Is there a cure for throat herpes,match dating and herpes,difference between oral herpes and cold sores - PDF Review

admin | Category: Medicine For Herpes | 30.10.2014
Herpes is the short for herpes simplex, a common viral infection, that often leads to blemishes or sores on the skin, particularly on the face or in the genital area.
The common cause of Herpes is through skin-to-skin contact, which transmits HSV-1 and HSV-2. From an Ayurvedic perspective, when our immune systems are weak, that is when the body does not receive enough food, exercise or sleep, and are exposed to environmental toxins or chronic stress, the body experiences imbalance of doshas.
Second step involves rejuvenation of body, as ayurveda believes that a disease affects not only a particular organ, but the entire body. Apart from balancing doshas, and rejuvenation of body, the treatment to particular organ that mainly affects the disease is the final stage of treatment. Fresh vegetables, fruits, beans, fish, chicken and eggs are considered beneficial for people with herpes.
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Herpes is a very common infection caused by a virus, called the herpes simplex virus, or HSV.
The course and symptoms of herpes infections vary widely from being completely asymptomatic throughout a person's life in 80% of patients, to having frequent recurrences.
HSV-1 is typically spread via infected saliva and initially causes acute herpetic gingivostomatitis in children and acute herpetic pharyngotonsillitis in adults.
Acute herpetic pharyngotonsillitis is the most common first presentation of the disease in adults, and more commonly affects the pharynx and tonsils than the mouth and lips. Although genital herpes is usually caused by HSV-2, it can also be caused by HSV-1 (for instance by contact of a mouth lesion on genital skin of a non-infected person). The good news is that a person who already has antibodies to HSV-1 because of a prior infection with oral herpes causes a milder effect of genital HSV-2 and protects against acquiring HSV-1 in the genital area. It's a good idea to go in to see your doctor if you are worried that you may have contracted herpes. American Skin Association (EIN 13-3401320) is a not-for-profit organization recognized as a tax-exempt under the Internal Revenue Code section 501(c)(3). HighlightsHerpes VirusesHerpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) is the main cause of herpes infections that occur on the mouth and lips.
TransmissionTo infect people, the herpes simplex viruses (both HSV-1 and HSV-2) must get into the body through tiny injuries in the skin or through a mucous membrane, such as inside the mouth or on the genital area. Unfortunately, only 5% of infected pregnant women have a history of symptoms, so in many cases herpes infection is not suspected, or symptoms are missed, at the time of delivery. Eczema HerpeticumA form of herpes infection called eczema herpeticum, also known as Kaposi's varicellaform eruption, can affect patients with skin disorders and immunocompromised patients.
Herpes in Patients with Compromised Immune SystemsHerpes simplex is particularly devastating when it occurs in immunocompromised patients and, unfortunately, co-infection is common. In case the first episode of herpes occurs during pregnancy, there are possibilities of passing on the virus to unborn baby.
Impurity of Pitta, along with blood, is considered the main causative factor for the condition. This is achieved through dietary modifications, and adding herbs and dietary supplements to balance the doshas that lead to this disease.
Hence after balancing the doshas, the body needs to be rejuvenated using Rasayanas, so that the body develops immunity to fight recurrent attacks of the disease.
The material in this site is provided for personal, non-commercial, educational and informational purposes only and does not constitute a recommendation or endorsement with respect to any company or product. Once a person acquires the herpes virus, it invades and replicates in the nervous system, remaining deep within a nerve for life. This first presentation of the disease lasts about 5-7 days, with symptoms subsiding in 2 weeks. Along with ruptured vesicles in the tonsils and pharynx, an adult with newly acquired herpes type 1 can have fever, headache, fatigue, and sore throat. Recurrences vary from person to person, but most patients will have reactivation within the first year of initial infection.
There are many over-the-counter medications and home remedies that claim to help or cure herpes, but most of these are false claims and do very little, if anything at all, to help. Both viruses can be carried in bodily fluids (such as saliva, semen, or fluid in the female genital tract) or in fluid from herpes sores. If there is evidence of an active outbreak, doctors usually advise a Cesarean section to prevent the baby from contracting the virus in the birth canal during delivery.Approach to the Pregnant Herpes Patient.
This impurity of blood, which can also be caused due to poor digestion, wrong eating habits, leads to appearance of leasions in the skin.
