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Type 2 diabetes: What is it?Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the body's ability to convert sugar into energy.
To provide even greater transparency and choice, we are working on a number of other cookie-related enhancements. Type I: Insulin dependent, their body lack cells which secret insulin therefore they need Insulin all their life. Type II: They are obese, They have insulin But their body cell NOT responding to insulin level they have in their blood .
Goal for therapy   decrease Blood Sugar to less than 125 and Hemoglobin A1c(HbA1c) of less than 7 (Which shows long term sugar control in your blood) By decreasing Blood Sugar and HbA1c your risk of having Kidney Failure, Heart Attack, Blindess and Stroke will decrease by 12 – 60% and the good out come depends on your proper and tight control of sugar in your blood. How should I control my Blood Sugar?It all depends on you If you respect yourself, your family and children you will understand that your life and the happiness of your love ones depends on your sugar control so get the equipment, check your BS as Dr says and bring the results for your provider to tell you if you need to increase medication or decrease medication.
Diet and Exercise:  Healthy lifestyle choices — including diet, exercise and weight control — provide the foundation for managing type 2 diabetes.
No single diabetes treatment is best for everyone, and what works for one person may not work for another.
A1C indicates your average blood sugar level for the past 2 to 3 months, so it may be too soon to tell if your A1C level has improved.
Indications and Usage for Lantus is a long-acting insulin used to treat adults with type 2 diabetes and adults and pediatric patients (6 years and older) with type 1 diabetes for the control of high blood sugar.
When you talk to your doctor, you should take the time to set up expectations for your next visit. This allows sugar levels to build up in the blood, which can lead to heart disease, blindness and other serious complications. It is intended for general information purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. However, you may need medications.Low Sugar diet is very important abandon adding Sugar to your food and remove Sugar container from your table you should check your blood Sugar three times per day and keep it less than 126.
It regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats by promoting the absorption of glucose from the blood to skeletal muscles and fat tissue and by causing fat to be stored rather than used for energy.
Your doctor can determine how a specific medication or how multiple medications may fit into your overall diabetes treatment plan and help you understand the advantages and disadvantages of specific diabetes drugs. Your daily blood sugar readings may give you a better idea when your blood sugar levels are changing.
A complete log of your blood sugar readingswill help him or her determine if a dose change is needed. Forexample, if you start a new exercise routine, your body will readjust and your blood sugar levelsmay fluctuate.
Do not make any changes to your dose or type of insulin without talking to your healthcare provider.
Talk to your doctor before making any change to your insulin regimen and about the need for more frequent bloodsugar monitoring. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Diabetes UK estimates that over 600,000 people with type 2 diabetes don't know they have it. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the BootsWebMD Site. An over weight person need to have Low calorie diet in order to loose weight and lower blood sugar and blood pressure.
Diabetes may not have symptomsIn most cases type 2 diabetes doesn't cause any symptoms, or the symptoms are mild, which is why many people have it for years without knowing it, and why it's important to get tested.

