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Most doctors aren’t as worried about high blood sugar as they are the affects that it will have on your organs. Aside from significant lifestyle change, there are medications that can be used to control one’s blood sugar levels. The major difference between the two types, aside from occurring in different age groups, is that they have different ways of causing high blood sugar levels.
Problems with the production and function of insulin in the body do not translate into Diabetes unless they are causing high blood sugar levels. Basically, people who may have Type 2 Diabetes may experience tiredness, frequent urination, and excessive thirst. In relation to frequent urination, Type 2 Diabetes may cause you to become thirsty more often. Some children and young adults who have Type 2 Diabetes also develop thick and dark skin around the neck, in the armpits, and in between their fingers and toes. In addition to the above, blurred vision, increased appetite, and slow-healing infections may also occur. Elderly people are said to have high risk factors for diabetes, the same with overweight individuals. People who have one or both of their parents afflicted with Type 2 Diabetes would most likely get it later in life.
Type 2 Diabetes is managed with proper diet and exercise along with some medication treatments.
One of the best ways of preventing Type 2 Diabetes from occurring is adapting a generally healthy lifestyle. High intensity interval training (HIIT) has been growing in popularity in the past few years. The woman who openly claims she never met a stick of butter or deep fryer she didn’t like, Southern celebrity chef Paula Deen has Type 2 Diabetes. Deen confirmed the recent rumors this morning on the Today show, in an interview with Al Roker. No… I wanted to be able to bring something to the table when I made the diagnosis public. Deen has partnered with pharmaceutical company Novo Nordisk, makers of Victoza – a once-daily, non-insulin injection (which Deen uses).
I’m excited to team up with Novo Nordisk on this initiative to show others that managing diabetes does not have to stop you from enjoying the things you love. My sons Bobby, Jamie and I have teamed up with Novo Nordisk to create a program that will help you better manage your diabetes. Diabetes is a chronic disease where the body is either unable to make, or is resistant to a insulin.
Type 1 diabetes, which used to be called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes, is a disease where the body is unable to make insulin. Scientists do not know exactly what causes type 1 diabetes, but they believe that a combination of genetic and environmental factors are to blame. People may develop type 1 diabetes at any age, but it is frequently diagnosed before adulthood.
People with Type I diabetes must receive injections of insulin every day to control their disease. Type 2 diabetes, which was previously called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes, may account for about 90% to 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes.
In this form of the disease, insulin is still made (although possibly at lower levels), but the tissues have become resistant to the effects, leading to a rise in blood sugar.
It usually occurs in people who are over 40, overweight, and have a family history of the disease although it is also becoming more common in younger people, particularly adolescents.
Research indicates that type 2 diabetes is caused by a combination of environmental and genetic factors. Diet, exercise, weight loss, and oral medications to lower blood sugar are used to treat Type 2 diabetes. For more information about Diabetes, click here to go to the Resounding Health Casebook on the topic. Join the Celebrity Diagnosis Community for FREE & receive the Top Celebrity Health Fads e-book free! AboutWe are a wife & husband team of physicians who have trained and taught at some of the top medical schools in the country including Harvard, Johns Hopkins and Washington University in St. Our mission is both a journalistic and educational one: by reporting on common diseases affecting uncommon people, and including the medical facts behind the headlines, we provide a dynamic collection of Teachable Moments in Medicine™ to increase health awareness and medical knowledge. We give you the medical facts behind Hollywood's health headlines plus information that empowers you to achieve your health and wellness goals. If you really want to change the course of diabetes and the implications that it can have you have to understand several things.
There is a test that a physician will order called a c-peptide test to measure the amount of insulin that your pancreas is producing. A physician may also choose to prescribe insulin sensitizers for the patient who may be insulin resistant and have normal or slightly above normal c-peptide levels. If a person is Type 1, they’d fall into the little to no insulin category and diabetes treatment would involve insulin injections to control their blood sugar. With a Type 1 diabetic, it is a different story and while food can control and manage blood sugar, ultimately they need daily injections of the hormone insulin. Pharmaceutical industry veteran spills the beans on how to control diabetes naturally…You Too Can Get Off the Diabetes Diet Rollercoaster, Off the Drugs, and Experience Perfect Blood Sugar! Diabetes and its multiple complications have a significant economic impact on individuals, families, health systems and nations.
Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of chronic diseases that affect the way the body breaks down (metabolizes) sugar or glucose – the body’s primary source of energy. Diabetes occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces.
In Type 1 diabetes (also known as insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes), the pancreas does not make (or makes very little) insulin, which is a hormone that enables glucose to move from the blood vessels into the various cells of the body. This article will focus on Type 2 diabetes — the most common type (90% of all cases).
When the pancreas stops making enough insulin, or the body becomes resistant to insulin, Type 2 diabetes develops. This process does not work correctly in Type 2 diabetes: glucose builds up in the blood, rather than entering cells, because the body is not responding properly to insulin, or not enough insulin is being made. Individuals with type 2 diabetes may not have any symptoms at first, and in fact, may be asymptomatic for years. Over time, diabetes can damage many organs including the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, and nerves. Your Hemoglobin A1c will need to be checked 2-4 times per year (once your diabetes is well-controlled, A1c can be checked every 6 months).
If oral medications from different classes still cannot control blood sugar levels, then insulin therapy is added.


Be Physically Active – at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity 3-4 days per week (walk briskly, cycle, jog, swim, play tennis…whatever you enjoy). Lose the ‘Extra’ Pounds – Individuals who are overweight can decrease their risk of diabetes if they lose 10-15% of their body weight. And while no two people are alike, there is usually overlap when it comes to warning signs of diabetes. This is usually happens because fat and protein are being used for energy instead of glucose. High blood sugar causes the lens of the eye to swell, which can cause your vision to become blurry. People with diabetes are at higher risk for opportunistic infections because diabetes damages immune system cell function when it is not controlled. Type 2 diabetes affects both the small blood vessels (microvascular) and large blood vessels (macrovascular) which lead to complications to eyes, kidneys and feet for the small blood vessels. This is one of the main reasons why many doctors ask me of ways to treat diabetes that will improve more than just their blood sugar. When diet and exercise cannot do it alone, your doctor may prescribe medications to help you maintain an ideal blood sugar level. Recent studies, however, have shown a significant increase of infliction in young patients as a byproduct of climbing obesity rates. Since insulin is not functioning well in breaking down the starches and glucose into energy, patients with Type 2 Diabetes would often feel tired. As you urinate, you lose more liquids, which will make you crave for more fluids to keep the water level inside your body normal. Some people, especially those at high risk, may seek some help from blood testing to determine whether or not they have the disease.
Yet, there are several components and genetic make-ups that supposedly make one more vulnerable to it than the others. Certain ethnic groups including Native Americans, African Americans, Asians, and Latinos are also found to be more prone to Type 2 Diabetes. More than the aid of medications, lifestyle change is important for someone who has the disease to control its aggression. Right choice of food, regular physical activity, and none of the bad elements will help you become armed against Type 2 Diabetes. The symptoms of type 2 diabetes develop gradually and are not as noticeable as those of type 1 diabetes.
We’re sharing some of our favorite recipes, lightened up, and creating new diabetes-friendly options that everyone will love.
Insulin is a hormone that is used to break down and store energy (in the form of glucose or “sugar”) from foods. This meansthat the immune system, which normally ignores healthy cells but destroys germs and foreign substances that could cause illness,mistakenly launches an attack on the body itself. It accounts for about 5%-10% of all diabetes cases, and affects approximately one in every 400 to 500 children in the U.S.
Many risk factors make people more likely to develop the disease including obesity, high cholesterol, high blood pressure and physical inactivity.
I think it’s interesting that if you go to Victoza’s Diabetes in a New LightTM website today, the current celebrity endorser is Dominique Wilkins, a former NBA player.
