The superior and inferior venae cavae are in blue to the left of the heart muscle as you look at the picture.
The superior vena cava carries venous blood from the upper parts of your body, including your head, chest, arms, and neck.
The blood from the venae cavae flows into your heart's right atrium and then on to the right ventricle. The oxygen-rich (= arterial) blood passes from your lungs back to your heart, enters the left atrium and is pumped into the left ventricle.
Like all of your organs, your heart needs blood rich with oxygen for its own energy supply.. The blue arrow shows the direction in which venous (oxygen-poor) blood flows from the body to the lungs.
The right and left sides of your heart are divided by an internal wall of tissue called the septum (see above). Your heart's electrical system allow your heart to pump blood efficiently throughout your body.
Every single heart beat requires an electrical impulse to initiate it.The heart contains special tissue that produces and sends electrical impulses to the heart muscle.
Once again, the arrows in the drawing show the direction that blood flows through your heart.


From the right ventricle, blood is pumped to your lungs through the pulmonary arteries.The light red arrows show the arterial blood coming in from your lungs through the pulmonary veins into your heart's left atrium.
Healthy valves open and close in very exact coordination with the pumping action of your heart's atria and ventricles. Finally, the right coronary artery (RCA) is separate and supplies the right and the bottom parts of the heart. Blood also carries waste products such as carbon dioxide back to your heart and into your lungs to be passed out of your body and into the air. The right side of your heart gets venous blood back from your body and then pumps it to your lungs. From the right ventricle, the blood is pumped through the pulmonary arteries to your lungs. This oxygen is supplied through the coronary arteries as blood is pumped out of your heart.
For each heart beat, the contraction of the heart muscle is initiated by electrical signals to the heart muscle. The light blue arrows show that blood enters the right atrium of your heart from the superior and inferior venae cavae. T” was listed as one of the Top 10 Heart Disease Blogs of 2012 by Healthline Networks.


If disease or injury weakens your heart (your pump), your body's organs won't receive enough blood to work normally.
After your body's organs and tissues have used the oxygen in your blood, the venae cavae carry the venous (= oxygen-poor) blood back to the right atrium of your heart. Procedures such as Percutaneous Cardiac Interventions (PCI) and Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) are only performed to the arteries on the surface.
Both of your heart's ventricles have an inlet valve from the atria and an outlet valve leading to your arteries. This allows pumped blood to pass through the chambers and into your arteries without backing up or flowing backward, just like a door closes a room.
Carbon dioxide, a waste product, is passed from the venous blood to your lungs and removed from your body when you breathe out. Your coronary arteries (shown in red in the drawing) carry arterial blood to all parts of your heart.



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