Survival skill of volcanic eruption, survival gear emergency preparedness - For You

Categories: Sharp Utility Knife | Author: admin 29.08.2013

Volcanic activity can result in explosions called plinian eruptions that shoot rocks, ash, and gas hundreds of feet into the air. If you're going to be climbing or hiking near the volcano, you should bring a few survival items that will help you survive if you're caught outside without access to shelter. The sirens will most likely be your first warning that an eruption is occurring, but you might receive other indications that something is amiss. In recent eruptions, many people have been killed because they did not heed an evacuation order.
Protect yourself by staying below the ridgelines of hills and on the side of the hill opposite the volcano. If you are caught in a hail of smaller pyroclastics, crouch down on the ground, facing away from the volcano, and protect your head with your arms, a backpack, or anything else you can find.
Mudflows and flooding following an eruption generally kill far more people than pyroclastics or lava. If the ash falls for many hours, officials might advise evacuating, even after the eruption is over.
If you live near a volcano, your community likely has a plan in place to warn people that the volcano may erupt. When a volcano erupts, immediately tune in to determine if you are in immediate danger where you are and also to find out what is happening around you. If you see a plume of debris rising from the volcano, or if you feel an earthquake, tune in immediately.

While you want to get to higher ground, you should also try to shield yourself from pyroclastics, which are rocks and debris (sometimes red-hot) that are sent flying during an eruption.
Volcanoes emit a number of gases, and if you are close to one when it erupts, these gases could be deadly. You can be in danger even many miles from the volcano.Never try to cross a lava flow or lahar. If you have survived a major earthquake, volunteer to do whatever you can to help find survivors, get families and pets re-united, and clean up after the disaster. Fortunately, most volcanoes are carefully monitored, and scientists can usually provide some advance warning before a serious event.
In the event of an eruption, water supplies may become contaminated, so you can’t count on your well or public water. Before going to the volcano, consult with local authorities, and heed their recommendations or warnings. Breathe through a respirator, mask, or moist piece of cloth—this will also protect your lungs from clouds of ash—and try to get away from the volcano as quickly as possible. Even after the eruption is over, you might be advised to stay inside until the ash stops falling.
Earthquakes cannot be predicted, but your chances of survival are much better if you prepare in advance and you know what to do when an earthquake strikes. To ensure your survival, have clean food, water, and supplies ready to go at a moment's notice.

But if you live near a volcano or get an opportunity to visit one, you are always at risk, and it's important to know how to prepare for an eruption and escape one alive. Learn about the hazards you may encounter in the area of the volcano, and get a reputable guide to accompany you, if possible. Sometimes they actually rain down, and in some types of eruptions, such as that which occurred at Mount St. Never try to cross these during an eruption, and otherwise cross them only on safe, marked paths. She says that she’s learned communication and coaching skills through wikiHow, and enjoys the instant gratification of improving something and being productive online.
The best way to maximize your chances of survival is to do what you do in a garage - crouch next to the car.
Volcanoes with snow on top of the snowline can cause mudflows, which are extremely deadly to people.

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