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What is millet called in hindi,food and nutrition magazine cpe,the diet solution program review - Plans Download

The most widely grown millet is pearl millet+, which is an important crop in India and parts of Africa. While millets are indigenous+ to many parts of the world, it is believed that they had an evolutionary origin in tropical western Africa, as that is where the greatest number of both wild and cultivated forms exist.
The minor millets consumption has been in practice since from the beginning of ancient civilizations+ of world. Chinese legends attribute the domestication of millet to Shennong+, the legendary Emperor of China. Research on millets is carried out by the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics+ in Telangana+, India+, and by the USDA-ARS+ at Tifton, Georgia+, USA+.
Pearl millet is one of the two major crops in the semiarid, impoverished, less fertile agriculture regions of Africa and southeast Asia.
Millets are traditionally important grains used in brewing millet beer+ in some cultures, for instance by the Tao people+ of Orchid Island+ and in Taiwan.
Millet is also the base ingredient for the distilled liquor ''rakshi+'' in Nepal and the indigenous alcoholic drink of the Sherpa, Tamang, Rai and Limbu people, ''tongba+'', in eastern Nepal. Millets are major food sources in arid and semiarid regions of the world, and feature in the traditional cuisine of many others. The use of millets as food fell between the 1970s and the 2000s, both in urban and rural areas, as developing countries such as India have experienced rapid economic growth and witnessed a significant increase in per capita consumption of other cereals.
People with coeliac disease+ can replace certain gluten-containing cereals in their diets with millet. Millet is a C4 plant which means it has good water efficiency and utilizes high temperature and is therefore a summer crop. In southern Australia millet is used as a summer quality pasture, utilizing warm temperatures and summer storms. The Japanese millets (''Echinochloa esculenta'') are considered the best for grazing and in particular Shirohie, a new variety of Japanese millet, is the best suited variety for grazing.
Compared to forage sorghum, which is grown as an alternative grazing forage, animals gain weight faster on millet and it has better hay or silage potential, although it produces less dry matter. Finger millet has the highest calcium content among all the foodgrains, but it is not highly assimilable+. The protein content in millet is very close to that of wheat+; both provide about 11% protein by weight, on a dry matter basis. Millets are rich in B vitamins (especially niacin+, B6 and folic acid+), calcium+, iron+, potassium+, magnesium+, and zinc+.
The following table shows the nutrient content of millet compared to major staple foods in a raw form.
Millet+ Millets are a group of highly variable small-seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal crops or grains for fodder and human food. Note: Peanuts must be soaked for a minimum of six hours in water, which takes away certain aspects which in Ayurveda are called Pitta. Also known as ragi in Hindi, this millet is considered among the most nutritious of cereals.

