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If your dog appears weak or thirsty, frequently urinates, experiences rapid weight loss, is depressed, or has abdominal pain, he could be diabetic.
Diabetes mellitus is a condition that develops when your dog cannot use sugar (glucose) effectively and control the sugar level in the blood. Breed: Some breeds of dogs, such as Samoyeds, miniature schnauzers, miniature poodles and bichon frise are more predisposed to diabetes than others.
The signs of diabetes are difficult to recognize because they are similar to those of other disorders like kidney disease. IMPORTANT: Once diabetes is diagnosed, it is important that your dog is regularly monitored. While there is no cure for diabetes mellitus, veterinarians recognize it can be controlled with insulin, exercise and proper nutrition. For diabetics keeping an acceptable blood sugar level is a daily chore and quite a hassle, so what is a acceptable blood sugar level?
Generally, fasting blood sugar (the value you get when you’re tested upon waking without any food intake) is also the baseline blood sugar level. Irrespective of what you eat, tiny amounts of insulin are squirted into the blood stream in small pulses every few minutes.
The counter-regulatory (anti-insulin) hormones that are secreted in our bodies shortly before dawn, raise the blood sugar slightly. Change the timing of your basal insulin – insulin taken later in the day often controls fasting sugar better.
Acanthosis nigricans: A skin condition characterized by dark, thickened, velvety patches, especially in the folds of skin in the armpit, groin, and back of the neck. If your toes are always cold, one reason could be poor blood flow — a circulatory problem sometimes linked to smoking, high blood pressure, or heart disease. Raynaud’s disease can cause your toes to turn white, then bluish, and then redden again and return to their natural tone.
The most common cause of heel pain is plantar fasciitis, inflammation where this long ligament attaches to the heel bone. Sometimes the first sign of a problem is a change in the way you walk — a wider gait or slight foot dragging.
This is usually a temporary nuisance caused by standing too long  or a long flight — especially if you are pregnant. Gout is a notorious cause of sudden pain in the big toe joint, along with redness and swelling (seen here). If you feel like you’re walking on a marble, or if pain burns in the ball of your foot and radiates to the toes, you may have Morton’s neuroma, a thickening of tissue around a nerve, usually between the third and fourth toes. Itchy, scaly skin may be athlete’s foot, a fungal infection that’s common in men between the ages of 20 and 40. This foot deformity can be caused by shoes that are tight and pinch your toes or by a disease that damages nerves, such as diabetes, alcoholism, or other neurological disorder. A sudden, sharp pain in the foot is the hallmark of a muscle spasm or cramp, which can last many minutes. We associate skin cancer with the sun, so we’re not as likely to check our feet for unusual spots.
Sometimes an injury to the nail or frequent exposure to petroleum-based solvents can create a concave, spoon-like shape. Pitting, or punctured-looking depressions in the surface of the nail, is caused by a disruption in the growth of the nail at the nail plate. We run Multi-National, Award-Winning, Diabetic Alert & Medical Alert Dog Training Classes In Seattle And Across The Country! Mary McNeight is a university degreed, nationally certified dog trainer who has helped train over 100 service dogs and 1000 pet dogs. Mary has over 5000 hours of experience training dogs professionally and over 60 diabetic alert dogs across the world. In our classes we have a small student to trainer ratio to encourage one on one attention to help you succeed in teaching your dog to help save your life. In addition to being a published author and speaker, Mary McNeight has been recognized both nationally and locally for her service dog expertise. Mary McNeight has been featured by local and national media outlets as the best resource for diabetic alert dog training the world over. Mary McNeight not only trains diabetic alert dogs but mentors and teaches other dog trainers to become service dog trainers.
Media outlets across the world recognize Mary McNeight as one of only a handful of reputable diabetic alert dog trainers on the planet. Our diabetic alert dog training program has helped save the lives of children and adults with diabetes from all across the country!
Mary has been in your shoes and understands the unique challenges that come with training your own dog for service work.