One-hour exercise per day like walking, running and swimming will help to lower blood sugar and blood pressure. Warning sign: ThirstOne of the first symptoms of type 2 diabetes may be an increase in thirst. Cause Neurophaty (nerve damage), when you feel pain on your feet and hands, It’s because of that.
This is often accompanied by additional problems, including dry mouth, increased appetite, frequent urination – sometimes as often as every hour -- and unusual weight loss or gain.
Warning sign: Blurred visionAs blood sugar levels become more abnormal, additional symptoms may include headaches, blurred vision and fatigue.
Warning sign: InfectionsIn most cases, type 2 diabetes is not discovered until it takes a noticeable toll on health. Diabetes can cause damage to blood vessels and nerve endings in the genitals, leading to a loss of feeling and making orgasm difficult.
Risk factors you can controlYour habits and lifestyle can affect your odds of developing type 2 diabetes. Risk factors for womenHaving gestational diabetes when you're pregnant puts you seven times at greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes later on. Having a history of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can also cause insulin resistance that can lead to diabetes. Type 2 diabetes in childrenAlthough older people have a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes, the condition is affecting more young people. Diabetes UK says around 35,000 children and young people in the UK have diabetes, with around 700 of these having type 2 diabetes.
The leading risk factor for children is being overweight, often connected with an unhealthy diet and lack of physical activity. Once children are overweight, their chances of developing type 2 diabetes more than doubles.
Often a urine test is carried out first, and if it contains glucose, or a person is at risk of diabetes, one or more blood tests to check levels of glucose in the blood are performed. How does insulin work?In healthy people, after a meal, food is broken down into a sugar called glucose, which is carried by the blood to cells throughout the body.
Cells use the hormone insulin, made in the pancreas, to help them process blood glucose into energy. People develop type 2 diabetes because the cells in the muscles, liver and fat cannot use insulin properly, called insulin resistance. Type 2 Diabetes: Metabolism mishapsIn type 2 diabetes, the cells cannot absorb glucose properly. If you've developed a condition called insulin resistance, the body makes insulin, but the muscle, liver and fat cells cannot use insulin, or do not respond to the insulin, properly. With long-standing, uncontrolled type 2 diabetes, the pancreas will reduce the amount of insulin it produces.
Managing diabetes: DietFortunately, people with type 2 diabetes can significantly reduce the risk of damage to their bodies, including damage to the heart, kidneys, eyes and feet.
People with type 2 diabetes should carefully monitor carbohydrate consumption, as well as total fat and protein intake and reduce calories. Managing diabetes: ExerciseModerate exercise, such as strength training or walking, improves the body's use of insulin and can lower blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes. Being active also helps reduce body fat, lower blood pressure and protect against heart disease.
Try to do at least 150 minutes of exercise a week, with some exercise on most days of the week.

It can also increase glucose levels in your blood as part of your "fight or flight" response.
Instead of letting stress take its toll, try relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, meditation or just talking to a friend or relative. Managing diabetes: MedicationWhen people with type 2 diabetes are unable to control blood sugar sufficiently with diet and exercise, medication can help. There are many types of diabetes medicines available and they are often used in combination. Some work by stimulating the pancreas to make more insulin, while others improve the effectiveness of insulin, or reduce the liver's production of glucose, or block the digestion of starches.
Managing diabetes: InsulinMany people with type 2 diabetes eventually develop 'beta-cell failure'. This means the cells in the pancreas no longer produce insulin in response to high blood sugar levels. In this case, insulin therapy – injections or an insulin pump – must become part of the daily routine. Whereas insulin pulls glucose into the cells, these medications cause the body to release insulin to control blood sugar levels.
Glucose testingTesting your blood glucose level will let you know how controlled your blood sugars are and if you need to take action to change your treatment plan. How often and when you test will be based on how controlled your diabetes is, the type of therapy used to control your diabetes and whether you are experiencing symptoms of fluctuating sugars. Your diabetes team will suggest how often you should use a glucose meter to check your blood sugar. Common testing times are first thing in the morning, before and after meals and exercise and before bedtime.
Long-term damage: ArteriesOver time, untreated type 2 diabetes can damage many of the body's systems.
People with diabetes are likely to develop plaque in their arteries, which reduces blood flow and increases the risk of clots. People with diabetes are up to five times more likely to develop heart disease or have a stroke.
Long-term damage: KidneysThe longer you have untreated diabetes, the greater the risk of developing kidney disease or kidney failure. Long-term damage: EyesHigh blood sugar can damage the tiny blood vessels that bring oxygen and nutrients to the retina, a critical part of the eye. This is known as diabetic retinopathy and it can cause progressive, irreversible vision loss. People with diabetes are up to 20 times more likely to go blind than those without diabetes. Long-Term Damage: Nerve PainOver time, uncontrolled diabetes and elevated blood sugars create a very real risk of nerve damage.
Symptoms can include tingling, numbness, pain and a pins and needles sensation -- often in the fingers, hands, toes or feet.
Preventing type 2 diabetesOne of the most astonishing things about type 2 diabetes is that such a life-altering condition is often preventable.

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