What causes weight loss in hyperthyroidism,a good daily diet to lose weight,gastric sleeve weight loss - PDF Books

Author: admin, 03.10.2014
Before we go into full detail, let’s explain what a thyroid is and what is does in the body.
There’s a few terms important to understand when talking about thyroid issues: hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, and Grave’s disease.
Grave’s Disease is a common form of hyperthyroidism which is a genetically-linked autoimmune disorder. There are many causes of hypothyroidism, but one of the biggest reasons why your thyroid might not function properly is a deficiency in iodine. Supplementing is the best way to keep your thyroid running at an optimal rate and to keep your weight under control.
All in all, thyroid problems are not the easiest to deal with and usually require hormone therapy, but if that just isn’t an option and you want a more natural approach, the methods explained in this article may help you with your weight loss goals and have you feeling better and more refreshed each day. Hyperthyroidism can also be caused by a single over functioning nodule within the thyroid or by multiple nodules. The diagnosis of hyperthyroidism is usually done by a combination of blood tests and nuclear medicine tests.
The most useful test to diagnose hyperthyroidism is the level of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH).
For patients with sustained forms of hyperthyroidism, such as Graves’ disease or toxic nodular goiter, other drugs and anti-thyroid medications are often used. Methimazole and propylthiouracil (PTU) are the most commonly used drugs which interfere with the thyroid gland’s ability to make thyroid hormone and are usually very effective in controlling hyperthyroidism within a few weeks. Another permanent cure for hyperthyroidism is to surgically remove all or part of the gland or nodule, but is less commonly used as a treatment compared to radiation therapy. Hyperthyroidism is a condition where the thyroid makes an excessive amount of thyroid hormones.
Hyperthyroidism symptoms include weight loss, anxiety, rapid heartbeat, pregnancy issues, diarrhea, fatigue and exhaustion, hair loss, skin changes and patches, goiter and thyroid enlargement, mood swings, insomnia, panic attacks, and a lot more. There could be many causes for hyperthyroidism but the most common is Grave’s disease where the thyroid gland is being mistakenly targeted by antibodies, resulting in overproduction of thyroid hormone. There are a lot of possible risk factors for hyperthyroidism, and these can be attributed to genetics or family history, pregnancy, gender and iodine intake among others. Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) is a condition in which your thyroid gland produces too much of the hormone thyroxine.
Hyperthyroidism can mimic other health problems, which may make it difficult for your doctor to diagnose. Once you begin treatment, symptoms of hyperthyroidism should subside and you should start feeling much better. These hormones regulate our metabolism, affecting how many calories we burn, heat production, and body weight. Although there are several causes of hyperthyroidism, most of the symptoms patients experience are the same regardless of the cause. Grave’s disease is caused by an enlarged thyroid (an enlarged thyroid is also called a goiter) which produces way too much thyroid hormone. The nuclear medicine iodine scan (also simply called a thyroid scan) is used to diagnosis the potential causes of hyperthyroidism by taking a picture of an isotope given intravenously which is taken up into the thyroid. Usually T4, T3 or both hormone measurements are high but may be normal in early hyperthyroidism. The symptoms of hyperthyroidism (such as tremor and palpitations) can usually be improved quickly by medications called beta blockers, such as Propranolol or Metoprolol.
The anti-thyroid drugs rarely cure the hyperthyroidism and hyperthyroidism reoccurs about 70-80% of the time after the drugs are discontinued.