And it is in fact true that the very food you eat can either add to or take years from your life span. But before I get to that, I have to say that diabetes, much like cancer and many of the other diseases out there come down to nutrition.
If you have Type 1 diabetes, you have an autoimmune disease where the pancreas produces little to no insulin.
Not all doctors know about this test as I have advised numerous family practitioners to order this test and why it is important. But with Type 2 diabetes it is a situation where your cells are usually resistant to insulin. In a Type 2 diabetic, insulin resistance is the first things to take place before high blood sugar, which in medical terms is called hyperglycemia. But with diabetes type 2 if you want to reduce the underlying cause of insulin resistance you can do it by losing weight, choosing the right foods, and increasing your physical activity.
For example, the WHO estimates that from 2006-2015, China will lose $558 billion in foregone national income due to heart disease, stroke and diabetes alone. Hyperglycemia, or raised blood sugar, is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes and over time leads to serious damage to many of the body’s systems, especially the nerves and blood vessels. The exact reason for this is unclear, but contributing factors are excess weight and lack of physical activity. For unclear reasons, people of certain races, namely African Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans and Asian Americans, are at higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes than whites. The risk of getting type 2 diabetes increases after age 45 (likely because people lose muscle mass, exercise less and gain weight as they become older).
This is a condition where your blood glucose is higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
Women who develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy are at increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Diabetes is one of the leading causes of kidney failure and irreversible end-stage kidney disease, requiring dialysis or kidney transplant. When the tiny blood vessels supplying nerves become damaged, one can develop numbness, tingling, pain or burning that typically starts at the toes or fingertips then spreads upwards or centrally.
Diabetes is an important cause of blindness, resulting from long-term damage to the small blood vessels in the retina. Diabetes can lead to decreased bone mineral density, causing weak and brittle bones, which increases the risk of fractures.
Type 2 diabetes has been associated with increased risk of Alzheimer disease and vascular dementia. Be sure to record each blood glucose reading in a logbook; bring this with you to every doctor visit. While some people with type 2 diabetes can control their blood sugar with diet and exercise alone, most people need medications. Insulin must be injected (using a fine needle & syringe, or insulin pen injector) because our digestive system interferes with insulin when taken by mouth.
Type 2 diabetics with a BMI (body mass index) > 35 may be candidates for bariatric (weight loss) surgery.
For the most part, Type 2 diabetes symptoms are usually much less severe than Type 1 symptoms.
When you really control blood sugar, it is possible to help your immune system out a lot with this and reduce the chances of infections.
Some people may have frequent urination, while some people may not have any symptoms at all. The person’s immune system usually attacks the pancreatic cells that produce the hormones.


If not treated earlier, Type 2 Diabetes may cause complications such as heart disease, kidney damage, and vision impairment. This is also the cause seen responsible in making Type 2 Diabetes imminent even in young children. Because of this factor, the impression that a genetic component is causing the disease has become stronger. Weight control has so much to do with the quality of life that people who have this chronic, life-debilitating disease.
Without insulin, blood glucose and fat levels become too high and, over time, can damage blood vessels and vital organs.
Was this perhaps due to the criticism and backlash received from having Deen as a spokesperson and an effort by Victoza to promote a “healthier” view of their drug?
Eat the wrong foods and you’ll pay the price and therefore a diabetes diet is very important. From here a physician will usually start diabetes treatment by choosing drugs that are insulin secretogogues (cause the pancreas to produce more insulin) or insulin injections.
Nearly 7 million people are undiagnosed, and in 2010, 1.9 million new cases were diagnosed in people aged 20 and older. Sadly, type 2 diabetes is increasing at an alarming rate among children, teens and younger adults. In addition, women who give birth to babies weighing over 9 lbs (4.1 kg) are also at higher risk for getting type 2 diabetes. Neuropathy in the feet can lead to complete loss of feeling, resulting in increased risk of foot injuries and infections (read below).
