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There are many different types of flour available in the typical grocery store or supermarket. All flour made from wheat contains gluten, which is the binding agent that gives bread its elastic texture. Flour is used to bake bread, cookies and cakes and also to thicken sauce and gravy, and to coat meat before frying. All-purpose white flour is made from processing wheat, leaving out the nutritious germ and bran.
In the USA, the law require that all flour not containing wheat germ must have nutrients added back into the flour.
Whole-wheat flour is produced from the whole wheat grain, making it more nutritious and fiber-rich than white flour. Basically when you use it to make bread it gives the bread a better texture than just plain white flour as it reacts really well with yeast. Cake flour is white flour made from soft varieties of wheat and contains very little gluten.
Using a measuring cup, scoop the flour out of the bag or container and then level it off with the straight, dull edge of a knife. If flour is stored in its unopened original package, or in an airtight container, it lasts about eight months. Manufactured from wheat kernels, flour is the key ingredient found in about 75 percent of all grain products.


Except for whole-wheat flour, which contains all three parts of the wheat kernel, most flours are made from the endosperm after removal of the bran and germ.
The process of enriching flour restores its nutritive value by replacing nutrients lost during milling in amounts similar to those lost. Flour enriched with iron, thiamin, riboflavin and niacin have been part of the American diet since 1941 and have helped to eradicate beriberi and pellegra from the United States. The consumption of fortified and enriched flour as part of a staple diet by most people makes it an ideal source of essential nutrients that may otherwise be lacking in the diet.
If you want to substitute all-purpose flour with a different kind of flour, or a non-wheat flour, take a look at this guide. It produces lighter results than regular wholewheat flour, but still not as light as pastries made with white flour.
Nutritionally speaking it is almost the same as whole wheat flour, but lighter-colored and sweeter tasting. The per capita annual consumption of flour is about 138 pounds in the United States in such foods as bread, cakes and cookies. This decreases the nutritive value of the flour, as a large proportion of the thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B-6, folic acid and iron present in whole-wheat kernels is absent in the finely ground endosperm flour. Almost 95 percent of the white flour in the United States is enriched with iron and four of the B vitamins: thiamin, niacin, riboflavin and folic acid.
Although folic acid fortification started only in 1998, its presence in flour is responsible for the decline in the incidence of neural tube defects in babies by 23 percent in the U.S.


Consuming whole-wheat flour products has the added advantage of providing fiber, antioxidants and phytonutrients in addition to the vitamins and trace minerals that are naturally present in wheat. Flour varieties are produced by milling and combining different parts and types of wheat grain.
To compensate for the loss of the nutrients incurred during the milling process, flour is enriched with nutrients.
By contrast, fortified flour may contain folic acid in amounts that exceed those present in whole-wheat flour. The shelf life of the flour will depend on its variety; flours made from whole grains always have shorter shelf life than refined flours. As nutrient loss occurs during milling, nutrients are added to flour in amounts equal to those present before processing to make enriched flour. Calcium, a nutrient that is not naturally present in wheat kernels or whole-wheat flour, is another nutrient that may be present in fortified flour.
Fortified flour is made by adding nutrients in excess to quantities lost during milling, or additional nutrients are added to improve its nutritive value.



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Comments to “Fortified cake flour”

  1. O_R_K_H_A_N:
    Used as a substitute for almond copper, manganese, selenium, various B vitamins, phosphorous substitute.
  2. Narin_Yagish:
    Almond flour in many baked flour can be used as a substitute flour can fortified cake flour be used as a substitute for.