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Print Email Diabetes can cause complications that affect your feet, especially if your blood sugar is not under control. Secondly, diabetes, especially poorly controlled diabetes, can cause damage to the nerves in your feet.
Researchers found that exchanging dietary carbohydrate or saturated fat with a diet rich in monounsaturated fat or polyunsaturated fat had a beneficial effect on key markers of blood glucose control.
A study showed unsaturated fats like walnuts and soybean can help in reducing blood sugar levels.
Eating more unsaturated fats like walnuts and soybean in place of dietary carbohydrate can lowers blood sugar level and improve in the prevention and management of type-2 diabetes, according to a new study. The study provides evidence for the effects of dietary fats and carbohydrate on the regulation of glucose and insulin levels and several other metrics linked to type 2 diabetes.
The researchers performed the first systematic evaluation of all available evidence from trials to quantify the effects of different types of dietary fat (saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated) and carbohydrate on key biological markers of glucose and insulin control that are linked to development of type 2 diabetes. The researchers summarised findings from 102 randomised controlled trials, involving a total of 4,660 adult participants, which provided meals that varied in the types and amounts of fat and carbohydrate. They then evaluated how such variations in diet affected measures of metabolic health, including blood sugar, blood insulin, insulin resistance and sensitivity and ability to produce insulin in response to blood sugar. The researchers found that exchanging dietary carbohydrate or saturated fat with a diet rich in monounsaturated fat or polyunsaturated fat had a beneficial effect on key markers of blood glucose control. The international guidelines for the management of diabetes mellitus (type 2 diabetes) put into consideration factors such as age, social environment, the duration of the illness and associated health complaints.
According to the researchers from the Medical University of Vienna in Austria, gender is becoming an ever-growing issue, as men and women bear different risks and fall victim to or suffer from a different type of diabetes.
For this reason, the researchers put forth that diabetes treatment should be more personalized and more gender-specific.
From a biological aspect, the researchers said that men are principally at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes than women. Men are most at risk because they have a greater amount of stomach fat and more liver fat, as well as a lower sensitivity to insulin regardless of whether or not they are overweight. Men, on the other hand, are more at risk of developing diabetes at a later point in life, the researchers said.
According to the researchers, there are also gender-specific biomarkers, which helps detect diabetes risks early on. The researchers found that synthetically manufactured substances such as Bisphenol A or Phatalate - risk factors for diabetes - have different effects in men and women. According to the researchers, the mentioned gender-specific factors in diabetes should be incorporated in the guidelines.
For patients eating substantial amounts of food, you can use that calculated amount as the total daily dose.
Approximately 40-50% of the total daily insulin dose is to replace insulin overnight, when you are fasting and between meals. This is called background or basal insulin replacement.
The other 50-60% of the total daily insulin dose is for carbohydrate coverage (food) and high blood sugar correction.
The bolus dose for food coverage is prescribed as an insulin to carbohydrate ratio.The insulin to carbohydrate ratio represents how many grams of carbohydrate are covered or disposed of by 1 unit of insulin. The bolus dose for high blood sugar correction is defined as how much one unit of rapid-acting insulin will drop the blood sugar.
Read some examples and therapeutic principles on how to calculate the carbohydrate coverage dose, high blood sugar correction dose and the total mealtime insulin dose. CHO insulin dose =     Total grams of CHO in the meal ? grams of CHO disposed by 1 unit of insulin (the grams of CHO disposed of by 1 unit of insulin is the bottom number or denominator of the Insulin:CHO ratio). High blood sugar correction dose =      Difference between actual blood sugar and target blood sugar*? correction factor.

