Most important nutrients for body,diabetes food plan,diet plan to lose weight in 2 months - PDF 2016

Author: admin, 26.01.2014
While a woman is breastfeeding, she needs extra protein and calories to keep her own body strong and to produce enough milk for the baby. Define these terms: nutrition, nutrients, baby friendly hospital initiative (BFHI), protein energy malnutrition (PEM), and growth promotion monitoring (GPM). Having defined the word nutrition, let us discuss foods commonly eaten in our community and their nutrients. Although most foods are mixtures of nutrients, many of them contain a lot of one nutrient and a little of the other nutrients.
Now that you know about nutrients, go back to the list you made of common foods in your community. If children are to stay healthy they must eat a mixed diet of different foods which contain the right amount of nutrients.
Pregnant women need protein nutrients to build their bodies an that of the babies and placentas, and to make extra blood and storage of fat.
All animal foods contain more protein than plants and are usually better sources of body building foods. Similarly, energy foods have a higher concentration of carbohydrates compared to other nutrients. Fats and oils are a concentrated source of calories and so are important nutrients for young children who cannot eat large meals.
Fat is present beneath the skin as an insulation against cold and it forms a supporting tissue for many organs such as the heart and intestines. Vitamins are organic substances present in minute amounts in foodstuffs and are necessary for metabolism. Vitamin D is important in the formation of bones in the body it helps calcium to be deposited in the growing bones of the children. As a health worker you play an important role in up lifting the nutritional status of your people. As you can see, most of those areas are the responsibility of extension agents from the agricultural livestock or fisheries departments. Fair distribution within the family to ensure a fair share of protein-rich and other foods for children.
Instituting mid day meals for day-school children, encouraging children to take food to school, supplying milk at school, improving meals at boarding schools.
Proper food processing can ensure that nutrient values of food are maintained at the highest possible level. Offer demonstrations of the preparation and cooking of food, especially food suitable for children.
The Ministry of Health recognises the importance of breastfeeding for the healthy growth and development of infants. There is no worry about infant formula shortages due to poor distribution, drought or crises. The cost of an adequate diet for the mother is less than the cost of feeding a baby with artificial formula.
Give newborn infants no food or drink other than breast milk for the first 4-6 months of life unless medically indicated.
Encourage the formation of breastfeeding support groups and refer mothers to them on discharge from the health facility. When all twelve steps are fulfilled, your unit can be assessed and rewarded for being baby friendly.
The health worker is a very important person who can support and encourage a new mother so that she breastfeeds successfully.
It is very important for you to find out which foods are grown locally in your area and which foods are available in shops and markets. The most common type of weighing scale in our health units is the salter scale, which we have already described. The position of the line on the chart: The slope of the line is more important than its position on the chart.

