Survival skills for bleeding, leather id card holder lanyard - Test Out

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Note: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) may be necessary after cleaning the airway, but only after major bleeding is under control. In a survival situation, you must control serious bleeding immediately because replacement fluids normally are not available and the victim can die within a matter of minutes. You can control external bleeding by direct pressure, indirect (pressure points) pressure, elevation, digital ligation, or tourniquet. The most effective way to control external bleeding is by applying pressure directly over the wound. If bleeding continues after having applied direct pressure for 30 minutes, apply a pressure dressing. Leave the pressure dressing in place for 1 or 2 days, after which you can remove and replace it with a smaller dressing. In the long-term survival environment, make fresh, daily dressing changes and inspect for signs of infection. You can stop major bleeding immediately or slow it down by applying pressure with a finger or two on the bleeding end of the vein or artery.
Use a tourniquet only when direct pressure over the bleeding point and all other methods did not control the bleeding.

If you are a lone survivor, lie in a depression in the ground, behind a tree, or any other place out of the weather, with your head lower than your feet.
Look for the cause of the injury and follow the ABCs of first aid, starting with the airway and breathing, but be discerning.
Using a finger, quickly sweep the victim's mouth clear of any foreign objects, broken teeth, dentures, sand. Using the jaw thrust method, grasp the angles of the victim's lower jaw and lift with both hands, one on each side, moving the jaw forward. With the victim's airway open, pinch his nose closed with your thumb and forefinger and blow two complete breaths into his lungs.
If the forced breaths do not stimulate spontaneous breathing, maintain the victim's breathing by performing mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
See FM 21-20, the American Heart Association manual, the Red Cross manual, or most other first aid books for detailed instructions on CPR. This pressure must not only be firm enough to stop the bleeding, but it must also be maintained long enough to "seal off" the damaged surface.
However, elevation alone will not control bleeding entirely; you must also apply direct pressure over the wound.

You can use digital pressure on a pressure point to slow arterial bleeding until the application of a pressure dressing. Maintain the pressure until the bleeding stops or slows down enough to apply a pressure bandage, elevation, and so forth.
A person may die from arterial bleeding more quickly than from an airway obstruction in some cases. Pressure point control is not as effective for controlling bleeding as direct pressure exerted on the wound. In a buddy system, however, the buddy can release the tourniquet pressure every 10 to 15 minutes for 1 or 2 minutes to let blood flow to the rest of the extremity to prevent limb loss.

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