The herbal preparations detoxify blood and lymph, expel the toxins and vitiated doshas from lymph and blood, and hence the underlying tissues get rejuvenated.
In the case of genital herpes, this is achieved through local application of herbal paste prepared from rose, amalakki, neem and sandalwood. Half an hour of regular exercises are suggested to reduce stress, as stress is a possible factor for trigger of herpes. The two virus types are very closely related, but differ in how each is spread and the location of the infection. The virus can remain latent (no symptoms) for years, but can also become reactivated during periods of illness, emotional stress, trauma, or other triggers, such as sunlight and menstruation.
Each outbreak starts with a tingling, burning or painful sensation at the site, followed by a red rash that evolves into tiny blisters that eventually open. In the area of the genital infection there may be pain, itching, painful urination, discharge from the vagina or urethra, and tender lymph nodes.
As in oral herpes, each outbreak starts with a feeling of pain or burning at the site, followed by a localized patch of vesicles that can be very painful. The risk for infection is highest with direct contact of blisters or sores during an outbreak.Once the virus has contact with the mucous membranes or skin wounds, it begins to replicate. These preparations restores and rejuvenates the structure and color of the skin, while also reducing inflammation and tenderness of the skin. HSV-1 is typically spread by contact with infected saliva, while HSV-2 is usually spread sexually or via the mother's genital tract to her newborn baby. This allows the virus to replicate and not only cause recurrent disease but also to shed viral particles which can be spread to other people.
Particles of the virus shed from the lesion, making it contagious to others who have never had it before, with maximal shedding occurring in the first 24 hours but lasting up to 5 days.
As in oral herpes, genital herpes also causes vesicles to form, which can appear on vagina, labia, buttocks, or even the cervix in women, and on the penis, scrotum, buttocks, thighs, and even urethra in men.
For people with very serious or very frequent recurrences, a different dosage may be taken on a regular basis to prevent recurrent episodes. Barrier protection such as with a condom can help prevent spread of genital herpes, but some HSV ulcers can occur outside o the area protected by the condom and still be transmitted. The risk of infection is highest during outbreak periods when there are visible sores and lesions.
The virus is then transported within nerve cells to their roots where it remains inactive (latent) for some period of time. Scarring and corneal thinning develop, which may cause the eye's globe to rupture, resulting in blindness.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that all patients diagnosed with HSV-2 should be tested for HIV.The majority of patients with HIV are co-infected with HSV-2 and are particularly vulnerable to its complications. A person infected with HSV will have recurrent episodes of active herpes for the rest of his life.


HSV-1 more commonly affects the area around the mouth, while HSV-2 is more likely to affected the genital area, but both viruses can affect either region.
For most healthy people, herpes infections are a painful nuisance of recurrent blisters in a localized area. Each recurrence occurs in approximately the same area, lasts about 8-10 days, and often gets milder and less frequent each time. Samples are cultured to detect the virus at 3 - 5-day intervals prior to delivery to determine whether viral shedding is occurring. However, in people with poor immune systems, such as organ transplant recipients or people with HIV, the virus can spread throughout the body and cause severe disease, even of the brain.
If no lesions are present and cultures indicate no viral shedding, a vaginal delivery can be performed and the newborn is examined and cultured after delivery.Some doctors recommend anti-viral medication for pregnant women who are infected with HSV-2.
Iridocyclitis is another serious complication of ocular herpes, in which the iris and the area around it become inflamed.GingivostomatitisHerpes can cause multiple painful ulcers on the gums and mucous membranes of the mouth, a condition called gingivostomatitis. Although there are antiviral medications to help reduce the viral burden, it does not cure the infection. During shedding, the virus can infect other people through exchange of bodily fluids.Sometimes, infected people can transmit the virus and infect other parts of their own bodies (most often the hands, thighs, or buttocks). Recent studies indicate that acyclovir (Zovirax, generic) valacyclovir (Valtrex), or famciclovir (Famvir) can help reduce the recurrence of genital herpes and the need for Cesarean sections.
Untreated, this condition can be extremely serious and possibly fatal.Ocular Herpes and Vision LossHerpetic infections of the eye (ocular herpes) occur in about 50,000 Americans each year.