This example above assumes that you have a constant response to insulin throughout the day.
Please keep in mind, the estimated insulin regimen is an initial “best guess” and the dose may need to be modified to keep your blood sugar on target. Auto-suggest helps you quickly narrow down your search results by suggesting possible matches as you type.
If you have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, it is a good idea to check your feet every day and tell your doctor if you have any problems with foot pain or unusual symptoms in your feet. First, diabetes can cause circulation problems to the extremities, and the feet are most affected by this poor blood flow. Women are "protected" for a while due to increased production of the estrogen hormone, until menopause causes hormonal change and reduces this protection. But the lack of testosterone in men is also a risk factor, and women with a greater amount of male sexual hormones are at a higher risk. On the other hand, the stomach circumference in women has a better diabetes predictive power than in men,"Alexandra Kautzky-Willer, diabetes expert, professor for gender medicine in Austria and study author, said in a press release. For instance, the protein Fetuin-A formed by the liver as well as Copeptin, and proneurotensin are biomarkers in women but not in men.
Between 40% and 50% of that total dose should be administered as basal, with the rest dosed out in nutritional boluses. You should give 50% of that total dose as basal insulin about four hours before patients’ IV insulin is turned off. This range can vary from 4-30 grams or more of carbohydrate depending on an individual’s sensitivity to insulin.
Bear in mind, this may be too much insulin if you are newly diagnosed or still making a lot of insulin on your own.
You will need to work out your specific insulin requirements and dose regimen with your medical provider and diabetes team. The bitter taste of nutritious vegetable, bitter melon posses many health benefits and has many reasons to include this healthy food in diet.
Not only does this result in your feet feeling numb or cold most of the time, but if you get any cuts or blisters on your feet, it will take much longer for them to heal.
Diabetic neuropathy can be felt as shooting or burning pain, pins and needles tingling or numbness in the toes and feet.
Managing your diabetes and taking your medication as directed is important to prevent your foot pain from getting worse. Once patients start eating, add the rest in bolus amounts.You should also take into account how well the patient’s glucose was controlled in the ICU on the preceding day.
Insulin sensitivity can vary according to the time of day, from person to person, and is affected by physical activity and stress. Someone who is resistant in the morning, but sensitive at mid-day, will need to adjust the insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio at different meal times. If circulation is really poor in a person with diabetes, there is a danger of infection of small sores or cuts that can lead to gangrene. A person with neuropathy in their feet may feel pain when they are walking or when even the lightest pressure is applied to their feet. Other lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking and exercising regularly, can help improve your circulation. For patients with poor control, consider factoring in another 10% to your total daily dose.
Talk to your provider about the best insulin dose for you as this is a general formula and may not meet your individual needs.

DiabetesBitter gourd is very effective on counteracting high levels of glucose in the blood. If you are diabetic, it is recommended to wear diabetic socks that are better for your circulation in your feet and never walk around barefoot, even inside your house. Studies has shown that bitter gourd stimulate the regeneration of beta cells in diabetes.In other study, bitter melon could be more effective in the management of diabetes and its related complications as compared to drug rosiglitazone (Avandia) in type 2 diabetic patients. In diabetics, nerve damage typically occurs first in the feet, but other parts of the body can be affected over time, especially if a person is having a hard time controlling their blood sugar levels. Always wear athletic shoes that fit your feet properly and will not cause friction blisters.
The insulin-like peptides, alkaloids, and charantin combine to lower blood and urine sugar levels without increasing blood insulin levels. Intake of bitter gourd not only helps in diabetes management but also prevent diabetes related complications like nephropathy, cataract, insulin resistance.2.
Wound healingStudies has found the tropical application of bitter gourd improves and accelerates the process of wound healing in diabetes.3. Anti-microbialBitter melon has antimicrobial activity which is quite helpful in inhibiting the growth of bacterial infections.4. Anti-viralStudies has found bitter melon has strong anti-viral properties, that makes an effective natural treatment against many infections.5.
Anti-tumorIn vivo Studies has found that bitter gourd demonstrate anti-tumor activity and  also enhances the immune functions.6.
AntioxidantsBitter melon is rich in antioxidants which helps to reduces damage due to oxidative stress.
Anti-HIVStudies has shown bitter gourd is capable of acting against multiple stages of the viral life cycle, on acute infection as well as replication in chronically infected cell. Bitter gourd has anti-tumor, anti-viral properties and contain anti-HIV agents which  makes it therapeutic treatment of HIV infection.8.
Studies has found that bitter gourd has excellent  antioxidant potentials and helps in maintaining the cellular integrity of the liver tissue , that could offer protection against AC-induced hyperammonemia.9. Weight lossStudies has found bitter melon has a preventive effect on abdominal and liver fat. Another study states that including bitter gourd in the diet helps to prevent and reduces visceral obesity. This visceral fat has dangerous impact on hormones function and increase the risk of various health disease like diabetes. The intake of bitter gourd  increases healing of gastric ulcer and also prevents development of gastric ulcers and duodenal ulcers.11. Anti-cancerStudies has found eleostearic acid, a fatty acid found within bitter melon seed oil, inhibits cancer cell proliferation and induce programmed cell death.
Bitter gourd juice inhibit the growth of breast cancer by blocking  breast cancer cell proliferation and killing those cancer cells. Disclaimer: The information contained on this site is intended for educational purposes only and is not a substitute for advice, diagnosis or treatment by a licensed physician.

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    Type 2 may have more resistance than see our article confused about.


  2. LadyWolf

    The prevalence of insulin resistance (22% reduction.