Get to know the truth about Diabetic Alert Dogs and training them in this free webinar class attended by dog trainers and prospective medical alert dog training students all across the US, Canada and even India!

How We Help You Train Your Pet Dog To Serve As Your Medical Alert Dog Service Dog For Diabetes, Seizures, Narcolepsy and MigrainesThe Service Dog Academy, located in Seattle WA, trains your puppy and adult dog using a combination of online SKYPE sessions and videos in combination with our 4 Day Intensive Diabetic Alert Dog Workshop. Donate To Support The Program That Saves Lives Hundreds Of Times Per DayMary McNeight and Service Dog Academy have been pillars of justice, advocacy and education in the medical alert dog community. Free Dog Training AdviceSign up for our newsletter and get free pet dog training advice, notifications when new videos go up and information about school events such as webinars, chats and when you can meet us in your town. Insulin, which is made in the pancreas, is essential for regulating the use and storage of blood glucose. There are two types of diabetes, and although there is no cure, dogs with either type can be successfully managed through nutrition, exercise, and if necessary, regular insulin medication.
The pancreas is responsible for producing the proper amount of insulin to control sugar levels.
Your veterinarian will check your doga€™s glucose levels and will adjust medication to keep your dog stable. Feeding, exercise and, if necessary, giving medication should take place at the same times each day. Fiber is key in managing the disease because moderate to high-levels of fiber lower insulin requirements and blood glucose levels.
Would you recommend a Hilla€™sA® Prescription DietA® dog food for my doga€™s diabetic health?
What is the benefit of feeding therapeutic nutrition as part of treatment which may include administering pills or shots? But people with type 2 diabetes may have much higher morning blood sugars than the level they achieve after meals, for the rest of the day. But, if the factors that control this basal secretion go haywire, your body may only secrete insulin in response to meal-time rises in glucose and result in a high fasting blood glucose level. But in diabetics, this rise can be exaggerated, leading to high blood glucose levels in the morning. You might wake up in the middle of the night with a jolt, thudding heart, soaked in sweat – a low blood sugar or hypoglycemic reaction, which drives you to eat sweets resulting in a sugar spike in the morning.
A Metformin Sustained Release pill taken at bedtime will have a stronger impact on fasting blood sugar than the same pill taken in the morning. It can occur with endocrine diseases such as Cushing disease and diabetes mellitus, from tumors of the pituitary gland, underlying malignancies, certain drugs, and as a genetic disorder. The cause may be the slow loss of normal sensation in your feet, brought on by peripheral nerve damage. It can also be caused by a vitamin B deficiency, athlete’s foot, chronic kidney disease, poor circulation in the legs and feet (peripheral arterial disease), or hypothyroidism. Diabetes can impair sensation in the feet, circulation, and normal wound healing, so even a blister can become a troublesome wound. Your toes will be bent upward as they extend from the ball of the foot, then downward from the middle joint, resembling a claw.
However, a melanoma, the most dangerous form of skin cancer, can develop even in areas that are not regularly exposed to the sun. If part or all of a nail separates from the nail bed (shown here), it can appear white — and may be due to an injury, nail infection, or psoriasis. We help you set your puppies personality up for alert service dog success through our training foundational principles. With the right food and advice from your veterinarian, your diabetic dog can still enjoy a happy, active life. When your dog has diabetes, ita€™s even more important to feed the right dog food consistently.
Diabetes is where the body’s organ called the pancreas fails to produce the amount of insulin that is needed to keep the body healthy. However, it is ideal that you get tested for both FPG and PP to understand how well you are managing your blood sugar. More dangerous is the unrecognized drop in blood sugar at night during sleep which triggers a burst of counter-regulatory hormones. It is most common in people who have insulin resistance those whose body is not responding correctly to the insulin that they make in their pancreas.
But pain that’s not due to sky-high heels may come from a stress fracture, a small crack in a bone.