This process, known as autoinoculation, is uncommon, since people generally develop antibodies that protect against this problem.Transmission of Oral Herpes. In most cases, ocular herpes causes inflammation and sores on the lids or outside of the cornea that go away in a few days.
HSV is part of a group of other herpes viruses that include human herpes virus 8 (the cause of Kaposi's sarcoma) and varicella- zoster virus (also known as herpes zoster, the virus responsible for shingles and chicken pox). However, other conditions can resemble herpes, and doctors cannot base a herpes diagnosis on visual inspection alone. HSV-1 is the most prevalent form of herpes simplex virus, and infection is most likely to occur during preschool years.
Neonatal herpes can spread to the brain and central nervous system, causing encephalitis and meningitis and can lead to intellectual disability, cerebral palsy, and death.
In addition, many patients who carry the virus do not have visible genital or oral lesions.
Herpes can also spread to internal organs, such as the liver and lungs.Infants infected with herpes are treated with acyclovir. It is important to treat babies quickly, before the infection spreads to the brain and other organs.Effects on the Brain and Central Nervous SystemHerpes Encephalitis. In children, this is often caused by thumbsucking or finger sucking while they have a cold sore. Until recently, the general rule was to assume that HSV-1 infections occur in the oral cavity (mouth) and are not sexually transmitted, while HSV-2 attacks the genital area and is sexually transmitted. It can also occur in adult health care workers, such as dentists, because of increased exposure to the herpes virus.
Centers for Disease Control (CDC) recommends that both virologic and serologic tests be used for diagnosing genital herpes.
In addition, because herpes simplex virus 1 can be passed in saliva, people should also avoid sharing toothbrushes or eating utensils with an infected person.Transmission of Genital Herpes.
Patients diagnosed with genital herpes should also be tested for other sexually transmitted diseases.According to the CDC, up to 50% of first-episode cases of genital herpes are now caused by herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1). Genital herpes is most often transmitted through sexual activity, and people with multiple sexual partners are at high risk.
However, recurrences of genital herpes, and viral shedding without overt symptoms, are much less frequent with HSV-1 infection than herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2). The virus, however, can also enter through the anus, skin, and other areas.People with active symptoms of genital herpes are at very high risk for transmitting the infection.
Fortunately, rapid diagnostic tests and treatment with acyclovir have significantly improved survival rates and reduced complication rates. It is important for doctors to determine whether the genital herpes infection is caused by HSV-1 or HSV-2, as the type of herpes infection influences prognosis and treatment recommendations.Virologic TestsViral culture tests are made by taking a fluid sample, or culture, from the lesions as early as possible, ideally within the first 3 days of the outbreak. The virus does not multiply, but both the host cells and the virus survive.At unpredictable times, the virus begins multiplying again. Unfortunately, evidence suggests about a third of all herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) infections occur when the virus is shedding but producing no symptoms.
Most people either have no symptoms or don't recognize them when they appear.In the past, genital herpes was mostly caused by HSV-2, but HSV-1 genital infection is increasing.
Patients who are treated with acyclovir within 2 days of becoming ill have the best chance for a favorable outcome.Herpes Meningitis.
If infection is severe, testing technology can shorten this period to 24 hours, but speeding up the test may make the results less accurate.
This may be due to the increase in oral sex activity among young adults.SymptomsSymptoms vary depending on whether the outbreak is initial or recurrent. Herpes meningitis, an inflammation of the membranes that line the brain and spinal cord, occurs in up to 10% of cases of primary genital HSV-2.
Viral cultures are very accurate if lesions are still in the clear blister stage, but they do not work as well for older ulcerated sores, recurrent lesions, or latency.
Unfortunately, a third to half of the times shedding occurs without any symptoms at all.Eventually, the symptoms return in most cases, causing a new outbreak of blisters and sores. At these stages the virus may not be active enough to reproduce sufficiently to produce a visible culture.Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests are much more accurate than viral cultures, and the CDC recommends this test for detecting herpes in spinal fluid when diagnosing herpes encephalitis (see below). This close-up view of early herpes outbreak shows small, grouped blisters (vesicles) and lots of inflammation (erythema). PCR can make many copies of the virus’ DNA so that even small amounts of DNA in the sample can be detected. In fact, studies indicate that 10 - 25% of people infected with HSV-2 are unaware that they have genital herpes.