Finger millet’s protein content has high biological value, so it is easily incorporated into the body. Note: Finger millet can be made into rotis, dosas, porridge, cookies and even tasty laddus.
Also known as bajra in Hindi, and kambu in Tamil, this millet has high levels of vitamins B, and dietary minerals potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc copper and manganese. A study based on research in India showed that pearl millet and pulses are somewhat better at promoting human growth than a wheat diet. Millets are important crops in the semiarid tropics+ of Asia and Africa (especially in India+, Nigeria+, and Niger+), with 97% of millet production in developing countries+. Millets have been important food staples in human history, particularly in Asia and Africa.
Generally, the millets are small-grained, annual, warm-weather cereals belonging to grass family. Specialized archaeologists called palaeoethnobotanists+, relying on data such as the relative abundance of charred grains found in archaeological sites, hypothesize that the cultivation of millets was of greater prevalence in prehistory+ than rice+, especially in northern China and Korea. Millets are not only adapted to poor, droughty, and infertile soils, but they are also more reliable under these conditions than most other grain crops.
On a per hectare basis, millet grain produced per hectare can be two to four times higher with use of irrigation and soil supplements. The most productive millet farms in the world were in France+, with a nationwide average yield of 3.3 tonnes per hectare in 2010. In Balkan+ countries, especially Romania and Bulgaria, millet is used to prepare the fermented drink ''boza+''.
However, millets are also a mild thyroid peroxidase+ inhibitor and probably should not be consumed in great quantities by those with thyroid disease+. Millets also formed important parts of the prehistoric diet in Indian, Chinese Neolithic+ and Korean Mumun+ societies. This has, in part, made millet production popular, particularly in countries surrounding the Sahara Desert in western Africa.
Improved breeds of millet improve their disease resistance and can significantly enhance farm yield productivity. By the 2000s, the annual millet production had increased in India, yet per capita consumption of millet had dropped by between 50% to 75% in different regions of the country. In the Sahel region, millet is estimated to account for about 35 percent of total cereal food consumption in Burkina Faso+, Chad+ and the Gambia+. The 33-page booklet is a first step to tune into your body and figure out what suits it best. For example, in the United States, only proso millet is significant, and it is mostly grown for bird seed+.
Broomcorn+ (''Panicum miliaceum'') and foxtail millet were important crops beginning in the Early Neolithic of China+.
As of 2005, most millet produced in India is being used for alternative applications such as livestock fodder and alcohol production.

Other millets such as ''ragi'' (finger millet) in Karnataka, ''naachanie'' in Maharashtra, or ''kezhvaragu'' in Tamil, "ragulu" in Telugu, with the popular ''ragi rotti+''and ''Ragi mudde+'' is a popular meal in Karnataka. In Mali+ and Senegal+, millets constitute roughly 40 percent of total cereal food consumption per capita, while in Niger+ and arid Namibia+ it is over 65 percent (see ''mahangu+''). Moreover, these millets release sugar slowly in the blood and also diminish the glucose absorption. For example, some of the earliest evidence of millet cultivation in China was found at Cishan+ (north).
For example, 'Okashana 1', a variety developed in India from a natural-growing millet variety in Burkina Faso+, doubled yields. Indian organizations are discussing ways to increase millet use as food to encourage more production; however, they have found that some consumers now prefer the taste of other grains. Other countries in Africa where millets are a significant food source include Ethiopia+, Nigeria+ and Uganda+. While it is called bajri in Rajasthani, Gujarati, and Marathi it is called sajje in Kannada; kambu in Tamil, sajjalu in Telugu and bajra in Hindi, Urdu, and Punjabi. These properties of the minor millets made the present consumers attracted to the consumption of millet. Millet is also an important food item for the population living in the drier parts of many other countries, especially in eastern and central Africa, and in the northern coastal countries of western Africa. Millet beer+ Millet beer, also known as Bantu beer, malwa, kaffir beer, pombe or opaque beer, is an alcoholic beverage made from malted millet that is common throughout West, Central and East Africa.
In developing countries outside Africa, millet has local significance as a food in parts of some countries, such as China+, India+, Burma+ and North Korea+.
However, millets also feature high fiber content and poor digestibility of nutrients, which severely limit their value in nutrition and influence their consumer acceptability.
A 4,000-year-old well-preserved bowl containing well-preserved noodles made from foxtail millet and broomcorn millet was found at the Lajia+ archaeological site in China+. Millet (Ottoman Empire)+ In the Ottoman Empire, a millet was a separate legal court pertaining to "personal law" under which a confessional community (a group abiding by the laws of Muslim Sharia, Christian Canon law, or Jewish Halakha) was allowed to rule itself under its own system.
Millettia pinnata+ Millettia pinnata is a species of tree in the pea family, Fabaceae, native in tropical and temperate Asia including parts of India, China, Japan, Malesia, Australia and Pacific islands.
Millettia laurentii+ Millettia laurentii is a legume tree from Africa and native to the Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Cameroon, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea.
Millettieae+ The tribe Millettieae is one of the subdivisions of the plant family Fabaceae.

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