After 15 years of diabetes, ~2% of people become blind, and ~10% develop severe visual impairment (cataracts, glaucoma). Small cuts and blisters can become large, deep ulcers which can lead to amputations of not only the foot but the entire leg (either below or above the knee amputations).
Keep in mind that blood sugar levels vary are influenced by food, exercise, medications, alcohol, sickness, stress and hormones (namely menstrual cycles and menopause in women).
Newly-diagnosed diabetes is often treated with metformin, which lowers glucose production in the liver.
55-95% of diabetics can obtain normal blood sugar levels post-surgery, depending on the type of procedure performed.
The good news is that we can control diabetes with diet and exercise more than people are aware of. Thus, the patient would need regular insulin supply to be able to make use of the body’s glucose and other starches as energy.
However, it must be noted that not everyone who are insulin resistant may develop Type 2 Diabetes.
As the body becomes more and more insulin resistant, the pancreas that produce it work harder and harder to produce more until it wears out eventually. Make sure that you carry on your doctor’s advice on your diet and physical activities. Type 2 diabetes, which occurs over time, develops when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces and becomes resistant to its effects. A deeply concerning fact is that diabetes is no longer a disease of adulthood: 1 in 400 children and adolescents has diabetes. One thought is that the blood vessel damage caused by diabetes could also reduce blood flow to the brain resulting in dementia and stroke. Physical activity lowers blood sugar, so it is important to check your blood sugar before exercising. If metformin (at increasing doses) is insufficient in controlling blood glucose, additional oral medications may be added, such as glipizide, glyburide or glimepiride which stimulate the pancreas to make more insulin.
Surgeries that bypass a portion of the small intestine are more impactful on blood glucose levels than other types of weight-loss surgeries. This symptom along with polyuria and polydipsia, tend to be much milder in diabetes type 2 than in type 1. So all of these symptoms really all lead to cardiovascular complications down the line that we want to avoid.
This is one of the main reasons why education is so important and there is no need to fear diabetes. Insulin is a vital hormone that plays a significant role in the body’s use of glucose. In case of Type 2 Diabetes, the body produces insulin; however, the body system does not make use of it in the proper way.
Only those who maintain high blood sugar levels for a period of time are pronounced as carriers of the disease. Choosing the right kind of food along with an active lifestyle can make you battle Type 2 Diabetes more efficiently. She was a medical internet pioneer having established one of the first medical practice websites in 1997. As a result, high levels of glucose build up in the bloodstream (“hyperglycemia”); and if untreated, this can be life-threatening. It is also directly related to many serious complications including blindness, heart disease, stroke, hypertension, kidney failure (resulting in dialysis), and permanent damage to nerves and blood vessels. Insulin then enables glucose to move from the blood to various cells (and thus, organs, such as the heart and brain), thus lowering blood glucose levels, which in turn, decreases insulin secretion from the pancreas. Another theory is that too little insulin deprives brain cells of glucose (energy), or that too much insulin causes inflammation which injures brain cells. Eating a snack before a workout can prevent hypoglycemia, especially if you’re taking medications that decrease blood sugar.
Surgery, however, is expensive and is associated with risks including a small risk of death.
If it is not enough to control glucose, high blood sugar levels may occur, which can lead to the destruction of significant body organs such as your eyes, your heart, and your kidneys. As the body becomes resistant to insulin, the pancreatic cells that produce it works overtime to produce more until such time that they wear out and will no longer be able to produce enough insulin to control blood sugar levels. Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy and usually resolves after delivery; however, it increases the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes in the future. Glucose, a sugar that is the main source of fuel for our organs and muscles, comes from two sources: the food we eat, and the liver. The liver stores and makes glucose (as glycogen) when the body needs it; for example, if you haven’t had a chance to eat for awhile and your blood glucose (and thus, insulin) levels are low, the liver will break down stored glycogen into glucose.



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