Fortunately, after lasting for up to a week, herpes meningitis usually resolves without complications, although recurrences have been reported. PCR is much more expensive than viral cultures and is not FDA-approved for testing genital specimens. Even if infected people have mild or no symptoms, they can still transmit the herpes virus.Symptoms of Genital HerpesPrimary Genital Herpes Outbreak. However, because PCR is highly accurate, many labs have used it for herpes testing.An older type of virologic testing, the Tzanck smear test, uses scrapings from herpes lesions.
For patients with symptoms, the first outbreak usually occurs in or around the genital area 1 - 2 weeks after sexual exposure to the virus. The scrapings are stained and examined under a microscope for the presence of giant cells with many nuclei or distinctive particles that carry the virus (called inclusion bodies). The first signs are a tingling sensation in the affected areas (such as genitalia, buttocks, and thighs) and groups of small red bumps that develop into blisters.
The Tzanck test is not reliable for providing a conclusive diagnosis of herpes infection and is not recommended by the CDC.Serologic TestsSerologic (blood) tests can identify antibodies that are specific for either herpes virus simplex 1 (HSV-1) or herpes virus simplex 2 (HSV-2).
When the herpes virus infects someone, their body’s immune system produces specific antibodies to fight off the infection. The lesions may sometimes itch, but itching decreases as they heal.About 40% of men and 70% of women develop other symptoms during initial outbreaks of genital herpes, such as flu-like discomfort, headache, muscle aches, fever, and swollen glands.


If a blood test detects antibodies to herpes, it’s evidence that you have been infected with the virus, even if the virus is in a non-active (dormant) state. The CDC recommends only type-specific glycoprotein (gG) tests for herpes diagnosis.Serologic tests are most accurate when performed 12 - 16 weeks after exposure to the virus. The virus sheds for a much shorter period of time (about 3 days) compared to in an initial outbreak of 3 weeks. Women may have only minor itching, and the symptoms may be even milder in men.On average, people have about four recurrences during the first year, although this varies widely. There are some differences in frequency of recurrence depending on whether HSV-2 or HSV-1 causes genital herpes. Samples need to be sent to a lab, so results take longer than the in-office Biokit test.Biokit HSV-2 (also marketed as SureVue HSV-2). HSV-2 genital infection is more likely to cause recurrences than HSV-1.Symptoms of Oral HerpesOral herpes (herpes labialis) is most often caused by herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) but can also be caused by herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2). It usually affects the lips and, in some primary attacks, the mucous membranes in the mouth. A herpes infection may occur on the cheeks or in the nose, but facial herpes is very uncommon.Primary Oral Herpes Infection. In adolescents, the primary infection is more apt to appear in the upper part of the throat and cause soreness.Recurrent Oral Herpes Infection.
It is costly and time consuming, however, and is not as widely available as the other tests.False-negative (testing negative when herpes infection is actually present) results can occur if tests are done in the early stages of infection. False-positive results (testing positive when herpes infection is not actually present) can also occur, although less often than false-negative.
Recurrences are usually much milder than primary infections and are known commonly as cold sores or fever blisters (because they may arise during a bout of cold or flu).
The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay of cerebrospinal fluid detects tiny amounts of DNA from the virus, and then replicates them millions of times until the virus is detectable. PCR identifies HSV in cerebrospinal fluid and gives a rapid diagnosis of herpes encephalitis in most cases, eliminating the need for biopsies.
The CDC recommends PCR for diagnosing herpes central nervous system infections.Imaging Tests.
The outbreak of infection is often preceded by a prodrome, an early group of symptoms that may include itching skin, pain, or an abnormal tingling sensation at the site of infection.
Brain biopsy is the most reliable method of diagnosing herpes encephalitis, but it is also the most invasive and is generally performed only if the diagnosis is uncertain. With the increased use of PCR, biopsies for herpes are now only rarely performed.Similar ConditionsCanker Sores (Aphthous Ulcers). The prodrome, which may last as short as 2 hours or as long as 2 days, stops when the blisters develop. Simple canker sores (known medically as aphthous ulcers) are often confused with the cold sores of herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1). Canker sores frequently crop up singly or in groups on the inside of the mouth or on or under the tongue. Recurrent outbreaks feature most of the same symptoms at the same sites as the primary attack, but they tend to be milder and briefer. Occasionally, the symptoms may not resemble those of the primary episode but appear as fissures and scrapes in the skin or as general inflammation around the affected area.Triggers of Recurrence.