It is very important for you to take as much time as possible to explain about the Growth Chart to the caretaker. A note should be made on the Growth Chart of important events that affect the child’s growth and health.
Similarly, the day that the baby is first given food other than breast milk, the day when the child is weaned, and the birth of another child are important events. There is a box at the top of the Growth Chart marked “Reasons for special care.” Some of the factors listed may make a child particularly vulnerable to malnutrition. Similarly, good nutrition is an important factor in helping a child achieve normal growth and development. In most parts of the country we are lucky to have plenty of natural resources, favourable climate and adequate food supply.
This is not a very good message because it tells us to eat any food, and not food with particular nutrients that we may need such as proteins, carbohydrates etc.
Even though plant proteins are usually not as good for body-building as animal proteins, they can become better by mixing them. They provide the energy in the form of calories the body needs for work and other functions.
Further, some foods contain higher concentration of one nutrient, for example meat has more protein than it has other nutrients, and that is why it is classified as a body building protein food.
It must be remembered that the fat in the body is not necessarily derived from fat that has been eaten.
People need folate to make healthy red blood cells, to help some body processes to happen, and for growth Lack of folate is a common cause of anaemia among pregnant women, people who have malaria often and sometimes, young children. Exclusive breastfeeding is when a baby is fed on breast milk alone without giving any other foods or liquids for the first six months of life. This is why it is so important that breastfeeding begins immediately after birth and continues frequently. There is no need to purchase breast milk substitutes or feeding equipment, and no need for extra fuel or water. If a mother is worried or afraid for some reason, or in pain – especially if breastfeeding is painful – or embarrassed, it can hinder milk ejection. You as a health worker, especially when you are working in a facility with a maternity unit, have an important role to play in protecting, promoting and supporting breastfeeding. The most frequent are a mother’s anxieties about her performance and the amount and quality of her milk.
As a health worker it would be very important for you to find out about feeding practices in your community.
Encourage the development of useful cultures such as breastfeeding a child exclusively for six months, and gradually introducing foods while continuing breastfeeding. You have identified the local foods used for weaning and how weaning is done using these foods.
The growth and development of the brain requires adequate nutrition just like other parts of the body.
If the child is gaining weight at the same rate as the reference line, the parents know they are caring well for the child. Body weight is the simplest measurement, and in children, change in weight is the most reliable indicator of growth.
If a child’s weight on the first weighing is much below the lower line there is some reason for concern, and you should look for the reason.
However, a small child who becomes ill or has a poor diet has less body stores of fat and other nutrients and so is more at risk of under-nutrition than a bigger child. One possible definition is as follows: Food is any substance that contains a nutrient which, when eaten, nourishes the body. Foods that contain a lot of protein are called body-building foods because protein is the most important nutrient in them. For example, the importance of fibre lies in keeping up the bulk of the contents of the intestinal tract and binding them in the large intestine into a soft faecal mass that can be properly expelled.

The cells of a child's body also wear out, so a child needs protein for repair as well as for growth.
We shall also see that they are very important because they are cheaper and much easier to grow. Excess calories from a carbohydrate source such as maize, cassava, or banana can be converted into fat in the human body.
For example, if a child is fed only on almost pure carbohydrate foods like cassava, he will not grow. For example, Masai have milk as the staple food as compared to the Luo whose staple is ugali.
The minerals that are of most importance in human nutrition are calcium, iron, iodine, and fluorine. The goal for the MOH is that all women in this country be empowered to practice exclusive breastfeeding. A fresh egg beaten into the porridge while it is simmering in the pan is another simple way of providing excellent protein for a toddler. The easiest way to measure growth is to weigh a child regularly and to note how his body weight is increasing with age in comparison to the weights of healthy children of the same age. The caretaker can also put the blue plastic pants on the child in preparation for weighing. If a child has measles, for example, this should be written on the Growth Chart next to the dot representing the child’s weight at the time the child was seen.
This will then remind you to be particularly alert to any signs of growth faltering and may suggest the reason for poor growth.
The most common forms of malnutrition in our communities are due to shortages (deficiencies) of energy giving food. The more important reason is that we eat because our bodies need food to keep alive and stay healthy.
However, even though protein is not an energy food, the body can convert it into energy if need arises. Further, there are certain diseases, such as worm infestation, that stops the body from using food properly.
It is important for you to know these hormones so that you can advise mothers and help them to produce enough milk. The World Health Organisation (WHO) and UNICEF have drawn up some guidelines for health units to follow.
It is important to explain to the caretaker about the two curved lines that are printed on the Growth Chart. Foods in which the most important nutrients are vitamins or minerals are called protective foods. Scurvy is common in people who cannot grow or afford fresh fruits and vegetables for long periods. If you find it is not a problem with the breasts, then assess the child for other problem such as fever, blocked nose, oral thrush, etc., and manage accordingly. In either case, but especially in the latter, it is vitally important to provide extra protein-rich foods.
National and local occurrences of importance are also marked on it: these include storms, political elections, the opening of nearby roads, shops, etc. Important sources are dark green leafy vegetables, livers, kidneys, whole meal cereals, legumes, citrus fruit and fish.
All these foods have to get to a child's body from the fields and gardens where they are grown.

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