons to be delighted over. In this video, street photographer Sean Patrick Allen of Rambles with my Camera discusses what makes the perfect camera for street photography.
IMHO, it’s the Fujifilm X100s, a small retro-looking APS-C camera with a fixed 23mm lens. Any camera that is small, light and inconspicuous, as long as it gives you image quality that you are happy with. To see more of his work please visit his studio website blurMEDIAphotography, or follow him on Twitter, 500px, Google Plus or YouTube.
Stefan Kohler is a conceptual photographer, specialized in mixing science, technology and photography. When he isn't waking up at 4am to take photos of nature, he stays awake until 4am taking photos of the night skies or time lapses.
As there is no “best” paintbrush for a painter, there is no “best” camera when it comes to the street photographer. Photographers who are obsessed with camera gear often feel that their images are lacking due to their equipment, when their underdevelopment of photographic vision is the culprit. However most of them are quite dismayed when they realize that when they buy the newest and most expensive equipment, their images don’t get any better. Rangefinders are fully manual, meaning that you have to manually focus and manually control exposure through aperture and shutter speed. It carries all of the fore mentioned characteristics and has a tradition for being built like a tank with superior optics.
There are superimposed grid lines showing the borders of how much your camera will actually capture which many photographers claim that gives them a sense of freedom and seeing entire scenes.
First of all, rangefinders are fully manual, meaning that one has to learn how to constantly adjust for the changing lighting in an environment with aperture and shutter speed, while modern digital cameras can do this automatically.
DSLRs are massively popular due to their overall image quality, quick shutter speed, and their ability to interchange lenses, and relative affordability. Furthermore due to the fact that it has a mirror inside, it makes a loud clicking (or clunking) sound when taking photos, which can disturb the serenity of a scene. I currently use a Canon 5D for my street photography and in order to make my camera more stealthy, I covered up my “Canon” and “5D” logo with black gaffers tape. Therefore, one can switch up his or her lenses once in a while if you want to shoot at different focal lengths. These cameras tout larger image sensors, which gives better image quality as well as cleaner images at higher-ISOs. However on the other hand, many point-and-shoot cameras have shutter-lag, which can make it difficult to capture moving people without getting them blurred out. The secret behind Street Photography is not taking a beautiful picture, but to take a significant picture.
Even for the lenses is the same speech: generally the most famous and successful street photographs are taken with normal, prime lenses but we can see superb images taken with a 85mm medium telephoto. Still used by some photographers from the film era, discovered and loved by the new generations. Wide lenses can be a good alternative if you’re searching for a different perspective or point of view. A camera like a Rollei, a true legend, will give you the chance to aim and shoot by looking in the cockpit, o even to avoid looking in the cockpit altogether in order to prevent people from suspecting that you’re taking photographs. Certain mirrorless models have in fact equaled or even surpassed the performance of reflex models, for example in conditions of dim light. I love the last proposals from Olympus (with Olympus Pen E-P3 improved the series), Sony, and Samsung NX. There are of course my preferences, but in reality the best camera is the one that we used efficiently and with which there is feeling.

Fujifilm has announced th successors of the lucky rangefinders, with the new X100S And X20 that will be in stores in March 2013.
Since I have an interest in street photography and am thinking of getting Olympus PEN mini E-PM1 camera. Olympus PEN mini E-PM1 is really small, not so pocketable like a point & shot, but surely much better than a DSLR to carry with you.
While the camera makes it easy enough for any user to achieve beautiful image quality, it gives serious photographers the tools they need to take their creative expression to the highest level, including a 12.1 Megapixel High-Sensitivity CMOS sensor and DIGIC 5 Image Processor that create the exclusive Canon HS SYSTEM, and 12-bit multi aspect RAW+JPEG. It is newly equipped with an external autofocus sensor developed in-house that allows for high-speed, high-precision distance calculations for up to 190 points. It does not scare people like an SLR does, so it’s very easy to blend in, very important for street photography. The name escapes but I believe it was Joel Meyerowitz that was photography in rougher neighborhoods with a small camera and ended up getting harassed and possibly beat up. The camera is merely a tool, and there are different tools required for different situations and tasks at hand.
Now don’t get me wrong—nice bodies and lenses can indeed give you images with better sharpness, resolution, and color, but they won’t give one intrinsically better photos.
Shoot—the granddaddy of all street photography (Henri Cartier-Bresson) used a Leica for his entire career. Although many advocates of using fully-manual settings do not see this as a disadvantage, the aspiring street photographer may have a difficult time constantly adjusting his or her settings.
I feel the advantage of this is that it converts my “professional-looking camera” into any old generic-looking camera. I never hesitate to shoot my camera at ISO 1600 or even 3200 at night when capturing scenes with faster shutter speeds. Contents is at the core of street photography and often the best way to reach this core is to focus on the essence of the photograph more than on its technical quality. This is what is nice when comes to street photography: some use their iphone, others a proper reflex camera, others still toy-cameras (such as Holga, Diana and plastic derivates). And Saul Leiter showed us that you can make excellent Street Photography also with a 150mm lens.
Compact cameras, commonly known also as point-and-shoot cameras, have progressed rapidly over time. Recently Panasonic released LX7, and with this hopes to repeat the success had not the previous LX5 but of LX3, one of the most considered compact cameras for Street Photography. And these cameras are growing with an increasingly most complete and professional solution for the photographers. I am image photographer for Samsung and I will realize with this CSC (Compact System Camera) my commercial work (events, corporate,reportage, projects, portraits) and also dedicated work for them. Absolutely not reliable with AF, and excessive delay from sleep phase are absurd for a camera that seems born for Street Photography. And it counts with an easy system (thought also for the beginners) that should also simplify certain operations to photographers that need to be ready to capture the moment. All take great pictures it’s the creativity of the photographer that makes the photo. After this experience he returned with a large format camera and was able to get amazing portraits because his presents was known. This makes the camera look less conspicuous in public, and makes people feel less anxious when you are taking photos of them. Fortunately for professional photographers, there are compact cameras on the market that guarantee absolute freedom in decision-making giving the photographer the possibility to take creative pictures so that defining these cameras as point-and-shoot cameras is dequalifying and incorrect.
Pentax K5 and the new entry K30 are reliable, extremely resistant even in extreme conditions, cheap for the features that offer. More compact and light of the other slr can be a good solution for Street Photography, if you like slr. The mirrorless are finally mature, able to compete with the DSLR for image quality and performance (High ISO, AF, dynamic range) and probably in many cases the ideal solution when comes to Street Photography. I’ve got 2 slr by Pentax that I must check up, but rangefinders cameras are a better solution for me.

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