They include sunlight, wind, fever, physical injury, surgery, menstruation, suppression of the immune system, and emotional stress.
Oral herpes can be triggered within about 3 days of intense dental work, particularly root canal or tooth extraction.Timing of Recurrences. For most people, outbreaks recur with more frequency during the first year after an initial attack.
However, the immune system cannot kill the virus completely.Risk FactorsRisk for Oral HerpesOral herpes is usually caused by HSV-1.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 1 in 6 American teenagers and adults, are infected with HSV-2.
While HSV-2 remains the main cause of genital herpes, in recent years HSV-1 has significantly increased as a cause, most likely because of oral-genital sex. Except for people in monogamous relationships with uninfected partners, everyone who is sexually active is at risk for genital herpes.Risk factors for genital herpes include a history of a prior sexually transmitted disease, early age for first sexual intercourse, a high number of sexual partners, and loq socioeconomic status.
Women are more susceptible to HSV-2 infection because herpes is more easily transmitted from men to women than from women to men. African-American women are at particularly high riskPeople with compromised immune systems, notably patients with HIV, are at very high risk for HSV-2.
This group is at higher than average risk for herpetic whitlow, herpes that occurs in the fingers.Wrestlers, rugby players, and other athletes who participate in direct contact sports without protective clothing.
These individuals are at risk for herpes gladiatorum, an unusual form of HSV-1 that is spread by skin contact with exposed herpes sores and usually affects the head or eyes.Preventing TransmissionInfected people should take steps to avoid transmitting genital herpes to others. It is almost impossible to defend against the transmission of oral herpes since it can be transmitted by very casual contact.Genital herpes is contagious from the first signs of tingling and burning (prodrome) until the time that sores have completely healed. While condoms may not provide 100% protection, they have been proven to significantly reduce the risk of sexual disease transmission. Natural condoms made from animal skin do NOT protect against HSV infection because herpes viruses can pass through them.Use a water-based lubricant. Lubricants can help prevent friction during sex, which can irritate the skin and increase the risk for outbreaks.
However, it is best not to use condoms pre-lubricated with spermicides.Do not use spermicides for protection against herpes.
If you do, be sure to immediately wash your hands with hot water and soap.The herpes virus does not live very long outside the body. While the chances of transmitting or contracting herpes from a toilet seat or towel are extremely low, it is advisable to wipe off toilet seats and not to share damp towels.Recent studies have suggested that male circumcision may help reduce the risk of HSV-2, as well as human papillomavirus (HPV) and HIV infections. Except in very rare instances and special circumstances, HSV is not life threatening.Herpes and PregnancyPregnant women who have genital herpes due to either herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) or herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) have an increased risk for miscarriage, premature labor, inhibited fetal growth, or transmission of the herpes infection to the infant either in the uterus or at the time of delivery.
Herpes in newborn babies (herpes neonatalis) can be a very serious condition.Fortunately, neonatal herpes is rare. Although about 25 - 30% of pregnant women have genital herpes, less than 0.1% of babies are born with neonatal herpes.
The baby is at greatest risk during a vaginal delivery, especially if the mother has an asymptomatic infection that was first introduced late in the pregnancy. Transmission can occur if the amniotic membrane of an infected woman ruptures prematurely, or as the infant passes through an infected birth canal. This increased risk is present if the woman is having or has recently had an active herpes outbreak in the genital area.Very rarely, the virus is transmitted across the placenta, a form of the infection known as congenital herpes. Also rarely, newborns may contract herpes during the first weeks of life from being kissed by someone with a herpes cold sore. Infants may get congenital herpes from a mother with an active herpes infection at the time of birth.
Aggressive treatment with antiviral medication is required, but it may not help systemic herpes.



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Comments »

  1. | Daywalker — 30.10.2014 at 21:30:30 Strategy to 100% avoid spreading the down to the genitals if one would not maintain dose.
  2. | KOMENTATOR — 30.10.2014 at 18:13:15 Primary line of defense in controlling herpes.