It’s commonly caused by Grave’s disease and it affects a number of vital organs in the body such as the reproductive and digestive system, nervous system, lungs, muscles, and more.
Other causes for hyperthyroidism include different forms of thyroiditis, over intake of iodine, viral infection or inflammation of the thyroid gland, smoking, stress and anxiety, non-cancerous growths of the thyroid gland or pituitary gland, tumors of the ovaries or testes, and taking large amounts of thyroid hormones. It controls the body’s metabolism by producing a hormone called thyroxine which if produced in excess can lead to a wide range of symptoms such as restlessness, tremor, fast heart rate, weight loss, diarrhoea and many more. Hyperthyroidism can accelerate your body’s metabolism significantly, causing sudden weight loss, a rapid or irregular heartbeat, sweating, and nervousness or irritability.
It can also cause a wide variety of signs and symptoms, including: Sudden weight loss, even when your appetite and the amount and type of food you eat remain the same or even increase Rapid heartbeat (tachycardia) — commonly more than 100 beats a minute — irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia) or pounding of your heart (palpitations) Increased appetite Nervousness, anxiety and irritability Tremor — usually a fine trembling in your hands and fingers Sweating Changes in menstrual patterns Increased sensitivity to heat Changes in bowel patterns, especially more frequent bowel movements An enlarged thyroid gland (goiter), which may appear as a swelling at the base of your neck Fatigue, muscle weakness Difficulty sleeping Skin thinning Fine, brittle hair Older adults are more likely to have either no signs or symptoms or subtle ones, such as an increased heart rate, heat intolerance and a tendency to become tired during ordinary activities. Less commonly, a single large area of the thyroid gland or multiple small areas causes excess hormone secretion.
Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disease which causes the production of a protein or antibody which is made by the patient’s own immune system. The scan can diagnose diffuse uptake (Grave’s), a solitary “hot” nodule or multiple small nodules which cause thyroid cells to make too much hormone. These drugs block the effect of the thyroid hormone but don’t cure the hyperthyroidism and do not decrease the amount of thyroid hormone. However, this therapy may result in a “cure” of hyperthyroidism in 20-30% of patients with Grave’s disease.
If you give radioactive iodine in a sufficient dose, it will only concentrate in the thyroid cells and kill them, a permanent way to stop hyperthyroidism. There is no evidence that radioactive iodine treatment of hyperthyroidism causes cancer of the thyroid gland or damages any other parts of the body.
Medications called beta blockers, which are used to treat high blood pressure and other conditions, can mask many of the signs of hyperthyroidism.
Although it weighs less than an ounce, the thyroid gland has an enormous impact on your health. Taken by mouth, radioactive iodine is absorbed by your thyroid gland, where it causes the gland to shrink and symptoms to subside, usually within three to six months.
If you’ve lost a great deal of weight or experienced muscle wasting, you may benefit from adding extra calories and protein to your diet. For patients with transient forms of hyperthyroidism (thyroiditis or those taking excess thyroid medication), beta blockers maybe the only treatment required. An extremely rare complication can be inflammation of the liver, which can cause severe fatigue, yellowing of the skin or other serious symptoms.
Other situations, such as those with hyperthyroidism due to a single hot nodule or multiple hot nodules which do not take up radioactive iodine may be candidates for surgical treatment, as well. Because this treatment causes thyroid activity to slow considerably, causing the thyroid gland to be underactive (hypothyroidism), you may eventually need to take medication every day to replace thyroxine. Thyroiditis (inflammation of the thyroid due to viral infection) can also cause hyperthyroidism. Serious eye problems can be prevented if recognized and treated, however, permanent eye damage may even cause blindness. Without normal regulatory control, the cells in this nodule produce thyroid hormone at an increased rate causing the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. Because the thyroid gland is the only place in the body that uses iodine to make thyroid hormones, measuring how much radioactive iodine that the gland absorbs can also be a useful way to make a diagnosis of hyperthyroidism.
Radioiodine ablation treatment has been a successful advancement to curing many causes of hyperthyroidism with very few, if any, side effects. Sometimes, treatment of hyperthyroidism involves surgery to remove all or part of your thyroid gland.


Used for more than 60 years to treat hyperthyroidism, radioactive iodine has been shown to be generally safe. In most cases, you won’t need to continue supplementing your diet once your hyperthyroidism is under control. Thyroid and eye involvement in Graves’ disease generally run a parallel course, eye problems are typically transient and resolve slowly after hyperthyroidism is treated.
A very rare complication is a sudden worsening of hyperthyroidism and its symptoms because of “radiation thyroiditis”. Although hyperthyroidism can be serious if you ignore it, most people respond well once hyperthyroidism is diagnosed and treated. However, the eye problems may develop or worsen despite treatment of the hyperthyroidism and yearly eye evaluation is important. In subacute thyroiditis, the inflammation of the gland is believed to be caused by a virus. Radioactive thyroid scan and uptake tests are also useful to determine what treatment should be used in a patient with hyperthyroidism. These medications gradually reduce symptoms of hyperthyroidism by preventing your thyroid gland from producing excess amounts of hormones. When the virus infects the thyroid, the thyroid cells dump their stored hormone into the bloodstream and cause a transient increase of thyroid hormone (hyperthyroid phase) followed by a healing phase. These tests are particularly necessary for older adults, who may not have classic symptoms of hyperthyroidism.
In addition, eating the correct amount of sodium and calcium are important dietary considerations for people with hyperthyroidism. Because hyperthyroidism may contribute to thinning bones, it’s important to get enough calcium every day to help prevent osteoporosis.
This is usually only a temporary hyperthyroidism, but does recur with each subsequent pregnancy. Because propylthiouracil has caused far more cases of liver damage, it generally should be used only when you can’t tolerate methimazole. It is important for your doctor to determine which form of hyperthyroidism you may have since the best treatment options will vary depending on the underlying cause. Graves’ disease, an autoimmune disorder in which antibodies produced by your immune system stimulate your thyroid to produce too much T-4, is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism.
This form of hyperthyroidism occurs when one or more adenomas of your thyroid produce too much T-4. An adenoma is a part of the gland that has walled itself off from the rest of the gland, forming noncancerous (benign) lumps that may cause an enlargement of the thyroid. Not all adenomas produce excess T-4, and doctors aren’t sure what causes some to begin producing too much hormone.
The inflammation can cause excess thyroid hormone stored in the gland to leak into your bloodstream. One rare type of thyroiditis, known as subacute thyroiditis, causes pain in the thyroid gland.



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