As children do not understand the importance of eating healthy food, it can be very difficult for them to eat nutritious meals. Obesity levels are rising- leading to a variety of diseases and ill health (Reilly J, 2003).
Reducing foods that are high in fat, sugar and salt- however it must be noted that fat is a vital macronutrient in a child’s diet and there should be more emphasis on eating healthy fats, and reducing unhealthy fats. It is important for children to understand the difference between healthy and less healthy foods- what is a ‘treat’ and what is acceptable to eat every day. Educating and encouraging children from a young age is where trends for their future lifestyle begin.
If essential nutrients are missed in the diet it can cause deficiencies for example, Iron deficiency anaemia reduces the number of red blood cells that can cause breathing problems and more. Normal growth and development is vital in Children and has a considerable impact on their short and long term health.
Children grow rapidly and have a greater energy requirement per kilogram of body weight than adults (Theobald H, 2007). Protein is required for tissue growth and repair, meat, fish, eggs and pulses are perfect examples of protein in a diet (Theobald H, 2007).
Children up to the age of six are active and growing rapidly, however they have small stomach capacity and appetites. Micronutrients such as iron, zinc, vitamin D, vitamin A and calcium are essential for normal bodily function.

Concentrate meals around starchy foods such as pasta, rice, bread and cereals; these foods will improve satiety within the whole family. Incorporating colourful foods- often this represents a nutrient rich source and eating a variety of foods will provide different nutrients; essential for growth and development.
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As a result, meals which you prepare for your children have to be a balance of taste and health – something which can be difficult.
Physical activity and a healthy balanced diet provides adequate energy and nutrients, essential for a child’s well-being. Vitamin D and calcium are essential for the formation of healthy strong bones; milk and dairy products are rich in calcium and eggs and oily fish are sources of vitamin D, breakfast cereals are now fortified with vitamin D and calcium too, however beware of breakfast cereals high in sugar (Theobald H, 2007). There body is undergoing rapid growth and development, and if their nutritional requirements are not met it can lead to health difficulties later in life. She is studying at Cardiff Metropolitan University for an honours degree in Sport, Biomedicine and Nutrition.
Our focus is to educate our readers with unbiased health articles and on the side we run our own online health shop. This article will outline the importance of child health, give suggestions on how to get children more involved with their food, and provided some simple healthy lunchbox ideas. In this day and age just telling parents that you need to provide a healthy balanced diet has a different meaning for each individual.

From the age of five it is advised that children should begin following the same healthy eating principles as those recommended in adults (Theobald H, 2007).
It is an essential fatty acid because it is not synthesised in the body (along with omega-6-fatty acid), and is important in the formation of new tissues and the development of the brain, nervous tissue and retina (BNF, 2000). Fibre-rich diets fill small stomach quickly and although fibre such as wholegrain bread and breakfast cereal is important in the diet it can cause children to eat less or not gain the nutrients they require because they are not hungry (Theobald H, 2007). Zinc is found in meat, fish, bread and breakfast cereals and is required for growth, tissue repair and immune function. Making food tasty, fun and healthy are all important factors to ensure children take an interest in food and are healthy. This website is for you, so drop us a comment or send us a tweet, we always take the time to reply!
Iron is also needed for normal immune function; it is found in meat and plays a role in metabolism and the formation of red blood cells (Theobald H, 2007). Food habits are developed during childhood therefore it is vital that children obtain these disease reducing nutrients as they will carry these with them into adulthood.

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