The second light is called a fill light, this light helps fill the shadows that the main light casts.
The last light is called a backlight (because it comes from the back), and is used to create a contour and separation. The guys at mediacollege have created a nice illustration and explanation of that basic technique. While in general the guys (or girls, I don’t know who works there) deal with video, the lighting stuff is great for still photographers as well. To see more of his work please visit his studio website blurMEDIAphotography, or follow him on Twitter, 500px, Google Plus or YouTube. Stefan Kohler is a conceptual photographer, specialized in mixing science, technology and photography. When he isn't waking up at 4am to take photos of nature, he stays awake until 4am taking photos of the night skies or time lapses.
Natural inclination for the beginning photographer is to put the subject smack in the center of the frame – but resist that urge.
Of course, in the heat of the moment, you may not always be able to get that perfect rule-of-thirds composition going. So, to recap, there are two ways to follow the rule of thirds – frame the picture up that way inside the camera, or crop the picture later. Sometimes, flash can mitigate the problem, but when you only have the built-in pop-up flash on the camera, your results will likely look terrible. Another reason to keep the sun at your back: Shooting directly into the sun can potentially damage your cameras sensor. The picture on the bottom right of the montage above, with the girl in the fountain, was one of my favorite photos when I started shooting. Then I showed it to Chuck Haupt, a 30-year veteran photographer of the Press & Sun-Bulletin in upstate New York. He said it looked great … except that I had chopped off her feet and a pole was growing out of her head. I took the photo out of my portfolio, and now when I look at it, those are the only two things I see.
So what do you do when you’re shooting and you encounter a foreign object growing out of someone’s head? On the note of controlling your background, another great analogy for composing your shots that I learned in graduate school is to think of your photos as if you were a painter. When I shoot a wedding, I often shoot 2000 photos just to get 200-400 for the bride and groom. For the second shot, I got plenty of bike riders pulling all sorts of tricks, but I wanted to try something different.
Recently, New York Times Sports Graphics Editor Bedel Saget spoke to my class about some interactive graphics he did. Take a look at the photo – taken from a story on how pollution from a nearby chip-manufacturing plant was causing harm to the community around it.
Both photos were taken from about the same place, but my lens choice was very different for the photos.
I look at photographer’s focal length selection as the equivalent of a writer choosing which words to use when telling a story.
When shooting, keep this rule of thumb in mind – wide angle lenses (35 mm and below) tend to push the background further away from the subject, giving a different sense of scale from a telephoto lens (70 mm and up), which compresses distance and brings the backgrounds closer to your subject. In addition to warping facial features, notice what using a wide angle focal length does to the background – you can see more of it, and more of it is in focus. As a general rule (at least if you are in my classes, anyway) captions should stand on their own and follow AP style. Not including captions is like a writer not bothering to name sources or quote anyone in a story.
At the end of the day, what I’ve given you here is a set of basic guidelines to follow to get generally good photos. If you see an error or would like to see something added to this guide, please contact me and let me know. This entry was posted in Featured, Guides and tagged Captions, Guides, How-Tos, Journalism, JRN320, Photography, Stony Brook University by wasim.ahmad.
I was looking for a site, to send to a young under 8 photograher, that showed the rules of 3 with cheap niko I found this.. Love the simple tips – have encouraged my Media students to look carefully at your advice and photos as they are just embarking on some simple photography tasks.
I’m a university student in Greece, enrolled in an unrelated field of study (engineering-no journalism training whatsoever) and naturally without job.