Stress or changes in temperature can trigger vasospasms, which usually don’t lead to other health concerns. Arthritis, excessive exercise, and poorly fitting shoes also can cause heel pain, as can tendonitis. Lung disease is the most common underlying cause, but it also can be caused by heart disease, liver and digestive disorders, or certain infections. If the joint is rigid, it may be hallux rigidus, a complication of arthritis where a bone spur develops. If the skin on your itchy feet is thick and pimple-like, it may be psoriasis, an over-reaction of the immune system.

They may respond to stretching and exercises of the toes or you may need special shoes or even surgery.
Other causes include poor circulation, dehydration, or imbalances in potassium, magnesium, calcium, or vitamin D levels in the body.
Thick, yellow nails also can be a sign of an underlying disease, including lymphedema (swelling related to the lymphatic system), lung problems, or rheumatoid arthritis.
If the nail is intact and most of it is white, it can sometimes be a sign of a more serious condition including liver disease, congestive heart failure, or diabetes. Some owners notice that their dogs have less patience in some situations, such as around active children or excited dogs. For the best medical alert dog training advice in Seattle (and the US and Canada), you cant beat our mutli national award winning State Certified Professional dog trainers and behaviorists will show you how to harness your puppies innate nature to bring out the service dog you have ALWAYS wanted.
If your dog's pancreas is damaged, long-term and potentially life-threatening symptoms could occur and must be managed.
Feeding a veterinarian-recommended food with a consistent nutrient profile will help keep your dog's metabolism level stable so he can stay healthy. Insulin is used for the changing of the body’s blood sugar into fuel that the cells can use.
In order to manage your blood sugar you should talk to your doctor about getting a glucose meter to help keep an acceptable blood sugar level. These hormones push the blood sugar back up – to higher than normal levels by the morning (Somogyi phenomenon). A doctor can look for any underlying problems — or let you know that you simply have cold feet.
One possible cause: Exercise that was too intense, particularly high-impact sports like basketball and distance running. Raynaud’s may also be related to rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren’s disease, or thyroid problems. Less common causes include a bone spur on the bottom of the heel, a bone infection,  tumor, or  fracture.
As your dog's caregiver, there are many ways you can help make his golden years comfortable and happy.
Sometimes, owners see that their dogs are confused, disoriented or less responsive than they were in their youth. For accurate diagnosis and treatment options, always consult your veterinarian and ask them to recommend the best food for your doga€™s diabetes.
Without suffient amounts of insulin the blood sugar levels skyrocket which damages the body. Slow-healing of sores also can be caused by poor circulation from conditions such as peripheral artery disease. Senior dogs are such a delight, and these sweet old souls deserve the best of everything.When is a Dog Considered a Senior?As a general rule, a dog is considered geriatric around the age of seven. Older dogs may also have urinary or fecal accidents in the house.While all of the above signs are commonly seen with aging, they are not usually the result of the aging itself, but actually symptoms of various health problems. The damage that is most often done is eye damage, heart damage, an increase in the chance of heart disease, nerve damage, kidney damage, and even kidney failure.
Most of these require little sacrifice on your part and will make a positive difference for you dog.See your vet every six months instead of once per year for wellness exams and health screenings. Making this one of the most common and most mobile glucose machines, and a wonder at helping you maintain an acceptable blood sugar level.
Smaller dog breeds tend to live longer on average while large and giant dog breeds have shorter lifespans.
Budget for lab work and diagnostic imaging if recommended.Change to a senior dog food formula. Some dogs may appear to age faster than others; this may be due to genetic background and overall health.
Consider putting down papers or absorbent pads for accidents.Be patient and give lots of extra TLC!When is it Time to Say Goodbye?This is a question that no one can really answer for you. Not all dogs will pass away gently in their sleep when their time has come (though we wish they all could). Because you know your dog better than anyone else, you will probably have a gut feeling when the end is approaching. Or, if treatments for a disease are so hard on your dog that they are hurting his quality of life, it may be time to consider humane euthanasia. This will be a difficult time that requires a lot of soul searching, but remember it is all because you love your dog.

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