What is the treatment for diabetes mellitus type 2 x9,diabetes and kidney disease symptoms video,gl trade capital markets solutions - Plans On 2016


Use of images for any purpose including but not limited to research, commercial, personal, or non-commercial use is prohibited without prior written consent. Diabetes Mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by high blood glucose levels, disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism resulting from either insulin secretion and or insulin action. The International Diabetes Federation predicts that there will be 334 million diabetics by 2025. The classical symptoms of diabetes mellitus are Polydypsia, Polyphagia, Polyuria and unexplained weight loss.
By increased frequency of urination (Polyuria) the body tries to remove the dangerously elevated levels of glucose in the blood and excretes it through urine, hence diabetes mellitus commonly was referred to as sweet urine disease in the earlier times. Increased appetite (Polyphagia) in a diabetic is a result of the body cells inability to take up nutrients and glucose (due to inefficient insulin secretion and or insulin action) and also because the unused glucose comes out of body through urine. As the body needs energy and is unable to use glucose (due to inefficient insulin secretion and or insulin action), it converts fat into free fatty acids for energy leading to weight loss despite a normal appetite. Due to the high blood glucose levels, some of it is taken up by lens leading to a distorted blurred vision. Recurrent skin infections is often seen in diabetics as the glucose provide a rich environment for the micro organisms to grow. The feeling of fatigue is a common symptom as the cells are unable to use glucose to produce energy. Breath that smells sweet and like nail polish remover needs immediate medical attention as it is probably due to diabetes ketoacidosis which is a deadly complication. This may be accompanied by feelings of nausea, weakness, rapid heartbeats, abdominal pain and deep and rapid breaths.
In hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar) the diabetic experiences weakness, fainting spells, rapid heartbeat, excessive sweating, trembling, irritability, hunger or suddenly drowsiness.
People with Type – I diabetes mellitus develop symptoms over a short period of time whereas type – II diabetes mellitus symptoms are often not as noticeable as in Type – I. Another form is the Gestational diabetes mellitus which occurs only in pregnancy and disappears after the birth of the child. The nerve pain resulting from diabetes is a syndrome that troubles people suffering from diabetes. The diabetic nerve pain mostly results if the diabetic person has high blood sugar levels for a long period.
The peripheral areas or in the extremities like legs or feet and arms or hands are the affected regions.
The symptoms of nerve pain include burning sensation, tingling feeling and sharp pain or shooting pain in the feet and arms.
If anyone suffering from diabetes are worried about the onset of nerve pain in them, it is good to consult the doctor immediately to discuss on the symptoms of diabetic neuropathy. Life style changes and a few exercises might be instructed for the diabetics as an early part of the nerve pain treatment.


The condition of gangrene is a serious one, primarily marked by loss of adequate supply of blood to the tissues of the body, ultimately resulting in its necrosis or death.
Injury to the tissues, infection (mostly of bacterial origin) and presence of any underlying health ailment that inflicts damage to the blood carrying vessel structure form the three key underlying mechanisms that are responsible for initiation and development of irreversible tissue damage and life threatening condition of gangrene. As already explained, one of the causes of gangrene in the toes and fingers is linked with damaged blood vessels. High level of blood glucose associated with diabetes mellitus also damages the nerves (known as peripheral neuropathy), especially the nerves in the lower extremities. The dullness or lack of sensation puts diabetic individuals at an increased risk of injuring the skin of their fingers or feet without having any realization (it mostly goes unnoticed in the feet region). The sore or foot ulcer formed takes an extended time to heal because of both, poor circulation of blood through the injured area as well as lesser number of defence cells.
Bacterial infection also forms another causative factor that makes the diabetic individual more prone to developing gangrene. Such type of infection is marked by noticeable skin discolouration and dryness along with the formation of skin blisters. The weakened immune system (seen in diabetes) further raises the risk of incurring serious infection, which later develops, into gangrene.
In Type-I either the body have stopped making insulin or the amount of insulin produced is less whereas in Type –II there may be decreased or nil insulin levels and or the insulin levels may be normal but it is not being utilized by the body (Insulin resistance). Symptoms of diabetes vary from person to person and are related to elevated blood glucose levels. Excessive thirst(Polydypsia)is due to dehydration resulting from excessive urination and sweating. This is a temporary change and the vision improves as the blood sugar level returns to normal. Slowly healing ulcers, sores, wounds cuts are due to decreased immunity and blood circulation to the wound.
Diabetics are usually irritable and or depressed due to decreased glucose supply and nutrition to the brain. One should be given a carbohydrate snack or a glucose drink quickly to avoid more serious complications.
The high levels of blood glucose will cause damage to the blood vessels that are supplying blood to the nerves. The nerve pain that occurs in the feet is one of the disease conditions of the feet and they are termed as problems associated with a condition called diabetic foot. One of them is that it aids in diagnosis of new complications like circulation difficulties or diabetic neuropathy.
A condition known as dysesthesia might develop and it can cause tingling sensation or burning sensation.
When the nerve pain is in the early stages, it shows influence on the daily events like doing exercise with hands and walking.


The wound in the foot might not be healed quickly if the blood sugar levels are high and if the blood circulation is poor.
The doctors can also give sufficient knowledge to the diabetic people to monitor and control the sugar levels of the blood efficiently.
Some of the drugs that are prescribed for nerve pain in diabetics are Amitriptyline, Pregabalin, Duloxetine, Nortriptyline, Imipramine, Lidocaine, and Tramadol. Death of cell and tissue may target any part of the body, however, it has been typically observed in the extremities, such as the toes, fingers and hands. In both, type 1 and type 2 diabetes, the raised level of sugar is capable of causing damage to the blood vessels and reducing blood supply. Owing to the nerve damage, the transmission of sensation, particularly those of pain to the brain gets impaired. A notorious bacterial organism, Clostridium perfringes is often linked with gas gangrene; after it attacks the site of injury or sometimes, surgical wound.
Nerve pain is also known as neuropathic pain which arises from the diabetic complication called diabetic neuropathy. Hence, it is suggested for the diabetics to carryout foot examination at least once every year. The foot examination also helps to identify more complications of the feet like blisters, joint disorders and wounds. In the absence of a continuous supply of nutrient and oxygen rich blood, the cells within the body begin to fail in carrying out their normal function and finally give up. As a result of restricted blood circulation to the extremities, such as the feet, the area becomes deprived of those cells (white blood cells) which aid in fighting off any infection. Swelling and inflammation resulting from the infection causes the local temperature of the area involved to be slightly elevated, and also leads to pain. This is why the condition is sometimes called a€?juvenile diabetes.a€? The most common age of diagnosis is between 11 and 14 years old.
People with type 1 diabetes regularly measure their blood sugar to figure out how much insulin they need. Diet and Exercise People with type 1 diabetes should eat regular meals and snacks to keep blood sugar stable.



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