Retaining wall design forces,caring for a vegetable garden,flower beds pallets - Review

09.08.2015
If you’re looking to level the contours of a sloped section, to have flat areas for patios and lawns, you’ll need to design a retaining wall. Council approval is often required for the design of retaining walls, when they are over a specified height, next to a boundary, or supporting a driveway or other structures. Gabion retaining walls are a simple low cost gravity wall, that do not require a concrete foundations or deep footing piles. By design gravity retaining walls rely on thier mass or weight to resist the overturning forces of the bacfill behind the wall. The site geology and soil profiles can be significant factors in the loads that a retaining wall will have to be designed to withstand. The profile of the property, directly influences the retaining wall design and calculations by determining the weight of soil the wall has to hold up. Because the gabions are porous, it is virtually impossible for hydrostatic pressure overturn the retaining wall. The retaining wall design considers the four possible failure modes, sliding, overturning, bearing failure at the toe of the retaining wall, and the overall site stability.
The retaining wall design calculates the location of the resultant force, from the soil backfill and the weight of the wall, this resultant force needs to act within the middle third of the retaining wall for stability. The design of all retaining walls needs to consider, the soil profile, soil type, (clay, gravel or sand), the final height of the wall and any loadings from driveways and nearby buildings, that will increase the design forces that the wall has to withstand.


Often local authorities require the design work to be done by a registered engineer, before issuing a building consent. Home owners, weekend builders, and diy specialists can build most retaining walls depending on size over several weekends.
Make sure to check your local authority’s regulations prior to starting the design of your retaining wall. This gabion wall has a attractive night lighting and is a feature of the garden, while providing retaining.
The retaining walls mass comes from the gabion rocks which need to be hard, heavy and durable. The final design and construction of retaining walls can be substantial, the construction needs to be abl;e to hold back tonnes of rock and soil. The design and maintenance of the drainage system, is critical to the long term structural stability of any retaining wall. Also the site profile determines how the retaining wall is going to resist the loads placed upon it.
Backfill which is referred to as active pressure, hydrostatic pressure is not considered as the drainage system eliminates this from the retaining wall design process. A qualified geotechnical engineer is able to assess the potential risk of each failure mode and design the retaining wall to suit the site loads and geology.


The active load against the retaining wall, combines with the dead weight of the retaining wall and the resultant force is then checked against the design guidelines.
The geotech or civil engineers stability calculations, site inspection, design notes and soil analysis are submitted with the consent or permit application.
For larger retaining walls you can get a quotes from, local landscapers, small earthworks contractors and specialist retaining wall builders, who have both the machinery and experience to build the larger retaining walls quickly for you.
The design of any retaining wall should also include the design of the drainage system, to prevent hydrostatic pressure building up behind the retaining wall. On larger walls the engineer will specify the size and location of the retaining walls, and will also design the drainage system required behind the wall, which is critical to prevent hydrostatic pressure damaging the retaining wall. Nearly all retaining wall failures occur when the soil is fully saturated and the resulting hydrostatic pressure pushes the wall over. If soil behind the retaining wall and becomes saturated, a poorly designed wall can not support the saturated soil plus the weight of water.



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