However I struggle a bit with the captions (as I mentioned above I don’t have any journalism training) and I usually end up with the same caption for the entire photostory, essentially describing the event in whole and not strictly what is depicted on the photo itself. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising.
Unless you are photographing specific products or pictures for a magazine assignment, the subjects for your still life photography are endless. People often times think of still life photography as a lot easier than other types of photography like sports or landscape photography. And sometimes, good quality still life pictures can be even more challenging to photograph. Despite its challenge, using basic photography skills and the following tips, you can create quality still life pictures. Professional photographers usually use a soft box or a light box to shoot their still lifes.
When taking still life pictures, always remember that your subject should be the only thing that you see in your viewfinder or LCD screen. Instead of shooting from your height, hold the camera so that it is level with your subject. For further training, here is a video on the topic. This tutorial walks us through the process of some advanced still life photography techniques. We are always looking for more interesting and insightful photography tips and techniques to share with our readers.
They have also created a cool flash simulator (After writing this, I’ve noticed that this is a pan, so no credits here.
Instead, imagine a 3×3 grid laid over your image (or if you have certain cameras, you can actually turn on the grid in the viewfinder and turn off your imagination). In many cases, you have to maneuver yourself out of the way of these light sources to make a picture. I’m pretty sure this will only happen if you use a long exposure and keep the camera pointed at the sun, but still, if this scare tactic keeps you from producing backlit images, then so be it.
I took that one in San Antonio just a couple of months after I bought my first DSLR and started really shooting still photos. Always make sure you have a few different wide-medium-tight choices, as the viewer needs context for what their looking at. But by spotting some white flowers of some sort to shoot through, the whole scene takes a sort of dreamy quality that it gets from the blurred out plant in the foreground. Keep an eye out for interesting architecture or objects that you can use to frame your shot.
I wanted to convey how close the plant was to where children were playing (the plant is the building with a series of smokestacks behind it).
I countered back with this: When a writer chooses the words to put down on paper for their story, aren’t they doing the same thing?
Besides, there are so many other factors involved, from shutter speed, to ISO, to aperture.
A lot of what you’ll do as a photographer will be sitting in one spot, waiting for that perfect moment to happen.
And after a while, when it wasn’t happening, he decided to turn the camera around to get a picture of him and his wife. The reason captions need to stand on their own is that you never know when a wire service will pick up just one of your photos and not an entire gallery – then the captions will lose context if they are not complete. The day photography ceases to be fun for you is the day you should probably go try something else. I am just learning about photography at the moment and any tips like these are vital to me. I just bought me a my first DSLR and looking for good guidelines, I found your tips really helpful and can’t wait to apply them and experiment on them! A friend suggested that I study framing for my photographs and you have covered the subject very well!! Perhaps you want to take a picture of a beautiful shell or perhaps take a picture of a product that you’re selling on eBay.
Despite common belief, still life photography isn’t limited to just pictures of apples and grapes.
With stills, you often have full control over the composition and can arrange the inanimate objects exactly how you want them. A high overcast or bright sky can create a natural soft box effect without having any of the harsh shadows. You need to remove any distractions or clutter from the background so you can have a clean and up close image.


Mark will demonstrate how to use an aquarium to capture engaging images of ordinary household items. I understand the theory of three point lighting, but do you know of any way I could get hands-on experience?
This isn’t only the case for bright lights, but brightly-colored objects in your photos as well (how many times have you taken what you thought was the perfect photo of you and your friend, only to see the tourist with the hot pink shirt in the background?). Even a slight step left or right in any of these situations with an appropriate re-framing of the picture would have countered this problem. Bedel talked about how he arrived at a very early hour at the arena, sweet talked his way in, and was just finishing up the panoramic when he got asked to leave by security.
It would be very easy to simply stand at eye level, point my camera down, and take a picture of this boy and his pumpkin the way everybody sees him – looking down.
A telephoto lens makes it easy to put the attention where you want it to be, as does using a wider aperture to help blur the background. That’s exactly what afformentioned photographer Chuck Haupt was doing when he stumbled across the couple above while in Iceland. If there’s an entire stadium of subjects, than you can probably get away without a name. Doing this stuff once on the backend saves you a lot of work later – this is the standard way photo editors retrieve captions, and most software and web-based photo sharing services read this information as well, meaning you only have to type it in once. I have recently been employed to do night-club photography every Wednesday night, so, reading your tips will help me to get some very interesting shots.
Other reasons for learning still life photography may include selling still life photograph downloads at microstock sites or to food magazines. Even something like artfully arranged spools of thread can be interesting and visually appealing. However, if you do want one, you can find a soft box online or you can easily make one using instructions you find online.
Hopefully you can start applying these still life photography tips immediately so you can start seeing a difference in the quality of your still life images. Or you can just click the various lights and enjoy seeing how the model reacts to each type of light. You’ll have a much more dynamic image than if the subject was sitting in the center of the frame. It means that when you’re shooting, you have to be keenly aware of your surroundings.
Find a spot where you can work with the light, rather than having the light work against you. I took 110 other shots that day that didn’t make the cut (in addition to the thousands that went into the project as a whole). I was shooting a demolition of a building in downtown Binghamton (for that area, kind of a big deal), and instead of shooting it from the ground, like every other news organization did, I instead shot it from the 8th floor rooftop of the adjacent building. Choose carefully for each situation you are in and decide how you want your picture to look. Would it be okay if I sent you some of my photos and maybe you can give me some constructive criticism? Microstock sites like Shutterstock and iStock that cater to commercial users have a high demand for all sorts of still life, often of very simple objects, like a cup of coffee or a key. For example, if you’re taking a picture of an apple try taking a bite out of it to give it some added interest.
In the cases above, it’s very easy to crop the lights out of the picture and still have a usable photo.
I went to the company on the top floor the day before and asked if I could shoot there the next day. By focusing on him and not the bigger picture, you can immediately direct the viewers’ eyes to what you want them to go to.
If you want a sharp image, make sure to use macro mode or you can end up with a fuzzy image. Feel empowered to know what works most of the time, but that some of the time it doesn’t. In this particular instance, though I used the 24 mm lens for a shot, I ended up going with the 100 mm shot for the story since I felt it demonstrated more accurately the distance from the factory to where the kids played.



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Comments to «Basic photography lighting tutorial»

  1. NEQATIF on 23.03.2016 at 22:50:33
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  2. Naile on 23.03.2016 at 21:17:36
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  4. VIP on 23.03.2016 at 16:40:36
    Green mode??of your digicam-or the automatic.
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