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Lectin diet nutrition,good daily diet for bodybuilding,diet lunch recipes to lose weight - Review

Lectins are abundant in raw legumes and grains, and most commonly found in the part of the seed that becomes the leaves when the plant sprouts, aka the cotyledon, but also on the seed coat. Lectins are thought to play a role in immune function, cell growth, cell death, and body fat regulation. Raw kidney beans contain from 20,000 to 70,000 lectin units, while fully cooked beans usually contain between 200 and 400 units. While many types of lectins cause negative reactions in the body, there are also health promoting lectins that can decrease incidence of certain diseases. When lectins affect the gut wall, it may also cause a broader immune system response as the body’s defenses move in to attack the invaders.
Unrefined grains are more nutritious than refined versions because they contain more nutrients. Grain, cereal, dairy, and legume (especially peanut and soybean) lectins are most commonly associated with reports of digestive complaints. Not all lectins are completely destroyed by these methods, and some particularly stubborn lectins in beans remain no matter how lengthy the treatment.
Certain seaweeds and mucilaginous vegetables have the ability to bind lectins in a way that makes them unavailable to the cells of the gut.
Lectins are resistant to dry heat, so using raw legume flours in baked goods should be done with caution. Some experts theorize that the reason anemia is higher in developing countries is due to excessive levels of lectin consumption. Lectins are a family of proteins found in pretty much all foods, especially legumes and grains. Frequent consumption of large amounts of lectins has been shown to damage the lining of the digestive system (1). It is true that lectins can cause harm, but there is more to the story than we’ve been told. Although all foods contain some lectins, only about 30% of the foods we eat contain them in significant amounts (3). Legumes (including beans, soybeans and peanuts) and grains contain the most lectins, followed by dairy, seafood and plants in the nightshade family.


In the case of the poison ricin (a lectin from the castor oil plant), they can even cause death. The most extensively studied lectins are called phytohemagglutinins, which are mostly found in plants, especially legumes. Eating raw kidney beans can lead to lectin poisoning, the main symptoms of which include severe abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea (8).
Lectins can also interact with antibodies, which are a core component of the immune system. Due to the lectins (and other anti-nutrients), they say that people should remove legumes and grains from their diet.
However, what is often left out of the discussion, is that lectins can be virtually eliminated with cooking. In one study, lectins in soybeans were mostly eliminated when the beans were boiled for only 5 to 10 minutes (15). Bottom Line: Cooking at high temperatures effectively eliminates lectin activity from foods like legumes, making them perfectly safe to eat. Soaking or sprouting seeds and grains helps to eliminate lectins and other anti-nutrients (16, 17).
Bottom Line: Soaking, sprouting and fermenting foods can eliminate lectins and other anti-nutrients, especially from grains. It is true that dietary lectins are toxic in large doses, but humans don’t eat large doses. The lectin-rich foods we consume, like grains and legumes, are almost always cooked in some way beforehand. This leaves only a negligible amount of lectins, making these foods safe to eat for the majority of people. People with autoimmune or digestive problems may respond well to a diet that excludes most lectins, including those from dairy, eggs and plants of the nightshade family, like potatoes.
Most of these lectin-containing foods are high in vitamins, minerals, fiber, antioxidants and all sorts of beneficial compounds. The benefits of these healthy nutrients far outweigh the negative effects of trace amounts of lectins.


Furthermore, the body uses lectins to achieve many basic functions, including cell to cell adherence, inflammatory modulation and programmed cell death. Soaking, fermenting, sprouting and cooking will decrease lectins and free up the good nutrients. Inhibition of Natural Killer and interleukin 2-activated NF cell cytotoxicity by monosaccharides and lectins. Effect of lectins on the activity of brush border membrane-bound enzymes of rat small intestine.
Dietary wheat germ agglutinin modulates ovalbumin-induced immune responses in Brown Norway rats. Elevated levels of serum antibodies to the lectin wheat germ agglutinin in celiac children lend support to the gluten-lectin theory of celiac disease. Dietary lectins are metabolic signals for the gut and modulate immune and hormonal functions. Antinutritive effects of wheat germ agglutinin and other N-acetylglucosamine-specific lectins.
Medicinal chemistry based on the sugar code: fundamentals of lectinology and experimental strategies with lectins as targets.
This may cause an immune reaction not only against the lectins, but also the body tissues to which the lectins are bound (11). Lectins offer a way for molecules to stick together without getting the immune system involved, which can influence cell-cell interaction. While lectin content in food is fairly constant, the genetic altering of plants has created some fluctuations. Indeed, researchers speculate that many apparent causes of bacterial food poisoning may actually be lectin poisoning. Adding sodium bicarbonate (aka baking soda) to the soaking water may help neutralize the lectins further.



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